Line molding, drying and cages ceramic products
(57) Abstract:Use: production of construction materials, in particular, manufacture of ceramic bricks. The inventive line contains installed in a single process stream press, cutting machine, conveyor framework in machine-stacker, conveyor loading items into the Elevator, loading car, drying, snizhatelyu, the truck and sadcc. Molded press timber cut-to-length piece, then the products. The feeder stepper movements tire pushes through the pressure roller by the piece of the frame on the receiving table machine cutting and styling. The transportation framework for the feeder conveyor carries through accumulation group spent framework. Loaded frame of the loading cart is transported to the drying chamber and from them on the truck. Mechanisms lines are located at a single production site, which reduces the range of equipment and production areas. 7 Il. The invention relates to the equipment for manufacture of building materials and can be used in plants for the production of ceramic wall.The complex equipment of avtomatizirovannaya, VNIINM, Moscow, 1991, S. 2).This famous set of equipment automated line contains a complex of equipment for forming, cutting, stacking raw frame, and a set of equipment for picking and loading, the loader (in the form of a transport truck with a self-propelled trolley) and dryer.The line is designed for forming, cutting, stacking, drying and cages of ceramic products.In this line is a set of equipment for forming, cutting and stacking raw frames, including the press, cutting machine, stacker, snizhatelyu empty frames and Elevator frames loaded crude products, is located on one side of the drying oven, and a set of equipment for picking and loading of products, including the snizhatelyu dry goods, truck, machine-saddik and the Elevator is empty frames, is located on the opposite side of the drying oven.Transportation of empty frames from the equipment acquisition and charge on the equipment for forming, cutting and stacking is performed by a single operator of the first material handler.The second operator of the second material handler on the other side of the drying oven is loading drying svezheotformovannykh products, Electonic.Famous line contains two process stream, disconnected dryer: one thread for molding, cutting and styling products on the drying frame and a second thread for discharging the dried product from the drying frames and cages in batches for burning.Both the process stream are at different production sites and the relationship between them is carried out by operators of the two loaders.In the process of forming, cutting and stacking operator groups removes the self-propelled trolley loader empty frame of the Elevator, located at the exit of the truck that transports the material handler group of empty frames on the other end of the drying oven and sets it self-propelled trolley material handler in the snizhatelyu from which empty frames come in machine-stacker.Operations transportation of empty frames after picking them dried products and downloads of this framework in machine cutting and styling products only partially automated.Famous line molding, drying and cages ceramic products (copyright certificate 1497015, class B 28 B 15/00, 1987).This line contains installed in the technological sequence of the press, animi products, loading carriage with self-propelled trolleys, drying, snizhatelyu dried products, the truck, including conveyors discharge, separation, grouping, load of empty frames in the Elevator, machine-saddik and the Elevator is empty frames.In this line, as known in the review Industry of ceramic wall materials and porous aggregates, VNIINM, Moscow, 1991, S. 2, equipment for molding, cutting and styling products on the frame located on one side of the drying oven, and equipment for picking and cages on the opposite side of the drying oven.Transportation of empty frames from the equipment acquisition and charge on the equipment for molding, cutting and styling as well as in the analogue holds operator material handler.The disadvantages include:
low level of mechanization of transport operations return empty frames from the hardware offload products for equipment loading frames products
the separation process stream loading and unloading of the location of the complex on one side of the drying oven, and the second part of the complex on the opposite side of the drying oven, which reduces productivity and increases colonoscopist duplication operations with empty frames multiple machines: elevators for the accumulation of empty frames, the snizhatelyu empty frames before the machine cutting and styling and additional charging trolley for transportation of a package of empty frames from one end of the drying oven at the other end,
