A method of obtaining a solid soap
(57) Abstract:The invention relates to the soap industry. The essence of the invention: production method of solid soap, including saponification of a mixture of fatty acids with caustic alkalis, wysilku, grind, sludge, removing padmaloka liquor and glue, introduction perezharivaya substances, drying the obtained soap base, the introduction of prescription supplements and mechanical processing, the saponification in the mixture of fatty acids enter of 0.05-5% glycerol by weight fatty acids, and as perejivaemogo substance use fatty acids, and the ratio of fatty acids and free caustic alkali containing soap base is 30:1-0,5:1. 1 C.p. f-crystals, 1 table. A method of obtaining solid soap, which consists in saponification with caustic soda mixture of prescription fat raw materials taken in the form of neutral fat, Vyselki, grinding, sedimentation, drying the obtained soap base, the introduction of prescription supplements and mechanical processing. 
The disadvantages of this method is the complexity of the technological process and equipment design, consisting of the extraction of glycerol from padmaloka liquor. In addition, in this method the COI closest to the technical essence and the achieved effect is a method of obtaining a solid soap, including saponification of fatty materials in the form of fatty acids with caustic alkalis, wysilku, grind, sludge, removing padmaloka liquor and glue, introduction perezharivaya substances, drying the obtained soap base, the introduction of prescription supplements and machining 
But get this way the soap is of low quality, its physical-mechanical, physico-chemical, sensory and consumer properties are much smaller than soap derived from neutral fat.Object of the invention is the obtaining of fatty acids solid soap of superior quality, quality indicators was not inferior to the quality Soaps derived from neutral fat, as well as the ability to create simultaneously washed as free and commercial purposes.This task is solved in that in the method of obtaining a solid soap, involving saponification of a mixture of fatty acids with caustic alkalis, wysilku, grind, sludge, removing padmaloka liquor, introduction perezharivaya substances, drying the obtained soap base, the introduction of prescription supplements and mechanical processing, the saponification in the mixture of fatty acids enter of 0.05-5% glycerol by weight of fatty acids.: Free caustic alkali, contained in the soap base is 30:1-0,5:1. This allows you to bind the excess alkali in the production process of soap, and when it is used. The resulting soap has a high cosmetic characteristics, does not dry hair, has a lower pH solutions, does not irritate the skin, has a beneficial effect on its water balance, does not damage synthetic fabrics in the wash.With the introduction of the glycerol in the mixture of fatty acids, when the saponification improves the physical structure of the soap through the formation of a more durable and flexible micelles. The resulting soap has a high plasticity, improved uniformity, less swelling and cracking when it is used, has a higher frost resistance, the piece gets a shiny glossy surface.The method is as follows.Prescription a mixture of fatty acids added is 0.05-5% glycerol, mix, amyraut caustic alkalis, vymalivayut, grind, defend, remove podminky liquor and glue, ready-made soap base injected fatty acids with a ratio of fatty acids and free caustic alkali contained in the soap base is 30:1-0,5:1, dried under vacuum, introducing prescription supplements and subjected to mechanical the prototype.As can be seen from the table, soap, obtained by the proposed method has a higher quality compared to the prototype, with an equal value of high-quality number and the same content of unsaponifiable substances and nomalanga fat, there is no free alkali, the hardness of the piece above and is 480-520 (prototype 458), this soap has a higher ductility equal to 45 (prototype 32), soap less swelling and cracking when using the value of this index is 3.6-4.2V (prototype 6), it has a higher organoleptic indicators of the distribution of the dye and the surface glossiness equal 7-9 points (prototype 5).And the best is the introduction of glycerol in the amount of 0.05-5% by weight of fatty acids. When entering glycerol less than 0.05% goal not achieved due to the fact that the amount of glycerin is not enough for sustainable micellization. Enter glycerin in an amount of over 5% is impractical, as it does not lead to further improvement of quality indicators of soap.When used as perezharivaya substances fatty acids is optimal ratio of fatty acids is more than 30:1 is the disruption of normal process conditions (stratification begins soap, worse drying processes and machining).Introduction fatty acids of less than 0.5:1 is also impractical because of the free alkali is neutralized incomplete and the goal is not reached.In the boiler acid load of 10 tons of a mixture of fatty acids of the following composition: 3 t fatty acids dietary fat, 2 t synthetic fatty acid fraction C10-C16, 2 t fatty acid salamaca, 3 