(57) Abstract:Usage: shipbuilding. The inventive towing Clusaz contains a stationary horizontal roll, bale strap with folding basting and two vertical stationary rossami based on the tilting of the strap forming the window Clusaz. Additional vertical Rawls mounted on mutually intersecting vertical and horizontal axes, and set its vertical axis in the plane of symmetry tilting slats and horizontal roll with split window Clusaz into two parts. Additional vertical Rawls provided with a counterweight mounted on the lower part of the vertical axis of the stopper and the drive to ensure rotation of Rawls around its horizontal axis. Basting tilting slats made of composite of three articulated between the links can move each link. Lateral links basting installed with the possibility of rotation around the vertical axis of rolson in a horizontal plane at a maximum angle of 90oand her middle link is established with the possibility of vertical travel around any of the two horizontal axes of the joints of the links. Links basting Snab is wximage Clusaz.Known towing Clusaz containing stationary horizontal roll, bale strap with folding basting and two vertical stationary rossami forming the window Clusaz (Handbook of marine devices. So 2. Towage, salvage and cargo gear. L. Shipbuilding, 1975, S. 46-47, Fig. 1.34). This device is selected as the closest analogue of the invention.Known towing gateway has a number of deficiencies that worsen his conditions. Window gateway this design does not provide the passage in it's fire the tow rope with hook, hook, chain, leading to additional operations for towages (first connection nodes of the tow line has to pit overboard, and then to extend through the window Clusaz). And this in turn leads to loss of time towing and excessive fuel consumption. In addition, in cases of using two tow lines for towing two objects is mutual intersection and abrasion tow ropes, making it impossible to tow the two objects at the same time.The technical result of the invention is to improve the operating conditions towing Clusaz by accelerating and promenio objects.It is achieved by the fact that the tow Clusaz containing stationary horizontal roll, bale strap with folding basting and two vertical stationary rossami based on the tilting of the strap forming the window Clusaz, provided with an additional vertical Rawls, collected on mutually intersecting vertical and horizontal axes, and set its vertical axis in the plane of symmetry tilting slats and horizontal roll with split window Clusaz into two parts, with additional vertical Rawls provided with a counterweight mounted on the lower part of the vertical axis of the stopper and the drive to ensure rotation of Rawls around its horizontal axis, and basting tilting slats made of composite of three articulated between the links can move each link.In addition, lateral links basting installed with the possibility of rotation around the vertical axis of rolson in a horizontal plane at a maximum angle of 90oand her middle link is established with the possibility of vertical travel around either of the two horizontal axes of the joints of the links, and the links basting equipped with retainers.On RIT stationary horizontal roll 1, tilting bar 2 with folding basting 3 and two vertical stationary rossami 4, 5, arranged on the basis of 6 tilting slats 2 and forming a window 7 Clusaz, for example, with dimensions h mm, additional vertical Rawls 8.Horizontal roll 1 is made of steel cast and is designed to protect against abrasion of the tow rope 9 and the tilting base 6 of the strap 2.Tilting strap 2 has a cast iron housing 10, is welded to the base 11. Folding basting 3 made of composite of three sections, two side 12, 13 and middle level 14. These units are interconnected by means of two fingers 15, 16 with solenimi 17, 18 and the locking heads 19, 20.Lateral links 12, 13 basting 3 are located on a common vertical axes 21, 22 with rossami 4, 5 and can be rotated only in the direction of the nose of the ship respectively around axes 21, 22 in a horizontal plane at a maximum angle of 90o.The middle link 14 basting 3, United with the side parts 12, 13 respectively through the fingers 15, 16 made with the possibility of vertical rotation around any of the two fingers. To rotate the middle link 14 basting 3 around the finger 15 of the finger 16 has by respectively hinges 24, 25 for locking hooks 26, 27 in the tilted position