The lubricant for synthetic, mostly acrylic, fiber
(57) Abstract:Usage: in textile spinning. The inventive lubricant for synthetic, mainly, polyacrylonitrile fibers contains, in wt.%: mineral oil 6,64-9,83, ethoxylated stearic acid with an average degree of oksietilirovannye 6 0,1-0,2 (stearic 6), a mixture (acidication) methylethylenediamine of benzosulfimide containing alkyl radical 16-18 C atoms (Alcamo OC-2) 0.01 to 0.05, polietilenglikolya esters of isononylphenol medium oksietilirovannye 12 (neonol AF-9-12) 0,01-0,03, dibutyl 0,01-0,03, ammonium ferrocyanide 0.04 to 0.05 and water the rest up to 100. Properties: viscosity 3-4 CST. the percentage of the yarn 1 grade 76-78, percentage Rove 1st grade 80-82%. table 1. The invention relates to the textile industry, namely, technology oiling polyacrylonitrile fibers (PAN-fibers) on the tape machines spinning.Known oiling agents for synthetic fibers, containing mineral oil, nonionic and anion active surfactants, antistatic agents and other additives.Known lubricant for synthetic polyester filaments, containing, in mass. ministerioini 4-20-25, drug sintana DC-10 on the basis of ethoxylated alcohols C10-C18with a degree of oksietilirovannye 10-24-30, drug stearic 6-7-17, the preparation of OS-20 based on ethoxylated alcohols C14-C18with an average degree of oksietilirovannye 20-7-18 and ethoxylated caprolactam with an average degree of oksietilirovannye 15 1,0-6,0  the Sizing is used to improve the ability of threads to processing while reducing the coefficient of friction, reducing breakage and reducing the electrified. However, this sizing does not improve the processing ability of the PAN-fibers on tape machines spinning.Also known lubricant for polyvinyl chloride fibers in the form of an aqueous emulsion of plasticizer type diallylphthalate C6-C10preferably, diisodecylphthalate, butylbenzylphthalate, diisodecylphthalate containing also minoritarian and Polysorbate 
However, the sizing may not be successfully used for oiling PAN-fibers on the tape machine with the addition of the tapes due to the high viscosity of the lubricant, low aggregate stability and navipane fibers at the final roller of the machine, which reduces "ptx2">Known, in addition, a lubricant for synthetic, including polyacrylonitrile fibers based on organosilicon compounds  This sizing is also not efficient processing of PAN-fibers on tape machines spinning.Also known composition for avevano processing polyacrylonitrile fibers (PAN-thread), containing amides of fatty acids in a mixture with beta hydroxyacetylamino in a ratio of 1.7 to 1.9:1. The content of the mixture in water emulsion is from 0.2 to 1.0%  the Composition is intended to increase the adhesion between fiber strands and increase the heat resistance of the thread, but does not effectively improve the processing AIDS PAN-fiber tape machines in spinning.Known avevano agent for the treatment of PAN-fibres, containing the product of the interaction of stearic acid and beta acetylethylenediamine in the presence of dimethylsulfate 
The tool is intended to improve the heat resistance of yarns at texturing, however, cannot be used for oiling PAN fibers during the processing tape machines as a result of navipane fibers on the exhaust roller tape machine with the addition of the tapes due to the high energy of the window, containing (wt.):
drug Stearic 6 1-3
drug Alcamo OC-2 0,1-0,8
the drug Neonol AF-9-12 0,1-0,4
mineral oil the rest 
The sizing is proposed to be used, primarily, for the lubrication of yarn from a mixture of polyester fibers and cotton on prayerwhile machine.The closest in technical essence to the present invention is a lubricant for synthetic fibers, containing, in wt. am mineral oil 75-85, drug Starex 6-4-8, kationaktivnaya surfactants Alcamo OC-2 (or drug Alcamo DS) 2-6, drug OD-4 based on ethoxylated ALKYLPHENOLS (or drug sintana DC-4 on the basis of ethoxylated alcohols C10-C16and water 2-5 
The sizing is recommended to reduce the electrified and improve processing threads when rewinding. However, this sizing is also not effective enough when oiling the PAN-fibers on the tape machine with the addition of the tapes due to navipane fibers at the final roller of the machine due to the high electrified fibers and the viscosity of the lubricant. Furthermore, the reduced quality of the yarn produced in the future from this tape.This problem is solved due to the fact that the lubricant for synthetic, mainly, polyacrylonitrile fibres, containing mineral oil, ethoxylated stearic acid with an average degree of oksietilirovannye 6, a mixture of (acidication)methyl-methyldiethylamine of benzosulfimide containing alkyl radical of 16 to 18 carbon atoms, a mixture of polyethylene glycol ethers of alkylphenol and water, comprises a mixture of polyethylene glycol ethers of alkylphenol mixture of polyethylene glycol ethers of isononylphenol medium oksietilirovannye 12 and additionally dibutyl phthalate and ammonium ferrocyanide in the following ratio of components, wt.mineral oil 6,64-9,83
