(57) Abstract:Usage: hydraulic engineering, namely the protection of coastal areas from wave action. The inventive hydraulic structure includes a flexible panel, the lower edges of which are connected by cables with the mounts in the bottom ground and to the upper edges attached hollow float elements made with the possibility of filling their cavities air or water environment and associated additional cables. All cables are adjustable in length by a movable connection with the mounts in the bottom ground. Mounting in the bottom ground cables attached to the lower edges of the panels placed closer to the shoreline than mounting in the bottom ground additional cables float elements. All fastening of ropes in the bottom ground is made in the form of brackets, and cables are fed through respective brackets at the ends of ropes fixed on the shore. The panels are arranged in rows along the shoreline, and near and coastline of the cloth made waterproof, and more remote from the shoreline of the cloth in the form of grids. 1 C.p. f-crystals, 1 Il. The invention relates to protective sooruzheniya the storm on the coastal strip.Known hydraulic structure designed to absorb the energy of the water environment and contains a flexible membrane with float elements on the upper end of the shell, which is connected with its lower edge fastened in the bottom ground (B. Sergeev So Lightweight hydraulic structures. The tutorial. Dnepropetrovsk: ed Dnepropetrovsk agricultural Institute, 1983, S. 16, Fig. 64 and 65).The disadvantages of the known hydraulic structures should be considered as its stationary position in relation to the aquatic environment, which does not allow to switch off the energy of the aquatic environment with variable level and difficult access to the water environment for its use, as it is overlain by a flexible membrane with floats.Closest to the invention is known hydraulic structure containing a flexible panels, the lower edges of which are connected by cables with the mounts in the bottom ground and to the upper edges attached hollow float elements made with the possibility of filling their cavities air or water environment associated with additional cables, made adjustable in length by a movable connection with the fixtures in the buildings should be considered as fixing the float elements adjustable length ropes and fastening the lower edges of the panels on the unregulated by the length of the cables, that with the passage of regulated and unregulated along the length of the cables through the mount will not allow to freely deform the panels, as on the one hand, such a deformation of each panel will be limited by the cable of the float element.In addition, the level of the water surface is variable and depends on the power of the storm, and the height of the top edge of the cloth is a constant that will not allow you to place the panel optimally.The purpose of the invention enable the placement of the panels at the optimum height from the ground and excluding the impact of ropes float elements on the position of the panels at step damping of wave energy.The objective is achieved by the hydraulic structure containing a flexible panels, the lower edges of which are connected by cables with the mounts in the bottom ground and to the upper edges attached hollow float elements made with the possibility of filling their cavities air or water environment associated with additional cables, made adjustable in length by a movable connection with the mounts in the bottom ground, according to the invention the cables attached to the lower cu the ground, located closer to the shoreline than mounting in the bottom ground additional cables float elements, all of fastening of ropes in the bottom ground is made in the form of brackets, and cables are fed through respective brackets at the ends of ropes fixed on the shore.While the panels are arranged in rows along the shoreline, and near to the shoreline of the cloth made waterproof, and more remote from the shoreline of the cloth in the form of nets.The drawing shows a structural diagram of hydraulic structures in cross section.Conventionally not shown, system fill float elements water or air environment and fastening rope on land.Hydraulic structure contains floating elements 1, each of which has a hole 2 in the area of its attachment to the additional cable 3. Float elements 1 attached to the top edge of panels 4. To the bottom edge of the panels 4 are attached to the cables 5, which are placed at intervals along the bottom edge.Float elements 1 are hollow and have in their upper part of the tube 6, which are removable and allow you to fill the cavity of the those the cables 5 are fixed 8 brackets 7 closer to the shoreline. The cables 3 and 5 displayed on coastal coastal surface and with the help of cables 3 and 5 can be adjusted to any position of the panels 4.Position 1 of the float element 1 is the source To fill their air environment can be used various methods, for example by retracting them on the coastline of the land. Adjustment of the lengths of the cables 3 and 5, you can get different panels 4 relative to their mounting on the bottom ground II, III and IV provisions of panels 4 correspond to the degree of wave power load as its strengthening. In all cases, part of the water environment, you can pass under the lower edge of panels 4 and the top part of the panels 4 flooded areas of the float element 1. This will lead to the damping of energy, water and environment.To obtain enhanced quenching of the cloth 4, which is placed far from the shoreline rows are in the form of nets, which reduces them load and near to the shoreline of the cloth 4 waterproof.The placement of the panels 4 may be multilayered. Brackets 7 may have pulleys to reduce loads on the cables 3 and 5. The number of rows of panels 4 defines the access to water is open.Thus, the invention allows to achieve speed damping wave energy while ensuring optimal placement of the lower and upper edges of the panels 4. 1. Hydraulic structure primarily for the protection of the coastal zone, containing the flexible panels, the lower edges of which are connected by cables with the mounts in the bottom ground and to the upper edges attached hollow float elements made with the possibility of filling their cavities air or water environment associated with additional cables, made adjustable in length by a movable connection with the mounts in the bottom ground, characterized in that the cables attached to the lower edges of the panels are also made adjustable in length by rolling connection with fastenings at don the ground, which is placed closer to the shoreline, than mounting in the bottom ground additional cables float elements, all of fastening of ropes in the bottom ground is made in the form of brackets, and cables are fed through the respective brackets and the ends of the cables are fixed on the shore.2. Building on p. 1, wherein the panels are arranged in rows along the coast l the th line of the cloth in the form of nets.