and the bolts 28, 29 for locking in the folded condition of the middle link 14.Additional vertical Rawls 8 (Fig. 1 and 2) assembled in intersecting vertical 30 and 31 horizontal axis and has its vertical axis 30 in the symmetry plane of tilting of the strap 2 and the horizontal roll 1 can be divided Windows 7 Clusaz into two parts 32, 33.Base 6 tilting slats 2 in comparison with the standard bale strap is elongated and is, for example, 2395 mm Increased accordingly and the distance between the axes 21, 22 of the vertical rolson 4, 5, with window 7 Clusaz made sizes h mmRawls 8 provided with a counterweight 34 and the stopper 35. A counterweight 34 is fixed on the lower part of the vertical axis 30 by a pin 36 and is provided with a bracket 37. The stopper 35 is made, for example, in the form of a finger. The stopper 35 is required for fixation of Rawls 8 in a horizontal position (Fig. 2) and vertical position (Fig. 1).In Fig. 1 and 2 shows one of the use cases drive necessary to rotate Rawls 8 around its horizontal axis 31 - trastovoj.Members of the Executive trastovogo actuator includes two rope 38, 39, you who Boo 37.With the rope 33 can be rotated Rawls 8 from the horizontal position (Fig. 2) in vertical position (Fig. 1).The return of Rawls 8 from a vertical to a horizontal position can be carried out with the rope 39, passing through three of the guide block 40 and one mangager 41.Management trosikom drive can be carried out manually regardless of the ship's energy sources and through mechanisms of ship equipment (spire, rotary tables, bollards and other).Ropes 38, 39, cornering additionally perform the function of shock absorbers. In idle state, both of rope 38, 39 placed on ducks 42 located on the Foundation 11.The vessel in the plane of rotation of Rawls 8 is provided with a railing in order to meet safety requirements.In Fig. 1 shows that the external shape of bale straps 2 and basting 3 towing Clusaz organically inscribed in the enclosing arch 43, mounted on the gunwale 44. Smooth shape will not obstruct the transfer of the tow rope 9 from Board to Board, when the latter will be out of Cluses (over it), which is necessary for maneuvers.This beech is a Sears Calvary way of one or two objects.In marine practice there are many situations to use the tow Clusaz, but remain unchanged operations such as receiving, filing and return of the tow rope. When this occurs, the change in the length of the tow rope 9.The tow line is a composite. Part of it included any of the known fasteners for a towed object (attaching to the anchor chains, poudrage and others). Closes this attachment of the triangular link. The next component is the shock absorber (box of chain or synthetic rope), and then the tow cable 9, which is attached to the towed vessel.For example, the selected triangular connecting link. Depending on the weather conditions and location of the operation, selects optimal solution for the wiring of the tow rope 9. Considered one of them. Basting 3 tilting plate 2 is closed. Turning Rawls 8 is in the horizontal position. With the help of the conductor is drawn through the hawse triangular element and the fastening piece and is taken on the stopper. Is connected to the towing cable 9 and the tow line connects the tow object with a tug. If the tow at this point you will need agility, basting 3 from the ku 19 of the finger 15, that will allow the latter to take out and put it in the eyelet 23, then you can use the hole that is in the middle link 14 basting 3 and discard the link 14 in a vertical position, Shestoperov bolt 29.After turning side of the link 12 and the locking hook 26, it is necessary rastport the middle link 14 by a bolt 29 and release him to the position of the natural sagging.Closing the blueprint 3 is in the reverse order. Then to wind the tow rope 9 in Cluses, when he is on top of the blueprint 3, it is necessary to combine the necessary maneuvers tug and the operation of opening the blueprint 3. When the tow rope 9 in Cluses, fix its position in window 7 using the rotary Rawls 8. To change the position of Rawls 8 need locking finger 35 to remove the detent and remove from ducks 42 ropes 38 and 39. Working simultaneously ropes 38 and 39 (the rope 38 and pull the rope 39 potrivit), lead Rawls to a vertical position and hold it in position locking finger 35. The free ends of the cables 38 and 39 are placed on ducks 42.For operations interfacing with the second towed object will need additional berthing tugs, with operations towed Clusaz p is narrow spaces and confined areas you go to tow on a short rope 9.This means the inevitable pull, and then protravlivanija cable 9. When this operation of opening, closing basting 3, the turns of Rawls 8 are excluded. Therefore, significantly reduces the time required for expensive towing operations. Hence, significantly reduces fuel consumption. When towing a single object can be used alternately the left, the right part of the window 7 Clusaz, which will extend the operational period items Clusaz to the current repair. 