Diesel engine


(57) Abstract:

Usage: engine, in particular fuel equipment of diesel engines. The inventive diesel engine comprises a combustion chamber 1, the head of the combustion chamber 2, the channel in the cylinder and combustion chamber for preheating the fuel. The engine is equipped with two heat exchangers. Gas turbine engine associated with the gas outlet line. The generator is connected to the gas turbine gas turbine engine. The above heat exchangers needed to use the heat of the cooling system and exhaust gases to preheat. 2 Il.

The invention relates to mechanical engineering, in particular for diesel engines.

Known diesel engine containing a combustion chamber, the cylinder and combustion chamber, toplivoprovoda system, cooling system and mechanical drive of the generator, including:

with the drive of the electric generator from gas turbine associated with the gas outlet line [1]

with Toplivnaya in the head combustion chamber for preheating the fuel [2]

The objective of the invention is the reduction of heat losses, efficiency and effectiveness of diesel engines.

In Fig. 1 and 2, 3, valve 4, valve 5, the electromagnets of the ionizer 6, the electrode of the ionizer 7, the cylinder 8, the heat exchanger 9, the fuel line 10, line 11, the wall of the heat exchanger 12, the wall 13, the frame 14, the tube 15, the tube 16, thermostat 17, the gas turbine engine 18, the generator 19, the fuel tank 20. The channel of the heat exchanger 9 is communicated with the combustion chambers when open the exhaust valves of the engine.

It is known that high heat losses in engines, they are:

the motor 15-35%

the output from the exhaust gases of 25-45%

from the incomplete combustion of fuel up to 5%

according to the Department of physical-technical problems and energy of the USSR, for example, for diesel engine 200 HP with fuel consumption of 200 g / kWh, energy for evaporation of the fuel 10209 kJ/h

It is also known that the efficiency of the engines depends on the energy state of the fuel in diesel engines, mainly used liquid fuel, whose kinetic energy is small. Currently, in some diesel engines increase the energy state of the liquid fuel gasification its in closed pridemark process of incomplete combustion of fuel, they are converted into gases CO, CH, etc. as Preeti small.

In the proposed diesel engine increases the energy state of the fuel through the use of thermal energy losses. This engine is provided with two heat exchangers for heating and provisoirement fuel. The fuel is heated in the heat exchanger in the cooling system of the engine, and then it provisoires in the heat exchanger, the heated exhaust gases. Then provisoirement fuel is ionized by the ionizer.

It is known that ionized matter-fuel is the high-energy state of matter. Moreover, its kinetic energy is greater than or equal ionization energy.

Thus, the processes of heating, provisoirement and ionization of the fuel are virtually no energy, and the efficiency will be:

complete combustion of fuel;

environmentally friendly operation of the engine;

increasing liter engine power;

increase engine efficiency;

reduction of specific consumption of the engine;

the generator is driven by a gas turbine operating on the exhaust gases of the engine.

We offer diesel engine has a prospect far the high conductivity and superconductivity, increasing the degree of ionization of the fuel.

Diesel engine containing a combustion chamber, a cylinder, a combustion chamber, a duct in the cylinder and combustion chamber for preheating the fuel, characterized in that it is equipped with two heat exchangers to heat the cooling system and exhaust gases for heating, vaporization of the fuel and drive the gas turbine engine to a generator.


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