(57) Abstract:Usage: in power stations to produce electrical energy. Essence: contains a floating base with installed piston pumps and rotary levers with weights and receivers of energy of the water flow, while the swing arms pivotally mounted on the base and connected with the rods of the pumps. Equipped with a hydraulic unit and coronadite device, swing arms made in the form of triplica angular levers, while the rods of the pumps pivotally connected with the upper shoulders of the angular levers, and a counterweight mounted on one of the shoulders, the receiver energy of the water flow is made in the form of a drum, pivotally mounted on the lower arm of the angular lever and kinematically associated with limiting stops the rotation angle of the lever, while the drum is formed by interconnected stiffeners parallel the primary and secondary plates-blades, where the main plate, a blade provided with a longitudinal ledge, and the kinematic connection of the receiver energy of the water flow with limiting stops triplici angular levers made in the form of a hinge mounted on the drum shaft one interacts with limiting stops. 1 C.p. f-crystals, 3 ill. The invention relates to the field of hydro and can be used to convert the energy flow of the rivers into electricity.Known water motor to actuate the pump, containing a raft, one or more pairs of two shoulders of the levers with the axis of consolidation at the level of the raft, where the lower ends rigidly fixed wide blade with swing doors, levers and rods, devices for turning the valves, piston pumps with fixed their rods articulated to the ends of the pairs of shoulders adapter shaft (patent N 910, 03 B 17/06, 1923).A disadvantage of the known design of a water of the engine is the insecurity of its working bodies from damage by floating down the river in various subjects and the lack of coronadite device, which reduces its efficiency. In addition, when the reciprocating rotary movement of the levers useful job only half of levers and pumps, and a second half runs idle. The presence of the blades of a significant number of valves, levers and rods articulated their fixation contributes to their intense wear, which reduces the reliability and service life of the engine. Its disadvantages also oposta and pumps (patent USSR N 910, CL 03 B 13/12, 88 b, 3, 4, 1923).The objective of the invention is to increase the capacity of the plant by increasing its upornosti.The objective of the invention is solved in that the power plant containing a floating base with installed piston pumps and rotary levers with weights and receivers of energy of the water flow, while the swing arms pivotally mounted on the base and connected with the rods of the pumps according to the invention is equipped with a hydraulic unit and coronadite device, and swing arms made in the form of triplica angular levers, while the rods of the pumps pivotally connected with the upper shoulders of the angular levers, and a counterweight mounted on one of the shoulders, the receiver energy of the water flow is made in the form of a drum, pivotally mounted on the lower arm of the angular lever and kinematically associated with limiting stops the rotation angle of the lever, while the drum is formed by interconnected stiffeners parallel the primary and secondary plates-blades, where the main plate, a blade provided with a longitudinal protrusion, and the kinematic connection of the receiver energy of the water flow with limiting stops techplace is, linked through a rod system with two shoulders of levers, one of which interacts with limiting stops.The receivers of the water flow and lower shoulders of the angular levers provided with stops interacting with the holding power receiver in the working position.Square one shoulder arm in the shape of the blade exceeds the area of the longitudinal protrusion of the main plate-blades.In Fig. 1 shows a General view of the proposed floating hydroelectric power plants; Fig. 2 node a (located at the end of each arm of the receiver energy of the water flow and its mechanism of rotation in the extreme positions when the direct course and an intermediate position in a reverse its course; Fig. 3 a cross-section of the receiver energy of the water flow A-A in Fig. 2.Floating hydroelectric contains floating support base 1 with coronadite device 2, to the upper part of the fixed pivot levers 3, each of which is equipped with top of the shoulders 3' and 3" with the increased counterweight 4, symmetrically fixed rotary receiver 5 energy water stream containing the shaft 6 is enlarged in the transverse direction of the blade 7 and reinforced on the edges and in the middle in the longitudinal direction Ni is od right angle thereto and parallel to the direction of water flow and provided at their second end of the rectangular plate 10, located parallel to the blade 7 and the whole of its width, on one shoulder of the receiver 5 and the end of the blade 7 is made of a flat ledge 7' and at the ends of the diaphragms are the projections 9', and the second his shoulder has a blade 11, rigidly connected with the end of one