Device for the study of erosion processes


(57) Abstract:

Usage: in the study of the processes of water erosion of soils in the laboratory. The inventive device for the study of erosion processes contains hydrolock consisting of two longitudinal sections are pivotally interconnected. Section equipped with hydromechanically to install them at different angles to the horizon. There is also a mechanism of the longitudinal tilt of hydrolock. The bottom of hydrolock is a frame with a hollow elastic elements, which are connected with the compressor of a gas or liquid. On the elastic elements of the drainage layer is covered with an insulating cloth or a perforated film, which is placed soil. Over hydrolocked mounted sprinkler system nozzles for metered water supply. Modeling the contours of the ground is provided by the injection of gas or liquid in the hollow elastic elements. 3 Il.

The invention relates to equipment for studying processes of water erosion of soils in the laboratory.

The prototype of the invention is a device for studies of erosion processes. It consists of hidrocloruro United along its longitudinal axis, each section is equipped with a mechanism of transverse inclination relative to the longitudinal axis of hydrolock. In addition, the joints of the sections is made in order to ensure the tightness of the bottom of the tray with an elastic membrane on the inner surface (ed.St. USSR N 1078268, CL G 01 M 10/00, 1984).

The device according to ed. St. N 1078268 allows you to simulate the catchment is very approximate, varying the magnitude of the angles of incidence and stretch, but does not allow to model various forms of longitudinal and transverse profiles of the slopes, and different microrelief of the surface soil, and therefore cannot provide the technical result of the expansion of the range of research.

The solution of this problem is achieved in that the bottom of hydrolock made of two longitudinal sections, pivotally interconnected along the longitudinal axis of hydrolock, and the bottom of hydrolock in each section is made in the form of the frame is rigidly fixed cells, which are placed in the closed hollow elastic elements. The internal cavity of these elastic elements are connected by means of pipes and valves with main pipeline, and the latter is connected with a source of supply of the working environment the VA in the plan; In Fig. 3 the cross-section.

The device includes hydrolock 1, consisting of two longitudinal sections 2 and 3 interconnected by articulated joints 4. Sections 2 and 3 can be set at an angle from +to -45oto the horizon, through the mechanism including the hydraulic cylinders 5, installed in the center of the outer edge of each section and supported on a frame 6.

The longitudinal slope of hydrolock 1 is provided with longitudinal tilt mechanism, which consists of a hydraulic cylinder 7 and a retainer in the form of a screw mechanism 8.

At the bottom of hydrolock 1 has a frame with an elastic inflatable elements 9, each of which is connected via a pipe 10 with a three-way valve 11 through line 12 with the pump - compressor 13 air or liquid. To receive subsurface runoff on an inflatable elements placed drainage layer 14. Drainage layer 14 is covered by a filter insulating cloth 15, for example a perforated film, where the soil 16. For measuring the volume of flowing water and wash away the soil on the front wall of hydrolock installed stock-receiving equipment 17. Over hydrolocked mounted sprinkler 18 with a system of nozzles for dozirovannym way.

In accordance with the program of studies hydrolock give a certain longitudinal slope of the lifting frame 6 by the hydraulic cylinder 7 and is fixed by a screw mechanism 8. Then the hydraulic jacks 5 creates the transverse slope of the catchment. Modeling of rough terrain, forms both slopes (convex, concave, complex, direct) is achieved by the injection of gas or liquid in the cell filled with elastic elements 9. The required volume filled elastic element is fixed overlapping of the three-way valve 11. After the formation of the surface model of the catchment with a given shape of the slopes from soil 16 include a sprinkler.

Device for the study of erosion processes containing hydrolock with a bottom consisting of two longitudinal sections, pivotally interconnected along the longitudinal axis of hydrolock, the mechanism of the longitudinal tilt of hydrolock and the position lock of hydrolock, mechanisms independent of the transverse slope of each section of the bottom of hydrolock located above hydrolocked water sprinkler and stock-receiving equipment, characterized in that it is provided with a main pipeline and connected to it by source of supply security in terms of cells, which are placed in the hermetically closed hollow elastic elements, and the internal cavity of the elastic elements are connected with pipelines through a nozzle with shutoff valves.


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