The greenhouse is primarily for residential and industrial complexes

 

(57) Abstract:

Usage: the invention relates to greenhouses for growing plants in an urban environment in the residential and industrial complexes. The inventive greenhouse contains a device for growing plants and consists of a tiered set of translucent sections 2, placed around the building 1. Section 2 made toroviruses form and attached to the transitions 5 connecting the Central buildings 1 buildings 4 placed around the greenhouse, and the Central building 1 is placed at the axial center of the circles toroidal sections 2 and extends downward.3 C.p. f-crystals, 3 ill.

The invention relates to greenhouses for growing plants in an urban environment in the residential and industrial complexes.

Known greenhouse primarily for residential and industrial complexes containing a device for growing plants, which are placed around the building in the form located on the tiers of sections having a translucent enclosure, auxiliary equipment located in the building.

The disadvantage of such a greenhouse is that it has limited functionality, difficulty of maintenance, which is tasked to create a greenhouse, provide clearance and oxygen enrichment of the air entering the premises, the use of heat emitted from buildings, for its heat, increasing the ease of maintenance, economy of agricultural land.

The solution of this problem is achieved by the fact that the greenhouse is primarily for living and industrial complexes containing a device for growing plants, which are placed around the building in the form located on the tiers of sections and having a translucent enclosure, auxiliary equipment located in the building, according to the invention, installed between the buildings, while the sections are toroidal shape and is fixed to the passages connecting the main building with buildings placed around the greenhouses, and the Central building is placed at the axial center of the circles toroidal sections and made extending to the bottom.

In an advantageous embodiment, the greenhouses are the axial radii of the circles of selected sections decreasing with increasing height of the sections, and the Central building is made in the form of rotation. Auxiliary equipment is located in the Central building of the complex.

The implementation of the greenhouse megie with buildings, placed around the greenhouse will allow you to build a greenhouse in the city, makes it possible for the message of the greenhouse with the premises and to provide cleansing and oxygen enrichment of the air supplied to the workers and production facilities, buildings, use of the heat emitted by buildings for heating greenhouses.

Implementation of sections of the greenhouse with radii of circles, decreasing with increasing height of their location and translucent fence, to ensure better use of natural light for irradiation of plants in the greenhouse.

The implementation of the Central building of the complex, extending from top to bottom and in the form of rotation allows to increase the stability of the building from wind and power loads.

The presence of transitions between the interior sections and buildings located around the greenhouses and the Central building, placed in the center of the sections, the location of engineering equipment life support plants in the Central building will improve the operating conditions of the greenhouse.

The device greenhouses near residential and industrial complexes allows you to bring agricultural production to the consumer, reducing transportation costs is n greenhouse complex; in Fig.3 a cross-section of the sections of the greenhouse.

The greenhouse is installed between buildings 1 and 4 of the complex and consists of sections 2, having a translucent barrier 3, made in the form of membranes (Fig. 3). Sections 2 are arranged in tiers around a Central building 4. The radii of their axial circles matched decreasing with increasing height positioning sections 2. Each section 2 is attached to the transitions 5 connecting the inside of buildings 4, is placed at the axial center of the circle sections 2. The Central building 1 is made wider at the bottom and in the form of a rotation.

In the greenhouse, placed the device 6 for the cultivation of plants containing installation 7 for hydroponic or europanova growing plants, including multi-tiered frame frame 8, consisting of the uprights 9, bolts 10, the brackets 11, the base 12 of the frame 8 and the longitudinal support beams 13. Attached to the uprights 9 of the frame brackets 14 tiers installed germinators, made in the form of trays 15 for growing plants. Formed by the frame 8 vertical working compartments 16 installation 7 alternate with light compartments 17, in which at each level (floor) on the suspension 18 is suspended from sources of artificial light 19, as Capa, mounted on the crossbars 10.

The greenhouse is equipped with life-support systems of plants: power, ventilation, heating, dressing carbon dioxide, plant protection from diseases and pests, lighting, power supply (not shown). Engineering and accessories greenhouses located in the main building 4.

The greenhouse is maintained as follows.

The trays 15 in pots planted plants and serves nutrient solution to the root system. Include as necessary life-support systems of the plants. The fan serves oxygen-enriched air from the greenhouse in residential and industrial premises, and exhaust fans saturated with carbon dioxide warm air from the rooms served in the greenhouse.

In the period of insufficient natural light, for example in the autumn-winter period, in cloudy weather, irradiation plants additionally carry out artificial light sources 19.

Technical solution can be used in greenhouses in urban areas for residential and industrial complexes. It allows you to extend the functionality of the greenhouse, clean and saturate the oxygen the air coming into the building.

1. The greenhouse is primarily for residential and industrial complexes containing a device for growing plants, which are placed around the building in the form located on the tiers of sections having a translucent enclosure, auxiliary equipment located in the building, wherein it is installed between the buildings, while the sections are toroidal shape and is fixed to the passages connecting the main building with buildings placed around the greenhouses, and the Central building is placed at the axial center of the circles toroidal sections and is made wider at the bottom.

2. The greenhouse under item 1, characterized in that the axial radii of the circles toroidal sections are selected in decreasing when increasing the height of the sections.

3. The greenhouse under item 1 or 2, characterized in that the Central building in the shape of the body of rotation.

4. The greenhouse is on PP.1 to 3, characterized in that the auxiliary equipment is located in the Central building.

 

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