FIELD: hydraulic structures, particularly to consolidate slopes or inclinations to be eroded by ground waters.
SUBSTANCE: method for slope protection against landslide by diverting ground water with the use of drainage mine tunnel, through filters and upward dewatering wells involves excavating mine tunnel beginning from lower point of original ground under water-bearing horizons with tunnel elevation for water gravity flow, wherein mine tunnel extends parallel to direction of water flow from water-bearing horizons; excavating mine tunnel in different directions perpendicular to above flow direction; performing drilling vertical venting wells at tunnel ends beginning from original ground; drilling upward dewatering wells in water-bearing horizons; drilling vertical wells from original ground used as through filters crossing all water-bearing horizons; connecting thereof with cross-headings excavated from mine tunnel; installing valves at through filter ends; providing filtering members at place of intersection between upward dewatering wells and vertical wells with water-bearing horizons; forming water removal channel in mine tunnel and connecting thereof with original ground; drilling hydraulic observing wells beginning from original ground along line of through filters to control water level in water-bearing horizons.
EFFECT: increased reliability; possibility of diverting 85-90% of water contained in water-bearing horizons.
FIELD: agriculture, in particular, gully erosion preventing equipment, which may be used as hydraulic structure for suppressing energy of falling water.
SUBSTANCE: apparatus has overhanging overfall formed as converging chute with branch pipe formed as crank and fixed at rear converged end of chute. Round opening of branch pipe is directed downward. Energy suppressor positioned under round opening in water splitting pit is formed as floating sphere connected with anchor post fixed in water splitting pit bottom by means of rope and adapted for self-centering under the action of stream flow. Guiding posts-tree cuttings are planted around sphere at distance making 0.5 of its diameter. Diameter of sphere exceeds that of outlet opening of branch pipe by more than three times. Sphere and overhanging overfall are of black color. Sphere may have conical lower part.
EFFECT: increased efficiency in controlling of gully erosion and wider operating capabilities.
5 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: hydraulic strictures, particularly river and marine engineering structures adapted to control floods.
SUBSTANCE: structure comprises continuous row of protective barriers pivotally connected by the first end to plates arranged along upper base of protective dam or bank slope to provide rotation and fixing thereof in working position, underwater mechanisms arranged along protective barriers and cooperating with them. Underwater mechanisms are spaced apart and transmitting translational movement of pistons with rods into protective barrier rotation. Underwater mechanisms are formed as cylinders and pistons with rods installed in each cylinder. Each piston rod is provided with sealing members and has through longitudinal orifice formed along vertical axis of piston and rod thereof. Cylinders are communicated with water area through drainage pipes adapted for water runoff and provided with check valve for water entry from water area. Outlet orifice of each drainage pipe is located above average water level of water area, inlet drainage pipe orifice for water inlet is located 100-150 mm above upper base of protective dam or bank slope. Piston rods are connected to protective barriers through rotary cables which pass over pulleys supported by brackets or through rotary pull bars. The structure has spaced apart supports installed transversely to protective barrier row and secured to plates. The supports have edge inclined towards offshore water area surface.
EFFECT: increased reliability of flood protection and improved hydraulic structure reliability, enhanced automaticity of the structure.
FIELD: hydraulic structures, particularly flood control engineering structures.
SUBSTANCE: structure comprises body and sliding barrier walls displaceable in vertical direction and installed in the body. The barrier walls are connected to drive rods freely arranged on rotary pulleys and linked with guiding fixers. Guiding fixers are rigidly connected to sliding barrier walls. Supply and drainage tubes are built in the body. The body is installed along waterside or in flood-hazardous territory and is secured to developed and reinforced surface thereof or is embedded in upper part of bank slope or in flood control dam. The body includes box. Installed in box are protective barrier walls, which are arranged closely one to another in two continuous rows. The barrier walls have profiled side ends. Structure also has pool in which water tanks are arranged. Water tanks may be displaced in vertical direction by drive rods and have orifices in lids and bottoms thereof. Drainage tubes are provided with one-way check valve. Forks are connected to the first sides of barrier walls and may be secured so that the forks are displaced together with them in vertical direction. Cover plates secured along upper ends of protective barrier walls are used to cover the box from top thereof when barrier walls are arranged inside the box. Upper box walls have slots with T-shaped cross-sections in which sliders are arranged. The sliders are connected to forks through straps. The grooves mate in configuration with straps and cover plates.