ethoxylated stearic acid with an average degree of oksietilirovannye 6 0,1-0,2
a mixture of (acidication)-methylethylenediamine of benzosulfimide containing alkyl radical 16-18 carbon atoms 0,01-0,05
polietilenglikolya esters isononyl
water the rest.In the sizing composition according to the invention includes a purified mineral oil distillate and residual, not containing additives (GOST 20799-88), drug stearic 6 based on ethoxylated stearic acid with an average degree of oksietilirovannye 6, (GOST 8989-59), drug Alcamo OC-2 on the basis of a mixture (acidication)methylethylenediamine of benzosulfimide containing alkyl radical 16-18 C atoms, (GOST 10106-62) and drug neonol AF-9-12, based on the polyethylene glycol ethers of isononylphenol medium oksietilirovannye 12 (TU 36.507-171-91).Introduction to the composition of the sizing dibutyl phthalate together with ammonium ferrocyanide provides education fine stable emulsion of oil in water, which causes a decrease in the viscosity of the emulsion and increase aggregate stability of the emulsion. However dibutyl plays the role of the stabilizer inner shell of the micelles, and the ions [(Fe(CN)6]4-the role of stabilizing counterions of the outer shell.The invention is illustrated in the following examples and table, which presents the characteristics of the lubricant according to the invention in comparison with the closest analogue and indicators of the A.Example 1. In a container heated to 70oC mineral oil (oil-20A) 9,83 wt. add a mixture of molten stearates 6 to 0.19 wt. and alkamine OS-2 0,01 wt. with neonol AF-12 0.01 wt. and dibutyl 0.01 wt. The composition is stirred and transferred to a bowl of warm water to 90.0 wt. In obtained after stirring the emulsion at room temperature add to 0.04 wt. the ammonium ferrocyanide. The finished lubricant is poured into the feed tank tape machine, from which the sizing served on the mix tape the PAN fibres.Example 2. In a container heated to 80oC mineral oils (I-20A) 6,64 wt. add a mixture of molten stearates 6 of 0.20 wt. and alkamine OS-2 0,05 wt. with neonol AF-12 0.03 wt. The composition is stirred and transferred to a bowl of warm water in an amount of 93,0% obtained after mixing the emulsion is added at room temperature to 0.05 wt. the ammonium ferrocyanide.For comparison tests of sizing, prepared in accordance with the invention. C. SU N812863.The ability of the PAN-fibers in the form of a tape for processing when added together, the tape machine was estimated to reduce the number of navevo fiber exhaust roller belt Isham from this ribbon of rovings and yarn.The test results of oil after processing or PAN-fibers in the form of a tape in an amount of about 0.2 wt. by weight of the fiber (calculated on the anhydrous lubricant is provided in the table. For comparison, these tests of sizing on the author's certificate SU N 812863.Monitor the processing of PAN-fibers on tape machines and grading produced from the ribbon of rovings and further yarn was conducted during the month (22 shifts).As can be seen from the table, sizing according to the invention (examples 1 and 2) is markedly superior to known lubricant (comparative example 3) ability to give a PAN-fibers of the required quality in processing. This reduces the number of navevo fibrous mass on the exhaust roller tape machine and increases the quality of the produced ribbon of rovings and yarns. The lubricant for synthetic, mainly polyacrylonitrile fibres, containing mineral oil, ethoxylated stearic acid with an average degree of oksietilirovannye 6, a mixture of (acidication)methylethylenediamine of benzosulfimide containing alkyl radical of 16 to 18 carbon atoms, the mixture is glycolic esters of alkylphenol mixture of polyethylene glycol ethers of isononylphenol medium oksietilirovannye 12 and additionally dibutyl phthalate and ammonium ferrocyanide in the following ratio of components, wt.Mineral oil 6,64 9,83
Ethoxylated stearic acid with an average degree of oksietilirovannye 6 0,1 0,2
A mixture of (acidication)-methylethylenediamine of benzosulfimide containing alkyl radical of 16 to 18 carbon atoms 0,01 0,05
Polietilenglikolya esters of isononylphenol medium oksietilirovannye 12 0,01 0,03
Dibutyl 0,01 0,03
Ammonium ferrocyanide 0,04 0,05
Water The Rest
FIELD: textile industry.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to technology of manufacturing sewing threads, in particular to treating sewing threads with composition to impart sweet-smelling properties, and can be used at thread enterprises manufacturing synthetic and cotton threads, which can be used for sewing clothes. Composition contains, wt %: paraffin 25-55, stearin 18-32, low-molecular weight methylvinylsiloxane rubber 20-33, bee wax 3-6, triethanolamine 3.5-4.9, and aromatizer 0.05-0,5.
