Liquid detergent composition for cleaning hard surfaces and scare her insects

 

(57) Abstract:

Liquid detergent composition for cleaning hard scrubbing surface and away from her insects contains in wt.%: anionic or non-ionic, or cationic, or amphoteric surfactant or a mixture of 2-20, organic and inorganic additives 1-20 and up to 100 it contains water. Optionally, the composition may contain water-soluble solvent for insecticidal repellent, preferably isopropyl alcohol. 2 C.p. f-crystals.

The invention is partially continuing and pending application U.S. serial N 07/734.829, filed July 24, 1991 and which is partially continuing application U.S. serial N 07/685.329, filed April 15, 1991, which is a continuation of application U.S. serial N 07/612.747, filed November 13, 1990, which is a continuation of application U.S. serial N 07/267.141, filed November 4, 1988, which is partially continuing patent application U.S. serial N 06/894.985, filed August 8, 1986, and serial N 07/071.305, filed July 16, 1987, the indication of which are introduced here by reference.

This invention relates to liquid compositions suitable for cleansing hard surfaces and having the properties upogebia, containing the substance, insect repellent, and to the cleaning process and deter insects from surfaces and objects, subject to such detergent compositions.

Many types of common household insects such as cockroaches-the Prussians (Blattela germanica) or homemade cockroaches are classified as harmful insects, and it took a lot of effort to eliminate them or at least control them. Long time sold products deterring mosquitoes, and discovered various chemical substances, effective for repelling cockroaches. Usually these chemicals and repellents are used in everyday life by deposition or sputtering on the surface of walls, floors, cabinets, cupboards, boxes, sacks, carpets, upholstery and rugs, as well as in possible breeding places of insects, such as the inner wall and between floorboards. However, the former means to deter insects, generally speaking, was not used with cleaners, hard surface for effective cleaning of hard surfaces in the house, such as kitchen wall, the upper part of the oven, bathroom floor and the like, while at the same time applied film substances, insect repellent, very significant for p is but the introduction of insect repellent substance in the product for polishing floors in the home. U.S. patent Bruce 3.018.217 discloses compositions of wax for floors containing dibutil succinate as a repellent.

U.S. patent Goodhue et al. 3.034.950 discloses a class of compounds, insect repellent that can be applied to surfaces being dispergirovannykh in the wax. In U.S. patent Smolanoff 4.455.308 described formula insect repellents containing carrier liquid, such as liquid aliphatic or aromatic hydrocarbons. To the liquid hydrocarbon may be added emulsifying agent such as a nonionic surfactant that allows dispersing the composition in water for final use. U.S. patent Rodero 4.822.614 discloses an insect repellent component in solvent-based hydrocarbons, such as separatistskie hydrocarbons.

The invention provides aqueous liquid detergent composition, capable of cleaning a hard surface and scare her insects, comprising 2-20 wt. surface-active detergent compounds selected from the group consisting of anionic, naivnyh, cationic and amphoteric detergent compounds; at least about 50% by weight is water; (III) an effective amount of a substance, otpp wt. As repellent detergent composition contains the following insecticidal repellent.

The invention is based on the discovery that the properties of the repellent to deter insects are improved with respect to a certain area or when such site or location is purified detergent composition, as described herein. This effect can be attributed to the natural desire insects mainly collect contaminated sites than on the cleaned surface, as well as increased effectiveness of substance, insect repellent, such washed or cleaned surfaces.

The term "insect" is used here in its broad sense, it covers cockroaches, such as the cockroach-Prussak (Blattela germanica) and American cockroach (Periplaneta americana), as well as mosquitoes, moths, flies, fleas, ants, lice and arachnids, such as spiders, ticks and soudki.

It is assumed that the term "substance, insect repellent" covers a broad range of substances having properties to repel insects and is compatible with the detergent composition of this type is described here, and showing significant efficacy against a solid surface, to which the detergent composition PIH to the present invention, the following compositions that can be used alone or in combination with other repellents designation in parentheses after some of the names of compounds relates to their commercial or General labeling.

N-alkyl neoralcanada, in which the alkyl has from 1 to 4 carbon atoms and a half of polcanova has from 7 to 14 carbon atoms;

N,N-diethyl-meta-toluamide (DEET);

2-hydroxyethyl-p-octyl-sulfide (MGK 874) (MGK repellent trade mark of the firm of Mclaughlin Gormley King Company; Minneapolis; Minnesota, USA).