shoulder hinged arm 12 at an angle to its longitudinal axis, above the receivers 5 energy of the water flow mechanism 13 rotate, containing the rocker lever 14, pivotally connected with the rod 15 with limit load 16 in the form of a roller and move on duplicem the lever 17 with limit load 18, the rod 19, pivotally connected with the lever 17 and the lever 11 and the blade 12, the stop 20, is fixed to the arm 3. To the lower part of the floating support base 1 is fixed lugs 21 above the water level to interact with rocker levers 14 mechanisms of rotation 13 of the receivers 5 energy of water flow, piston pumps 22 high upornosti, their rods 22' are connected pivotally with the upper shoulders 3' and 3" levers 3, the hydraulic unit high-power 23, a turbine which is connected by pipes 24 with the pump 22.Hydroelectric works in the following way. The flow of water passes through coronadite device 2 and acts on the blade 7 and the plate 10 receivers 5 and levers 3, Sakon the 13 receiver 5 interacts with the stop 21, tipped in the opposite direction, moving the rod 15 with limit load 16 by double-lever 17 to its limit load 18, the rod 19 is raised up by moving the lever 12 and the blade 11 from the operating position into the plane of the plate 10 in the off position, the flow of water interacts with the tab 7' blade 7 by turning the receiver 5 in the off position, where the blade 7 and the plate 10 in a position parallel to the direction of water flow. Each arm 3 under the influence of counterweight 4 performs a reverse course and after its completion rocker lever 14 interacts with the stop 21, tipped in the opposite direction, moving the rod 15 by double lever 17 and the load 16 from the load 18, the rod 19 is lowered by turning the lever 11 and the blade 12 with the plane of the plate 10 in its working position, where it occupies a position at an angle to the direction of water flow, which affects her and the receiver 5 is rotated into position and held therein by engagement of the projections 9' diaphragms 9 with the stop 20 of the lever 3. Size of the blades 11 exceeds the area of the protrusion 7' blade 7. The flow of water affects the receiver 5 and the lever 3 again performs a forward stroke. The cycle repeats. Thus, the levers 3 and the rods 22' of the piston n is the power of the water flow, and a return stroke under the influence of the counterweight 4, which ensures continuous operation of the pumps 22 and the water supply of high pressure on the hydraulic unit high power, normal operation and development of their energy.The use of the proposed floating hydro power plants in comparison with the known floating power plant is allowed to increase electricity production by 25% due to the following:
more upornosti by 25% by increasing the reception energy of the water flow on its receivers and supply her arms counterbalance with increased weight to 30%
increase intake of energy on its receivers by increasing the lateral dimension of the blades and install additional rectangular plates, which allowed to increase the area of the reception energy of the water flow to the receivers 30% 1. Power plant containing a floating base with installed piston pumps and rotary levers with weights and receivers of energy of the water flow, while the swing arms pivotally mounted on the base and connected with rod pumps, characterized in that it is provided with hydraulic unit and coronadite device, and swing arms made in the form of rationes installed on one of the shoulders, the receiver energy of the water flow is made in the form of a drum, pivotally mounted on the lower arm of the angular lever and kinematically associated with limiting stops the rotation angle of the lever, while the drum is formed by interconnected stiffeners parallel the primary and secondary plates-blades, where the main plate, a blade provided with a longitudinal protrusion, and the kinematic connection of the receiver energy of the water flow with limiting stops triplici angular levers made in the form of a hinge mounted on the drum shaft one shoulder arm in the form of blades connected by a rod system with two shoulders of levers, one of which interacts with limiting stops.2. The plant p. 1, characterized in that the receivers of the water flow and lower shoulders of the angular levers provided with stops interacting with the holding power receiver in the working position.3. The plant p. 1, characterized in that the area of one shoulder arm in the shape of the blade exceeds the area of the longitudinal protrusion of the main plate-blades.
FIELD: power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to non-conventional power sources, and it can be used in plants using energy of wind, river, deep sea and other currents. Proposed plant contains one or several vertical shafts and horizontal rods with blades. Said hollow rods are installed on shafts for limited turning relative to their axes. Opposite blades of each rod are rigidly secured on rod square to each other and eccentrically relative to axis of rod. Shafts adjacent in horizontal direction are made for rotation in opposite directions.
