Device for coupling recovery vehicle with a towed object
(57) Abstract:Device for coupling evacuation machine includes a machine body, tracked propulsion, Coulter-bulldozer, crane, lever with hooks for loops tow ropes, side brackets to accommodate cables along the side of the machine with decaying elements, two towing rope with clamps. The device allows for the coupling of the machine with the towed object without departing crews of the vehicles in the areas of fire, intrusion and fire and towing of objects in forward motion of the machine. 1 C.p. f-crystals, 2 Il. The invention relates to the field of predominantly armored and can be used to connect the towing vehicle and the towed object without departing crews of the vehicles in the areas of fire, infections and fires.A device for coupling an armoured repair and recovery vehicle (BRAM) banabhatta. This device includes controlled from the inside of the machine the arm is reinforced rod, pivotally connected to the lever, with the possibility of rotation in the vertical plane and locks into several positions. At the other end of the lever reinforced spring-loaded capture forcipate type, in which K.It is also known a device for coupling BRAM with brontobytes. This device includes controlled from the inside of the machine arm to which one end attached to the rod, the other end of the rod is performed sector by sector articulated arm with hooks for tow ropes so that the axis of the grippers parallel and spaced apart a distance greater than the width of the loops of ropes and grabs displaced along these axes relative to each other at a distance less than the loop length between the grips and cables installed cylinders, which are placed in the two branches of the rope, forming a loop for snapping on the towbar of the object inside the cylinder is made of a longitudinal cavity for placement of the branches of the cable, and the outer surface of the cylinder is supplied with clamps for installation of loops in the hooks. Grips made in the form of tubes with stoppers that prevent the movement of the cylinder with rope in the direction of BRAM, and in the lower part of the pipe is made of a continuous longitudinal grooves, the width of which is smaller than the cylinder diameter, and greater than the diameter of the cables (see patent N 2038225 on request N 93018647 from 8.04.93 year).When using this device as a pointing device is used Coulter-bulldozer armoured repair and recovery Maliki forward BRAM.The present invention is to improve the reliability of towing machines after hitch.The problem is solved in that the loops of the cables attached to the back hooks BRAM, the middle part of the rope placed along one of the sides of the machine between the slats, with the possibility of rotation in the vertical and horizontal planes, and brackets, the front part of which forms an obtuse angle with the longitudinal axis of the machine, the bracket and strap are connected collapsing element, and spring-loaded strap in the plane of rotation.In Fig.1 shows a General view of the side bracket of Fig.2 operation of the device at the coupling BRAM towed object and denote: 1 - evacuation machine, 2 bulldozer with control, 3 towed object, 4 arms with grippers for the tow cables, 5 towing rope, 6 - rear tow hooks, machine bracket 7, 8 on-Board hook, 9 nut, strap 10, 11 collapsing element.In the initial position the levers 4 are installed on the dozer 2 of the machine 1, the cable 5 one ends connected to the gripper arms, the middle part of the cables laid on the brackets 7, the front part of which forms an obtuse angle with the longitudinal axis of the machine and pressed straps 10, which connect the Tr, which is more than the diameter of the shank of the hook. The other end of the cables connected to the tow hooks machine 6.The device operates as follows. Machine 1 is approaching towed object 3, the loops of the cables 5 are alternately snapped at his hooks and alternately released from the gripper arms 4 when moving the machine back, the machine turns in the direction opposite to the laying of cables, and begins to move from the object.When exceeding the effort of stringing cables to the power of the destruction of the elements 11 and they in turn work, strips 10 are rotated, the cables slide on the front parts of the brackets 7 are released and the machine is connected by cables with the towed object.This device allows to increase the reliability of towed objects after capture, because towing is in forward motion of the machine. 1. Device for coupling recovery vehicle with a towed object containing controlled from the inside of the machine the arm is attached to the arms with grippers for the tow cables so that the axis of the grippers parallel and spaced apart a distance greater than the width of the loop of cable between the grips and cables installed slotted cylinders, in which there are two in the s cavity for placement of the branches of the cable, the outer surface of the cylinder is supplied with clamps for installation of loops in the grips, which are made in the form of a pipe with stops preventing movement of the cylinder with rope to the side of the machine, at the bottom of the pipes made a solid longitudinal grooves, the width of which is smaller than the cylinder diameter, and greater than the diameter of wire rope grips are the brakes, holding the cylinders to the walls of the grippers in the direction perpendicular to their axis, the other ends of the cables connected to the rear tow hooks machine, characterized in that the middle part of the rope placed along one of the sides of the machine between the slats, having the ability to rotate in vertical and horizontal planes, and brackets, the front part of which forms an obtuse angle with the longitudinal axis of the machine and the bracket and strap are connected decaying element.2. The device under item 1, characterized in that the bar is spring-loaded in the plane of rotation.
