Device for cleaning fibrous material
(57) Abstract:Device for cleaning fibrous material. The inventive device includes a feeding Assembly with the feed table and the feed element, which is made in the form of a cylinder, means for supplying washing liquid working chamber with the washing liquid, means for moving the fiber in the volume of the chamber in the form of a drum with work items on its surface, which are made in the form of a gear and brush headset and posted on its generatrix in alternating sequence, node removal and removal of fiber, which is mounted above the drum. The upper part of the drum is located above the mirror washing liquid. The supply table is a means of orientation of the fibers in the form of combs. 1 Il. The invention relates to the field of textile production and can be used to create new equipment for enterprises of primary processing of fibrous material of animal and vegetable origin, as well as in farms producing textile fibers.The prior art known to the invention for a similar purpose including the site power supply, made in the form of the supply tables above him feed the e drum work items on its surface, node removal and removal of fiber.The disadvantage of the invention is the low efficiency washing fibrous material due to the fact that in the working chamber means for moving not provide the split beams into smaller, and as a result, the washing process is carried out in conditions of weak fiber surfaces. This reduces productivity and increases the consumption of detergents. Additionally, the possible separation of the fibre bundles with needle headsets drums due to turbulence of the fluid, which leads to reduction of the yield of fibrous material after washing. Some design features of the device lead to instability of the process. For example, the terms of engagement of the feeding element 9 or 10 with means to move 2 or 14 such that the input element is wound on itself fibrous material, interrupting the process, reducing the capacity of the equipment. The same applies to node removal conditions are created for winding a fibrous material on a removable rollers 5 or 18.The technical problem to be solved in the claimed invention increase the efficiency of processing fibrous material in a liquid medium.The drawing shows a process diagram of an apparatus for cleaning fibrous material.The device includes a nozzle 1, means of supply of washing liquid in a camera mounted above the hopper 2, located at the entrance of the working chamber 3; the supply cylinder 4, the tool orientation of the fibers in the form of a ridge 5 on the working edge of the feed table 6 site supply perforated rear walls of the ia fibers, made in the form of drum 11 with the teeth 12, tilted in the direction of its rotation, and the brushes 13, arranged in alternating sequence along generatrix of the drum 11, voloknistogo the prism 14, the transverse pin conveyor 15, the removable drum 16 and breasting the prism 17, the means of removal and removal of fiber.The device operates as follows.Untreated fibrous material pre-treated, for example on a scutching machine, is fed into the hopper 2 at the same time with the torch of the processing liquid through the nozzle 1.Under the action of gravitational force and the hydraulic pressure in the hopper is formed of a fibrous layer and at the same time soaked fibrous mass. The excess liquid from the hopper flows through the perforations in the rear wall 7. Formed fibrous flooring comes in the clamp between the table 6 and the cylinder 4, which gives the flooring in the range of the headset 12, 13 of the drum 11, passing first through the teeth of the comb 5, the latter contributes to the orientation of the Sands of fibers parallel to the direction of their movement and provides reliable control over the movement of the rear ends of the fibers. The comb 5 is divided fibrous flooring on micropolicies complexes or individual fibers, greatly expanding on the surface of the fibrous mass, which contributes to a better contact her with the processing liquid. In this zone, the flooring becomes thinner in the abs, the front ends of microbiotic subjected to intensive exposure of the teeth and brush, the fibers are well versed and straightened, and organic, vegetable and mineral impurities are exposed and removed from the fibrous mass. The intensive cleaning of the fibers in this area contribute, in addition to mechanical forces and hydrodynamic forces caused by rotation of hydracubus, rushing along with the drum, as this work area is below the mirror of the processing fluid in the working chamber 3. Separated from microbiotic fiber tray headset drum in the zone of action of Solotvino prism 8, where the removal of impurities, small impurities are removed through a perforation arc of the screen 9. Fiber on the bottom of the drum intensively washed with liquid and finally purified from impurities without saucepan and skolachivaniya fibers. Selected impurities settle in the chamber 3 and are removed from it narodlawski devices 10.The cleaned fibers are carried by the drum from the liquid and are suitable for removable drum 16 to the alley in the tumble dryer or re-processing if necessary (when cleaning heavily soiled fibrous mass, such as clinker and so on).The device is simple and compact in construction, has a modular properties, provides high efficiency cleaning fibrous material from all kinds of impurities with high efficiency not only cleansing, but also drying equipment. Device for cleaning fibrous material comprising a feeding Assembly, made in the form of the supply tables above him feed item, the working chamber with the washing liquid, means for moving the fiber in the volume of the chamber, made in the form of a drum with work items on its surface, node removal and removal of fibers, characterized in that the device has means for supplying washing liquid into the chamber, while the dryer is installed with the possibility of its interaction with the host power supply, the input element of which is made in the form of a cylinder, and the feed table has a means of orientation of the fibers, made in the form of combs, moreover, the feeding Assembly is placed in the washing liquid, and the working elements of the drum is made in the form of a gear and brush headset placed on forming the settlement of the te which is located above the mirror washing liquid.
FIELD: producing fats.