EFFECT: provision of simple ecologically safe device operating at any direction of current in liquid and gaseous medium and at medium interface.
FIELD: hydraulic engineering.
SUBSTANCE: device is designed for converting kinetic energy of small and medium rivers into elastic energy. Proposed hydraulic unit contains hydraulic turbine installed on frame with bearings on its shaft, generator mechanically coupled with hydraulic turbine, stream shaper and device in form of plates to protect hydraulic unit from floating debris. Hydraulic unit has intermediate vertically and horizontally installed shafts with bearings interconnected by conical gears. Vertical shaft is arranged in well built near bank and communicating with river by channel made under level of maximum possible thickness of ice cover. Part of horizontal shaft connected with hydraulic turbine is arranged in said channel. Upper end of vertical shaft is connected with generator through ground horizontal shaft and step-up reduction unit. Stream shaper is made in form of flaps installed on shaft for turning to direct water stream of river to its central part between which turnable gate is installed for contacting with one of flaps to direct water stream to right-hand or left-hand side of hydraulic turbine.
EFFECT: provision of reliable operation all year round.
3 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: hydraulic power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: proposed hydraulic turbine generators are designed for creating stationary and portable hydraulic plants of modular type. Generators have rotor with central shaft non-rotating around horizontal axis or vertical axis (as version) on which chain drive gears are rigidly fitted, each being coupled through independent chain drive with planet pinion members arranged radially and uniformly around central shaft. Each member has blade reduction gear consisting of gear of chain drive and of large and small cylindrical gears, the latter being coaxial and rigidly coupled with gear of chain drive of blade reduction gear, and large cylindrical gear is rigidly secured on axle of blade installed horizontally for generator (or vertically, as version). Each blade rests by ends of its axle for rotation on brackets secured on hubs by bases. Hubs are installed on both ends of shaft for rotation and tops of brackets at both ends of central shaft are connected by ring rims being drive wheels connected with energy converters by flexible drive.
EFFECT: provision of effective and reliable operation.
3 cl, 4 dwg
FIELD: conversion of river stream energy into electric power.
SUBSTANCE: proposed plant has base in the form of catamaran that mounts current generators and their drive, current parameters stabilizing system, turbine capable of running in fully submerged condition, and its hoist. Turbine is made in the form of belt conveyer installed on edge at certain angle to river stream. Blades made of flexible material are secured throughout entire width and length of belt. Each blade is made in the form of bucket capable of folding and resting on belt during transfer from working to idle side of conveyer, and it has pocket on external surface for automatic raising of blade by river stream during transfer from idle to working position. Turbine hoist has rocker arm for turbine suspension hinged on one end to catamaran and on other end, to turbine frame that mounts generator-drive bevel gear so that longitudinal axes of hoist rocker-arm hinges and longitudinal axis of bevel-gear driven pinion are disposed on same line. In addition, hydroelectric power plant is equipped with device enabling variation of turbine angle of installation to water flow.
EFFECT: enhanced power capacity.
1 cl, 4 dwg
FIELD: power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: turbine is designed to convert energy of water or air streams inflowing from side. Proposed turbine has shaft hinge-mounted in post around which blades are installed for turning in radial directions between supports rigidly and normally connected to shaft. Turning of blades is limited by stops. Blades are made flat, with rounded off long edges, and are arranged around shaft minimum in two directions with spaces between edges. Turning of blades is limited by two stops, and tire in turbine, thus formed, repeats in length of shaft with uniform angular turn. Supports can be made in form of radial cantilevers with aerodynamic profiling of cross section. Stops are made retractable into support body if pressure force of blade exceeds calibrated force of spring holding the stop in working position.
EFFECT: increased efficiency of using energy of fluid medium flow, simplified design.
