The method of water supply to residential houses and system for its implementation

 

(57) Abstract:

Usage: in water supply systems of residential homes. The inventive water in the storage tanks are divided into two series-connected parts, one of which is heated, the predetermined water level in both parts provide simultaneously using one regulating means, and the water system has a storage tank in the form of two vessels, serially connected between a bottom of the pipe with the valve, and in a single vessel has a water level sensor, and the second heater and the temperature sensor, connected to the means for automatic control and management, and capacity may be located above the valves and each vessel can be placed in shelter heat insulating material. 2 S. and 3 C.p. f-crystals, 2 Il.

The invention relates to the water supply of the population, in particular to the supply of a house.

The known method and system supply water under pressure from the bottle (U.S. patent N 4852621, class B 62 B 1/30, 1989). The known method is to force the filling of a storage tank of water, maintaining a predetermined water level in the specified capacity, the distribution of water taps, ptogressive to fill it with water, linked by pipeline, drain valves, United with a specified capacity, a means for heating the water that is set before one of the taps, the water level sensor in the tank, the automatic control and control system electrically connected with the means for filling the water and the water level sensor, and a device for sewage.

The disadvantage of this method and system is the need for powerful heater to provide in a short time the water is heated to a high temperature at a great expense to preserve the stability of the temperature of the water in the spout or the shower. This is due to the fact that the heating of the flowing water is in the process of draining. The result is significant energy consumption. (Algunos P. P. Isaev, C. N. Sanitary device and the supply of buildings, M High school 1982, S. 56 58, 99 104, 112).

The aim of the invention is to remedy these disadvantages, the power savings while ensuring temperature stability at discharge and continuity of the system.

For this method lies in the forced filling accumulative before entering one of the cranes, found water in the storage tanks are divided into two series-connected parts, the second of which is heated, and the specified water level in both parts provide at the same time.

This goal is achieved also by the fact that in this way a given water level in both parts provide a common regulating means.

To implement this method in a water system containing a storage tank, means for filling it with water, connected by a pipe, drain valves, United with a specified capacity, a water heater, installed in front of one of the cranes, the water level sensor in the tank, the automatic control and control system electrically connected with the means for filling the water and the water level sensor, the specified storage tank has two vessels, sequentially interconnected at the bottom by a pipe fitted with a valve, and the first set water level sensor and the second heater and the temperature sensor, United with means for automatic control.

This goal is achieved by additionally that acumulatoarele.2 Thus, the proposed method and system for its implementation meet the criterion of "novelty".

When conducting a patent search of signs similar to declare a set of distinctive features, not found. Therefore, the applicant considers that the proposed method and system meet the criterion of "significant differences".

In Fig. 1 shows the General scheme of the water supply system of a dwelling house, in Fig. 2

the vertical cross section of a storage tank, is shown in Fig. 1.

The system includes a submersible pump 1, is lowered into the water source 2, a pipe 3 connecting the pump 1 with the upper part of a storage tank 4. The tank 4 has a receptacle 5 for cold water and the vessel 6 for hot water, which are interconnected in the lower part of the pipe 7. At the end of the pipe 7 in the vessel 6 has a valve 8. The pipe 7 is connected by a pipe 9 with the crane 10 cold water. The vessel 6 is connected by a pipe 11 with a valve 12 of hot water. The valves 10 and 12 are connected with a mixer 13, which is provided with a spout 14 and a shower 15. The system also has a device 16 for sewage.

In Fig. 2 shows that in the vessel 5 is set sensor 17 and lower sensor 18 in the upper levels of the water in the vessel. In the upper part of the vessel above the inlet o 21 water temperature and the heater 22, mounted in the lower part of the vessel 6. Each vessel 5 and 6 of a storage tank 4 is enveloped on all sides with insulating material 23, to exclude the effect of these vessels at each other.

The system is equipped with, as shown in Fig. 1, the tool 24 automatic control settings, which is electrically connected with the pump 1, the sensors 17 and 18 water level, the temperature sensor 21 and the heater 22.

The invention operates as follows. Water 2 from the source by the pump 1 through the pipe 3 is pumped into the vessel 5 of a storage tank 4. Then the water by gravity, as in communicating vessels, through the pipe 7 flows into the vessel 6. When the water in the vessel 5 level sensor 18 pump 1 off means 24. As the vessel 6 and the water temperature close to the temperature in the source, the temperature sensor 21 sends a signal to the tool 24, and it includes a heater 22. After reaching the set temperature at the command of the temperature sensor 21, the tool 24 disables the heater 22. The process of preparing the system for operation is finished, and now you can start using them effectively.

In the case of draining the water from the vessel 6 through the valve 12 water level is lowered, and in agreater 22. In addition, the water level decreases in the vessel 5. If the water level in the vessel 5 has dropped to the lowest level, then this beeping sensor 17. Then the tool 24 includes a pump 1, which will pump the water in the vessel 5 as long as the water level in the vessel 5 reaches the set sensor 18 of the upper level.

If the water is drained from the vessel 5 through the valve 10, the change in water level occurs only in the vessel 5 as the valve 8 does not allow water to flow from the vessel 6 into the vessel 5, as in the case of communicating vessels. So as soon as the water level in the vessel 5 has reached a predetermined lower level, the sensor 17 supplies this signal to the tool 24, which includes the pump 1. The latter pumps the water in the vessel to a specified upper level. If the water level in the vessel 6 below the top level in the vessel 5, the vessel 6, a water level increase occurs up until the levels in both vessels not wyrownawczy.

Waste water flows into the device for sewage.

The positive effect of applying the proposed technical solution is provided by heating the already warm water, but chilled at the expense of additional quantities of cold water, postupayete, the capacity of the vessel 6 to about 50 liters. Lower the water level 10 15 liters of the vessel 5. The top water level of about 30 liters vessel 5. Fluctuations in temperature in the vessel 6 within 50-55oC plus or minus 10%, However, other variants of embodiment of the invention.

The described method and system tested on the pilot plant. Testing has yielded positive results, which gave grounds for the organization of industrial production.

1. The way water residential home, which consists in forcing the filling of a storage tank of water, maintaining a predetermined water level in the tank, distribution water faucets, water heater before entering one of the cranes, characterized in that the water in the storage tanks are divided into two series-connected parts, one of which is heated, and the specified water level in both parts provide at the same time.

2. The method according to p. 1, characterized in that the predetermined water level in both parts provide one regulating device.

3. The water supply system of a dwelling house, containing a storage tank, means for filling it with water, connected by a pipe, drain valves, seetwo automatic monitoring and control system parameters, electrically connected with the means for filling the water and the water level sensor, wherein the storage tank includes two vessels, sequentially interconnected at the bottom by a pipe fitted with a valve, and in one of the vessels has a water level sensor and the second water heater and a temperature sensor connected to the automatic control.

4. The system under item 3, characterized in that the storage tank is located above the valves.

5. The system under item 3 or 4, characterized in that each vessel is placed in shelter heat insulating material.

 

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