Power plant

 

(57) Abstract:

Usage: in power stations to produce electrical energy. Essence: contains a floating base with installed piston pumps and rotary levers with weights and receivers of energy of the water flow, while the swing arms pivotally mounted on the base and connected with the rods of the pumps. Equipped with a hydraulic unit and coronadite device, swing arms made in the form of triplica angular levers, while the rods of the pumps pivotally connected with the upper shoulders of the angular levers, and a counterweight mounted on one of the shoulders, the receiver energy of the water flow is made in the form of a drum, pivotally mounted on the lower arm of the angular lever and kinematically associated with limiting stops the rotation angle of the lever, while the drum is formed by interconnected stiffeners parallel the primary and secondary plates-blades, where the main plate, a blade provided with a longitudinal ledge, and the kinematic connection of the receiver energy of the water flow with limiting stops triplici angular levers made in the form of a hinge mounted on the drum shaft one interacts with limiting stops. 1 C.p. f-crystals, 3 ill.

The invention relates to the field of hydro and can be used to convert the energy flow of the rivers into electricity.

Known water motor to actuate the pump, containing a raft, one or more pairs of two shoulders of the levers with the axis of consolidation at the level of the raft, where the lower ends rigidly fixed wide blade with swing doors, levers and rods, devices for turning the valves, piston pumps with fixed their rods articulated to the ends of the pairs of shoulders adapter shaft (patent N 910, 03 B 17/06, 1923).

A disadvantage of the known design of a water of the engine is the insecurity of its working bodies from damage by floating down the river in various subjects and the lack of coronadite device, which reduces its efficiency. In addition, when the reciprocating rotary movement of the levers useful job only half of levers and pumps, and a second half runs idle. The presence of the blades of a significant number of valves, levers and rods articulated their fixation contributes to their intense wear, which reduces the reliability and service life of the engine. Its disadvantages also oposta and pumps (patent USSR N 910, CL 03 B 13/12, 88 b, 3, 4, 1923).

The objective of the invention is to increase the capacity of the plant by increasing its upornosti.

The objective of the invention is solved in that the power plant containing a floating base with installed piston pumps and rotary levers with weights and receivers of energy of the water flow, while the swing arms pivotally mounted on the base and connected with the rods of the pumps according to the invention is equipped with a hydraulic unit and coronadite device, and swing arms made in the form of triplica angular levers, while the rods of the pumps pivotally connected with the upper shoulders of the angular levers, and a counterweight mounted on one of the shoulders, the receiver energy of the water flow is made in the form of a drum, pivotally mounted on the lower arm of the angular lever and kinematically associated with limiting stops the rotation angle of the lever, while the drum is formed by interconnected stiffeners parallel the primary and secondary plates-blades, where the main plate, a blade provided with a longitudinal protrusion, and the kinematic connection of the receiver energy of the water flow with limiting stops techplace is, linked through a rod system with two shoulders of levers, one of which interacts with limiting stops.

The receivers of the water flow and lower shoulders of the angular levers provided with stops interacting with the holding power receiver in the working position.

Square one shoulder arm in the shape of the blade exceeds the area of the longitudinal protrusion of the main plate-blades.

In Fig. 1 shows a General view of the proposed floating hydroelectric power plants; Fig. 2 node a (located at the end of each arm of the receiver energy of the water flow and its mechanism of rotation in the extreme positions when the direct course and an intermediate position in a reverse its course; Fig. 3 a cross-section of the receiver energy of the water flow A-A in Fig. 2.