the need for a large manufacturing facility for the production line.The proposed solution is designed for plants with small and average annual capacity for which you want the compact arrangement of the process equipment, small the item, the minimum number of personnel and to automate time-consuming process of loading the empty frames in the machine cutting and styling.The line brings together in one production area in a continuous process stream forming, cutting, styling, handling and sporting equipment that allows you to simplify and automate operations transportation of empty frames from the market and supply framework in machine cutting and styling.Line reduced the number of transport-chaise operations with empty clothes frameworks, automated operations transportation and loading of the part in the machine cutting and styling.The essence of the claimed invention for the op.The carrier frame is made in the form of a conveyor, the discharge of which is rotatable in a vertical plane lever parallelogram with tyres, hinged to the upper arms of the levers, two fixed wheels and tires, which are mounted at the level of the supporting branches of the conveyor, parallel to them and the pressure rollers mounted across the axis of the conveyor with a gap over the silent tyres, in addition, the carrier framework is aligned with the infeed conveyor empty frames across the machine for cutting and stacking of raw products on the drying frame and the loader is made in the form of a conveyor, a receiving part which, between its branches, mounted lifting table with the brake rollers.The invention is illustrated in the drawing, where Fig. 1 views of the line in terms of Fig. 2 a longitudinal section a-a of the picker and feeder frame, Fig. 3 is a view in plan on the carrier frame to the machine cutting and styling, Fig. 4 cross section G-g of the carrier frame in the machine at the bottom position of the tire lever parallelogram, Fig. 5 a longitudinal section b-B on the carrier frame to the machine cutting and styling at the top position of the tire, Fig. 6 is a longitudinal section In the machine cutting and styling, Fig. 7 longitudinal széchenyi and styling products on the drying frame, loader 3 raw products in the Elevator, the Elevator 4 crude goods, loading the truck 5, the dryer 6, snizhatelyu 7 dry products, the truck 8, automatic-Sadik 9 and the carrier 10 empty frames in the machine cutting and styling products on the drying frame.The press 1 is designed for shaping the beam extrusion method. It is installed parallel to the machine 2 cutting and styling products on the drying frame.Machine 2 is designed for cutting of timber on raw products and styling them with separation relative to each other on a drying frame. Machine 2 is installed across the feeder 10.Machine 2 includes (Fig. 1) Carver 11 dimensional lumber, multistring cutter 12, the receiving table 13 (Fig. 6), the conveyor 14 supply framework with lugs 15, the conveyor 16, separation products, elevating table 17 to the actuator 18, the drive receiving the rollers 19. The conveyors 14 and 16 kinematically linked to the actuator 18 of the lift table 17 and the rollers 19.Loader 3 raw products in the Elevator receives from machine 2 frames with products, accumulation of a group of frames products with a gap relative to each other and outputting a step-by-step movement of a group of frames in the area of the Elevator 4.The loader 3 (Fig. 1) is mounted across the axis of the machine is x mounted lifting table 22 with the brake rollers 23 and the stop 24. The unloading part of the load-bearing branches 21 is located in the area of the Elevator 4.The Elevator 4 is used for the accumulation of groups of loaded frames.Charging trolley 5 is for pickup groups loaded crude products from the shelves of the Elevator 4, transportation and placing them in the drying oven 6, the discharge of the dried product groups from the drying oven, transportation and installation in the snizhatelyu 7.Charging trolley 5 (Fig. 1, 7) contains a mobile platform 25 and self-propelled fork lift trolley 26.The drying oven 6 perform drying products during block loading and unloading cameras products. In the area of the Elevator 4, reduced 7 Susilo 6 available (cameras) track 27 for self-propelled fork lift trolley 26.The snizhatelyu 7 is designed to receive group-dried products on the frames and install the framework with products in the truck 8.The truck 8 performs the operation of receiving frames with products from sygates, separation, alignment, and grouping for subsequent unloading of the goods from the part of the machine-sdcecom 9, and transfer of empty frames on the carrier 10 for subsequent loading of empty frames in the machine 2.The truck 8 (Fig. 2) contains a coaxially smo and the infeed conveyor 31 of empty frames in the carrier 10.The grouping conveyor 30 has a programming device 32 in the form of several, for