tons of palm oil, heated to 85oWith and load 35 kg of glycerin, mix and amyraut 40% solution of caustic alkali, and then into the pot add 2 t of dry salt, mix and put on crap. After 2.5 h, poured podminky liquor. Mass boil with live steam under pressure of 1.5 ATM and add 0.5 t of hot water, after 6 hour of sludge from the boiler is pumped podminky glue and conduct chemical process control. In the finished soap base with stirring compressed air add 0.5 tonnes of fatty acids of sunflower oil. Received the soap base is dried in the vacuum drying tower under normal modes and add in the received chips with the 1% odorants, 0.3% of Anta, 0.3% Aluplast, 0.2% of titanium dioxide and 0.01% of the dye rhodamine and polyroot in the screw press.The resulting soap with following assava proportion of unsaponifiable substances and nomalanga fat, 2,0
Hardness, g/cm 520
The degree of penetratie 44
Rastreskivalos and unmixing, score 4.1
The uniform distribution of the dye and the glossiness of the surface, the score
In addition, medical and clinical research, conducted by experts of the NGO "Cosmetology", soap samples, obtained by the proposed method showed high cosmetic properties, the absence of morphological violations of the structures of the skin, does not irritate her and does not cause allergic reactions.Thus, this method allows you to get the soap of high quality free and commercial purposes. In fact, in both the soap improves its structure and neutralized free caustic alkali, which together can significantly improve the level of consumer properties of soap. Increases its cosmetic value (there is no harmful effect of free alkali on the skin, hair, synthetic fabric), increases the hardness of the piece, the manufacturability of its production, consumption decreases soap when used, extends shelf life and use, improving the appearance and color of the soap. 1. A method of obtaining a solid soap, including the saponification mixture iAUDIO substances, drying the obtained soap base, the introduction of prescription supplements and machining, characterized in that when the saponification in the mixture of fatty acids enter 0.05 to 5% glycerine by weight of fatty acids.2. The method according to p. 1, characterized in that as perejivaemogo substance use fatty acids, and the ratio of beer acids and free caustic alkali contained in the soap base is 30 to 1 0.5 to 1.
FIELD: soap manufacture.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a method for manufacturing solid soap. Method for preparing solid soap involves saponification of the fats formulation set and lipid fraction of depleted adsorbents and/or filtering powders, cooling, drying and mechanical treatment. Saponification of the fats formulation set and lipid fraction of depleted adsorbents and/or filtering powders is carried out in common for a single step and cooling and drying are carried out separately under atmosphere pressure. The cooling rate is 1.5-15°C/s and the dehydration rate in drying is 1.0 x 10-3 - 1.6 x 10-2 % of moisture/s. Proposed method allows preparing solid soap of the enhanced quality and without foreign deposit. Invention provides improving the commercial shape of soap, reducing cracking and separating into layers that allows enhancing the level of consumers' properties of soap.
EFFECT: improved preparing method.
FIELD: cosmetic, dermatology.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to cleansing skin. Block comprises the following components: (a) 25-85 wt.-% of fatty acid soap; (b) polyalkylene glycol with molecular mass 400-25000 Da; (c) 1-35 wt.-% of free (C8-C22)-fatty acid; (d) 0.1-5 wt.-% of protonic acid salt with pKa1 value less 6 but preferably less 5.5. Method for preparing blocks involves mixing components (a) - (d) in situ at temperature 25-40°C up to preparing the homogenous mixture followed by making blocks. Invention provides enhancing cleansing effect, reducing level of visual dryness and enhancing level of moisture retention in skin.
EFFECT: improved preparing and cleansing method, valuable properties of block.
20 cl, 14 tbl, 4 dwg, 8 ex
FIELD: production of detergents.
SUBSTANCE: adjacent phases have different levels of concentration of useful components and all phases have similar cleaning base selected from syndet base- surfactant system, soapy base or their mixture. Chemical and rheological compatibility between phases is brought to maximum and recirculation of product is facilitated due to use of homogeneous cleaning base. Method of making cleaning piece consists in extrusion or melt casting.
EFFECT: increased precipitation of useful component with no problems in incompatibility of phases; reduced level of foaming and recirculation.
11 cl, 2 dwg, 4 tbl
FIELD: spatial engineering.
SUBSTANCE: method of preparing freely standing spatial formulation containing liquid carrier, wherein solidification agent is dispersed, involves pumping formulation at temperature allowing introduction of formulation into inlet of tube, which also has outlet and is provided with cooling device so that formulation is discharged through tube outlet in freely standing state.