FIELD: trainer engineering.
SUBSTANCE: the device contains the object of evacuation with a tow gear and a traction engine with a manipulator controlled from the traction engine, the object being fixed on the ground. The tow gears are fixed on the object with the possibility of changing their position relative to the ground. The manipulator has a lever with a detent device for placing the towline with a yoke. The detent device, in its lower part, has a through longitudinal slot, the width of which is larger than the diameter of the towline but smaller than that of the yoke. The towline is fixed on the traction engine so that it can be removed from the traction engine after connecting to the tow gear of the object.
EFFECT: time and cost saving, increased driver training safety.
SUBSTANCE: towing devices are fastened on object with possibility to change their position relative to ground, towing cable is fastened on tow-car with possibility of its disconnection by tow-car moving, towing devices of tow-car and evacuation object are connected inside the tow-car and cable is disconnected from the tow-car by the tow-car moving.
EFFECT: time and cost reduction and improvement of tow-car drivers training safety.
SUBSTANCE: proposed method of retrieving vehicle with the help of retriever comprises connecting first end of tow rope with retriever towing hook or the first end of second tow rope with retriever winch rope. Manipulator controlled from inside the retriever accommodates parts of tor ropes. Then retriever is moved towards vehicle to be retrieved, second end of the first or second tor rope is jointed to vehicle towing hook by manipulator lever. Retriever tensions appropriate tow rope and the latter is uncoupled from manipulator and its lever. Now vehicle is towed or retrieved. Central part of every tow rope is arranged to allow adjustment of friction and elastic forces. Electrode is arranged in retriever body on the first tow rope or on winch rope and electrically connected with retriever inside frame. Emergent release from retrieved vehicle is made by cutting appropriate rope with the help of electrode. Proposed device comprises two tow ropes connected with retriever, one connected with towing winch, and manipulator with lever control from inside the vehicle. A part of every tow rope is secured in bracket by friction and elastic forces.
EFFECT: higher reliability and safety.
2 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: transport engineering; special vehicles for national economy.
SUBSTANCE: proposed offroad vehicle has body with vertical lower and upper sides arranged at angle to lower sides and interconnected by bottom, top and flaps in front in front part of which control compartment is arranged with viewing windows and hatches and widened track propulsion gear over which floats are installed in front of control compartment. Each lower side of body forms angle with flaps exceeding 90 degrees. Each upper side is made in from of elongated quadrangle with projection beyond the limits of body along length of which hatch is made to get access into control compartment. Edges of projection are connected by vertical walls with plane of float and lower horizontal plane of casing front part of which forms step together with gussets.
EFFECT: improved convenience in operation, enlarged sphere of application.
FIELD: agricultural engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to traction vehicles, mainly to grills of farm tractor. Proposed tractor contains frame 1 with running gear cab 6, hood 7 and radiator grille 25 of power plant liquid cooling system Radiator grille 25 is hinge connected with hood 7 for turning around axle tilted to cab 6 and it contains net apron 27 on skeleton and roof 28 over radiator. Ridge with cavity is found on roof 28 of radiator grille 25 and hole is made in bottom of cavity for plug of radiator filler neck. Skeleton has tilted support wall in form of arc with projection pointed upwards, lower shelf in form of platform and arc-shaped upper shelf to which net apron 27 is attached. Beam is arranged over upper shelf connected with said shelf and with tilted support wall. Bottom of cavity in ridge is connected with said beam. Slot is arranged on inner surface of roof 28 of radiator grille 25 under ridge to receive projection made in top of tilted support wall of skeleton.
EFFECT: provision of convenient access to radiator of power plant cooling system.
4 cl, 11 dwg
FIELD: transportation; agriculture.
SUBSTANCE: tractor comprises front axle unloading sensor hydraulically connected with spool-type device and weight transfer unit with ballast weight and hydraulic cylinder. The said front axle unloading sensor is cinematically connected with spool-type device which is hydraulically connected with weight transfer unit with ballast weight located on the front axle. Bracket to which weight transfer unit with ballast weight is attached is connected with hydraulic cylinder rod to allow fluid drain into tank and for direct adjustment of front axle load.
EFFECT: straight-line stability improvement, tractor aggregate drivability improvement and quality improvement of agricultural operations.
SUBSTANCE: monoblock assembly contains an upper side, base, two sides disposed perpendicular to the direction of the tractor movement and two lateral sides disposed parallel to the movement direction. Each lateral side contains a cargo bolt or cross axis which services as a suspension for lifting tractor. The assembly contains at least one cavity having opened ends and placed so that being able to accept one lifting bracket of the device for freight handling which allows lifting and removing the assembly upon interacting the cavity with the lifting bracket.
EFFECT: simplification of monoblock assembly displacement.
13 cl, 6 dwg