example three, rotatable in a vertical plane linkage parallelograms.The conveyor 31 download empty part of the drive has 33 frames mounted at the beginning of the conveyor in the direction of movement of the part between the bearing branches 34.The memory 33 contains the actuator 35, the bus 36 and the chopping stop 37 of the clip stop and bus pivotally interconnected and made in the form of turning from one drive levers.The conveyor 31 is designed to receive empty frames from the grouping conveyor 30, the accumulation of a cohesive group of empty frames and load the empty part of the groups on the carrier 10.The feeder 10, its conveyor 38, is located on the same axis as the conveyor 31. Receiving portion of the feeder 10 is adjacent to the conveyor 31, and the boot portion of the feeder 10 is adjacent to the receiving table 13 machine 2.The feeder 10 includes (Fig. 5, 3) conveyor 31, the actuator 39, the bearing branches 40, rotatable in a vertical plane lever parallelogram 41, the upper ends of the levers which hinged bus 42, the drive lever 43 of a parallelogram, a stationary bus 44 mounted between the tire 42 healthy lifestyles the incoming frames, curved radius P and inclined at an angle of two to three degrees inswim branches 40.The feeder 10 also includes (Fig. 5) pressure roller 46 mounted across the axis of the conveyor on the rack 47 in the slots 48. Pressure roller 46 is located at a distance 1,72-1,75 width of frame, measured along the axes of the pressure roller 46 and the receiving table 13.The line work is as follows.Molded pressure of 1 bar is cut by the cutter 11 on measuring beams, each of which is cut multistring cutter 12 crude product 50, the position of the lift table 17 when it is raised by the actuator 18 above branches conveyor 16 position with simultaneous flow across the conveyor 14 onto the receiving table 13 feeder 10 of the next frame 49.Lifting table 17 by the actuator 18, kinematically associated with the conveyor drive 14, lowers the cut product 50 on the conveyor 16.At the same time involved in the work conveyor 14 supply part and the conveyor 16 separation of products.The conveyor 14 stops 15 moves the frame 49 from the position of the receiving table 13 under the elevating table 17, and the position of the lift table on the drive rollers 19, with articles 50, is coming off the conveyor 16 mounted on frame 49 with a clearance relative to the other is on the frame 49 with a gap at simultaneous movement of the conveyors 14 and 16.Frame product conveyor 14 is transmitted to the drive receiving the rollers 19, which are kinematically connected to the conveyors 14 and 16. Frame with products on the rollers 19 and 23 is transported to the stop 24, reducing the rate, due to the braking rollers 23, in the end move to the loading area 3 to the position of the lifting table 22, which is in the upper position relative to the bearing 21 branches.Then the lifting table 22 lowers the frame with products bearing branches 21 includes the actuator 20 and the loader frame 3 moves with products on the step and to the Elevator 4.After receipt of the branches 21 of the four frames products drive 20 stepper motion moves the frame with products in the area of the Elevator 4.The Elevator 4 performs the stepping motion upwards, simultaneously removing branches 21 a group of frames products.After accumulation of groups of frames products on the Elevator 4, the operator loading carriage 5, driving the self-propelled fork lift trolley 26, unloads frame group with products from the Elevator 4, moves the fork lift trolley 26 to the platform 25 and transports a group of frames to asylum 6.The operator, controlling a self-propelled trolley 26, moves the group of frames with raw products from the platform is one of the trolley 26 unloads a group of frames with the dried product from the drying unit and transports it in the snizhatelyu 7. Download operation has dried raw products and discharge of the dried product from the drying oven again.The snizhatelyu 7 stepper movement sets the number of frames on the conveyor 28 picker 8. The conveyor 28 transports the frame with the products on the conveyor separation at 29, then moves the frame to the conveyor 30 grouping, where the scope of the products by the programming device 32 equipped with cards for the subsequent removal of the product from part a capture machine-sadhika 9.Machine-Sadik 9 relieves map products from a group of frames, and generates products in batches for burning.Empty frames 49 are received on the conveyor 31, which moves the frame in the area of the memory 33, the latter unites empty frames in the group to send them to the feeder 10.Rallying frame memory 33 is as follows.In the initial position of the tires 36 are raised by the actuator 35 position relative to the bearing branches 34 so that they form a brake