Wave power plant
(57) Abstract:Usage: the invention relates to wave motors and can be used in hydropower for converting wave energy into other forms of energy, such as electric. The inventive system includes floats 4, the shaft 12 of the PTO and the mechanism for converting reciprocating movement of the float 4 in the rotational motion of the shaft 12 PTO. The floats 4, at least two, are located on opposite sides relative to the shaft 12, and a conversion mechanism consists of a ratchet wheel 14, mounted on the shaft 12 of the PTO, and the wires 5, the grooves of which has a spring-loaded teeth 9, which interacts with the ratchet wheel 14. Each rocking 5 still connected with his float 4, in turn, still United with his arm, providing the opportunity for free reciprocating movement of the floats 4 when the disturbances of the water surface, and the teeth 9 are opposite to each other beam is directed in different directions relative to the teeth of the ratchet wheel 14. When moving the floats 4 up-down ratchet wheel 14, and with it the shaft 12 PTO, Budwig floats with mechanisms for converting reciprocating movement of the floats in the rotational movement of the common shaft - increases the power of the unit, the installation is reliable, simple and convenient in operation. 2 Il. The invention relates to wave motors and can be used to convert wave energy into other forms of energy, such as electric.Known internal combustion engines, containing cylinders with pistons, Cam crank shaft to convert reciprocating movement of the pistons into rotational motion of the shaft. For such engines as fuel are expensive oil, petrol, gas.Known wave power installation according to ed.St. N 1320497, F 03 B 13/12 BI N 24, 1987, the Installation includes at least one float, two parallel output shaft and a mechanism for converting reciprocating movement of the float into rotational motion of the shafts, comprising fixed to the float and inclined to the vertical plane of the rack and two gear wheels with overrunning clutches mounted respectively on the first and second shafts PTO. Gears interact with each other, and the toothed rack is in mesh with the first toothed wheel. Prio clockwise direction, while the first gear makes the idle rotation, and the second gear causes the rotation of the second shaft. When the movement of the float down the first gear rotates the first shaft and the second gear does idle rotation.Wave power plant, which was the prototype, has the disadvantage of a small capacity. Two shafts are rotated one gear rack with the float. When mounting several rails with their floats may be that the floats will be at different levels of the water surface, then the same shaft will get rotation in different directions. In addition, when the idle rotation of the gear wheels corresponding PTO shafts receive no rotation at all.The claimed technical solution solves the problem of increasing power.The problem is solved in that the wave energy facility containing floats, a shaft and a mechanism for converting reciprocating movement of the Poplavko into rotational motion of the shaft, floats, at least two, are located on opposite sides relative to the output shaft, and the mechanism of preobrazovany spring-loaded teeth, interacting with the ratchet wheel, each rocking chair is still connected with its float, which in turn still United with his arm, providing the opportunity for free reciprocating movement of the float when the disturbances of the water surface, and the teeth are opposite to each other beam is directed in different directions relative to the ratchet wheel.The invention is illustrated in Fig. 1 (side view) and Fig.2 (top view) where:
1 base, 2 support, 3 hours, 4 floats, 5 rocking, 6 - levers 7 of the axis of rotation of the levers 8 the axis of the teeth units, 9 teeth, set in grooves units, 10 spring 11 limiters teeth units, 12 PTO, 13 bearing 14 ratchet wheel.Based on 1 set bearings 2 and 3 hours. The floats 4 still connected to the wires 5 and the arms 6, which are fixed on the axis 7 in the racks 3. In the grooves units 5 to 8 axes fixed teeth 9, spring-loaded by springs 10 to constraints 11. In the support 2 has a shaft 12 PTO, on which are mounted the bearing 13 and ratchet wheel 14. Ratchet wheel 14 and rocking 5 with its teeth 9, which interacts with the ratchet wheel, constitute the mechanism of transformation of back-porabotaem as follows. During the ascent of water left float 4 with his rocking 5, turning with lever 6 on the shaft 7 of the left rack 3 will be up. Under the influence of spring loaded teeth 9 of this left rocking 5 ratchet wheel 14, and with it the shaft 12 PTO, will rotate clockwise (in accordance with Fig.1). During the lowering of the water level of the teeth 9, turning on the axes 8, presses the ratchet wheel 14 and will be idle, and the float 4 rocker 5 together with the lever 6, the pivots 7, will go down.During the ascent of water the teeth 9 of the first rocking 5, pivots 8, will try to push the ratchet wheel 14 and idle, with the right float 4 with his rocking 5, turning with lever 6 on the shaft 7 of the right rack 3 will go up. During the lowering of the water level right float with 4 rocker 5 together with the lever 6, the pivots 7, will go down. When lowering under the influence of spring loaded teeth 9 of the ratchet wheel 14 and the shaft 12 PTO will also rotate clockwise.So the process will be repeated. Rocking 5, still United with their floats 4 located on opposite sides relative to the shaft 12 PTO, displacement is relative to the teeth of the ratchet wheel 14 and communicating with the latter, will continuously rotating ratchet wheel 14, and with it the shaft 12 PTO in the same direction.Declare wave power plant can increase its capacity. Here the possible installation of additional parallel similar couples
the left and right floats with mechanisms for converting reciprocating movement of the floats in the rotational movement of the common output shaft. When this setting is reliable, simple and convenient in operation. The wave power installation comprising a float, a shaft and a mechanism for converting reciprocating movement of the floats in the rotational motion of the shaft, characterized in that the floats are at least two, are located on opposite sides relative to the output shaft, and a conversion mechanism consists of a ratchet wheel fixed on the shaft of the PTO, and rocking in the grooves which has a spring-loaded teeth that interact with the ratchet wheel, each rocking still connected with his float, in turn, permanently United with his arm, providing free reciprocating peavley in different directions relative to the ratchet wheel.
