A greenhouse for growing plants in residential and industrial buildings

 

(57) Abstract:

Usage: the invention relates to greenhouses for growing plants in residential or industrial buildings. The inventive greenhouse contains a fence, a device for growing plants, the ventilation system and placed on the floors of the building between the residential or industrial floors 2, and the fencing is made in the form of walls 3 and 4 floors of the building. Greenhouse use in the city, reduced energy consumption for its heating through the use of heat homes, increased serviceability. 2 Il.

The invention relates to greenhouses for growing plants and can be used in residential or industrial buildings.

Known greenhouse for growing plants in residential and industrial buildings containing fence, a device for growing plants, the ventilation system associated with residential or industrial floors (SU auth. St. N 1470240, A O1 G 9/24, 1989).

The disadvantage of this greenhouse is large power consumption for its heating and difficulties of maintenance during operation.

The objective of the invention is the creation of greenhouses, providing cleansing and enrichment colorizeimage building, and increase ease of service.

The solution of this problem is achieved by the fact that the greenhouse for growing plants in residential or industrial buildings containing fence, a device for growing plants, the ventilation system associated with residential or industrial floors, placed on the floors of the building between the residential or industrial floors and fencing is made in the form of walls and floors of the building.

The placement of the greenhouse on the floor between the residential or industrial floors using as fences walls, coverings and ceilings of the building, the use of the ventilation system associated with the floors of the building, will improve the indoor climate by feeding purified from carbon dioxide and oxygen-rich air from the rooms, placed them in the greenhouse, and removal from the premises of air saturated with carbon dioxide, increase the ease of maintenance of the greenhouse.

The use of heat in buildings for heating greenhouses, fences walls and ceilings with a low coefficient of heat transfer can reduce energy consumption for heating greenhouses.

The presence of artificial sources of radiation will be carried out the

Use as a device for growing plants stacked narrowshelving hydroponic plants will allow you to use the most efficient technology of production in the greenhouse, high performance: eat vegetables per square metre.

In Fig. 1 shows a portion of the placement of the greenhouse of Fig. 2 scheme of ventilation of the greenhouse.

The greenhouse is placed on the floors of the building between the residential or industrial floors 2. Its enclosure is made in the form of walls 3 and 4 floors of the building. The greenhouse contains a device for growing plants, made in the form of a multi-tiered narrowshelving units 5, containing the skeletons of the inclined beams 6, on which the bracket 3 is fixed germinators 7 in the form of trays, lids have pots with plants 8.

Hydroponic setup 5 equipped with systems engineering and technological welfare of the greenhouse. The heating system 9 is connected with the heating of residential and industrial floors. Ventilation of the greenhouse contains exhaust pipe 10 connected by pipes 11 and 12 floors 1, where the greenhouse, and residential and industrial floors 2. The pipes 11 and 12 is supplied by a fan 13. Position 14 shown Regulus is or mercury discharge lamps.

The greenhouse is maintained as follows. In pots planted plants 9. From mortar Assembly (not shown) in the tray 8 to the root system of plants serves nutrient solution, the remains of which, passing trays, again served in the capacity of the mortar site. In case of insufficient natural irradiation, for example in the autumn-winter period, there is an additional exposure of plants to light sources 10.

Heating a greenhouse is warm, going to the greenhouses from the Central heating system of the building.

Ventilation works in the following way. The air from the residential floors 1 through the pipes 11 and 12 are supplied to the premises 2 greenhouses, where it is cleaned, giving carbon dioxide plants, and is enriched with oxygen, and then through tubes 11 and 12 is fed in the upstream residential (industrial) level. The process is repeated. Regulation of ventilation is butterfly dampers 14. The variant of the system of ventilation for every two adjacent floors.

The proposed solution can be used in greenhouses for growing plants in residential or industrial buildings, it is possible to grow plants in an urban environment, improve the microclimate is="ptx2">

A greenhouse for growing plants in residential and industrial buildings containing fence, a device for growing plants, the ventilation system associated with residential or industrial floors, characterized in that it placed on the floors of the building between the residential or industrial floors and fencing is made in the form of walls and floors of the building.

 

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