Floating hydroelectric contains floating support base 1 with coronadite device 2, to the upper part of the fixed pivot levers 3, each of which is equipped with top of the shoulders 3' and 3" with the increased counterweight 4, symmetrically fixed rotary receiver 5 energy water stream containing the shaft 6 is enlarged in the transverse direction of the blade 7 and reinforced on the edges and in the middle in the longitudinal direction Ni is od right angle thereto and parallel to the direction of water flow and provided at their second end of the rectangular plate 10, located parallel to the blade 7 and the whole of its width, on one shoulder of the receiver 5 and the end of the blade 7 is made of a flat ledge 7' and at the ends of the diaphragms are the projections 9', and the second his shoulder has a blade 11, rigidly connected with the end of one shoulder hinged arm 12 at an angle to its longitudinal axis, above the receivers 5 energy of the water flow mechanism 13 rotate, containing the rocker lever 14, pivotally connected with the rod 15 with limit load 16 in the form of a roller and move on duplicem the lever 17 with limit load 18, the rod 19, pivotally connected with the lever 17 and the lever 11 and the blade 12, the stop 20, is fixed to the arm 3. To the lower part of the floating support base 1 is fixed lugs 21 above the water level to interact with rocker levers 14 mechanisms of rotation 13 of the receivers 5 energy of water flow, piston pumps 22 high upornosti, their rods 22' are connected pivotally with the upper shoulders 3' and 3" levers 3, the hydraulic unit high-power 23, a turbine which is connected by pipes 24 with the pump 22.

Hydroelectric works in the following way. The flow of water passes through coronadite device 2 and acts on the blade 7 and the plate 10 receivers 5 and levers 3, Sakon the 13 receiver 5 interacts with the stop 21, tipped in the opposite direction, moving the rod 15 with limit load 16 by double-lever 17 to its limit load 18, the rod 19 is raised up by moving the lever 12 and the blade 11 from the operating position into the plane of the plate 10 in the off position, the flow of water interacts with the tab 7' blade 7 by turning the receiver 5 in the off position, where the blade 7 and the plate 10 in a position parallel to the direction of water flow. Each arm 3 under the influence of counterweight 4 performs a reverse course and after its completion rocker lever 14 interacts with the stop 21, tipped in the opposite direction, moving the rod 15 by double lever 17 and the load 16 from the load 18, the rod 19 is lowered by turning the lever 11 and the blade 12 with the plane of the plate 10 in its working position, where it occupies a position at an angle to the direction of water flow, which affects her and the receiver 5 is rotated into position and held therein by engagement of the projections 9' diaphragms 9 with the stop 20 of the lever 3. Size of the blades 11 exceeds the area of the protrusion 7' blade 7. The flow of water affects the receiver 5 and the lever 3 again performs a forward stroke. The cycle repeats. Thus, the levers 3 and the rods 22' of the piston n is the power of the water flow, and a return stroke under the influence of the counterweight 4, which ensures continuous operation of the pumps 22 and the water supply of high pressure on the hydraulic unit high power, normal operation and development of their energy.

The use of the proposed floating hydro power plants in comparison with the known floating power plant is allowed to increase electricity production by 25% due to the following:

more upornosti by 25% by increasing the reception energy of the water flow on its receivers and supply her arms counterbalance with increased weight to 30%

increase intake of energy on its receivers by increasing the lateral dimension of the blades and install additional rectangular plates, which allowed to increase the area of the reception energy of the water flow to the receivers 30%

1. Power plant containing a floating base with installed piston pumps and rotary levers with weights and receivers of energy of the water flow, while the swing arms pivotally mounted on the base and connected with rod pumps, characterized in that it is provided with hydraulic unit and coronadite device, and swing arms made in the form of rationes installed on one of the shoulders, the receiver energy of the water flow is made in the form of a drum, pivotally mounted on the lower arm of the angular lever and kinematically associated with limiting stops the rotation angle of the lever, while the drum is formed by interconnected stiffeners parallel the primary and secondary plates-blades, where the main plate, a blade provided with a longitudinal protrusion, and the kinematic connection of the receiver energy of the water flow with limiting stops triplici angular levers made in the form of a hinge mounted on the drum shaft one shoulder arm in the form of blades connected by a rod system with two shoulders of levers, one of which interacts with limiting stops.

2. The plant p. 1, characterized in that the receivers of the water flow and lower shoulders of the angular levers provided with stops interacting with the holding power receiver in the working position.

3. The plant p. 1, characterized in that the area of one shoulder arm in the shape of the blade exceeds the area of the longitudinal protrusion of the main plate-blades.

 

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