SUBSTANCE: method comprises securing fleece to the coil, setting the coil in the housing, supplying air heated up to 90°, and rotating the coil with a speed of 900 rev/min. The device comprises rotating coil mounted inside the housing, drive for setting the coil in rotation, source of heated air, and drain pipe for collecting the wooly fat-lanoline.
EFFECT: expanded functional capabilities.
2 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: mechanical engineering.
SUBSTANCE: device for compression wash out of laboratory sample of wool has bath for detergent, meshed cassette for wool t be treated provided with false bottom and compression unit for pressing mass of wool; cassette is disposed inside bath. Compression unit is provided with drive to bring it into reciprocal motion. Device is provided with perforated collector for compressed air, which collector is mounted in bath under false bottom of cassette where wool to be treated is pressed in detergent solution due to spring-loaded compression unit for provision of pressure within 10-120 kPa. Compression unit, made in form of movable piston with sliding clutch and its lock are mounted onto rod. Clutch and lock are connected with return spring and rest. Compression cinematically communicates with cock onto air duct, which duct provides supply of compressed air into cassette in position when piston is put up only. Relation of cross-section area of bath and meshed cassette has to be 1,4 and higher. Relation of height of liquid detergent in meshed cassette above false bottom and under it has to be 1,6 and higher. Meshed cassette with false bottom and piston of compression unit are made of perforated material having live section coefficient of 0,3 and higher.
EFFECT: reduced time for washing wool out; reduced consumption of water and detergent.
FIELD: textile; paper.
SUBSTANCE: method of wool scouring includes preliminary calculation and setting of the preset value of the counter flow of cleaning solutions during scouring of wool batch taking into account its make-time depending on a technological mode and qualitative characteristics of unsecured wool as well as regulating it by continuous feed with cleaning solutions in each previous washing bath, starting from the last one, against the current of wool with simultaneous draining of spent solution from the first bath to sewerage. Counter flow is actuated when concentration of the cleaning solution of the first bath is achieved up to 50 g/dm3, output flow of the spent solution drained through a flow metre is additionally controlled on the outlet port of the first bath fixing the highest level of liquid flow and estimating the value of counter flow which if necessary to regulate till the preset value is set according to nomogram received from the experimental data of dependences including wool yield and content of mineral mixtures in it corresponding to fixed level of flow, yield of drained solution with further analysis of its correspondence with to the preset value of counter flow, if current flow is diverged from the preset value it's regulated by changing it in accordance with nomogram till the necessary value is set, the highest value of solution flow drained through the flow metre.
EFFECT: method allows increasing efficiency of wool scouring decreasing consumption of water, washing agents, quantity of sewage runoffs as well as excluding additional production costs.
FIELD: wool-manufacturing industry.
SUBSTANCE: invention refers to the area of wool-manufacturing industry and refers to the device for registering and control of detergent solutions counter flow during machine washing of wool. The device consists of dump tank installed on the first bath, gravity-flowing nipple of which is connected to communicated vessel separated with baffle plate with calibrated holes placed above each other in vertical rows with calculated surpass of bottom of upper hole over top of lower hole for registering of counter flow through the upper outflow hole of fixed level of total dump through baffle plate holes. The cross-sections of holes are selected with condition of securing of standardized disposal solution flow of the first bath in amount matching the calculated counter flow. On the downcomers the locks are installed that connect all the baths of washing unit serving for regulation of amount of detergent solutions counter flow by maintaining the level of disposal solution in communicated vessel.
EFFECT: increased effectiveness of wool washing with simultaneous decrease of water and detergent solution consumption due to justified choice of counter flow amount depending on quality characteristics of washed wool, as well as due to the fullest accounting of in-process losses and additions of detergent solutions in constant washing process.
FIELD: technological processes.
SUBSTANCE: device comprises a conveyor belt for conveying wool. According to the invention, there are two working conveyors mounted one above the other, the belts of which are made of a porous absorbent material, for example, lycra, the drive and tension shafts of which are mounted on the frame, rotatably from the electric drive, to the idle branches of two working conveyors, mounted with the possibility of applying working compositions by rolling with the help of spreading devices located in the upper and lower part of the device and consisting of baths for the working compositions in the form of a foaming detergent and fluted shafts, which are immersed in the bath and mounted with the possibility of obtaining the rotation from the drive, a technological shaft with the possibility of bending strips of the working conveyor is mounted between the drive shaft and the auxiliary shaft of the working conveyor. Under the drive shaft, a squeegee shaft is mounted, in addition, the operating members are mounted in the upper and lower parts of the device and are in the form of porous plates of an elastic porous material, for example, a sponge, which are placed in holders, wherein the operating element located at the bottom of the device is mounted with the possibility of reciprocating motion perpendicular to the plane of the belts of the working conveyors, for example, by means of a crank mechanism. The conveyor belt for conveying wool is made in the form of a belt feeding conveyor mounted above the tension shaft, and a belt scraper conveyor is mounted under the drive shaft.
EFFECT: water costs for washing wool are reduced, felting is reduced, reliability is increased and it becomes possible to mount the device in an automated line.