EFFECT: improved consumer properties of product.
4 dwg, 2 tbl, 3 ex
FIELD: textile industry, in particular lubrication of wood, wood fiber or mixtures thereof with synthetic fibers.
SUBSTANCE: claimed oil-based agent contains oleic acid and triethanolamine. As oily base transformer oil is used. Compositions may also contain one or two antistatics, emulsifier and doping agent. Moreover composition additionally contains 0.1 % ampicillin aqueous solution in ethanol in amount of 0.001 % (based on composition mass).
EFFECT: agent of improved physical and chemical characteristics, decreased foaming and delaminating, decreased corrosive activity and biological affect; reduced antistatic and emulsifier consumption.
4 cl, 4 tbl, 3 ex
FIELD: production of protecting and corrosion-resistant materials by impregnating fibrous base with antiseptic and corrosion-resistant compounds.
SUBSTANCE: material is made in the form of low-twist yarn of flat section from bast-fiber or mixed filaments having linear density of 1,500-3,500 tex and twist rate of 20-50 per 1 m. Yarn is reinforced with high-strength thread consisting of synthetic filaments having linear density of 60-120 tex or bast-fiber filaments having linear density of 200-600 tex. Rupture load of reinforcing thread is 30-60% of rupture load of yarn. Material is also impregnated with compound including 12-28 wt% of liquid non-volatile or low-volatile low-viscosity petroleum products used as filler, 0.2-1.5 wt% of product of reaction of aromatic hydrocarbons with isobutylene as antiseptic.
EFFECT: increased workability and covering capacity, high fungi-resistance and strength, in particular, on usage of jute filament and Capron thread, and impregnation compound based on transformer oil and antiseptic.
5 cl, 1 tbl, 12 ex
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to cordage protected from action of external medium. Proposed method of treatment includes application of treatment compound with gradually winding off cordage article submerged in said compound and pulling article through compound at speed providing required preset depth of impregnation. Then cordage article is passed through draw plate and squeezed out. Squeezed out article is wound on drum. Temperature of treatment compound is maintained at level of 70-75°. Compound contains paraffin. Use is made of degreased paraffin into which mineral oil is additionally introduced at the following ratio of components, mass %: degreased paraffin 85-90; mineral oil 15-10. Device is furnished with means for application of treatment compound made in from of cylindrical channel. Said channel is arranged coaxially to cylinder with heat carrier furnished with heat sensor and connected with reservoir for heating of heat carrier. Cylindrical channel for application of treatment compound is connected at one side with reservoir with heated treatment compound, and at other side it is furnished with draw arranged at outlet end of cylindrical channel. Device proper is furnished with winding off and winding on drums.
EFFECT: provision of cordage impregnated with treatment compound through entire thickness of article.
4 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: textile fabrics, paper.
SUBSTANCE: invention is related to treatment of cordage used in industrial fishing. Article is submerged into composition for treatment and pulled through it. Composition contains latex BSM-65 of A or B brand, wax emulsion VE-40, water and dye, if required. Then article is preliminarily dried at 40±5°C, the first stage of drying is carried out at 60±10°C for 16-18 minutes. The second stage is realised at 80±10°C for 16-18 minutes and thermally treated at 130±10°C for 1.5-3.5 minutes.
