Greenhouse for residential or industrial buildings

 

(57) Abstract:

Usage: the invention relates to greenhouses for growing plants and can be used in residential and industrial buildings. Essence: the greenhouse contains fixed on the outer wall under the Windows 7 building 6 translucent enclosure 1, a device for growing plants, heating system associated with the heating system of the building. The invention allows to extend the functionality, clean and saturate the oxygen of the air entering the room. 2 C.p. f-crystals, 1 Il.

The invention relates to agriculture, particularly to a greenhouse for growing plants, can be used in residential or industrial buildings.

Known greenhouse for residential or industrial buildings containing a transparent enclosure mounted on the external wall of a building, the device for growing plants, heating system associated with the heating system of the building.

The disadvantage of such a greenhouse is that it has limited functionality, it is difficult to heat and serve.

The task was to create a greenhouse that enhance and enrich the oxygen is bsta service.

To solve the problem in the greenhouse for residential or industrial buildings containing a transparent enclosure mounted on the external wall of a building, the device for growing plants, heating system associated with the heating system of the building, according to the invention translucent fence fixed under the Windows of the building.

Fixing fences, greenhouses under the Windows on the outside of the building in place of the floors allows you to use the greenhouse for purification of air entering the residential and industrial premises with high content of carbon dioxide.

The presence of a heating system associated with the heating system of the building, as well as supply in the greenhouse, the heat radiated from the building can reduce energy consumption for heating the greenhouse.

The drawing shows a fragment of the greenhouse for a building, the scheme of its functioning.

Greenhouse for residential or industrial buildings contains translucent enclosure 1 made of glass or polymer film, frame, mounted on brackets 3 secured in the intermediate ceiling 4 and the outer wall 5 of the building 6 under his Windows 7. The greenhouse can be installed on each or any floor of the building, as vdol is whether the folding hinges 9. Device for growing plants contains germinator, for example, the trays 10, installed on the bottom of the greenhouse. In caps tray 10 is installed pots with plants 12.

At one end of the greenhouse installed capacity 13 to the nutrient solution mortar unit (RU). The tank 13 is supplied by a hose 14 connected to the tray 10. In the opposite vessel 13 the end of the greenhouse placed the tank grout (not shown).

Greenhouse reported residential (industrial) premises pipes 15, 16, equipped with fans 17, 18.

Heating greenhouses in the form of radiators, pipes or other heating devices connected to the building heating system (not shown).

If necessary, the greenhouse can be fitted with a source of artificial light.

The greenhouse is maintained as follows. In the 11 pots the plants are planted 12. From the tank 13 serves nutrient solution in the tray 10 to the root system of plants. The remains of the nutrient solution gravity comes in a container placed under the tray 10 in the end of the greenhouses, where with the help of the pump serves in the capacity of 13. Maintenance of 12 plants in the greenhouse is carried out at tilted or removed m the air for the plants CO2and heating plants. Through the pipe 16 by the fan 18 from greenhouses in residential (industrial) premises served oxygenated and purified from CO2the air.

In the period of insufficient natural radiation, for example, in the autumn-winter period, carry out the irradiation of plants in the greenhouse sources of artificial light.

The proposed solution can be used in greenhouses for growing plants in an urban environment: residential and industrial buildings. It can extend the functionality of the greenhouse: to clean the air coming into the room, saturate it with oxygen, to use the heat radiated by the building, improve ease of maintenance of the greenhouse.

1. Greenhouse for residential or industrial buildings containing a transparent enclosure mounted on the external wall of a building, the device for growing plants, heating system associated with the heating system of the building, wherein the transparent enclosure is fixed under the Windows of the building.

2. The greenhouse under item 1, characterized in that the enclosure fixed in the location of the floors.

3. The greenhouse under item 1 or 2, characterized in that

 

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