Greenhouse

 

(57) Abstract:

Usage: the invention relates to agriculture, in particular to a device for growing plants in a nutrient medium without soil, namely hydroponic greenhouses. The greenhouse consists of a frame containing the lateral and Central support for containers with plants, United bearing elements of the roof, and fence. The greenhouse frame has a base, communication and racks, each Central of which is made in the form of inclined beams 6 and 7, intersecting at the top and interconnected rigid elements 8 and 9 above and below the crossing 10. Each lateral strut forms a right-angled triangles with a common leg and intersecting the hypotenuse. Bearing elements of the roof installed on the hard elements and in the form of waste chutes 18. Bearing elements of the carcass-type channel and /or/ brand, and/or I-beams. The roof is made in the form of belt air vents 34 to the entire width of the slope of the roof of the greenhouse and installed on podporucznik shafts 35, connected to the actuator rotation. The shaft 35 is offset from the gutter to 1/3 - 1/4 of the width of the vents 34. 13 Il.

Greenhouse relates to agriculture, in particular to devices for Viridian Rasa fencing, the roof, the frame is installed on the base and connected between a bearing elements of the roof and relations, Central and side of the rack, and the rack is made in the form of two inclined beams, girders posted by tiers of support for the installation of containers for growing plants, each side has additional hour sloped transom, intersecting with the main sloped transom and connected to a rigid element in the upper part perpendicular to the crossbars, the crossbars of each Central racks are interconnected rigid elements, one of which is located above the point of their crossing, and the other below it, bearing elements of the roof is made in the form of waste elements and mounted on top of the hard elements [1]

The disadvantage of this greenhouse is a large consumption of materials, shading its internal volume, inefficient natural ventilation in summer and for heating greenhouses in winter in the conservation period to prevent the destruction of structures greenhouses from snow loads.

Creating a lightweight greenhouses with high strength, low shading coefficient and low cost thermal energy is relevant sidechaining based and interconnected bearing elements of the roof and connections, Central and side of the rack, and the rack is made in the form of two inclined beams, girders posted by tiers of support for the installation of containers for growing plants, each side has additional hour sloped transom, intersecting with the main sloped transom and connected to a rigid element in the upper part perpendicular to the crossbars, the crossbars of each Central racks are interconnected rigid elements, one of which is located above the point of their crossing, and the other below its carrying roofing elements made in the form of waste elements and mounted on top of the hard elements according to the invention, the roof is made in the form of belt air vents on the entire width of the slope of the roof of the greenhouse, which is installed on podporucznik shafts can be rotated around them, and hem vents made with the possibility of relying on waste element in the form of a gutter, and top with preload to the element of the roof in the form of a ridge element inside the greenhouse, and Podporozhye shafts offset from the gutter to 1/3-1/4 of the width of the vents and associated with the drive.

The execution of a roof in the form of belt air vents on the entire width of the slope of the roof of the greenhouse, which ascertain the allows to improve natural ventilation of greenhouses and off the heating during the period of its preservation for the winter, as it can ensure the removal of snow from the roof of the greenhouse and to significantly reduce this consumption of thermal energy for

The invention is illustrated by drawings, where Fig. 1 shows the greenhouse of Fig. 2 a fragment of the frame of the greenhouse with a Central stand of Fig. 3 the same with side rack (roof conventionally not shown); Fig. 4 a front view of the Central rack frame (bracket not shown); Fig. 5 - cross section a-a in Fig. 4; Fig. 6 section b-B in Fig. 4; Fig. 7 is a front view of the side rack frame (bracket not shown); Fig. 8 - section b-b In Fig. 7; Fig. 9 the location of the cross connections between the frame members (brackets removed), and Fig. 10, 11 fasteners cross connections to the girders; Fig. 12 section b-B in Fig. 4 when performing the crossbars of the brand, and Fig. 13 section b-B in Fig. 4 when performing beams from the beam.

The greenhouse contains fencing 1, roof 2, a frame mounted on the base, made in the form of a lattice with 3 horizontal and perpendicular thereto lateral sides 4, bonded joints corners 5.

On the horizontal sides of the 3 bases are installed and interconnected bearing elements of the roof and connections of the Central and side posts.

The side stand is made with the formation of right-angled triangles with a common leg vertical stand 11 and intersecting the hypotenuse, one of which is sloped transom 12, the second sloped transom 13. The second leg is the upper rigid element 14. Below the point of intersection 15 sloping transom 12 and inclined strut 13 is also rigidly connected to the bottom rigid element 16.

Vertical stand 11 of the side frame columns strengthened with the opposite hand tight rack 17.

On top of the hard elements mounted waste chute 18, which are the pillars of the roof 2.

On inclined beams 6, 7 and 12 secured to the brackets 19 and the lower bracket 20 for mounting containers for growing plants.

The brackets 19 are in the bottom corners of 21 with grooves 22 for the direction of tapestries and can be raised or lowered depending on the height of plants.

Between the Central and side racks perpendicular to them posted by cross connection. One such link connects three of the rack frame and are made from intersecting the upper screed 23-26 and lower couplers 27-30. The upper and lower starceline bolts 13 are attached to the sides 3 and 4 of the base through corners 31.

Girders, vertical and slanted rack and grill base may be made from brand 32 and of the I-beam 33, which is at the intersection of touch flat sides.

The roof 2 of the greenhouse is made in the form of belt air vents 34, covering the entire slope of the roof of the greenhouse. Vents 34 are installed on podporucznik shafts 35 and have the ability to turn on them. The lower edge 36 of the vents 34 supported on the gutter 18 and the upper edge 37 is pressed against the ridge element 38 of the roof from the inside of the greenhouse. Podporozhye shafts offset from the chute 18 1/3-1/4 of the width of the pane and connected by rods 39 with the actuator 40.

On vertical posts 11 of the lateral columns of the bracket side of the fence greenhouse.

Rigid fastening elements of the frame of the greenhouse is the mounting screw and the smooth parts, which facilitates Assembly and disassembly of the frame. However, if necessary, the fastening elements of the frame can be made and welded joints.

When shut down for the winter, the greenhouse is not heat removal of snow on the roof. When the accumulation of snow on the roof with tie rods 39, the actuator 40 the window open, setting it upright, the snow in tspolzovaniya technical solution allows you to create lightweight, stable, solid frame greenhouses, to save significantly heat energy, to improve natural ventilation in the summer.

Greenhouse containing fence, a roof, a frame mounted on the base and connected between a bearing elements of the roof and connections, Central and side of the rack, and the rack is made in the form of two inclined beams, girders posted by tiers of support for the installation of containers for growing plants, each side has additional hour sloped transom, intersecting with the main sloped transom and connected to a rigid element in the upper part perpendicular to the crossbars, the crossbars of each Central racks are interconnected rigid elements, one of which is located above the point of their crossing, and another one below it, carrying elements of the roof is made in the form of waste elements and mounted on top of the hard elements, characterized in that the roof is made in the form of belt air vents on the entire width of the slope of the roof of the greenhouse, which is installed on podporucznik shafts can be rotated around them, and hem vents made with the possibility of relying on waste element in the form of troughs, E shafts offset from the gutters on 1/3 to 1/4 of the width of the pane and connected to the actuator.

 

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