EFFECT: production of flexible, plastic and brightly coloured articles.
3 cl, 4 tbl
SUBSTANCE: invention refers to the area of chemical technology of textile fiber materials and refers to the method of treatment of synthetic fiber materials in order to increase their hygienicity. Synthetic fiber materials are exposed to water solution of complex cation of chrome benzoate (III) or water solution of complex cation of aluminum benzoate or water solution of complex cation of copper benzoate (II) with concentration 0.1-0.5 mol/l for 1.5 hours at the temperature 98-100°C, hydromodule 50. Then it is washed twice with the cold water and is dried.
EFFECT: improved hygienic properties of synthetic fibers and materials.
FIELD: textiles, paper.
SUBSTANCE: emulsion of superabsorbent of water-in-oil type is applied to the yarn. Oil is a continuous oil phase and contains saturated hydrocarbons. And at least 70 wt % hydrocarbons contain 20 to 32 carbon atoms.
EFFECT: invention provides for the prevention or reduction of sedimentation of superabsorbent or oil on the guide rollers in the process of applying superabsorbent emulsion of water-in-oil type to the yarn.
6 cl, 1 tbl
FIELD: textile, paper.
SUBSTANCE: method of manufacturing includes the stage 1 of preliminary oxidation of a cystine linkage (-S-S- linkage), existing in an epidermis cell of the fibre of animal origin, the stage 2 of oxidation of the preliminary oxidised -S-S- linkage with ozone for transformation of the -S-S- linkage into at least the condition of double, triple or quarternary oxidation; and the stage 3 of restoration splitting of the -S-S linkage. At the stage 2 ozone is supplied in the form of microbubbles into an aqueous solution containing an anion surfactant containing a C8-24 alkyl group, and the fibre is put in contact with ozone.
EFFECT: efficient manufacturing of a fibre of animal origin for a short period of time, which has superb resistance to subsidence, with low extent of felting when washed in a water system.
6 cl, 3 dwg, 2 tbl, 3 ex
FIELD: textiles, paper.
SUBSTANCE: method is characterised by applying on the surface of the complex aramid thread of the processing composition comprising mineral heat resistant odorless oil with a flash point not less than 180°C; a mixture of fatty acid ether and oxyethylated fatty alcohol as emulsifier, alkylpolyoxyethylene phosphate an antistatic agent and a preservative to protection from biological damage with the following ratio of components, wt %: heat-resistant oil - 45-60, a mixture of fatty acid ether and oxyethylated fatty alcohol - 20-30, alkylpolyoxyethylene phosphate - 19.93-24.9, preservative 0.07-0.1. The ratio of fatty acid ether and oxyethylated fatty alcohol in the mixture is 4:1. The derivatives of isatiozolones and oxalidines are used as preservative.
EFFECT: increase in electrical conductivity properties, protection against biological damage while maintaining high physical and mechanical properties of aramid threads and exclusion of irritating odor.
4 dwg, 1 tbl
FIELD: textiles, paper.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the use of particles consisting of a core and a shell for coating the thread or textile material with them, to restrain or prevent wicking of water into the said thread or textile material. The particles are described, consisting of a core and a shell, for restraining or preventing the wicking of water into the thread or textile material, where the said particles have an average diameter of 10-300 nm and a mean-square deviation σ which is at least 10% of the average value, in which the shell of the particle consisting of a core and a shell comprises a copolymer of a vinyl aromatic monomer and a maleimide monomer with a glass transition temperature Tg of from 120 to 220°C. Also the thread or the textile material is described, containing aramid threads provided with a finish preparation containing diglyceride or triglyceride obtained from glycerol which is esterified with saturated or unsaturated fatty acids containing 6-20 carbon atoms, where the finished thread or textile material is provided with the above mentioned particles.
EFFECT: prevention of wicking of water in the textile material.
12 cl, 1 tbl, 2 ex
FIELD: textile industry.
