(57) Abstract:Use: manufacture of soap. The essence: a piece of disposable soap is a composition of two layers of detergent, such as soap, and a layer of water insoluble solid material (media), such as cardboard, plastic film, Styrofoam, etc., placed between layers of detergent and bonded with them by means of adhesive or other binder. The thickness of the layers of detergent and carrier is 0.5 to 3.0 mm Small thickness of the layer of detergent allows you to use a bar of soap in one-off mode, a small overall dimensions and low weight make it possible to place a piece of disposable soap in a purse, briefcase, briefcase, school satchel and simply in your pocket. The presence of a layer of the carrier can use the soap as a whole, without waste. The use of disposable soap avoids the usual unpleasant effect of excessive moisture. Disposable soap handy for use in cases when regular soap is missing, inaccessible or the use of it is hampered by the low quality or other reasons. For example, in any means of transport, medical UCHREZHDENIE in combination with other elements, and can be used as a waste-free means of personal hygiene are strictly personal use.There are several known examples of designs lump of soap, with the effect of non-waste use, in which a layer of detergent is connected to a layer of another material.Known "Detergent lump form (EPO patent N 0 006 200, the priority 10.06.78, publ. 09.01.80), which is a piece of detergent, connected with a piece of porous foam plastic with adhesive. This device does not sink in water and the cleaning part can be fully utilized, however, the composition generally performs a decorative function and can be used as a disposable personal care products.Known "Method wasteless use of soap" (patent application Germany N 25 28 298, priority 25.06.75, publ. 13.11.77), according to which in the manufacturing process inside a piece of soap, place a core of expanded polystyrene or other similar material. This method also allows the pieces of soap that has the property of buoyancy and washing some of which can be used completely without residue. However, the present is not able to produce enough thin-layer structure.Closest to the claimed is "a Piece of soap with the core" (PCT N 91/18083, priority 16.05.90, publ. 28.11.91), in which the Central part of soap, inconvenient to use (the remnant), is replaced by a core made of a different material than the detergent, and having an internal cavity, the outer part of the core is strongly connected with detergent. This design, as discussed earlier, cannot be used in single mode.The invention is directed to solving the problems of manufacturing waste-free detergents, in particular soap, suitable for a single use as a means of personal hygiene. The proposed construction of soap is very useful when used in situations where the usual pieces of soap are unavailable, inaccessible, or their use is hampered by the low quality or other reasons. For example, in any means of transport, in hospitals, public toilets, etc.The essence of the proposed device is that the soap is a composition of two layers of detergent (MS), for example soap, and a layer of water insoluble solid material (media),amewu adhesive or other binder. The thickness of the layer MS and the media may vary from 0.05 to 3.0 mm, depending on the source material.The described construction has the following advantages. The small layer thickness MS allows you to use a bar of soap in one-off mode, a small overall dimensions and low weight of this design make it easy to place the soap in a purse, briefcase, briefcase, school satchel and simply in your pocket. The presence of a layer of the medium between the layers MS allows you to use the soap entirely without waste. In addition, the use of a piece of disposable soap avoids the usual unpleasant effect of excessive moisture.The proposed device can be implemented in several ways, depending on the properties of the materials used and the specific situation in which it is applied, which allows to vary the shape of the packaging.Example 1. The soap is made in the form of a bar, which as the carrier used a piece of cardboard having a thickness of 2-3 mm and a size of 30-50 mm, the thickness of the MS is also 2-3 mm (Fig.1).Example 2. The soap is made in the form of a square cloth with the size of the side of 100-200 mm and a thickness of MS 0,05-0,5 mmohut to be packaged in a perforated roll.Example 3. The soap is made in the form of sticks (Fig.4) or tubes (Fig. 5), in which as the carrier used Styrofoam or similar porous polymer (Fig.3). A piece of soap, mainly for disposable, consisting of interconnected layers of detergent and an intermediate layer of water-insoluble solid material, wherein the layers of detergent and water-insoluble solid material is performed so that the thickness of each of them is 0.5 to 3.0 mm, and as a water-insoluble solid material used cardboard, or plastic film, or a porous polymer material.
FIELD: soap industry.
SUBSTANCE: disposable soap includes carrier made from cellulose material, in particular from quick-dissolving paper, on which detergent is disposed in the form of punctual and profiled elements such as pints, circles, squares, and stars, which are not connected to each other. Carrier has differently shaped perforations across all its surface. For different disposable soaps, punctual and profiled elements are made from different detergents manifesting different properties, for example intended for different skin types, and possessing bactericidal activities. Each type of detergent is differently colored.
EFFECT: increased solubility, improved environmental compatibility, and avoided necessity of disposing residues.
2 cl, 4 dwg
FIELD: perfumery and soap industry.
SUBSTANCE: invention provides disposable cleansing article including water-soluble carrier, on which surfactant no.1 is disposed in the form of distinct point-profiled members monolithically linked to carrier and containing differently-shaped bulky cleansing particles monolithically linked to carrier and to each other by means of binder. The latter is water-soluble surfactant no.2 whose dissolution rate in water is below than that of surfactant no.1, while bulky cleansing particles are made from water-soluble material with lower dissolution rate than that of carrier. Cleansing article is bulky and porous with open-cell structure.
EFFECT: improved convenience of use, hygienic properties, washing velocity, and water solubility allowing rapid disposal and reduced environmental pollution.
12 cl, 7 dwg, 2 ex
FIELD: soap boiling industry.
