An insulating plate for involution in the clutch, the method of manufacture and apparatus for manufacturing insulating plate for plugging in the clutch

 

(57) Abstract:

The inventive insulating plate is designed for waterproofing damp walls and has an insulating surface and the tail section, the front edge of which is made with a wedge-shaped profile. The profile can be made symmetric, and the edge of its flat or rounded. The lateral surface of the profile can have a convex or concave shape, and the profile may be thicker than the rest of the plate. The transition zone profile to the rest of the plate can be made stepwise. A method of manufacturing an insulating plate is in the shape of the plate and forming a profile by grinding, forging or rolling. The plate can then be profiled, for example, by embossing. Method implemented by a device containing means for forming plate, and means for profiling a wedge-shaped profile. The latter can be made in the form of grinding wheels, hammer mechanism or rolls. 3 C. and 16 h.p. f-crystals, 12 ill.

The invention relates to structures of insulating plates for plugging in masonry, as well as to a method and apparatus for the manufacture of such insulating plates.

While the first two groups for a variety of reasons practically satisfactory results are not given, the last group on the one hand gives one hundred percent success in almost any masonry, so as mechanical interruption or locking moisture into the higher region of masonry is due to the rupture of transporting capillary sure and reliable, but on the other hand there are certain problems and associated limitations for various special masonry, which complicate or prevent the entry of insulating plates in the clutch.

Known insulating plate for plugging in CLA is known to the plate is determined by that when driving it the clutch can cause problems if, for example sand mortar falls into the gap, you want to score a waterproofing plate is too small and the introduction of the insulating plate still sealed and has too high resistance when driving plate. Individual grains of sand in the area of the front edge hammered plate is inserted into and pushed out to the sides. This problem also occurs when lime joints in the brickwork, in which by mixing a binder (such as cement) limestone layer is so hard and dense that the sand can no more be compacted in the lime.

Problems of a specified kind, when driving plates appear when the ratio of the thickness of the limestone seam to the thickness of hammered plates too little, because then seal the lime in the gap becomes too large.

To all these difficulties is added at thick masonry increased friction on the already battered surface of the plate, in a difficult case, it may result in entrapment plates when driving, because of its limited thickness the force of the blow of a hammer or others the technical result achieved by the invention on the plate is to improve the conditions of installation of the insulation plates in the clutch.

A known method of manufacturing an insulating plate for plugging in masonry, including the shaping plate (ibid.). Made so the plate has the disadvantage of difficulty of introducing plate in the desired area of masonry with account of the above disadvantages. The technical result achieved by the invention in the scope of the method is to improve operational properties of the produced plates.

A device for the manufacture of insulating plates containing means for forming plates (ibid.).

A disadvantage of the known devices is the inability to get plates on it with the required properties. Technical result achieved the claimed device is to make the manufactured plate features guaranteed installation in the desired area of the wall.

In the insulating plate for plugging in masonry, having an insulating surface and an end section facing the clutch, this result is achieved due to the fact that the front edge of the specified con the s components of the masonry on the front edge, in particular, the distribution of grains of sand in the mortar, when driving plate in a layer of mortar between the stones, so when driving to the plate need to put significantly less effort. As it requires less effort when driving, if necessary, to reduce the thickness of the insulating plate without buckling under load. When reduced to the thickness of the insulating plate becomes thinner and its front edge, and hence the area of moveable material when driving, so generally manage to gidroizolirovat these clutch plates that before so it was impossible to isolate.

In a particularly advantageous implementation of the invention provides that a wedge-shaped profile of the leading edge end portion is made mainly symmetric relative to the centerline of the cross section of the plate in the direction of driving perpendicular to its insulating surfaces. This ensures that the displacement or compaction occurring under the action of the leading edge in the famous seam or surrounding components of masonry, is symmetrically at both sides of the plate, which prevents the deflection or deformation.

In another voploshennaia fine tip gives you the advantage small stones or other hard particles do not cause uncontrolled asymmetrical deformation of the front edge from the callee or unpleasant consequences.

In a particularly preferred further development of the invention provides that a wedge-shaped profile on the remote from the tip end is thicker than the thickness of the remaining insulating plate. This reduces the friction between the rest plate and the compacted lime or stone masonry, as the channel in the masonry due to arrow-shaped front part of the plate is obtained wider than the thickness of the rear part of the plate.