N-octyl bicycloheptene dicarboximide (MGK 264);

The preferred mixture of the two above-mentioned materials, consisting of 66% MGK 264 and MGK 874;

Hexahydrobenzene carboxaldehyde (MGK 11);

Di-n-propyl an isocinchomeronate (MGK 326);

2-ethyl-1,3-hexanediol (Rutgers 612);

2-(n-butyl)-2-ethyl-1,3-PROPANEDIOL;

Dimethyl phthalate;

Dibutil succinate (Tabutrex);

Piperonyl piperonyl; and

Feverfew. 2 Although all of the above substances, insect repellent, are time consuming, and preferred for the purposes of the invention, other useful insect repellent substances include essential oils such as Mentha arvensis (Cornmint); Mentha piperita (Peppermint); Mentha spicata (American Spearmint); Mentha cardica (Scotch Spearmint); East Indian Lemongrass Oil; Lemo insects, from which the most suitable (-) Limonene; (+) - Limonene; (-) Carvone; Cineole (Eucalyptol); Linalool; Gum Camphor; Citronellal; Alpha and Beta-Terpineol; Fencholis acid; iso Borneol Borneol, Bornyl acetate and iso Bornyl acetate.

Among non-commercial repellents suitable for this invention are the following:

N,N-diethyl-cyclohexylacetate (DESA);

1,2,3,6-tetrahydro-1-(2-methyl-1-oxobutyl) piperidine;

N,N-diethyl-3-cyclohexyl propionate (DSR);

2-ethyl-1-(2-methyl-1-oxo-2-butenyl) piperidine;

N,N-diethyl-nonamed, and

N,N-diethyl-phenylacetamide.

In relation to the above-mentioned N-alkyl nehalennia, an alkyl group preferably represented by stands or ethyl, most preferred methyl. The proportion of polcanova preferably represented by neodecanoic or neotrigonia.

Detergent compositions according to the invention contain a fraction of one or more surface active detergent compounds from a range of anionic, nonionic, cationic and amphoteric detergents, which, in General, will be in the range of from 1 to about 30% by weight of the composition, preferably from 2 to about 20% by weight. Detergent is preferably a synthetic organic detergent of the anionic or nonionic type, and often preferred to be Societe Agent and Detergents, v.II, pages 25-138, Schwartz, Perry and Berch, published in 1958

Such compounds are also described in the publication 1973 John W. McCutcheon, entitled Detergets and Emulsifiers. Both these publications mentioned herein might be applied anionic detergents are usually alkali metal salts, such as salts of sodium or potassium, or ammonia, or ammonium, or lower aliphatic salts of triethanolamine.

The anionic detergent may be a sulfate, sulfonate, phosphate or phosphonate, or other suitable salt of the acid, it usually is a sulfate or sulfonate. Anionic detergents include lipophilic group, which usually has 10 to 18 carbon atoms, preferably a linear ordering of higher alkyl, but instead may be other lyophilic group, preferably containing from 12 to 16 carbon atoms, such as alkyl benzyl branched chain. Examples of suitable anionic detergents include the higher fatty alcohol sulfonates, such as tridecylbenzene sulfonate sodium linear alkyl gasoline sodium, for example, linear dodecylbenzene the sulfonates sodium olefin sulfonate and the paraffin sulfonates. Anionic detergents are preferably with the
Suitable nonionic detergents are usually condensation products of lipophilic compounds or parts and lower alkylene oxides or share polyalkoxy. Highly preferred lipophile are higher fatty alcohols having from 10 to 18 carbon atoms, but can also be used alkyl phenols, such as octyl or nonyl phenols.

Preferred alkylene oxide is ethylene oxide and generally mol lipophile is present from 3 to 30 mol ethylene oxide. Preferably the content of the ethoxylate is from 3 to 10 mol per mol of a higher fatty alcohol, and more preferably, it was from 6 to 7 mol, for example, 6.5, or 7 mol per mol of a higher fatty alcohol (and per mole nonionic detergent). Can be applied ethoxylates wide range and narrow range ethoxylates (ASD and AUD), with the difference between them in the "prevalence" of numbers of groups ethoxylates with an average within a given range. For example, AUD with an average of 5 to 10 groups per mole in the nonionic detergent will be at least 70% of the content Is in polyatomic groups of 4-12 mol and, preferably, more than 85% of the content Is in this range. Nonionic mo is 15 mol It, when the chain is in the range of 5-10 This is the (average). Examples of non-ionic detergents ASD include detergents sold by Shell Chemical Company trademark NeodolRincluding Neodol 25-7; Neodol 23-6 .5 and Neodol 25-3.