1. Towing Clusaz containing stationary horizontal roll, bale strap with folding basting and two vertical stationary rossami based on the tilting of the strap forming the window Clusaz, characterized in that it is provided with an additional vertical Rawls mounted on mutually intersecting vertical and horizontal axes, and set its vertical axis in the plane of symmetry tilting slats and horizontal roll with split window Clusaz into two parts, with additional vertical Rawls provided with a counterweight mounted on the lower part of the vertical axis of the stopper and the drive to ensure rotation of Rawls around its horizontal axis, and the Oia each link.2. Cluses under item 1, characterized in that the side parts basting installed with the possibility of rotation around the vertical axis of rolson in a horizontal plane at a maximum angle of 90oand her middle link is established with the possibility of vertical travel around either of the two horizontal axes of the joints of the links, and the links basting equipped with latches.
FIELD: shipboard gears; laying and heaving-in towed antenna cables by submarine vessels.
SUBSTANCE: proposed gear has manual winch with antenna cable, stuffing box with cutoff valve and cable machine with frame; mounted on this frame is grip unit with roller holders and toothed belts fitted on smooth pulleys and engageable with toothed belts connected with drive for motion of antenna cable. One roller holder of cable machine is made in form of hollow body filled with hydraulic medium; pushers with hold-down rollers are mounted in holes of walls of housing.
EFFECT: enhanced operational reliability.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to ship building, particularly, to deck mounting ring intended for mooring of aircraft and other wheeled vehicles to deck. Proposed mounting ring consists of body and assy to be coupled with aircraft of wheeled vehicle mooring device to allow trouble-free landing of aircraft and unobstructed run of wheeled vehicle at equal holding capacity of said ring in whatever direction. Said ring assy consists of a cylindrical rod with collar rigidly jointed with ring body.
EFFECT: mounting ring intended for mooring of aircraft and other wheeled vehicles to deck.
2 cl, 4 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to connection assy for mooring chains of, for example, FPSO ship (extraction, store and shipment ship) or floating sea structure. Proposed assy 4 comprises chain connector 5 with first pin 14 and means 25 to coupled mooring chain 3 with connector 5. Proposed assy additionally includes channel-forming appliance 6 attached to floating structure 1 and having bottom and top ends, mooring chain lock 11 made at said top end. Channel-forming appliance 6 extends in floating structure 1 from its bottom to higher level that can be located above sea surface. Channel-forming appliance bottom end has the seat 18 for bearing of first pivot 14 of chain link. Connector 5 can displace in channel-forming appliance. Note here that there are means 27, 28 to displace chain connector between the first position whereat first pin 14 is located at channel-forming bearing seat 18 and second position specified by said appliance whereat chain connector may be accessed.
EFFECT: simplified connection to mooring chain.
10 cl, 8 dwg
SUBSTANCE: proposed appliance comprises fastening assy. Said assy is composed of four lugs interconnected by central load-bearing element and suspension of anchor cables and chains. Said lugs are arranged around said load-bearing element for connection with lugs of floating elements. Floating elements are incorporated with floating platforms. Said suspension interacts with central load-bearing element composed of a spider with central bore or a rectangular frame.
EFFECT: friendly use.