In relation to this another particularly advantageous execution of the invention, in which the transition from the rear region of the wedge-shaped profile to the surrounding area of the insulating plate is made stepwise. This step improves the effect of reducing friction.

Himself a wedge-shaped profile may, in one implementation of the invention to have a predominantly triangular shape, which is especially useful in the manufacture and provides a uniform displacement or compaction of masonry in the area of the front edge selectable plate.

Other developments of the invention a wedge-shaped profile may have a convex enables you to choose the optimal conditions of the driving plate.

The V-profile front edge of the insulating plate in a particularly preferred form of execution, as the plate, across the direction of driving can be profiled, preferably Gavrilovna that improves the transverse strength of the area of the front edge and the entire plate.

A method of manufacturing a plate according to the invention includes forming plate and run facing the clutch when driving the anterior edge of the wedge, thereby provide the above described advantages when driving plate or in the ratio of the displacement or compaction of the material, which is hammered plate.

For the manufacture of insulating plates are made of metallic material, in particular stainless steel, in the further development of the invention provides that the area of the leading edge profiles in a wedge-shaped profile by grinding, forging or rolling. Specified at the beginning of the polishing allows for easy manufacture of the wedge with virtually any profile. After forging or rolling fashionable to improve the strength score of the leading edge due to work hardening of the metal (cold-formed).

When forming a wedge-shaped profile of its remote nick arrows, what makes the above-described advantages when driving plate by reducing friction.

In a particularly preferred implementation of the method according to the invention, the insulating plate after the wedge-shaped run of the leading edge may be subjected to profiling across the direction of driving, it is preferable to shirring. Due to the corrugation of the leading edge ensures that the V-profile area of the leading edge relative to an imaginary middle line of the cross section perpendicular to the surface of the insulating plate remains symmetric.

The device according to the invention for the manufacture of insulating plates for plugging in the clutch includes means for forming plate and provided with movable relative to a leading edge tool for profiling a wedge-shaped profile on the front edge.

Means for profiling a wedge-shaped profile may be preferred execution of the invention made in the form of at least two spaced oppositely relative to the insulating plate and symmetrically inclined to be processed from the front edge of the grinding wheels, the direction of rotation of which is chosen in the first profile area in the form of thickening relatively uncultivated area of the insulating plate.

Means for profiling in another implementation of the invention can be made in the form of at least one Molotov mechanism with specialized tool for a given execution of a wedge-shaped profile. It does not matter, processes whether this profile tool in one pass both sides of the plate for receiving a wedge-shaped profile, or the profile is formed in one or more passes with different tools on both sides.

Means for profiling in yet another implementation of the invention can be made in the form of at least one shaped roller for a given execution of a wedge-shaped profile, and here it is true that in the framework of the invention no matter how many individual steps lead to the final profile of the anterior edge of the insulating plate.

In a particularly preferred implementation of the invention on either side of tool for profiling provided by the supporting rollers for the side supports of insulating plates, which eliminates invalid shaping the entire insulating plates are in the process of its leading edge.

In a particularly preferred one execution ustroystvo.ranee all insulating plate, posted by in the process direction for a tool for profiling the wedge-shaped profile on the front edge. Thus, in successive passes of the insulating plate can be produced in mass quantity. Due to the processing region of the leading edge before profiling the entire plate conserved symmetric wedge profile of the front edge in the finished product the advantages of such forms described above.

The invention is illustrated by the following drawings in which are shown:

In Fig. 1-5 partial cross-section of the insulating plate according to the invention in the region of its front edge for plugging in the clutch of Fig. 6 of the device according to the invention to obtain an insulating plate with a cross section of the leading edge, for example in Fig. 4 or 5; Fig. 7 part of another device according to the invention for receiving the leading edge in Fig. 5 in schematic spatial image of Fig. 8 the same device in the form of perpendicular to the surface of the processed wafer, and Fig. 9 the device according to Fig. 7 and 8, is a view along arrow A in Fig. 8; Fig. 10 is the same view as in Fig. 8 another device according to the invention for the manufacture of insulating plate according to Fig. 1 5; Fig. 11 is a view along arrow B, and Fig. 6-11 emphasized thick insulating plate 1 are used to driving them into masonry, be waterproofing, etc. and transferring moisture from the bottom up in the wall of the capillaries in the walls is interrupted by the insulating plate 1 and the wall is no longer syreet. Usually the thickness of the waterproofing plate in practice is about 1-1,5 mm, and now it is preferable to use stainless steel or similar materials. In order to facilitate or simplify the displacement or compaction of the material of the clutch when driving insulating plate in region 2 of the front edge 3, area 2 in all the forms comply with the wedge-shaped profile, and the profile of the wedge 4 is symmetrical relative to an imaginary middle line 5 (Fig. 5) in the cross section perpendicular to the front edge.