SUBSTANCE: oiling agent for preparing emulsion for treatment of wool fiber contains 4.5-5.5% oleic acid, 0.8-1.0% triethanolamine, 7.0-8.0% "syntanol", 3.0-4.0% "stearoks-6", transformer oil (balancing amount), and bactericidal additive, namely thiourea/phosphorus trichloride/formalin interaction product neutralized with soda ash used in amount 6.0-8.0% relative to 100% of above-indicated composition.
EFFECT: enhanced bactericidal properties.
5 tbl, 3 ex
SUBSTANCE: mixture for the given processing contains a 50% water solution of phosphorous-boron-containing methacrylate, neutralised by ammonia to pH 7 and a sodium persulphate initiator in quantity of 1-5% mass of phosphorous-boron-containing methacrylate with the following mass ratios of the components: phosphorous-boron-containing methacrylate - 50.0, water - 50.0, ammonia - 22.0, sodium persulphate - 1.0-5.0.
EFFECT: increased fire-resistance; strength and resistance to thermo-oxidative breakdown.
2 tbl, 3 ex
SUBSTANCE: method involves grafting onto a synthetic fibre a phosphorous containing monomer at room temperature for a period of 15 minutes and subsequent drying. The phosphorous containing monomer used is a 50% water solution of phosphorous-boron-containing methacrylate, neutralised with a solution of ammonia to pH 7. Grafting is done in the presence of a sodium persulphate initiator, taken in quantity of 1-5% mass of phosphorous-boron-containing methacrylate.
EFFECT: simplification of the technological process of obtaining modified synthetic fibre; their increased fire resistance; strength and resistance to thermo-oxidative breakdown.
1 tbl, 6 ex
SUBSTANCE: present invention relates to a liquid detergent composition for textile products. Described is a liquid detergent composition containing non-ionic surfactant (A), a cationic surfactant (B) and hydrogen peroxide (D) within certain intervals and water, where component (A) contains a non-ionic compound (A1) of formula (A1) in amount of 0.5 to 10 wt% of composition, weight ratio of an anionic surfactant (c1), different from a fatty acid or salt thereof, to component (B), (c1)/(B) ranges from 0 to 1, and composition has pH 3.0-7.0 at 20°C measured in accordance with standard JIS K3362:1998, section 8.3: R-O-(C2H4O)x-H (A1), where R is a linear alkyl group containing 12 carbon atoms, and has a primary carbon atom where R is bound with oxygen atom of R-O-; and x is number of moles of bonded ethyleneoxy groups and has integer values in range from 2 to 5 where Rb1 represents a chain hydrocarbon group containing from 12 to 18 carbon atoms, and may include group -(A′O)s-, where A′O represents ethyleneoxy group or propyleneoxy-group, and s is average number of moles A′O, located in range from 0 to 10; group Rb2, Rb3 and Rb4 each independently represents a methyl group, ethyl group, benzyl group or a hydroxyalkyl group containing 1-3 carbon atoms; and X- is CH3SO4 -, CH3CH2SO4 - or halogen-ion, and where component (A) contains at least one nonionic surfactant selected from surfactants of formulae (a1) and/or (a2), in amount of 10 to 60 wt%: R1a-O-[(C2H4O)p/(AO)q]H (a1), where R1a represents an alkyl or alkenyl group containing 8 to 22 carbon atoms, AO denotes alkyleneoxy-group containing 3-5 carbon atoms; p denotes average number of moles of bonded C2H4O-groups, located in range of 8-40; q denotes average number of moles of bonded AO groups located in range from 0 to 5; and “/” means that C2H4O-groups and AO group can be distributed or statistical connection, or block connection; R2a(CO)1O-[(C2H4O)m/(AO)n]R21a (a2), where R2a represents an alkyl or alkenyl group containing 8 to 22 carbon atoms; R21a represents an alkyl group containing 1-3 carbon atoms; 1 denotes a number equal to 0 or 1; AO denotes alkyleneoxy-group containing 3-5 carbon atoms; m denotes average number of moles of bonded C2H4O-groups, located in range of 5-30; n is average number of moles of bonded AO groups located in range from 0 to 5; and “/” means that C2H4O-groups and AO groups can be distributed or statistical connection, or block connection.
EFFECT: providing detergent power, which suppresses onset of specific smell, due to wet-dry state textile articles.
13 cl, 4 tbl