pad in the path of movement of the frame, allowing the frame bearing branches 34 pushes the tire 36 and rally.Upon reaching the first frame on the tires 36 position sensor (not shown) the actuator 35 lowers Shi is still 37 when lowering the tire 36 rises above the level of the bearing branches 34, preventing the flow of part of the drive.Thus, on the branches 34 a gap between a tight-knit group of frames and the frames coming from the conveyor 30.A close-knit group of frames transported bearing branches 34 on the carrier 10, and another group is accumulated in the memory 33. The carrier frame 10 is as follows.Received from the conveyor 31, the group of empty frames of the conveyor 38 bearing branches 40 is transported and pushed on a stationary tire 44, moves them to be aligned with the axis of the conveyor 38 guides 45.At this time, the bus 42 lever parallelogram 41 are below the level of the tire 44. The conveyor 38 carries a cohesive group of empty frames at a pressure roller 46 on tires 44 to position the receiving table 13 machine 2, i.e., before reaching the first frame position of the table 13. Transporting part of the pressure roller by the force of gravity prevents the swelling part.At the command of the system control machine 2, the actuator 43 is synchronized with the conveyor 14 supply framework.After the removal conveyor 14 of the next frame (bottom) with 49 table 13 on the download includes the actuator 43 of the lever parallelogram, tires Top frame after removal of the bottom frame set freely sliding on the bottom, on the table 13, and the actuator 43 lowers bus 42 below the tire 44 and bearing branches 40 and sets the group under again on a moving branch 40 of the conveyor 38, which moves the next frame in the position table 13 on the existing frame.When lifting the tire 42 frames 49, the frame, under the pressure roller 46, lifts him in the grooves 48 of the racks 47 and the frame located between the roller 49 and the frame at the position of the table 13, leaning back, thereby forming a gap between the frame remaining in the position table 13.Stacker 2 for the time between the lifting of the tire 42 conveyor 14 supply framework emphasises 15 moves the lower frame from the table 13 and sets it under a lifting table 17.At the same time lifting table 17 lowers the cut product on the supporting branch pipeline separation at 16, with which products go 50 simultaneous movement of the conveyors 14 and 16 at different speeds on the frame 49.Frame 49 with articles 50 conveyor 14 is moved by the drive rollers 19, which transport frame on the rollers 23 of the lifting table 22 to the stop 24.Then lifting table 22 below bearing branches 21 of the conveyor 3 and sets on the supporting branches of the frame 21 with the products.x2">Thus, the operation of the transportation of empty frames from the pipeline operator after unloading them from the dried product and download limits in machine cutting and styling are thread-safe without intermediate reruns. Line molding, drying and cages ceramic products containing installed in the technological sequence, press, machine cutting and styling products on the drying frame, the loader crude products in the Elevator, loading a cart with a self-propelled trolley, dryer, snizhatelyu, the truck comprising coaxially mounted conveyor unloading of dry products from sygates, pipeline separation, grouping conveyor, infeed conveyor empty part of the drive empty frames and machine Sadik, characterized in that it is equipped with a feeder part in the machine cutting and styling made in the form of a conveyor, levers, tires, forming a swivel in the vertical plane of the parallelogram and the pressure roller, and the discharge portion of the conveyor is mounted at the level of the supporting branches of the pipeline in parallel they fixed the tire, and the presser roller mounted transversely of the axes of the conveyor with a gap above the fixed tire, while the carrier frame location
FIELD: construction industry; production lines of three-layered panels.
SUBSTANCE: the invention is dealt with construction industry, in particular, with the lines of production of three-layered panels. The line has a device located in front of a stacking filler unit and used for formation of the connecting lock of the filler. The device is made in the form of a mounted on the transversal cross bar longwise - mobile and spring-loaded pushers of lamellas of the filler. Pushers have different sizes in length and are mounted interleaving among themselves. A unit of sawing of the panel is supplied with a tool of damping vibration of clearing of the vibration of the panel ends, which is mounted in front of the drive of the unit of sawing of the panel and is made in the form of an additional shaft with carrying rollers. The technical result is increased quality of the panels joint.