SUBSTANCE: appliance for fastening and facilitation of tensioning of anchor ropes and chains of floating platforms contains fastening assembly made in the form of at least four lugs interconnected by means of supporting element which lugs are located around this element and intended to connect floating elements comprising floating platforms with the lugs. Each lug is made in the form of clevis. Suspension facility for anchor ropes and chains interacts with supporting element.
EFFECT: enhancement of operational functionality due to serviceability, fastening ease and simplicity and facilitation of anchor ropes and chains tensioning from floating platform surface.
4 cl, 3 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to floating means intended for special purposes, particularly, to pontoons, floating docks and etc. Floating platform comprises at least three plastic hollow floating element with at least four lugs each and binding plastic hollow floating elements to each other and fitted in appropriate lugs of fasteners. Each fastening assembly is made in the form of four interconnected by central support element lugs arranged around the latter and connected by fastening elements with lugs at least two located around the fastening unit of plastic hollow floating elements. Flexible coupling is connected by one end with the corresponding suspension means. Elastic element is connected with free end of appropriate flexible connection.
EFFECT: expanded operational functionality due to convenience of service from the surface of floating platform with simultaneous increase of reliability and durability of lugs plastic floating elements by flexible connection flexibility.
2 cl, 6 dwg
FIELD: metal processing.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to production of steel ropes. Device includes a housing, a mark, a mechanism for compressing housing with mark and a unit for connecting a traction mechanism. On inner surface of housing and mark there are recesses for placement of pulled rope like ends of housing and mark are folded, in which are coaxially arranged holes for connection to traction mechanism, and mechanism for compressing housing with mark is made in form of threaded yokes, fitted respectively on housing and mark and provided with nuts.
EFFECT: use of invention considerably simplifies design and reduces labour intensity for production thereof.
1 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: ship building.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to mooring equipment and can be used for ships and floating structures mooring. Unit in mooring system (1) for floating structures (8), containing at least one anchor rope (2) and at least two other ropes (3, 4), passing in different directions relative to each other and in direction, different from direction of at least one anchor rope (2). Ropes (2, 3, 4) are attached to annular connecting element (6), formed from continuous flexible polymer material.
EFFECT: enabling possibility to withstand tensile forces in different directions, not located in one plane.
12 cl, 7 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of shipbuilding and to the control of the towing line. The (1) control device in the towing line and the method of operation of the device are proposed, where the control device (1) of the towing line is located in the deck (4) of the vessel and contains at least two towing pins (6) adapted to move between a passive position and at least one active position, wherein the gap between the two towing pins (6) is overlaped with the bridge (12) at least when the towing pins (6) are in one of their active position, wherein the lower stop (18) which can move between a passive position and at least one active position is located between the two towing pins (6 ) , and the lower stop (18) is placed so that the lower stop (18) and the towing pins, on the whole, are located on the flat surface perpendicular to the main longitudinal axis of the towing line (24) that flows between them.
EFFECT: invention is to improve the operational characteristics of the control device in the towing line.
17 cl, 8 dwg
SUBSTANCE: vessel anchor device is proposed, comprising an anchor mechanism located on an inner deck, at least one anchor with a throat and flukes, connected to the anchor mechanism with an anchor chain, passing via the anchor chock in the form of a pipe, arranged in the vessel hull, and self-laid in a chain box located in the vessel hull. The anchor choke has a niche in the lower part for installation of flukes and throat of the anchor in-down position. The anchor is made as comprising at least three flukes, the niche of the choke for flukes and the anchor throat have cylindrical shape and depth exceeding anchor fluke height. A cover is fixed to the anchor throat at its lower side, which is designed to close the niche with inserted anchor flukes and throat. There is a stop to hold the chain and the anchor in the choke, installed between the anchor mechanism and the anchor choke.
EFFECT: proposed anchor device of a vessel has higher retaining ability of an anchor, provides for free anchor release under gravity and increases repairability of an anchor device as a whole.
6 cl, 1 dwg