Towing clusaz

 

(57) Abstract:

Usage: shipbuilding. The inventive towing Clusaz contains a stationary horizontal roll, bale strap with folding basting and two vertical stationary rossami based on the tilting of the strap forming the window Clusaz. Additional vertical Rawls mounted on mutually intersecting vertical and horizontal axes, and set its vertical axis in the plane of symmetry tilting slats and horizontal roll with split window Clusaz into two parts. Additional vertical Rawls provided with a counterweight mounted on the lower part of the vertical axis of the stopper and the drive to ensure rotation of Rawls around its horizontal axis. Basting tilting slats made of composite of three articulated between the links can move each link. Lateral links basting installed with the possibility of rotation around the vertical axis of rolson in a horizontal plane at a maximum angle of 90oand her middle link is established with the possibility of vertical travel around any of the two horizontal axes of the joints of the links. Links basting Snab is wximage Clusaz.

Known towing Clusaz containing stationary horizontal roll, bale strap with folding basting and two vertical stationary rossami forming the window Clusaz (Handbook of marine devices. So 2. Towage, salvage and cargo gear. L. Shipbuilding, 1975, S. 46-47, Fig. 1.34). This device is selected as the closest analogue of the invention.

Known towing gateway has a number of deficiencies that worsen his conditions. Window gateway this design does not provide the passage in it's fire the tow rope with hook, hook, chain, leading to additional operations for towages (first connection nodes of the tow line has to pit overboard, and then to extend through the window Clusaz). And this in turn leads to loss of time towing and excessive fuel consumption. In addition, in cases of using two tow lines for towing two objects is mutual intersection and abrasion tow ropes, making it impossible to tow the two objects at the same time.

The technical result of the invention is to improve the operating conditions towing Clusaz by accelerating and promenio objects.

It is achieved by the fact that the tow Clusaz containing stationary horizontal roll, bale strap with folding basting and two vertical stationary rossami based on the tilting of the strap forming the window Clusaz, provided with an additional vertical Rawls, collected on mutually intersecting vertical and horizontal axes, and set its vertical axis in the plane of symmetry tilting slats and horizontal roll with split window Clusaz into two parts, with additional vertical Rawls provided with a counterweight mounted on the lower part of the vertical axis of the stopper and the drive to ensure rotation of Rawls around its horizontal axis, and basting tilting slats made of composite of three articulated between the links can move each link.

In addition, lateral links basting installed with the possibility of rotation around the vertical axis of rolson in a horizontal plane at a maximum angle of 90oand her middle link is established with the possibility of vertical travel around either of the two horizontal axes of the joints of the links, and the links basting equipped with retainers.

On RIT stationary horizontal roll 1, tilting bar 2 with folding basting 3 and two vertical stationary rossami 4, 5, arranged on the basis of 6 tilting slats 2 and forming a window 7 Clusaz, for example, with dimensions h mm, additional vertical Rawls 8.

Horizontal roll 1 is made of steel cast and is designed to protect against abrasion of the tow rope 9 and the tilting base 6 of the strap 2.

Tilting strap 2 has a cast iron housing 10, is welded to the base 11. Folding basting 3 made of composite of three sections, two side 12, 13 and middle level 14. These units are interconnected by means of two fingers 15, 16 with solenimi 17, 18 and the locking heads 19, 20.

Lateral links 12, 13 basting 3 are located on a common vertical axes 21, 22 with rossami 4, 5 and can be rotated only in the direction of the nose of the ship respectively around axes 21, 22 in a horizontal plane at a maximum angle of 90o.

The middle link 14 basting 3, United with the side parts 12, 13 respectively through the fingers 15, 16 made with the possibility of vertical rotation around any of the two fingers. To rotate the middle link 14 basting 3 around the finger 15 of the finger 16 has by respectively hinges 24, 25 for locking hooks 26, 27 in the tilted position and the bolts 28, 29 for locking in the folded condition of the middle link 14.

Additional vertical Rawls 8 (Fig. 1 and 2) assembled in intersecting vertical 30 and 31 horizontal axis and has its vertical axis 30 in the symmetry plane of tilting of the strap 2 and the horizontal roll 1 can be divided Windows 7 Clusaz into two parts 32, 33.

Base 6 tilting slats 2 in comparison with the standard bale strap is elongated and is, for example, 2395 mm Increased accordingly and the distance between the axes 21, 22 of the vertical rolson 4, 5, with window 7 Clusaz made sizes h mm

Rawls 8 provided with a counterweight 34 and the stopper 35. A counterweight 34 is fixed on the lower part of the vertical axis 30 by a pin 36 and is provided with a bracket 37. The stopper 35 is made, for example, in the form of a finger. The stopper 35 is required for fixation of Rawls 8 in a horizontal position (Fig. 2) and vertical position (Fig. 1).