A wedge-shaped profile 4 in Fig. 1 is almost triangular, with one hand simplifies manufacture, and on the other hand, when the driving plate creates a uniform distribution of forces when the displacement or compaction of lime joints of masonry or stone along the length of the profile 4.

In Fig. 2 also shows the triangular profile of the leading edge with a flattened edge of the resulting chamfer 6 prevents voznikayuthih components in the lime or stones in the gap, where the plate hammer.

In Fig. 3 shows the V-profile 4 with convex lateral surfaces 7, and the edge of the wedge profile 4 on the front edge 3 additionally rounded.

A wedge-shaped profile 4 in Fig. 4 has an essentially concave lateral sides 7, and on the rear side of the wedge it is wider than the thickness of 8 steel insulation plate 1. Due to such a profile in the form of an arrowhead slot or channel into which the hammer plate in the clutch or cracks between bricks, expanded area 2 is stronger than that required for the passage of the subsequent thickness 8 of the insulating plate 1, which reduces the friction on the flat surfaces of the plate.

A wedge-shaped profile 4 in Fig. 5 in its end has ledges 9, passing in the insulating plate 1, which provide the above for Fig. 4 the phenomenon of friction when driving in masonry with different stitches and stone.

Pictured-shaped cross-section should be considered as examples, in particular, the shape of an arrowhead in Fig. 4 and 5 to simplify the image is greatly exaggerated. In addition, there are other possible forms of the profile, since they all give the effect of improving the displacement of the material of the clutch when driving in the anterior cromelin 1 to have profiling across the direction of driving, for example, it may be Gavrilovna, thereby increasing the transverse stiffness of the insulating plate 1 in General, and in particular in the field 2 the leading edge 3.

In depicted in Fig. 6 device used tool for profiling a wedge-shaped profile 10, movable along the front edge 3 of the insulating plate 1 for formation region 2 of the front edge 3, the tool 10 here has two tilted to each other and relative to the insulating plate 1 of the grinding wheel 11 for processing the front edge 3 with the corresponding actuators 12 and holding and guiding devices not depicted in the sketch, and the rotation direction (conventionally shown by arrows 13) are chosen so that the resulting polishing Burr (Burr) is formed on the rear side 14 of the wedge-shaped profile 4, the opposite edge, and grat thickens plate 1 in this place. Thus, when grinding automatically raises the profile of the tip of the arrow 4, as shown, for example, in Fig. 4 or 5.

In Fig. 6 is not shown holding and guiding devices for the insulating plate 1, and also sometimes provided gavriloaie device for corrugating insulating plate 1 in the cross be used to form a wedge-shaped profile of the insulating plate 1, and of course, one or more grinding wheels, with the appropriate location.

In Fig. 7-9 shows a means for profiling a wedge-shaped profile 10 to impart a wedge-shaped region 2 of the front edge 3 in the form of at least one hammer mechanism 15 with the profile tool 16 for receiving a wedge-shaped profile 4. In the area of impact tool 10 against buckling of the plate 1 is provided for supporting the rollers 17, the supporting plate 1 from the sides, which rotate in bearings 18, and can also be driven in rotation are not shown here. In particular from Fig. 9 thus shows that a fairly large diameter back-up rolls 17 they may extend directly to or slightly below the lower edge of the profile tool 16 so that in this critical processing area of the plate to have a reliable support from the sides. Also in Fig. 9 is visible lower Salobrena bearing or guide 19 to the lower edge of the insulating plate 1 to counteract the shock hammer mechanism 15, which protects the lower edge of the plate 1 from deformation.

