Device for actuating wheeled vehicle powered by human muscle force with energy recovery
(57) Abstract:Usage: in Bicycle production industry. The inventive device is a loosely curled ribbon spring disposed between the rear wheel and rack the rear forks of a Bicycle. The inner end of the spring is attached to a housing welded to the posts forks. The outer end of the spring is attached to the ratchet rim (inside of which the spring is welded to the large gear attached to the posts forks articulated. Stabilization of velocity in the direction of its reduction, that is, the twisting of the spring, is from the wheel of a Bicycle through the coil with the ratchet, hinge mounted on a shaft above the wheel and provided with a gear and a rubber tire. A mediator between the wheel and the coil is a wheel with a rubber tire. The shaft is connected with the wheel through leading and driven gears. When the pulling pawl from the ratchet rim speed is stabilized in the direction of its increase. 2 Il. The invention is used in velotron and will be applied in a completely new bike. The invention provides stabilization of the speed of the bike, taking away some of the energy in accelerated downhill bike and giving it to the bike at p in the action of the muscular force of the person with energy recovery, contains fork, wheels, wheels, kinetically associated with one of the wheels, the drive wheel and the power recuperator tape spring (FR, patent 527422, CL 63 TO 8, 1921)
The objective of the invention to increase the mobility of the vehicle and make management easier.In Fig. 1 shows the bike side view; Fig. 2 wheel drive with a recuperator shaft from behind.The device is a loosely curled ribbon spring 1, located between the rear wheel 2 and the two racks 3 forks of the bike. The inner end of the spring is attached to the holder 4, butt-welded to the circular plate 5, which is in the center of the groove 6 to install the axis 7. Plate welded to the ends of the uprights 3 forks. Inside the cage 4 swivel planted and fixed sleeve 8, the end of which is mounted a large gear 9 having a hole in the middle. The outer end of the spring is attached to the ratchet rim 10, welded to the gear 9, which mates with the gear 11 mounted on the coil with the ratchet 12, pivotally mounted on a shaft 13, near firmly planted on the shaft cover 14. On top of the wheel 2, behind reel rubber tires 15, pivotally suspended dammed wheel 16 with a rubber tire 17. From the ends of the suspensions 18 wheel is the cable 19 to the handle installed n the I handle, located on the handlebars. On the shaft 13 planted a leading gear wheel 22 and the wheel rim 2 is mounted mating with her driven gear 23.The device operates as follows.During acceleration of the bike downhill push on the handle, holding the wheel with the tire 17 to the wheels 2 and the coil of the star wheels 12 at the same time. The frictional force generated at the contact of the tire, transmits the rotation of the rolling wheel on the reel ratchet 12, which is sitting on it the gear 11 rotates the gear 9. The outer end of the spring is twisted, resisting, and, thus, stabilizes the speed of the bike in the direction of its reduction. Reducing speed and pejorative spring 1, letting down the handle. The spring 16 pushes the wheel 17 from the wheels 2 and the coil 12. On the rise click on the handle, dilatory head dogs. Spring 1, having been set free, through gears 9 and 11 begins to rotate the spool ratchet 12, which, moving in the direction of movement of the shaft, jams on the cover 14, helping to rotate the shaft 13. So will stabilize the speed in the direction of its increase. The connection of the shaft with the wheel through gears 22 and 23.The device can work offline, if leverage its control under which askalany block, which, in moments of some peaks will be stops mounted on the ends of his cage, to put pressure on the levers.The ability of a tape spring, twisting, store energy, and, raskruchivayas, give it away, determines the possibility of carrying out the invention.The cruise is designed to increase the possibility of bike hill climbing.The invention can be used as a brake and as the engine during acceleration. Device for actuating wheeled vehicle powered by human muscle force with energy recovery, containing a fork, wheel, wheel associated with one of the wheels kinematically wheel drive and the power recuperator tape spring, characterized in that the heat exchanger energy installed between the rear wheel and racks forks and is made of a circular plate with a groove in the center to install the axis of the wheel, welded to the ends of racks forks, clamps, welded to the plate from the inner side of the sleeve, the hinge is installed and fixed inside the casing, a large gear with welded onto the ratchet rim attached to the end of the clip, a dog mounted on the front Wilkie holder, and the outer end of the ratchet rim, the spool ratchet, hinge mounted on the shaft, above the rear wheel on the shaft mounted gear, siteplease with a large gear, a cap rigidly mounted on the shaft near the reel with ratchet back over which the wheel is pivotally suspended from the spring-tensioned wheel with additional rubber tire bonded cable with handle installed on the steering wheel.
FIELD: transport engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to vehicles accumulating energy in flywheel. Proposed bicycle has drive connected with drive wheel 2 and with flywheel 8 with spring suspension 19 to press flywheel 8 to drive wheel 2. Drive wheel 2 is installed by flanges 6 on bearings 7 of frame 1, and flywheel 8 is installed on two-arm pendulum 10 inside drive wheel 2 for pressing flywheel 8 to inner surface of rim 3 of wheel 2.
EFFECT: provision of transmission of storage energy from flywheel to drive wheel periodically through short lapses of time.