Delivery AUD non-ionic detergents made Shell Development Company, which identified these substances, as 23-7P and 23-7Z.

Can also be used cationic surfactants. They include surface active detergent compounds which contain an organic hydrophobic group, forming part of the cation, when the compound is dissolved in water and an anionic group. Typical cationic detergents are amine compounds and Quaternary ammonium compounds.

The Quaternary ammonium compounds used herein are well known materials and are highly softening type. This includes N1N-di-(higher)C14-C24N1N - di(lower)C1-C4alkyl Quaternary ammonium salts with dissolved water anions, such as Khalid, for example, chloride, bromide and iodide; sulfate, methosulfate and the like, and heterocyclic amines, such as imidazole.

Usually aliphatic Quaternary calctitle 14-22 carbon atoms; R2and R3represent a lower alkyl of 1 to 4, preferably 1-3 carbon atoms, X represents an anion capable of imparting water solubility or dispersion ability, including the aforementioned chloride, bromide, iodide, sulfate and methosulfate. Particularly preferred types of aliphatic compounds include: disteril dimethylammonium chloride, di-hydrogenated fat firmly dimethyl ammonium chloride, di-terrazitovoj dimethyl ammonium chloride disteril dimethyl ammonium methyl sulfate, di-hydrogenated terrazitovoj dimethyl ammonium methyl sulfate.

The invention is also suitable amphoteric detergents. This class of detergents are well known in this field, and many effective detergents are disclosed Schwartz, Perry and Berch in "Surface Active Agents and Detergents", v.II, Interscience Publishers, Inc. New York (1958), Chapter 4. Examples of suitable amphoteric detergents include the alkyl beta-iminodipropylamine, RN-(C2H4(COOM)2and alkyl beta-aminopropionic, RN(H)C2H4COOM.

The fillers may be present in the liquid detergent composition in an amount of from 1 to 20% to improve the detergent properties of synthetic organic detergents. Such fillers can be orgalitovaya, for example, the sodium tripolyphosphate; carbonates, such as sodium carbonate, bicarbonate, e.g. sodium bicarbonate, borate, such as borax, and silicates, e.g. sodium silicate; water-insoluble inorganic fillers, including zeolites, for example, hydrated zeolite 4A; and water-soluble organic fillers, including citrates, gluconate, NTA and polyacetate carboxylates.

In the detergent compositions may contain various auxiliary tools, such as fluorescent polishing tools, antistatic agents, antibacterial agents, fungicides, foaming agents, Antiprotozoal, contributing to the spreading of the substance, weighing reagents, anti-corrosion compounds, antiglobulin reagents, facilitating the removal of dirt, and enzymes.

Liquid detergents according to the invention in General comprise from about 2 to 20% of surface-active detergent compounds, which are preferably anionic and/or nonionic, from 1 to 20% by weight filler salts such detergents and from 0.2 to 20%, preferably from 0.5 to 10% by weight substances, insect repellent, a balance is created mostly water, Re, or solvent suitable for substances deterring insects, such as isopropyl alcohol or acetone. To facilitate the introduction of a fragrance or odor in water liquid detergent composition, often gives the advantage of making the formula liquid detergent compounds in the form of a microemulsion with water as the continuous phase and oil or hydrocarbon, as the dispersed phase.

In practical tests on real kitchen floors, counters, floors have drains, walls, and kitchen tables and under the fridge, in the areas infested by cockroaches, much less cockroaches will be observed on the surfaces on which or near which were put liquid detergent compositions according to the present invention than in the control surfaces, and less cockroaches can be found on the bottom or in the tabs lockers and storerooms, when their walls are treated detergent compounds according to this invention. When floors, walls, counters, sinks, cabinets and doors of the house or premises of the treated liquid detergent compositions according to the present invention, reduces the frequency of flows cockroaches compared with the control areas, where the repellent is not used.

Example 1. As shown in the I as the starting material for the preparation by dilution of the six liquid compositions of varying degrees of dilution, containing, respectively, six different levels of N-methyl neodecanamide (MNDA)-repellent.

