The method of water supply to residential houses and system for its implementation
(57) Abstract:Usage: in water supply systems of residential homes. The inventive water in the storage tanks are divided into two series-connected parts, one of which is heated, the predetermined water level in both parts provide simultaneously using one regulating means, and the water system has a storage tank in the form of two vessels, serially connected between a bottom of the pipe with the valve, and in a single vessel has a water level sensor, and the second heater and the temperature sensor, connected to the means for automatic control and management, and capacity may be located above the valves and each vessel can be placed in shelter heat insulating material. 2 S. and 3 C.p. f-crystals, 2 Il. The invention relates to the water supply of the population, in particular to the supply of a house.The known method and system supply water under pressure from the bottle (U.S. patent N 4852621, class B 62 B 1/30, 1989). The known method is to force the filling of a storage tank of water, maintaining a predetermined water level in the specified capacity, the distribution of water taps, ptogressive to fill it with water, linked by pipeline, drain valves, United with a specified capacity, a means for heating the water that is set before one of the taps, the water level sensor in the tank, the automatic control and control system electrically connected with the means for filling the water and the water level sensor, and a device for sewage.The disadvantage of this method and system is the need for powerful heater to provide in a short time the water is heated to a high temperature at a great expense to preserve the stability of the temperature of the water in the spout or the shower. This is due to the fact that the heating of the flowing water is in the process of draining. The result is significant energy consumption. (Algunos P. P. Isaev, C. N. Sanitary device and the supply of buildings, M High school 1982, S. 56 58, 99 104, 112).The aim of the invention is to remedy these disadvantages, the power savings while ensuring temperature stability at discharge and continuity of the system.For this method lies in the forced filling accumulative before entering one of the cranes, found water in the storage tanks are divided into two series-connected parts, the second of which is heated, and the specified water level in both parts provide at the same time.This goal is achieved also by the fact that in this way a given water level in both parts provide a common regulating means.To implement this method in a water system containing a storage tank, means for filling it with water, connected by a pipe, drain valves, United with a specified capacity, a water heater, installed in front of one of the cranes, the water level sensor in the tank, the automatic control and control system electrically connected with the means for filling the water and the water level sensor, the specified storage tank has two vessels, sequentially interconnected at the bottom by a pipe fitted with a valve, and the first set water level sensor and the second heater and the temperature sensor, United with means for automatic control.This goal is achieved by additionally that acumulatoarele.2 Thus, the proposed method and system for its implementation meet the criterion of "novelty".When conducting a patent search of signs similar to declare a set of distinctive features, not found. Therefore, the applicant considers that the proposed method and system meet the criterion of "significant differences".In Fig. 1 shows the General scheme of the water supply system of a dwelling house, in Fig. 2
the vertical cross section of a storage tank, is shown in Fig. 1.The system includes a submersible pump 1, is lowered into the water source 2, a pipe 3 connecting the pump 1 with the upper part of a storage tank 4. The tank 4 has a receptacle 5 for cold water and the vessel 6 for hot water, which are interconnected in the lower part of the pipe 7. At the end of the pipe 7 in the vessel 6 has a valve 8. The pipe 7 is connected by a pipe 9 with the crane 10 cold water. The vessel 6 is connected by a pipe 11 with a valve 12 of hot water. The valves 10 and 12 are connected with a mixer 13, which is provided with a spout 14 and a shower 15. The system also has a device 16 for sewage.In Fig. 2 shows that in the vessel 5 is set sensor 17 and lower sensor 18 in the upper levels of the water in the vessel. In the upper part of the vessel above the inlet o 21 water temperature and the heater 22, mounted in the lower part of the vessel 6. Each vessel 5 and 6 of a storage tank 4 is enveloped on all sides with insulating material 23, to exclude the effect of these vessels at each other.The system is equipped with, as shown in Fig. 1, the tool 24 automatic control settings, which is electrically connected with the pump 1, the sensors 17 and 18 water level, the temperature sensor 21 and the heater 22.The invention operates as follows. Water 2 from the source by the pump 1 through the pipe 3 is pumped into the vessel 5 of a storage tank 4. Then the water by gravity, as in communicating vessels, through the pipe 