Block toeplitz

 

(57) Abstract:

Usage: the invention relates to agriculture and can be used in vegetable greenhouse for growing plants. The inventive Block Toeplitz contains the frame, including post farm 1 Sadovoy design, the roof with drain trays 4, skates 5 and tape the flaps 6. Vents 6 each slope of the roof is made on the whole of its width in the middle and mounted on podverstachem shaft 7 that is connected to the actuator 10 is rotated vents 6 around the shaft 7. The lower edge 8 of the window 6 is based on the discharge tray 4, and the upper edge 9 is pressed against the ridge 5 on the inside of the greenhouse. The number shedov secondary trusses is determined by the width of the window and span greenhouses, namely:

,

where n is the number shedov farm,

Z - span greenhouses

2 - the number of rays of the shed,

l - the width of the window,

a - the angle of the roof.

Drive podvolochnoe shaft contains a chain of transmission. 2 C.p. f-crystals, 1 Il.

The invention relates to agriculture and can be used in vegetable greenhouse for growing vegetables and other crops.

Known block Toeplitz, containing the eplica is that the operation of its system of natural ventilation is not satisfactory, because it does not provide the desired effect in the spring and summer, does not eliminate overheating in the greenhouse, which reduces the yield of crops. The effectiveness of the ventilation system is also reduced because of the impossibility of creating a fully opening roof, and the design of the air vents do not allow them to be used for preservation of the greenhouse in the winter to turn off the heating as accumulated snow cover creates the danger of roof collapse from snow loads.

The aim of the invention is the creation of a greenhouse with improved natural ventilation system and ensure conservation of greenhouses in the winter without heating by automatically reset cumulative on the roof of the snow.

The invention solves the problem of creating a greenhouse with improved ventilation system due to the significant increase in the open area of the roof and ensure its preservation without heating in the winter due to the automatic removal cumulative on the roof of the snow.

In block greenhouse containing a frame, a roof with drain trays and runners, vents, ventilation system, according to the invention carrino of the slope of the roof and are secured to the middle of her Podgoretsky shaft, coupled with a drive rotation vents around the shaft, the lower edge of the window is made with the possibility of relying on the drain tray and top with preload to the ridge inside the greenhouses, and the number shedov secondary trusses determine the width of the window with a span greenhouses.

Preferably the number shedov farm is determined from the relation:

< / BR>
where n is the number of shedov farm,

Z-span greenhouses

2 the number of rays of the shed,

l the width of the window,

a slope angle of the roof.

Swing drive podvolochnoe shaft preferably contains a chain.

The invention allows to obtain the following technical result.

Device air vents tape the entire width of the roof slope can be rotated around podporucznik shafts that have air vents to improve ventilation system at the expense of increasing the area of open space in the spring and summer and to create conditions for winterizing greenhouses without the inclusion of heating due to a drop accumulated on the roof of snow down in the greenhouse.

Support the lower edge of the window on the drain tray (top), the preload of the top edge, to the free rotation vents and reliable opening and closing.

Execution Sadovoy design farm skeleton depending on the dimensions and area of the air vents of the ventilation system will allow you to create a post farm with optimal number shedov farm.

Declare block Toeplitz differs from the known, adopted for the prototype in that the frame has a post farm Sadovoy design and vents each slope made tape the entire width of the slope of the roof and are secured to the middle of her Podgoretsky a shaft connected with the drive rotation vents around the shaft, the lower edge of the window is made with the possibility of relying on the drain tray and top with preload to the ridge on the inside of the greenhouse, and the number shedov secondary trusses determine the width of the window and span greenhouses.

Thus the comparative analysis of the claimed technical solution with the known leads to the conclusion that the proposed technical solution meets the patentability criteria of "novelty."

Of patent and technical literature for professionals is not known for solving these tasks, block Toeplitz with post farm Sadovoy design, and the Fort is the water turning vents around the shaft, while its lower edge supported on the discharge tray, and the upper pojate to the ridge on the inside of the greenhouse, and the number shedov secondary trusses determine the width of the window and span greenhouses.

Thus, the proposed technical solution meets the patentability criteria of "inventive step".

The inventive solution can be used in agriculture, it allows to improve the ventilation of the greenhouse in the spring and summer, which will increase the yield of crops, and ensures the preservation of the greenhouse in the winter without heating, which will considerably reduce the costs of its operation. Thus, the proposed technical solution meets the patentability criteria of "industrial applicability".

The present invention is illustrated in the drawing, which shows a portion of the greenhouse.

Block Toeplitz contains a frame, which includes post farm 1 Sadovoy design with carrier beam 2 and shedov 3. The roof has a drain trays 4, skates 5 and tape the vents 6 systems of natural ventilation in greenhouses, window 6 has a width equal to the entire width of the slope, and is fixed at its middle to the discharge tray 4, and the upper edge 9 is tightened to the ridge 5 on the inside of the greenhouse. The rotating air vents 6 through actuators 10 turn podvolochnoe shaft 7 connected with a chain 11 with a common motor-gearbox actuator 10 mounted on the brackets 12 mounted on the lower element 2 secondary trusses 1 (motor-reducer not shown).

The number shedov secondary trusses depends on the width of the window and span greenhouses and is determined from the relation:

< / BR>
where

n Qty shedov farm,

Z-span greenhouses

2 the number of rays of the shed,

l the width of the window,

a slope angle of the roof.

Position 13 shows the skeleton racks, item 14 base greenhouses, position 15 of the tapestry, position 16 drip watering plants, POS. 17 pipe podatkowego heating.

Work block greenhouses as follows. The team filed by the operator with the remote control, or sensor snow loads in winter (sensors not shown), includes a motor-reducer and through chain drive 11, the rotation is transmitted podporucznik shaft 7 which rotates the tape vents 6, opening or closing them synchronously on both sides of the ridge 5. In summer, the angle p is the period when conservation greenhouses without connecting the heating in the maximum inclination of the flaps 6 accumulated on the roof snow slide inside the greenhouse, then tape the vents are closed.

The use of the present invention allows for increasing the effectiveness of the ventilation is to increase the yield of crops, and in the winter to carry out the conservation of the greenhouse without heating and to reduce operation costs and the consumption of heat energy.

1. Block Toeplitz containing frame, the roof with drain trays and runners, vents, ventilation system, characterized in that the frame has a post farm Sadovoy design and vents each slope made tape the entire width of the slope of the roof and are secured to the middle of her Podgoretsky a shaft connected with the drive rotation vents around the shaft, the lower edge of the window is made with the possibility of relying on the drain tray and top with preload to the ridge on the inside of the greenhouse, and the number shedov secondary trusses determine the width of the window and span greenhouses.

2. The greenhouse under item 1, characterized in that the number shedov farm is determined from the relation

< / BR>
where n is the number of shedov farm;

Z-span greenhouses;

2 the number of rays of the shed;

l width vents;

a - the angle of the roof.


 

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