Greenhouse for residential or industrial buildings

 

(57) Abstract:

Usage: the invention relates to greenhouses for growing plants, can be used in residential and industrial buildings. Essence: the greenhouse contains a device for growing plants, placed in partitions 1, building 2, located between the rooms. In a greenhouse set to sources of artificial light - fluorescent lamp 15, is placed in each tier greenhouse. The invention allows for the purification and enrichment of oxygen coming into the room, to use for heating plants heat buildings, device operation. 1 C. p. F.-ly, 2 Il.

The invention relates to greenhouses for growing plants and can be used in residential and industrial buildings.

Known greenhouse containing a device for growing plants.

The disadvantage of such a greenhouse is that it has limited functionality, it is difficult to heat it and serve.

The aim of the invention is the creation of greenhouses, providing cleansing and oxygen enrichment of the air entering the premises, the use for heating the heat radiated from C the Itza for residential or industrial buildings, contains a device for growing plants according to the invention placed in the walls of a building located between the rooms.

In a preferred embodiment of the greenhouse it contains the sources of artificial radiation.

Accommodation greenhouses in the walls of a building located between the adjacent room that allows you to use it, in addition to growing plants: vegetables, flowers, etc. to clean the air coming into residential and industrial areas to increase the oxygen content, use carbon dioxide, is removed from the exhaust air for the plants to use the heat of the building for growing plants, improving the ease of maintenance of the greenhouse.

The presence of artificial sources of radiation will allow dosvechivanie plants with a lack of natural light, which will increase the productivity of cultivated plants.

The proposed greenhouse for residential or industrial buildings differs from the known, adopted for the prototype, so that it is placed in the walls of a building located between the rooms.

Comparative analysis of the proposed solutions with the known leads to the conclusion that PR>Of patent and technical literature for professionals is not known for solving these tasks, greenhouse, placed in the walls of a building located between the rooms. Thus, the proposed technical solution meets the patentability criteria of "inventive step".

The proposed solution can be used in greenhouses for growing plants placed in residential and industrial buildings, it can improve the maintainability of the greenhouse, use heat building for growing plants, to improve the microclimate in residential and industrial buildings. Thus, the proposed solution meets the patentability criteria of "industrial applicability".

In Fig. 1 shows the greenhouse, placed on both sides of the septum of Fig. 2 diagram of the system of ventilation of greenhouses and premises.

Greenhouse for residential or industrial buildings contains located in partitions 1, building 2 tiers attached to the frames 3, translucent glass or plastic fencing 4 framing frames 3 on three sides. Vertical wall 5 made of composite hinged on the loop is built on the lower grounds 9 each tier greenhouse. In caps tray 8 is set to 10 pots with plants 11. In one of the ends at the top of the greenhouse installed capacity for 12 nutrient solution mortar unit (RU). The tank 12 is equipped with a hose 13, taps 14 connected to the trays 8.

In the opposite from the tank 12 to the bottom end of the greenhouse is placed a reservoir for collecting the residue of the nutrient solution (not shown).

The greenhouse is equipped with sources of artificial light fluorescent lamps 15, placed on each floor of the greenhouse.

Ventilation of the greenhouse is in communication with the location where the greenhouse, and contains in walls of the through cavity 16 provided with nozzles 17 with a greenhouse on top with the exhaust conduit 18 and pipe 19 equipped with a fan 20 and communicating with the upper part of the space 1 (the drawing shows an example of the arrangement of ventilation for the upper floor or storey of a building). For multi-storey buildings, the fan 20 is communicated with the exhaust channel 18 and is installed under the ceiling of each floor of the building. At the bottom of the exhaust cavity 16 is in communication with the Plenum 21. In the wall mounted fan 22 which is connected by a pipe 23 with a Plenum 21. Top cover and base layers 24 heat is x2">

In pots planted 10 plants 11. From mortar Assembly 12 serves nutrient solution in the trays 8 to the root system of plants 11. The remains of the nutrient solution by gravity act in the capacity of his collection, which with the help of a pump (or manually) served in the mud room 12. Maintenance of plant 11 in the greenhouse is carried out at tilted or removed valves 7. In case of insufficient natural irradiation, for example, in the autumn-winter period, providing additional exposure of plant sources of artificial light 15.

Heating (heated) greenhouse conduct heat coming into the room from the Central heating systems of the building.

Ventilation of the greenhouse is carried out as follows. Air rich in carbon dioxide, through the opening in the wall from the room by the fan 22 through the pipe 23 is supplied into the air chamber 21, and then through the nozzles 17 in the partition walls 1 are received in the greenhouse, where it is cleaned, giving CO2plants and enriched with oxygen, passes through the hole 25 in the cover 24 to the exhaust channel 18, where the fan 20 re-enters the premises.

The proposed solution can be used in greenhouses for growing plants in gatalica, to clean the air entering the premises of the building, saturate it with oxygen, use heat buildings, to increase the ease of maintenance of the greenhouse.

1. Greenhouse for residential or industrial buildings containing a device for growing plants, characterized in that it is located in the walls of a building located between the rooms.

2. The greenhouse under item 1, characterized in that it contains artificial sources of radiation.

 

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