7 flows into the vessel 6. When the water in the vessel 5 level sensor 18 pump 1 off means 24. As the vessel 6 and the water temperature close to the temperature in the source, the temperature sensor 21 sends a signal to the tool 24, and it includes a heater 22. After reaching the set temperature at the command of the temperature sensor 21, the tool 24 disables the heater 22. The process of preparing the system for operation is finished, and now you can start using them effectively.In the case of draining the water from the vessel 6 through the valve 12 water level is lowered, and in agreater 22. In addition, the water level decreases in the vessel 5. If the water level in the vessel 5 has dropped to the lowest level, then this beeping sensor 17. Then the tool 24 includes a pump 1, which will pump the water in the vessel 5 as long as the water level in the vessel 5 reaches the set sensor 18 of the upper level.If the water is drained from the vessel 5 through the valve 10, the change in water level occurs only in the vessel 5 as the valve 8 does not allow water to flow from the vessel 6 into the vessel 5, as in the case of communicating vessels. So as soon as the water level in the vessel 5 has reached a predetermined lower level, the sensor 17 supplies this signal to the tool 24, which includes the pump 1. The latter pumps the water in the vessel to a specified upper level. If the water level in the vessel 6 below the top level in the vessel 5, the vessel 6, a water level increase occurs up until the levels in both vessels not wyrownawczy.Waste water flows into the device for sewage.The positive effect of applying the proposed technical solution is provided by heating the already warm water, but chilled at the expense of additional quantities of cold water, postupayete, the capacity of the vessel 6 to about 50 liters. Lower the water level 10 15 liters of the vessel 5. The top water level of about 30 liters vessel 5. Fluctuations in temperature in the vessel 6 within 50-55oC plus or minus 10%, However, other variants of embodiment of the invention.The described method and system tested on the pilot plant. Testing has yielded positive results, which gave grounds for the organization of industrial production. 1. The way water residential home, which consists in forcing the filling of a storage tank of water, maintaining a predetermined water level in the tank, distribution water faucets, water heater before entering one of the cranes, characterized in that the water in the storage tanks are divided into two series-connected parts, one of which is heated, and the specified water level in both parts provide at the same time.2. The method according to p. 1, characterized in that the predetermined water level in both parts provide one regulating device.3. The water supply system of a dwelling house, containing a storage tank, means for filling it with water, connected by a pipe, drain valves, seetwo automatic monitoring and control system parameters, electrically connected with the means for filling the water and the water level sensor, wherein the storage tank includes two vessels, sequentially interconnected at the bottom by a pipe fitted with a valve, and in one of the vessels has a water level sensor and the second water heater and a temperature sensor connected to the automatic control.4. The system under item 3, characterized in that the storage tank is located above the valves.5. The system under item 3 or 4, characterized in that each vessel is placed in shelter heat insulating material.
FIELD: engineering of water-supply systems, in particular, systems for automated provision of drinking water to individual clients in residential buildings, administrative buildings and other types of premises.
SUBSTANCE: in accordance water-supply method, accumulating vessels of users, connected to water-supply system, are forcedly filled with water. Water is delivered in mobile tank. Prior to pouring water, supplier code is used to open lock of hatch positioned at inlet of water-supply system, and mobile tank is connected thereto. When filling accumulating vessels, volume of water consumed by each client is measured. After filling vessels with water, mobile tank is disconnected and its pouring section is sealed. Water-supplying system has pouring pipeline 1, connected to accumulating vessels 5 by means of conductive pipelines 2 with valves 6 and water flow meters 7, transfer head pieces 3 and flexible pipelines 4. Vessels 5 are provided with draining taps 8, inlet valves 9 and water level indicators 10. water-supply system also contains mobile pouring tank 18 with flexible pipeline 17 and local control panel for pouring water, where inlet of pouring pipeline 1 with socket 12 at its end and code lock 13 is positioned, and a plug and socket joint 14 for connecting portable microprocessor device 15 for collecting and processing information about volume of consumed water.
EFFECT: provision of automated pouring of pure drinking water of guaranteed quality to individual accumulating vessels, mounted stationary at client side, provision of water accumulation when client is absent and automatic measuring of consumed water flow for each client.