EFFECT: increased reliability and automaticity.
2 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: hydraulic building, particularly engineering riverside and marine flood-control structures.
SUBSTANCE: structure comprises pool built along dam adapted to control flood or along bank slope. The pool is provided with drainage tubes with one-way check valve and pipes to supply water from water area. Installed in the pool are protective walls having positive floatability and arranged in continuous row. Protective walls may be displaced in vertical direction. Upper pool part is provided with semi-spherical vault with blocking surface. Overhear closure is mounted along upper end of protective walls. Pool has body and removable dome and is fastened to bridge provided with barrier. The bridge is mounted on base installed on vertical fixed support piles driven in coastal strip and spaced apart one from another. The base is connected with embedded reinforcement members of retaining panel forming slope jacket. Bridge barrier is provided with vertical ribs supported by slope jacket. Protective walls are rigidly connected with hollow durable cylinders from below. The cylinders have packing means arranged at tops thereof.
EFFECT: increased reliability of coastal strip protection against floods, improved automaticity, reduced economic losses.
FIELD: hydraulic building, particularly river and marine engineering flood control structures.
SUBSTANCE: structure comprises protective walls arranged in continuous row and installed along flood control dam or along bank slope on side inclined surface thereof facing the water area. The walls are pivotally secured to dam or bank slope ledge formed on above inclined side surface. Protective walls have positive floatability. Upper base of dam or bank slope is provided with dampers and electromagnets with limbs installed in series and adapted to cooperate with protective walls. Executive device of the damper is spring-loaded rope or rubber cable having free end connected to protective wall. Protective walls are provided with longitudinal tie made of magnetic material. Electromagnet limb ends have bevels equal to that of longitudinal tie so that protective walls installed in working position are inclined to water area surface. Protective walls are provided with upper longitudinal connection closure. Side ends of protective walls are profiled. Reinforced side inclined surface of the dam or bank slope and reinforced upper dam base or designed reinforced upper base of bank slope are provided with jacket. The jacket is made as panels densely joined one to another.
EFFECT: increased reliability and automatism of flood control.
FIELD: hydraulic structures, particularly devices to stop flood or mudflow.
SUBSTANCE: structure comprises water shell made of elastic material and fixed by means of guy system and rigid ties. Damping means are connected to the shell by flexible ties. The damping means are made as cup-like elastic shells provided with ultrasound means. The shell also has signaling sensors. Guy system is supported by guiding blocks and fastened to rigid ties so that the guy system may be wound on drum or laid under panel. Sealing means are arranged at water shell edges. The shell may be formed of self-restoring elastic material.
EFFECT: increased reliability and reduced time of structure erection.
2 cl, 6 dwg
FIELD: hydraulic building, particularly shore protective structures.
SUBSTANCE: method involves laying panels reinforced with wire cuts arranged along two diagonal lines so that wire ends project outwards from panels; connecting four projected wire ends with each other at a time. Panels are laid on slope so that projected wire ends are bent upwards and the projected wire ends are inserted in four orifices of twisting device. Projected wire ends are firmly connected one to another by rotation of twisting device handle about its axis. Flexible structure is fastened to slope by anchors arranged in structure joints.
EFFECT: increased efficiency of slope protection against erosion and extended service life of slope protective structure.
FIELD: hydraulic and irrigation building, particularly bank protective structures used to consolidate beds of rivers and channels, dam slopes and other structures.
SUBSTANCE: transversal through bank-protection device comprises composite stay members forming triangular unchangeable prism. Each composite stay member includes protective coating, filling material and wire placed in the coating. The composite stay members are assembled to define triangular unchangeable prism by twisting together wire ends of stay member about transversal reinforcement to create triangular prism edges. Prism interior may be filled with bushes. Triangular prism extends at an angle to flow direction or is transversal to flow direction and abuts river bed by one prism face.
EFFECT: increased efficiency and reliability of bank protection against erosion, increased service life.
2 cl, 8 dwg
FIELD: hydraulic building, particularly to prevent sea and river beach erosion with incoming waves by sand beach washing-in.
SUBSTANCE: method involves installing ground retaining members on upstream slope so that ground retaining members are located along shore line; fixing the retaining members by means of flexible ties secured in ground. Ground retaining members are made of plates connected with each other, extending at an angle one to another and bendable in vertical plane. The retaining members may be moved in vertical direction under the action of incoming wave and pressed to ground by reverse wave, which results in sump ponds creation and provides drainage behind each ground retaining member. After necessary ground amount accumulation ground retaining members are serially moved towards water surface. Device for above method realization comprises several rows of ground retaining members connected to fixing ropes provided with anchors. Each ground retaining member is made of plates connected with each other so that an angle in defined in-between. The plates are formed of separate sections with quick-releasable connections and are bendable in vertical plane. Bulk density of plate material is equal or greater than that of water.
EFFECT: increased efficiency.
2 cl, 3 dwg