EFFECT: the invention insures increased quality of the panels joint.
14 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: construction industry; production lines of three-layer panels.
SUBSTANCE: the invention is dealt with construction, in particular, with the lines of production of three-layer panels. The technical result is improvement of quality of the heat-resistant panels. The line of production of the heat-resistant panels has a located on a deep profiling unit tool of formation of the outside heat resistance and an adhesive strength of the sidings made in the form of the small-profiled rollers mounted - above and beneath the shafts. The upper rollers are displaced in respect to the lower rollers in the vertical and horizontal planes and are made of hinging back type and supplied with a handle hinging back.
EFFECT: the invention ensures an improved quality of the heat-resistant panels.
7 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: construction industry; devices for a small-serial production of a building decor made out of gypsum.
SUBSTANCE: the invention presents a device for a small-serial production of a constructional decor out of gypsum and is dealt with construction industry. The technical result is a contact-free molding of the decorative items out of gypsum. The device contains a pneumatic cell with a molding surface made in the form of two perforated plates, between which the space is filled with spherical grains of an elastic material, and a tool to control consumption of gas at an outlet of the pneumatic cell. The upper plate forming a pneumatic cell is in addition made profiled, equipped with injectors for application on a surface of a molded item of a coloring substance and is fixed in the body. The lower plate is capable to move in respect to the upper plate in a vertical plane. The pneumatic cell is supplied with a valve for removal of condensate. The body is supplied with a loading pocket for preparation of a mortar and is equipped with rabbles of anchor type, a metering device, connecting pipes for feeding of hot and cool water. The body is rigidly fixed on a frame, inside which there is a chain gear.
EFFECT: the invention ensures a contact-free molding of the decorative items out of gypsum.
FIELD: construction materials, in particular, production of lime-sand brick.
SUBSTANCE: complex has press, table, group mold with cavities for bricks, conveyor, axially aligned with respect to axis of feeding of bricks from press, and scalding car. Picking-up device is mounted for moving along conveyor to transfer brick from press to conveyor. Stacker is adapted for transfer of brick from conveyor to scalding car. Longitudinal walls of mold cavities and path on which scalding car is moving are arranged perpendicular to conveyor. Cavities of mold are arranged in four rows extending in parallel with conveyor. Each row has two-five cavities.
EFFECT: increased efficiency by providing formation on conveyor of full layer of bricks for scalding car.
FIELD: construction engineering; production of building materials.
SUBSTANCE: proposed line contains the following stations installed in technological sequence in line: cellular concrete mass preparation station, cellular mass concrete forming stations. Said stations include tray, detachable side attachments on which longitudinal and cross sides are secured, cellular mass concrete cutting and autoclave processing of cellular mass concrete station and transporter for conveying trays with mass concrete. Line is furnished with pore former-dispenser installed between mixture preparation and forming stations for traveling in between transporter for conveying trays with mass concrete is made in form of grip-manipulator secured on overhead track hoist for travel from posts of forming to cutting post. Cross sides of side attachments are provided with leverage for parallel displacement of sides.
EFFECT: improved reliability of line.
FIELD: production of ceramic articles.
SUBSTANCE: proposed drying line has drying chamber, cars to deliver bricks into drying chamber, hot air feed conduit, cold air feed conduit, hot and cold air mixer, conduits to deliver air directly into drying chamber, cold air feed gate, hot air feed gate, distributing gate and automatic control system which includes temperature transmitter, humidity transmitter, brick car position pickup, concentrator and transfer device, all installed on cars delivering bricks into drying chamber. Hot air gate control drive is installed on hot air gate, cold air gate control drive is installed on cold air gate, and drives to control distributing gates hot air feed gate drive control unit, cold air feed gate and distributing gate drives control units are installed on distributing gates, as well as receivers. Output of hot air feed conduit is connected through hot air feed gate, and output of cold air feed conduit is connected through cold air feed gate with input of hot and cold air mixer whose output is connected through distributing gates with inputs of air conduits delivering air directly into drying chamber, and whose outputs are connected with inputs of drying chamber. Output of temperature transmitter is connected with first input of concentrator, output of humidity transmitter is connected to second input of concentrator, output of brick car position pickup is connected to second input of concentrator, output of brick car position pickup is connected to third input of concentrator, output of concentrator is connected to input of transfer device, output of transfer device is connected to input of receiver whose output is connected to input of control unit of drives of hot air feed gate, cold air feed gate and distributing gates whose outputs are connected to input of cold air feed gate control drive whose output is connected with input of cold air feed gate, and to input of control drive of hot air feed gate whose output is connected with input of hot air feed gate, to inputs of control drives of distributing gates whose outputs are connected with inputs of distributing gates whose outputs are connected with inputs of drying chamber.