2 cl, 1 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention pertains to water supply. Method of water supply consists in supply of drinking water to individual consumers connected to the water supply system of the settlement through main lines and transferring lines of water - supply and further through house inlets and street water intakes. At least one additional over flow pipe equipped with stationary water treatment unit making water of guarantied quality with one hydrant or batcher is arranged in the transferring line parallel to the house inlet or street water intakes, drinking water is dispensed into individual vessels. Water supply system contains water intake plant, first lifting pump station, water treatment plants, reservoir for clean water, second lifting pump station, water ducts, water supply consisting of main and transferring lines, house inlets and street intakes.
EFFECT: increased simplicity and reliability of the invention.
8 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: civil engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to field of construction of buildings and structures and can be used at stage of buildings construction in the capacity of systems, providing isolation of units of maintenance of systems of heating, cold and hot water supply in basements and pedimental rooms of erected buildings and structures, and to use usable area of structures by purpose. Separation method of insulating area of maintenance of systems of heating, cold and hot water supply in basements and pedimental rooms of building on stage of its construction, described by presence of distribution pipeline of heating, cold and hot water supply, located in pedimental or basements rooms of buildings, presence at the same floor that it is basements or pedimental room of erected building, isolated room for maintenance engineering services. Additionally on pipes of systems of heating, and also pipes of cold and hot water supply, located inside pedimental or basements rooms of buildings, sectionises, put bends and there are built distribution pipeline inside the isolated room, where it is put valves and/or sensors, and/or devices for calculation of water, and/or drains. Then distribution pipelines are taken out back into main pedimental or basements room up to laces of its main position, where there are put bends and taken away distribution pipelines in the direction, initially built, herewith input into isolated room is implemented independent.
EFFECT: isolation with minimal expenditures of usable area of maintenance units of distribution pipelines of heating, cold and hot water supply, and also providing of independent access to them of personnel for maintenance.
SUBSTANCE: water is supplied along individual discharge pipelines for each zone. At the same time water is supplied into specified pipelines from separate stages of a multi-stage centrifugal pump.
EFFECT: reduced quantity of used equipment, costs for its purchase, assembly, commissioning and operation.
SUBSTANCE: device comprises facility to supply contaminated water, collection reservoir for coming contaminated water, accumulator tank for water storage, siphon accessory for water flow from collecting reservoir to accumulator tank, floodgate for supply of accumulated water to its consumer, sewage water discharge and control system. At the same time accumulator accessory to receive coming contaminated water is joined to pouring valve. Method of water siphoning consists of water supply into collecting reservoir, detection of availability of specified water level in collecting reservoir, actuation of pouring valve depending on determined water level and siphoning of water from collecting reservoir into accumulator tank.
EFFECT: reduced power inputs.
24 cl, 5 dwg
SUBSTANCE: system contains water distribution system including at least one water transportation pipeline and monitoring devices, storage capacity for supplied water, water discharge for supply of accumulated water to water consuming device, and control device. Pipeline includes electrically conducting element. Monitoring devices include generator connected to electrically conducting element, which is meant for generation of electric signal, and measuring unit for measurement at least of one electric parameter of electrically conducting element. Monitoring devices have the possibility of measuring electrical parameter of pipeline. Control device has the possibility of controlling the water supply to storage capacity and water discharge from it depending on the parameter measured with monitoring devices. Monitoring method of water distribution system connected to waste water device involves installation stages, at least one water transportation pipeline and installation of pipeline monitoring device, generation of electric signal by means of generator connected to electrically conducting element and measurement at least of one electrical parameter of electrically conducting element.
EFFECT: such design and procedure allow creating water distribution system in which the risk of connection of transportation pipeline of dirty water to transportation pipeline of potable water is reduced.
27 cl, 4 dwg
SUBSTANCE: system is designed for automated provision of pure potable water of guaranteed quality to individual users in residential homes, administrative buildings, office and other rooms. The system comprises accumulating-consumption tanks (5), quantity of which is equal to quantity of water users. Each reservoir (5) is equipped with an inlet valve (8) controlled by the upper level of water in the tank (5). The system also comprises a distribution pipeline (3) and user pipelines (4), connecting the distribution pipeline (3) with the accumulating-consumption tank (5) of this user, and also a facility for filling of the system with water. The distribution pipeline (3) is connected to the facility for filling of the system with water via an inlet stationary tank (2), arranged as capable of water supply under pressure. User pipelines (4) are arranged in the form of capillary tubes.
EFFECT: reduced material intensity of a water supply system.
5 cl, 2 dwg