FIELD: wave-energy-to-electric-power conversion.
SUBSTANCE: proposed wave energy plant has supporting frame with vertical guides, float installed for vertical reciprocation that accommodates ratchet gears provided with coaxial central holes, shaft passed though these holes and fixed in supporting frame to laminar screw section whose top and bottom parts are twisted in opposition and contact ratchet gears disposed in cylindrical casing with through holes; it also has electric generator. Float is mounted for displacement along vertical guides and has inertial member disposed inside for rotation and displacement together with float; inertial member contacts inner surface of float casing through rollers. Cylindrical casing is joined with inertial member; electric generator is disposed within supporting frame and kinematically coupled through extensible joint between inertial member and drum installed for joint rotation with the latter and with gear transmission.
EFFECT: enhanced power output of wave energy plant generator.
1 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: machine building.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the power industry field, in particular electrogenerating installations using sea waves energy. Pulse wave energy converter contains movable multilink structure consisting of modules with local energy-transducer implemented in the form of movable connected one relative to other floating blocks with winding, condensing installation and rectifying installation. Modules are outfitted by electromagnets with detachable core and located on it magnetised and power winding. Magnetising windings are directly or through adjusting resistor are connected to common buses. Power winding are connected to them through rectifying installation. Buses are connected to condensing installation. Components of detachable core are connected to adjoining blocks.
EFFECT: simplification of design; increasing of coefficient of efficiency by means of self-optimise of operation mode.
FIELD: electric engineering.
SUBSTANCE: plant comprises buoy, autonomous electrical source and recharging power device with mechanism of its connection to source, inertial piston arranged with the possibility of reciprocal motion up and down due to vertical movements of buoy under action of water surface oscillations and spring shock absorbers. Output of device via mechanism of connection is connected to input of source. Plant is equipped with air turbine, for instance Wells turbine, and air-conducting tubes. Inside buoy there are the following components arranged - source in the form of capacitance molecular accumulator of energy on the basis of double-layer capacitor and recharging device, including DC generator with relay-voltage controller. Its rotor is rigidly connected to blade wheel of turbine, and mechanism of rotation with air reservoir of cylindrical shape, inside of which there is a piston arranged as fixed on top and bottom inside reservoir body with the help of shock absorbers. In lower and upper part of reservoir there are holes arranged, to which tubes are fixed rigidly, and their location provides for motion of air flow to blades of turbine wheel, caused by oscillating reciprocal movements of piston.
EFFECT: simplified technical design of wave power plants, increased reliability, durability and simplification of their operation.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to floating navigation equipment intended for buoyage of the waterway and prevention of navigation threats in autumn-winter and spring periods. Sea buoy comprises streamline body divided by watertight baffles into compartments, LED optical hardware arranged in buoy head part, stabilizing ballast secured on buoy tail and self-contained power supply arranged in buoy body tail compartment. Self-contained power supply represents inertial power producing unit arranged inside buoy body. Said power plant comprises capacitative molecular electric power accumulator (two-layer capacitor), accumulator charging device comprising DC generator, voltage relay-generator with its rotor rigidly jointed with turbine blade (for example, Wells turbine), turbine wheel drive, cylindrical air chamber rigidly secured to tail compartment upper bulkhead. Said air chamber accommodates inertial piston rigidly connected by spring dampers to air chamber top and bottom. Said dampers have hole to receive two air tubes for compressed air to pass from air chamber to turbine wheel blades.
EFFECT: higher reliability, longer life, simplified operation.
FIELD: power industry.
SUBSTANCE: wave structure 1 of water surface is used as primary source. In the section of the specified surface area of the above structure 1 there arranged is conversion system (CS) 2 on the basis at least of two discrete modules in the form of linear electromagnetic transducers 3 including relatively movable electrically insulated winding 4 and magnetic system 5, 51 with positive buoyancy, which is located inside it. Electromagnetic transducers 3 are integrated to CS 2 by means of mechanical communications. Mechanical communications are formed in the form of rigid volume wave-permeable grid structure 7 with positive buoyancy, which is structurally managed with possibility of providing minimum vertical movement relative to central plane 8 of wave structure 1. Electrically insulated winding 4 in each module is rigidly fixed in vertical seats of grid structure 7 so that wave permeability of this winding 4 is provided. Positive buoyancy of magnetic system 5, 51 in each module is managed by means of kinematic communication of its upper part with float 6. For that purpose, float 6 is arranged with possibility of location at least of its upper part in the area of wave structure 1 of water surface. Wave energy plant is provided for method's implementation. The construction is simplified owing to necessary fixture of each discrete module of energy system relative to the water reservoir bottom, providing current collection from virtually fixed elements of discrete modules.