EFFECT: increased efficiency and quality of drying.
FIELD: ceramic articles production.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to automation of brick drying lines. According to invention, line contains drying chamber, car to deliver bricks in to drying chamber, feed conduits, hot and cold air mixer, conduits to deliver air directly into drying chamber, cold and hot air feed gates, distributing gate and automatic control system including brick weight pickups, brick linear dimensions pickup, brick feed car position pickups, concentrator, transfer devices installed on cars delivering bricks into drying chamber. Control drives are installed on hot and cold air and distributing gates.
EFFECT: increased capacity and improved quality of drying of ceramic articles.
FIELD: methods and installations for continuous production of building elements.
SUBSTANCE: the invention is pertaining to the method and installation for continuous production of building elements. The technical result is provision of a continuous process of production of building structures. For production of building elements, which are composed: out of two parallel plane gauze mats made out of the crossing each other and welded to each other in intersecting points a longitudinal wire and a transversal wire; out of holding the gauze mats at the preset cross spacing intervals straight bridge wires and out of a located between the gauze mats run through them bridge wires of an insulating body, at which the two gauze mats are given a parallel position in the production channel at the mutual space corresponding to the desirable thickness of the building element. In an interval between the parallel gauze mats place an insulating plate made out of the heat-insulating material and simultaneously at least on one side hand alternately in the opposite direction at an angle in the plains passing perpendicularly to the planes of the gauze mats at least through one of the gauze mats and through the insulating body pierce several bridge wires and weld them with the wires of the mat.
EFFECT: the invention ensures a continuous process of production of building structures.
29 cl, 12 dwg
FIELD: ceramics production, particularly automated lines for brick burning.
SUBSTANCE: line includes burning chamber, cart for delivering bricks to burning chamber, gas supply choke and gas burner. Line additionally has scales, converter, regulator amplifier and delay unit. Control drive is installed on gas supply choke. Scales output is connected to regulator amplifier input. Regulator amplifier output is linked with delay unit input. Delay unit output is connected with input of next delay unit and with input of gas burner choke drive. Output thereof is linked with gas supply choke input, output thereof is connected with gas burner input for gas supplying to burning chamber.
EFFECT: increased output and ceramics quality.
FIELD: production of concrete and ferroconcrete, namely processes for producing concrete mass of pavements of automobile roads, tram rail tracks and transporting paths inside factories and plants.
SUBSTANCE: method comprises steps of placing concrete mixture by three layers containing different components into form with its front layer turned downwards; as molding subjecting said mixture to vibration compaction at different vibration characteristics. According to invention in the result of preparing rational compositions of concrete mixtures, its preparation, placing and compaction, it is achieved optimal relation of solid, liquid and gaseous phases in concrete mixture. It provides its strength and increased useful life period of concrete and ferroconcrete products. Selected three-layer structure of concrete mass in products provides accelerated by 1.5 - 2 times period of product solidification in air due to thermostat-resonance temperature effect of self-heating of concrete mixture. Manufacturing line for making concrete and ferroconcrete products includes successively arranged and technologically matched equipment units for preparing composition type binder, concrete mixture and for vibration compaction of products.
EFFECT: improved strength, cold resistance and operational characteristics of concrete and ferroconcrete products.
2 cl, 1 tbl, 2 ex