In Fig. 1 and 2 shows one of the use cases drive necessary to rotate Rawls 8 around its horizontal axis 31 - trastovoj.

Members of the Executive trastovogo actuator includes two rope 38, 39, you who Boo 37.

With the rope 33 can be rotated Rawls 8 from the horizontal position (Fig. 2) in vertical position (Fig. 1).

The return of Rawls 8 from a vertical to a horizontal position can be carried out with the rope 39, passing through three of the guide block 40 and one mangager 41.

Management trosikom drive can be carried out manually regardless of the ship's energy sources and through mechanisms of ship equipment (spire, rotary tables, bollards and other).

Ropes 38, 39, cornering additionally perform the function of shock absorbers. In idle state, both of rope 38, 39 placed on ducks 42 located on the Foundation 11.

The vessel in the plane of rotation of Rawls 8 is provided with a railing in order to meet safety requirements.

In Fig. 1 shows that the external shape of bale straps 2 and basting 3 towing Clusaz organically inscribed in the enclosing arch 43, mounted on the gunwale 44. Smooth shape will not obstruct the transfer of the tow rope 9 from Board to Board, when the latter will be out of Cluses (over it), which is necessary for maneuvers.

This beech is a Sears Calvary way of one or two objects.

In marine practice there are many situations to use the tow Clusaz, but remain unchanged operations such as receiving, filing and return of the tow rope. When this occurs, the change in the length of the tow rope 9.

The tow line is a composite. Part of it included any of the known fasteners for a towed object (attaching to the anchor chains, poudrage and others). Closes this attachment of the triangular link. The next component is the shock absorber (box of chain or synthetic rope), and then the tow cable 9, which is attached to the towed vessel.

For example, the selected triangular connecting link. Depending on the weather conditions and location of the operation, selects optimal solution for the wiring of the tow rope 9. Considered one of them. Basting 3 tilting plate 2 is closed. Turning Rawls 8 is in the horizontal position. With the help of the conductor is drawn through the hawse triangular element and the fastening piece and is taken on the stopper. Is connected to the towing cable 9 and the tow line connects the tow object with a tug. If the tow at this point you will need agility, basting 3 from the ku 19 of the finger 15, that will allow the latter to take out and put it in the eyelet 23, then you can use the hole that is in the middle link 14 basting 3 and discard the link 14 in a vertical position, Shestoperov bolt 29.

After turning side of the link 12 and the locking hook 26, it is necessary rastport the middle link 14 by a bolt 29 and release him to the position of the natural sagging.

Closing the blueprint 3 is in the reverse order. Then to wind the tow rope 9 in Cluses, when he is on top of the blueprint 3, it is necessary to combine the necessary maneuvers tug and the operation of opening the blueprint 3. When the tow rope 9 in Cluses, fix its position in window 7 using the rotary Rawls 8. To change the position of Rawls 8 need locking finger 35 to remove the detent and remove from ducks 42 ropes 38 and 39. Working simultaneously ropes 38 and 39 (the rope 38 and pull the rope 39 potrivit), lead Rawls to a vertical position and hold it in position locking finger 35. The free ends of the cables 38 and 39 are placed on ducks 42.

For operations interfacing with the second towed object will need additional berthing tugs, with operations towed Clusaz p is narrow spaces and confined areas you go to tow on a short rope 9.

This means the inevitable pull, and then protravlivanija cable 9. When this operation of opening, closing basting 3, the turns of Rawls 8 are excluded. Therefore, significantly reduces the time required for expensive towing operations. Hence, significantly reduces fuel consumption. When towing a single object can be used alternately the left, the right part of the window 7 Clusaz, which will extend the operational period items Clusaz to the current repair.

1. Towing Clusaz containing stationary horizontal roll, bale strap with folding basting and two vertical stationary rossami based on the tilting of the strap forming the window Clusaz, characterized in that it is provided with an additional vertical Rawls mounted on mutually intersecting vertical and horizontal axes, and set its vertical axis in the plane of symmetry tilting slats and horizontal roll with split window Clusaz into two parts, with additional vertical Rawls provided with a counterweight mounted on the lower part of the vertical axis of the stopper and the drive to ensure rotation of Rawls around its horizontal axis, and the Oia each link.

2. Cluses under item 1, characterized in that the side parts basting installed with the possibility of rotation around the vertical axis of rolson in a horizontal plane at a maximum angle of 90oand her middle link is established with the possibility of vertical travel around either of the two horizontal axes of the joints of the links, and the links basting equipped with latches.

 

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