Liquid cleaner, hard surface.

Component wt.

Linear dodecylbenzene-sulfonate, sodium 4

Non-ionic detergent (the condensation product of 1 mol of a mixture of fatty alcohols with 9-11 carbon atoms and 6 mol of ethylene oxide) 2

MNDA 2,0

Coconut fatty acid 0,5

Potash 2

Sodium bicarbonate 1

Isopropyl alcohol 4

Water equilibrium

Spice 1

The percentage of MNDA in each of the six subjects detergent formulations were changed, respectively, as follows: 0,12, 0,20, 0,22, 0,29, 0,4 and 2.0%

The ability to deter insects of each of these six detergent compositions for cleaning hard surfaces was tested by the procedure described below, and compared with the ability to repel insects three containing repellents, comparative compositions, that is, the three solutions of acetone containing 0.25, 0.5 and 1.0 by weight, respectively, MNDA.

The test procedure.

Insects cockroaches-the Prussians and American cockroaches were taken from established colonies, which was supported at the 27oC.

obtaining that and cockroaches.

Bioizluchenie for 48 h prior to the study, 50 male cockroaches-the Prussians were allowed to acclimate in a plastic test cells (HH cm) with access to the center for food and water. A thin film of Teflon emulsion (Flucn AD-1, Northern products, Woonsocket, R. I.) on the side walls of the cells was forced insects to be limited to the floor of the cell. Studies performed with either 50 females of the cockroach-Prussian, 20 male American cockroach, or 50 working carpenter ants.

The ability of various test compounds to repel insects was assessed over time. The procedure consisted in arranging the five asphalt tiles 3x3 inches in a cubic refuge (Cup) and the processing of these tiles in various subjects. The treated side walls facing inward. The method is based on the reaction of cockroaches to avoid light. 2 ml of the test composition on all internal lateral surface of Casy. Control cups were treated only with acetone or water. The cups were allowed to dry for 1 h, and then the control and the treated cups were overturned in each of the test cells. Food and water were provided in the center of each cell, outside of the bowls. The number of insects, remaining at GNC is found equal numbers of individuals in the treated and untreated bowls. After each account insects distributed and changed the location of the treated and control vials. Accordingly, the distribution of cockroaches for each particular day is considered independently from the distribution in the previous days.

The ability to repel insects was determined as the percentage of insects that avoided the treated surfaces, and was calculated as follows:

deter insects 100 100(Nt)/(Nt + Nc),

where Nt is the number of insects on the treated surface;

Nc the number of insects on the control surfaces treated with acetone.

Property connections to repel insects was evaluated based on the number of days 90% ability to repel insects, which is based on (1) the number of LTOs full (100% ) repellency and (II) and the analysis of the maximum accuracy of the probability time/ability to repel insects (SAS Vser''s Guide, SAS Institute, 1985), which calculates the measure of the number DN 90% repellency (RT90< / BR>
10% of insects on the treated surface, 90% on the control surface).

The test results showed that comparative compounds that are not relevant to this invention, are not able to give 90% repellency at the level of content repellently at the level of MNDA 0,2%

1. Liquid detergent composition for cleaning hard surfaces and scare her insects containing anionic, or nonionic, or cationic, or amphoteric surfactant, or a mixture of these substances, pesticide, water, organic and inorganic additives, characterized in that as a pesticide composition contains insecticidal repellent selected from the group consisting of N, N-diethyl-meta-toluamide, 2-hydroxyethyl-p-articulated, N-activitylogoptions, a mixture of 2-hydroxyethyl-p-articulted N-ctivitismoreconditionsymptoms, hexahydrobenzene of carboxaldehyde, di-n-propyl-etzinger, 2-ethyl-1,3-hexanediol, 2-(n-butyl)-2-ethyl-1,3-propandiol, dimethylphthalate, dibutylamine, piperonylbutoxide, feverfew, N-(C1- C4)-alkylene (C7WITH14-alinamin in the following ratio, wt.

Anionic, or nonionic, or cationic, or amphoteric surfactant, or a mixture of these substances 2 20

Insecticidal repellent 0,2 20,0

Organic and inorganic additives 1 20

Water To 100

2. The composition according to p. 1, characterized in that it further comprises a water-soluble solvent for insect is it with isopropyl alcohol.

 

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