SUBSTANCE: invention proposes soap that comprises a whitening substance, "Antal P-2", ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid di- or tetrasodium salts, cosmetic cream with wheat embryos oil, perfume principles and soap chips. As perfuming principles the following perfume principles are used: "Moloko i med" ("Milk and honey") or "Tsvetok lotosa i vitamin E" ("Lotus flower and vitamin E"), or "Apelsin i myata" ("Orange and mint") wherein components are taken in the definite ratio. Invention provides enhancing stability of odor during storage, reducing dissolving rate and swelling of soap in its using.
EFFECT: improved properties of toilet soap.
5 cl, 2 tbl
FIELD: biotechnologies; textile; paper.
SUBSTANCE: means for fermentative cleaning of textile fabrics contains microorganisms of species Penicillium pinophilum or of species Trametes versicolor, able to produce enzymes, useful in said cleaning method. Said means is made in form of sachet, permeable for said enzymes, but impermeable for said organisms. In addition claimed is fermentative method of textile fabric cleaning, according to which soiled fabrics are soaked in water in presence of claimed means.
EFFECT: increase of efficiency of fabric cleaning and more convenient for user cleaning method.
9 cl, 6 dwg, 1 tbl, 3 ex
FIELD: personal use articles.
SUBSTANCE: wash product includes the packing containing the container and a cover, and a liquid cleanser for washing, characterised by fluidity at environmental temperature, free space over a product in container and perfume composition, not poured out together with cleanser. The washing cleanser contains at least one material executed with pouring possibility out from packing together with a liquid washing cleanser, thus a material is chosen from: perfume composition, executed with pouring out possibility from packing together with a liquid washing cleanser, additives for cloth care specific for washing, the washing additive, ferment, volatile compound with an unpleasant smell and any it's combination. The liquid washing cleanser, free space over a product in container and perfume composition, not poured out together with a washing cleanser are placed in packing together so that while turning around the packing the liquid washing cleanser is capable to moisten perfume composition, not poured out together with a washing cleanser, under condition of filling of packing with a washing cleanser more than on 50 % of volume.
EFFECT: product possesses good compatibility perfume and a washing cleanser, economic to use, and easy to manufacture.
55 cl, 6 dwg, 11 tbl, 8 ex
FIELD: food industry.
SUBSTANCE: pearl composition in unified doses containing a water-soluble film encapsulating a liquid having a turbidity over 5 but less than 3000 NTU (nephelometric turbidity unit). The composition contains a pearl agent and water in an amount of 2% - 15% of the composition weight.
EFFECT: invention enables treatment fit for usage in washing and solid surfaces cleaning.
41 cl, 3 dwg, 9 ex
SUBSTANCE: method involves depositing an additive composition onto a moving creping surface, pressing the base sheet to the creping surface after depositing the additive composition and removing the base sheet from the creping surface. The additive composition contains lotion, a debonder, a softener, aloe, vitamin E, oxidised polyethylenene or mixtures thereof and the base sheet is adhesively attached to the creping surface. The additive composition is also transferred onto the base sheet such that the additive composition makes up at least about 1% of the weight of the sheet article.
EFFECT: method of making a sheet article, improved process of creping fabric, introduction of useful additives in amounts sufficient for improving quality of sheets.
17 cl, 3 ex, 21 dwg
FIELD: packing industry.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to containers. It describes a container including detergent composition, first water-permeable guard wall, and second guard wall containing additional bleaching catalyst and base material containing a polymer material, and the second guard wall is made in the form of a film of 0.10-1.0 mm thickness, where bleaching catalyst comprises 0.001% to 10.00% of the second guard wall, and base material containing a polymer material comprises the rest of composition, and the film is made by extrusion or casting/ solvent casting. Application of container is described as well.
EFFECT: reduced amount of bleaching activation agent without deterioration of bleaching quality, reduced damage to an object.
12 cl, 6 ex
SUBSTANCE: claimed invention relates to a water-soluble bag, suitable for application in washing, which contains two or more chambers, and the first chamber contains the first liquid composition, which contains an opacifier and an antioxidant, and has an initial Hunter L value higher than 70 and b value lower than 4, and the second chamber contains a colouring agent and is free of the opacifier, with the first composition containing from 0.001% to 1% of the inorganic opacifier by the composition weight and from 0.01% to 2% by the antioxidant weight.
EFFECT: obtaining a composition for washing with improved consumer properties of the multi-chamber bag due to improvement of visual difference between the chambers.
8 cl, 3 ex, 3 tbl, 1 dwg
SUBSTANCE: described is a bag, which contains, at least, one hermetically fastened compartment, containing the first composition, with, at least, one wall of, at least, one hermetically fastened compartment being manufactured from a water-soluble film of any acceptable thickness, with the film containing, at least, 50 wt % of water-soluble resin of polyvinyl alcohol (PVA), with the PVA resin having an average viscosity from approximately 13.5 cps to approximately 20 cps and a degree of hydrolysis in the range from approximately 84% to 92%, and the PVA resin contains a mixture of the first and second PVA polymers, with the viscosity of the first PVA polymer being lower than the viscosity of the second PVA polymer. The water-soluble film contains the PVA polymer in such a way that when the film is approximately 76 micron thick, the firm is characterised by the solubility index from approximately 620 to approximately 920 and the tension index from approximately 145 to approximately 626.
EFFECT: good solubility in cold water with aging, water-resistance to an impact of wet hands and mechanical properties.
13 cl, 15 tbl, 3 dwg