EFFECT: simplified procedure allowing utilization thereof for a variety of products.
27 cl, 3 dwg, 3 tbl
FIELD: soap manufacture.
SUBSTANCE: soap lump composition comprises the following components, wt.-%: soap, 59-84; non-soap non-triglyceride substances, 0-10; water, 10-18, and triglyceride oil or triglyceride oils, 6-13. The fluidity limit value of soap lump exceeds about 90 and foam volume is at least 65% of a base. Triglyceride oil or triglyceride oils are added at final step after crystallization. Invention provides preparing soap containing relatively the large amount of triglyceride oils that provide the necessary fluidity limit value and integrity of soap lump and retain desirable consumer properties, namely, foam formation.
EFFECT: improved and valuable properties of soap.
4 cl, 4 tbl, 13 ex
FIELD: soap boiling industry.
SUBSTANCE: toilet soap comprises soap chips, a plasticizing agent, dye, perfume, antioxidant, useful additive and water. As an useful additive soap comprises fat-and-oil phopholipid substance prepared by 4-fold mixing preliminary heated vegetable phospholipids with organic solvent, addition of 0.5-1.0% solution of citric acid in flooded acetone taken in the amount 1.0-2.5% to phospholipids mass to a solvent before the third mixing followed by separating phases to yield fat-and-oil phospholipid product and it's the following drying. All components are taken in the definite ratio. Invention provides creating toilet soap providing the cosmetic effect in its using and to reduce its swelling and cracking capacity.
EFFECT: improved preparing method, enhanced properties of soap.
1 tbl, 3 ex
FIELD: chemical industry; methods and devices used for manufacture of laminated products.
SUBSTANCE: the invention is pertaining to the method and the device used for manufacture of the high-viscosity products, in particular, for production of the soaps with a set of the color layers having unique features, for example, additives or odor. The device contains at least two extruders, in which the pastes having the different characteristics are fed. In the place of the extruders joint there is at least one head for the pastes stirring with each other. The head contains the mounted there nozzle having the separate inlets, the separate cameras and one common outlet for the separate pastes. The pastes are fed into the separate inlets and extruded from one outlet with production of the laminated billet. The device additionally contains the squeezer for molding and cutting of the billet by pressing in the form of the lumps of the laminated product. The squeezer is made with capability of variation of the angle between the axis of the billet and the axis of the squeezer. The change of the indicated angle is conducted after the first pressing of the billet. Then conduct the following pressing of the billet for creation of the various visual effects on the lump of the laminated product. The different visual effects are achieved by adjustment of the angles of the layers of the product to the axis of the lump of the laminated product. The invention also presents the description of the article produced by this method. The invention allows to manufacture the laminated article with the layers of the different colors, odors and additives in combination with the special configuration and in the determined numbers using the low-cost method.
EFFECT: the invention ensures production of the laminated article with the layers of the different colors, odors and additives in combination with the special configuration and in the determined numbers using the low-cost method.
17 cl, 29 dwg
FIELD: soap industry; methods of production of the soap.
SUBSTANCE: the invention is pertaining to the field of the soap industry, in particular, to the method of saponification of the reaction mass for production of the soap. The reaction mass is heated up by the electric current passing through it due to, at least, one electrode installed in the reactor before its filling with the reactionary mass. The electrode is connected to the power supply source. welding rod bridged to a radiant of a current flow. The invention allows to increase efficiency of the production process and the quality of the produced soap.
EFFECT: the invention ensures the increased efficiency of the production process and the quality of the produced soap.
4 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: soap industry.
SUBSTANCE: toilet soap includes sodium salts of fat acids, aromatiser, colorant, whightening agent, plasticity agent, water and anti-oxidising agent. Natural substance - betulin is used as anti-oxidising agent. It is represented with two-atom pentacyclic triterpene alcohols of lupan series. All components are taken at certain ratios.
EFFECT: improves physical and chemical indicator and cosmetic value of soap.
1 tbl, 3 ex
SUBSTANCE: invention pertains to the soap industry and in particular to toilet soap. The toilet soap contains sodium salts of fatty acids, perfume additive, dye, bleach, antioxidant, plasticiser and water. The plasticiser is in the form of a mixture of extraction cake of cedar nut and protein lipid emulsion of cedar oil in ratio of 1:1. All components are taken in a defined ratio.
EFFECT: invention allows for intensifying the plasticisation effect and increase cosmetic properties of the soap.
1 tbl, 3 ex