Plant for the production of ceramic wall products and/or ceramic tiles

 

(57) Abstract:

The inventive plant for the production of ceramic wall products and/or tile contains a branch of the preparation of the clay raw materials, post molding products with a screw press equipped with a device for pulsed electromagnetic processing of timber and device applied to the last AC electric field, the device for cutting the formed beam, dryer, kiln. Additionally, there are control blocks intensity pulsed electromagnetic processing and device for creating an alternating electric field, as well as the power management mode of drying. To ensure the safety screw press is made with the screen from exposure to electromagnetic fields outside of his body. 2 C.p. f-crystals.

The invention relates to the construction, namely the production of ceramic raw materials, ceramic products, mainly brick for tiling, tiles, etc.

Well-known factories for the manufacture of brick and other similar articles, containing the Department preparation of clay raw materials installed in the technological sequence feeder, glenoran beam, dryer, transmission gears, kiln products [1]

However, the technology, and therefore the products of these plants are very traditional and do not provide the growing demand for high strength, durable brick.

The objective of the invention is to improve the quality of products, mainly of brick and tile, with no significant changes in established plants equipment that will ensure high profitability of production.

This is achieved by the fact that in the plant for the production of ceramic wall products and/or ceramic tiles containing compartment preparation of clay raw materials installed in the technological sequence feeder, gloryhole, mixer, runners, post molding products with a screw press and a device for cutting the formed beam, dryer, transmission gears, kiln products, mounted on a post molding screw press equipped with a device for pulsed electromagnetic processing of the formed beam and device applied to the last AC electric field in the direction perpendicular to the axis of the electromagnetic field, created PE the electromagnetic processing and device for creating an alternating electric field, the sensors which are located in the loading hopper of the press and the output and its mouthpiece. In addition, it is equipped with a control unit, tumble dryer, taking into account the sensor control unit intensity pulsed electromagnetic processing and device for creating an alternating electric field, located at the outlet of the mouthpiece of the press. To ensure the safety and efficiency of operations screw press is made with the screen from exposure to electromagnetic fields outside of its body, and the shaft of the screw press in length made with inserts in the form of cores for the intensification of electromagnetic processing.

The efficiency of the use of the above equipment and the ongoing technological processes is confirmed by years of research (increasing strength) [2] as well as a number of foreign studies (intensification of the drying process, increasing the mechanical strength, for example [3]

Clay materials are the traditional way of preparing almost before filing it in the cavity of the hopper of the press, where it is measured averaged humidity, which is the main parameter influencing the further process. Then raw, papcke. To intensify this process, the shaft of the screw can be made with inserts in the form of cores. It is advisable to use the screw with decreasing the mouthpiece step. The best results are achieved when using the media described in the patent of Russian Federation N 2058684 [4] Directly into the mouthpiece and/or at the exit to the bar put alternating electric field perpendicular to the direction of the electromagnetic field from the first device. Mounted on the press control unit intensity processing receives data from sensors installed in the loading hopper and at the outlet of the mouthpiece, logical processes, and modifies, if necessary, the parameters occurring in the press processes, optimizing them. In addition, data received from the process control block processing in the press, are taken into account when controlling the drying of products that can largely automate the process in these areas, to thereby reduce the complexity while significantly improving the quality of products.

1. Plant for the production of ceramic wall and/or ceramic tiles containing compartment preparation of clay raw materials installed in the technological sequence Rea cutting the formed beam, dryer, transmission gears, kiln products, characterized in that mounted on the post forming screw press equipped with a device for pulsed electromagnetic processing of the formed beam and device applied to the last AC electric field in the direction perpendicular to the axis of the electromagnetic field generated by the first device, both devices are electrically connected with the control unit intensity and pulsed electromagnetic processing and device for creating an alternating electric field sensors which are located in the loading hopper of the press and on the exit of its mouthpiece.

2. Plant p. 1, characterized in that it is provided with a control unit, tumble dryer, taking into account the sensor control unit intensity pulsed electromagnetic processing and device for creating an alternating electric field, located at the outlet of the mouthpiece of the press.

3. Plant p. 1, characterized in that the screw press is made with the screen from exposure to electromagnetic fields outside of its body, and the shaft of the screw press in length made with inserts in the form of cores intensification

 

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FIELD: construction industry; production lines of three-layered panels.

SUBSTANCE: the invention is dealt with construction industry, in particular, with the lines of production of three-layered panels. The line has a device located in front of a stacking filler unit and used for formation of the connecting lock of the filler. The device is made in the form of a mounted on the transversal cross bar longwise - mobile and spring-loaded pushers of lamellas of the filler. Pushers have different sizes in length and are mounted interleaving among themselves. A unit of sawing of the panel is supplied with a tool of damping vibration of clearing of the vibration of the panel ends, which is mounted in front of the drive of the unit of sawing of the panel and is made in the form of an additional shaft with carrying rollers. The technical result is increased quality of the panels joint.

EFFECT: the invention insures increased quality of the panels joint.

14 cl, 3 dwg

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