3 cl, 6 dwg
FIELD: hydraulic power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention is designed for creating stationary and transportable modular hydraulic plants and setting up unit hydraulic power stations. Proposed water-wheel generator has body, shaft with central bevel gear, planet pinion members, each containing blade and shaft with bevel gears on ends, one end of shaft being coupled with central gear. Central bevel gear is rigidly secured on one of ends of central shaft non-rotating around its axis and arranged vertically. Planet pinion members are arranged around central radially and uniformly. Shaft of each planet pinion member with bevel gears on its ends is made single-section, and bevel gear belonging to said shaft and pointed to side of blade of said planet pinion member engages with bevel secured rigidly and coaxially to smaller spur gear of blade reduction gear. Larger spur gear engages with smaller one, and it is secured on axle of blade installed vertically. Each blade rests by ends of its axle for rotation of brackets mounted by bases on cylindrical housing installed for rotation coaxially relative to central shaft, and tops of brackets at both ends of central shaft are connected by ring rims. Upper rim, being drive wheel, is coupled with energy converters. Central shaft rests by both ends with locking on framework provided with pontoon devices. Invention makes it possible to use river current energy with maximum efficiency at no adverse effect on environment caused by submersion of river flood lands caused by building of dams, energy of ocean currents, energy of tides and ebbs owing to use of blades with two points of support. Versions of design of water-wheel generators are provided in description.
EFFECT: simple design, high adaptability to manufacture and servicing of water-wheel generator.
5 cl, 5 dwg
FIELD: generation of electric energy by conversion of water flow.
SUBSTANCE: electric energy is generated with the aid of vane-type machine having at least one rotor, rotor-driven generator and float for vane-type machine; vane-type machine is anchored stationary and rotor is oriented in direction of water flow. Vane-type machine is held in suspended state below water surface. Float may be inflated with compressed air and may be filled with water when required. Rotor is mounted on axle oriented in way of water flow. Rotor blades may be turned with the aid of mechanism in direction of water flow or in opposite direction. Rotor axle is just hollow axle forming the float. Vane-type machine is invisible during operation of plant.
EFFECT: simplified construction; reduction of time required for mounting.
22 cl, 11 dwg
FIELD: wind and hydraulic power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to wind and hydraulic motors with vertical shaft of rotation. Proposed vertical shaft turbine has shaft hinge-mounted on post with rigidly and normally attached supports, and blades arranged between supports and installed on axle for turning being limited by two locks. Supports are installed in two directions to form row. Blades are made of closed elastic material tightly enclosing thickened axle to prevent axial displacement and vertical rigid edge spring-loaded relative to axle. Moreover, each blade is provided with stops fixing elastic material relative to thickened axle. Turbine can be furnished with additional rows of supports with blades installed higher and/or lower than first row. Turbine can reliable operate irrespective of velocity and gusts of wind, region and place of mounting, including movable objects, with provision of efficiency 10-16% higher than that of similar constructions.
EFFECT: simple design, effective operation.
3 cl, 2 dwg
SUBSTANCE: the micro hydro-electric power station is designed for converting energy of flowing medium into electrical energy. The device contains of ground unit, consisting of electricity distributing device, control system and controlled ballast load, a fixed water tank, generator located lower than the level of water in the hermetic tank and connected to the ground unit using water resistant cable. The water turbine with a horizontal axis of rotation, is mounted at the run-out and connected to the shaft of the generator through a gear transmission, in the form a multiplier located in a gondola. A cone is placed on the inlet of the run-out in front of the water turbine. The generator is located in the direction of flow behind the multiplier in the same gondola, which is supplied with a device for pumping water from its bottom part. The cone is made of flat elements; part of which is made in such a way that turning about longitudinal axes is possible. A driving gear is provided for this purpose.
EFFECT: increased operation reliability; power regulation.
6 cl, 1 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention is related to the field of renewable energy sources, namely, wind energy conversion into electric energy. Converter contains frame and first and second blades that are kinematically connected with cord (chain), first and second drums (starts) that are motionlessly installed in the shafts of the first and second gears, which interact with the first and second gears via corresponding overrunning clutches, third gear and conical pair of gears with step-up gear and generator, fourth and fifth gears that interact with the third gear and third and fourth blades that are kinematically joined with cord (chain) and third and fourth drums (stars), which interact with fourth and fifth gears via corresponding overrunning clutches. Converter is made of two parts that are symmetrical in respect to outlet shaft of fifth gear, in which drive gear of conical pair is motionlessly installed. The second option of energy converter consists of two parallel adjacent pipes, in the middle of which leak-tight chamber is installed, and blades are installed inside pipes.
EFFECT: increase of efficiency factor and reduction of fluid medium energy conversion net cost.
9 cl, 8 dwg