In addition to the shown execution means for profiling a wedge-shaped profile for the final astwo for gradual deformation at different stages made major tools. It also does not matter, does the hammer mechanism together with the supporting rollers relative to the stationary plate 1 during continuous processing, or the insulating plate 1 is not shown here.

Best in the device according to Fig. 7-9 is that when forming the profile is the hardening of the material of the plate due to work hardening, which is useful when driving plate in the clutch.

In Fig. 10-11 tool for profiling a wedge-shaped profile 10 has two drive shaped roller 20, 21, which, as shown by the dotted line 22 in Fig. 10 at the top, forming a profile in two stages to its final form during the submission of the plate 1 in the direction of the arrow 23, and it has the support rollers 17 on both sides of the insulating plate 1, to prevent lateral bulging of the plate.

Between the two profile rollers 20, 21 in Fig. 10 shows another feed roller 24, which, as well as lower feed rolls 25, serves to supply and support the insulating plate 1. The lower feed rolls 25 in all cases on the opposite profile rolls 21, 22 side should perform large diameter to ensure that the deformation from the application of force only by the upper edge 3 isolate the feeder, that also helps to prevent unwanted deformation of the insulating plate 1.9

1. Insulating plate for plugging in masonry, having an insulating surface and an end section facing when driving to the clutch, wherein the front edge of the end portion is made with a wedge-shaped profile.

2. Plate under item 1, characterized in that the wedge-shaped profile of the leading edge end portion is made predominantly symmetric relative to the centerline of the cross section of the plate in the direction of driving perpendicular to its insulating surfaces.

3. Plate according to any one of paragraphs.1 and 2, characterized in that the edge of the wedge-shaped profile made of flat or rounded.

4. Plate according to any one of paragraphs.1 to 3, characterized in that the wedge-shaped profile on the remote from the tip end is thicker than the thickness of the remaining insulating plate.

5. Plate according to any one of paragraphs.1 to 4, characterized in that the transition from the rear region of the wedge-shaped profile to the surrounding area of the insulating plate is made staggered.

6. Plate according to any one of paragraphs.1 to 5, characterized in that the wedge-shaped profile in cross section is mostly triangular, Fenno convex side surfaces.

8. Plate according to any one of paragraphs.1 to 5, characterized in that the wedge-shaped profile has a predominantly concave side surfaces

9. Plate according to any one of paragraphs.1 to 5, characterized in that the wedge is made of the region of the front edge of the insulating plate as well as the entire plate is made of profiled across the direction of driving, preferably corrugated.

10. A method of manufacturing an insulating plate for plugging in masonry, including the forming plate, wherein facing the clutch when driving region of the front edge of the insulating plate do is wedge-shaped.

11. The method according to p. 10, characterized in that the application of a plate of metal material, in particular stainless steel, the region of the leading edge profiles in a wedge-shaped profile by grinding, forging or rolling.

12. The method according to p. 11, characterized in that when forming a wedge-shaped profile of its remote from the edge of the part perform thicker cross section solid part of the plate.

13. The method according to any of paragraphs.10 to 12, characterized in that the insulating plate after performing the leading edge of the wedge-shaped profiles popery plate for plugging in masonry, containing means for forming plate, characterized in that it is equipped with a movable relative to the front edge of the insulating plate means for profiling a wedge-shaped profile on the front edge.

15. The device according to p. 14, characterized in that the means for profiling a wedge-shaped profile made in the form of at least two spaced oppositely relative to the insulating plate and symmetrically inclined to be processed from the front edge of the grinding wheels, the direction of rotation is selected so that the formed by grinding Burr has the ability to be remote from the edge of the wedge-shaped profile of the area in the form of thickening relatively uncultivated area of the insulating plate.

16. The device according to p. 14, characterized in that the means for profiling made in the form of at least one hammer mechanism with a specialized tool for a given execution of a wedge-shaped profile.

17. The device according to p. 14, characterized in that the means for profiling made in the form of at least one shaped roller for a given execution of a wedge-shaped profile.

18. Ustroystva its sides provided by the supporting rollers for the side supports of the insulating plate.

19. Device according to any one of paragraphs.14 to 18, characterized in that it is provided with a hub for cross-profiling of the entire insulating plate placed in the process direction for a tool for profiling the wedge-shaped profile on the front edge.

 

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