EFFECT: increasing efficiency.
18 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: power industry.
SUBSTANCE: device for electric power generation due to water surface sloshing contains mechanical wave energy converter 3 connected kinematically with electric generator 6 in floated hull 2. Device is equipped with potential energy storage unit 4, self-oscillating unit 5 with escapement and gear systems. Mechanical wave energy converter 3 is connected through one gear system to potential energy storage unit 4 limited by drive gears and spinning spring fixed on it; through another gear system it is connected to self-oscillating unit 5 with escapement that transfers rotational torque to drive gear on shaft of electric generator 6.
EFFECT: design allowing conversion of wave and tide energy into electric power by reasonable method and provision of its uniform production.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to floating navigation equipment, particularly, to buoy intended for buoyage and marking definite waterway risks. Navigation buoy comprises streamlined sealed housing divided by waterproof baffles into compartments, light-optical hardware built around LEDs arranged at buoy head section, and stabilisation ballast. Cylindrical container is arranged inside said housing to accommodate the rod displacing in guides secured to said container along its axis and provided with stabilisation ballast secured to rod end. Thrust flange is rigidly attached to said rod to rest upon spring arranged between on of rod guides and thrust flange. Rotor with permanent magnets of linear electric generator is fitted on rod at the center. Linear generator stator is secured at cylindrical container inner surface. Stator winding is connected to input of charging device. Charging device output is connected to storage battery supplying light-optical hardware. In compliance with the second version, stabilisation ballast is attached to cylindrical container. One end of the rod is secured to buoy sealed housing. Thrust flange is rigidly secured at the rod. Spring is fitted atop the rod between upper guide and thrust flange.
EFFECT: simplified design, higher power supply.
2 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: power industry.
SUBSTANCE: float-type wave generator includes a frame 1 having coaxial central holes 18, a float 3 with a stock 2 attached to it and having a longitudinal slot with a retainer 13 located in it and preventing possible rotation of the stock 2 about the vertical axis, a horizontal platform 4 with arranged flat magnets 5, which is kinematically connected to the float 3 with a possibility of back-and-forth movement, a housing 9 with a rotor 10 installed in it, a flange 11 rotating together with the rotor 10, a frame 6 with a winding 8 made around it, posts 16 attached to the frame 1 and made together with prismatic guides 17. A lower part of the platform 4 has a shape of a hollow cylinder with shaped elements forming a periodic profile 21 of a variable curvature and is in constant contact to rollers 12 installed on the flange 11. The stock 2 consists of cylindrical and screw parts. The magnets 5 are combined into straight-line sections located parallel to each other.
EFFECT: providing effective generation of electric energy; reducing the cost of generated electric energy and increasing the service life.
FIELD: power generation.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to hydropower and is intended for converting wave energy into electric power. The wave energy plant comprises a frame 1, a cover 7, a buoy 3, a rod 2 attached to the buoy, the said rod having a cylindrical and a helical part, a latching device 13 which prevents rotation of the rod around the vertical axis, a housing 9 mounted on the frame 1, the said housing having inside it a rotor 10, which converts back-and-forth motion of the rod into the rotary motion of the rotor and a flange 11 having rollers 12. The rollers 12 are constantly in contact with the bottom part of a platform 4, kinematically linked to the buoy 3. The platform 4 is a hollow cylinder having shaped elements in it, which form a periodic profile of a variable curvature. Flat magnets 5 which are merged into straight sections are attached to the top part of the platform 4, the said magnets being aligned parallel to each other to allow vertical back-and-forth motion relative to guides 19 and a frame 6, around which there is a winding 8 and mounted on posts 18, mounted on the top part of the frame 1.
EFFECT: invention is aimed at providing the efficient generation of electric power, reduce the cost of the generated power and prolong service life.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a generator for energy generation. Generator (100) includes floating platform (1) adapted for partial submersion into fluid medium, mast (2) located on platform (1) and containing at least one wind generator (3), at least one first energy storage device and one converter. Generator (1) also includes at least one system for storage and conversion of mechanical energy. At least one system for storage and conversion of mechanical energy includes at least one rechargeable mechanical storage battery (14), at least one balance arm (12) with a flywheel, which is connected to storage battery (14), and a device for conversion of mechanical energy to electrical energy. Wave motion or flow of fluid medium, into which platform (1) is submerged, determines oscillating movement of platform (1), mast (2) and at least one balance arm (12) for charging of storage battery (14), which in its turn outputs the energy generated by its movement to the mechanical energy conversion device.
EFFECT: invention is aimed at improvement of energy generation efficiency.
16 cl, 10 dwg