13 cl, 7 dwg
FIELD: transport engineering; bicycles with crank-and-connecting rod transmission.
SUBSTANCE: proposed bicycle contains frame 1, driven sprocket 5, driven sprocket 2, chain, steering column 6 with handlebar. Reciprocating pedals are secured to levers to of driven sprocket 2 through rigid tie-rods 3. Devices to bring levers of driving sprocket 2 out of extreme point is hinge-secured on frame 1 and on rigid tie-rods 3. Frame 1 of bicycle provides distance of 10 cm between front and rear wheels in operating position of bicycle. Compactness of bicycle at shipment is provided by pressing of pedals to tie-rod 3.
EFFECT: use of rider weight as main moving force.
2 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: drives with reciprocating foot levers and with energy accumulation and release units.
SUBSTANCE: proposed drive includes drive shaft with cranks (1) and pedals, driven shaft with overrunning clutch in drive wheel and ropes (4). Secured to right-hand crank (1) is double-arm lever (2) which may be also mounted on drive shaft; ends of this lever have curvilinear surfaces through which ropes (4) are thrown which are secured on ends of double-arm lever (2). Center parts of ropes (4) are wound on two pulleys on which they are secured; pulleys are mounted on drive wheel for engagement with it through overrunning clutches. Fitted in center portion of double-arm lever (2) is lever (7) provided with elastic drive, spring (8) for example; second end of spring (8) is caught by frame. Proposed drive ensures accumulation of energy of foot push at the end of turn of crank.
EFFECT: enhanced efficiency.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to bicycles with reciprocating foot levers that make pedals move as in walking or running. Proposed drive comprises swinging supports 16 and levers 7 fitted via ratchets 6 on crosswise drive shaft 3, gear with drive sprocket coupled via chain with driven sprocket fitted on drive wheel axle. Swinging levers 7 incorporates top and bottom hinges 15, 24. Bottom hinges 15 allow bicyclist to bend and straighten knees in pedaling supports 16. Top hinges 24 reduce air drag by allowing crosswise drive shaft 3 to go down, as well as transparent cabin 1 that features minimum air drag.
EFFECT: reduced air drag, higher comfort.
SUBSTANCE: bicycle relates to bicycles with backrests. Turning handlebar 21 about vertical axis 20 allows turning front wheel 4. Inclination of handlebar 21 relative to horizontal axis 17 allows lifting or lowering extra lateral wheels 36. With wheels 36 lowered, bicycle starts and stops. Abrupt lowering of wheels 36 prevents overturn at cross-wind burst. Disks are secured to wheels 36 to engage with rear wheel tire 3. With wheels 36 lifted in downhill, said wheels accumulate energy by means of disks to be given up in climbing to provide for stability due to wheeling and gyro moment.
EFFECT: higher stability at cross-wind burst.
4 cl, 4 dwg
FIELD: machine building.
SUBSTANCE: hollow housing (1) of mechanism is fixed on driven shaft (2) and partially filled with liquid. Impeller with blades (8) is fixed on shaft (2) inside housing (1). Housing (1) is made so that it diverges from centre to periphery. Convergent traps (3) are uniformly located in cavity of expanded part of housing (1) in circumferential direction. L-shaped lever (5) is hinged at inlet of each trap (3). One of arms of lever (5) is rigidly attached to float (6) arranged in cavity of convergent trap (3). Nozzles (7) facing blades (8) are fixed at the outlet of trap (3). Volume of liquid inside housing (1) preferably corresponds to total volume of convergent traps (3) the number of which corresponds to the number of blades (8).
EFFECT: simpler design.
3 cl, 3 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to device to drive transport facilities by human muscles. Proposed drive has two stages, one being composed of two planetary mechanisms with carries 2, 3 rigidly coupled with carriage shaft 1 and composed of a plate integrated with carriage shaft 1 to double as a flywheel with plane pinions 4, 5 fitted on extending ends and engaged with sun gears 7, 8 at gear ratio of unity. Said sun gears are fitted concentrically with carriage shaft on both sides and fixed to vehicle body 9. Pedals 10, 11 are fitted on radial permanently horizontal levers 12, 13 directed forward. Axial ends of horizontal levers 12, 13 are rigidly connected with plane pinions 4, 5. Second stage is composed of gearing with gear 16 fixed at carrier rim 2 while gear 17 is fitted on drive axle 18 of one of vehicle actuators.
EFFECT: higher traction and efficiency.
FIELD: machine building.
SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to the options of the muscular drive. Under the first option the drive contains pedals or handles and torsion spring, that at one end is connected with the load, for example with drive, and at another end is connected with the overrunning clutch secured on the bedplate, and additionally with one or more overrunning clutches connected with pedals and handles. All overrunning clutches permit rotation of the second spring end to one direction only. Under the second option the drive contains pedals or handles connected with the compressor, that is connected with the tank connected with the pneumatic engine. Gas exhaust from the pneumatic engine is directed to the compressor input via the intermediate elastic tank.
EFFECT: assurance of maximum degree of muscular energy conservation to made work.
9 cl, 4 dwg