Wave power plant

 

(57) Abstract:

Usage: the invention relates to wave motors and can be used in hydropower for converting wave energy into other forms of energy, such as electric. The inventive system includes floats 4, the shaft 12 of the PTO and the mechanism for converting reciprocating movement of the float 4 in the rotational motion of the shaft 12 PTO. The floats 4, at least two, are located on opposite sides relative to the shaft 12, and a conversion mechanism consists of a ratchet wheel 14, mounted on the shaft 12 of the PTO, and the wires 5, the grooves of which has a spring-loaded teeth 9, which interacts with the ratchet wheel 14. Each rocking 5 still connected with his float 4, in turn, still United with his arm, providing the opportunity for free reciprocating movement of the floats 4 when the disturbances of the water surface, and the teeth 9 are opposite to each other beam is directed in different directions relative to the teeth of the ratchet wheel 14. When moving the floats 4 up-down ratchet wheel 14, and with it the shaft 12 PTO, Budwig floats with mechanisms for converting reciprocating movement of the floats in the rotational movement of the common shaft - increases the power of the unit, the installation is reliable, simple and convenient in operation. 2 Il.

The invention relates to wave motors and can be used to convert wave energy into other forms of energy, such as electric.

Known internal combustion engines, containing cylinders with pistons, Cam crank shaft to convert reciprocating movement of the pistons into rotational motion of the shaft. For such engines as fuel are expensive oil, petrol, gas.

Known wave power installation according to ed.St. N 1320497, F 03 B 13/12 BI N 24, 1987, the Installation includes at least one float, two parallel output shaft and a mechanism for converting reciprocating movement of the float into rotational motion of the shafts, comprising fixed to the float and inclined to the vertical plane of the rack and two gear wheels with overrunning clutches mounted respectively on the first and second shafts PTO. Gears interact with each other, and the toothed rack is in mesh with the first toothed wheel. Prio clockwise direction, while the first gear makes the idle rotation, and the second gear causes the rotation of the second shaft. When the movement of the float down the first gear rotates the first shaft and the second gear does idle rotation.

Wave power plant, which was the prototype, has the disadvantage of a small capacity. Two shafts are rotated one gear rack with the float. When mounting several rails with their floats may be that the floats will be at different levels of the water surface, then the same shaft will get rotation in different directions. In addition, when the idle rotation of the gear wheels corresponding PTO shafts receive no rotation at all.

The claimed technical solution solves the problem of increasing power.

The problem is solved in that the wave energy facility containing floats, a shaft and a mechanism for converting reciprocating movement of the Poplavko into rotational motion of the shaft, floats, at least two, are located on opposite sides relative to the output shaft, and the mechanism of preobrazovany spring-loaded teeth, interacting with the ratchet wheel, each rocking chair is still connected with its float, which in turn still United with his arm, providing the opportunity for free reciprocating movement of the float when the disturbances of the water surface, and the teeth are opposite to each other beam is directed in different directions relative to the ratchet wheel.

The invention is illustrated in Fig. 1 (side view) and Fig.2 (top view) where:

1 base, 2 support, 3 hours, 4 floats, 5 rocking, 6 - levers 7 of the axis of rotation of the levers 8 the axis of the teeth units, 9 teeth, set in grooves units, 10 spring 11 limiters teeth units, 12 PTO, 13 bearing 14 ratchet wheel.

Based on 1 set bearings 2 and 3 hours. The floats 4 still connected to the wires 5 and the arms 6, which are fixed on the axis 7 in the racks 3. In the grooves units 5 to 8 axes fixed teeth 9, spring-loaded by springs 10 to constraints 11. In the support 2 has a shaft 12 PTO, on which are mounted the bearing 13 and ratchet wheel 14. Ratchet wheel 14 and rocking 5 with its teeth 9, which interacts with the ratchet wheel, constitute the mechanism of transformation of back-porabotaem as follows. During the ascent of water left float 4 with his rocking 5, turning with lever 6 on the shaft 7 of the left rack 3 will be up. Under the influence of spring loaded teeth 9 of this left rocking 5 ratchet wheel 14, and with it the shaft 12 PTO, will rotate clockwise (in accordance with Fig.1). During the lowering of the water level of the teeth 9, turning on the axes 8, presses the ratchet wheel 14 and will be idle, and the float 4 rocker 5 together with the lever 6, the pivots 7, will go down.

During the ascent of water the teeth 9 of the first rocking 5, pivots 8, will try to push the ratchet wheel 14 and idle, with the right float 4 with his rocking 5, turning with lever 6 on the shaft 7 of the right rack 3 will go up. During the lowering of the water level right float with 4 rocker 5 together with the lever 6, the pivots 7, will go down. When lowering under the influence of spring loaded teeth 9 of the ratchet wheel 14 and the shaft 12 PTO will also rotate clockwise.

So the process will be repeated. Rocking 5, still United with their floats 4 located on opposite sides relative to the shaft 12 PTO, displacement is relative to the teeth of the ratchet wheel 14 and communicating with the latter, will continuously rotating ratchet wheel 14, and with it the shaft 12 PTO in the same direction.

Declare wave power plant can increase its capacity. Here the possible installation of additional parallel similar couples

the left and right floats with mechanisms for converting reciprocating movement of the floats in the rotational movement of the common output shaft. When this setting is reliable, simple and convenient in operation.

The wave power installation comprising a float, a shaft and a mechanism for converting reciprocating movement of the floats in the rotational motion of the shaft, characterized in that the floats are at least two, are located on opposite sides relative to the output shaft, and a conversion mechanism consists of a ratchet wheel fixed on the shaft of the PTO, and rocking in the grooves which has a spring-loaded teeth that interact with the ratchet wheel, each rocking still connected with his float, in turn, permanently United with his arm, providing free reciprocating peavley in different directions relative to the ratchet wheel.

 

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