Greenhouse

 

(57) Abstract:

Usage: the cultivation of plants. Goal: improve the quality and yield of crops by optimizing light distribution and microclimate parameters in vegetation volume, as well as saving energy. The inventive greenhouse contains germinator mounted on the support elements, and louvered screens with separate mechanisms rotate blinds. The bottom screen is displayed horizontally. Above him, tilting screens. Blinds bottom of the screen is made of translucent, and blinds inclined screens - reflective. Between the inclined and horizontal screens on the edges of the installed light sources. The greenhouse is equipped with heating elements. Between the light sources and the horizontal screen mounted L-shaped reflectors. The heating elements are located inside corner solution reflectors. 1 C.p. f-crystals, 4 Il.

The invention relates to agriculture, in particular to a device for growing plants in greenhouses.

Known greenhouse containing germinator mounted on the support elements, and louvered screens with separate the screens, and blinds the bottom of the screen is made of translucent, blinds inclined screens, reflective, and between the inclined and horizontal screens on the edges of the installed light sources.

However, this greenhouse can not provide optimal lighting plants, the completeness of the use of the luminous flux under optimal climatic conditions inside the greenhouse, as well as minimal energy consumption, which affects the yield of plants grown in the greenhouse, and the quality of its products.

The purpose of the invention to improve the quality and yield of crops by optimizing light distribution and microclimate parameters in vegetation volume, and cost savings.

The objective is achieved by the fact that the greenhouse containing germinator mounted on the support elements, and louvered screens with separate mechanisms rotate blinds, while the bottom screen is horizontal, and above it tilting screens, and blinds the bottom of the screen is made of translucent, blinds inclined screens, reflective, and between the inclined and horizontal screens on the edges of the installed light sources, according to Olena L-shaped reflectors, in this case the heating elements are located inside corner solution reflectors.

Mechanisms of rotation of the louvers may include tightly coupled with shutters levers pivotally connected to the thrust associated with the other end to the actuator.

A specific example of implementation of the greenhouse shown in Fig. 1 4.

In Fig. 1 shows a section of the greenhouse. The greenhouse consists of units 1 to 3, on a frame which is placed translucent roof 4. Between the elements of the roof there are 4 trays 5. In the roof space is placed inclined louvered screens 6, made of narrowband blinds 7 installed rotatably around the axis of the installation. Under the trays 5 are the light sources 8, equipped with reflectors 9 and L-shaped reflectors 10. Under the reflectors 10 are placed lower horizontal louvered screen 11, the shutter 12 which is made translucent. Thus, the light sources 8 are located between the sloping screens 7 and the lower horizontal screen 11 at the edges of the latter, and L-shaped reflectors 10 is installed between the light sources 8 and the lower horizontal screen 11.

In Fig. 2 depicts an example execution of the greenhouse, showing me each of the louvers, and a hinge mounted on the deadlift 14, bound by rope 15 with the motor 16.

Through a similar mechanism (shown schematically position 17) is the rotation of the louvers of the screen 11. The area denoted by Scthat covers the area STshaded when the light sources. Position 18 is indicated heating elements-registers of heating greenhouses. They are located inside corner solution reflectors 10.

In Fig. 4 indicated a General view of the greenhouses, which, for clarity, omitted some details. Position 19 designated hour greenhouses, item 20-pendant light source 8.

Greenhouse operates as follows.

In the greenhouse are planted plants. Include the heating of greenhouses and the light sources 8. The shutter 12 of the screen 11 is closed by using the rotation mechanism 17. Blinds 7 screen 6 greenhouses close by using the rotation mechanism containing the levers 14, driven by a thrust 14 by means of the cable 15 connected with the electric motor 16. After warming up the air in the greenhouse to the optimal temperature louvers 7 are oriented in such a way as to ensure optimal uniform illumination of plants in the greenhouse. The reflectors 10 is set to provide otrai 7 screen 8 are oriented so that to increase air circulation and reduce the illumination of plants. For larger overheating by using a rotation mechanism to open the shutter 12 of the screen 11

The proposed greenhouse allows to increase the yield of cucumbers by 20 to 30% and reduced by 25 to 35% of the number of non-standard products.

1. Greenhouse containing germinator mounted on the support elements, and louvered screens with separate mechanisms rotate blinds, while the bottom screen is horizontal, and above it tilting screens, and blinds the bottom of the screen is made of translucent, blinds inclined screens, reflective, and between the inclined and horizontal screens on the edges of the last set light source, characterized in that, to improve the quality and yield of crops by optimizing light distribution and microclimate parameters in vegetation volume, and energy cost savings, greenhouse equipped with heating elements, and between the light sources and the horizontal screen mounted L-shaped reflectors, while the heating elements are located inside corner solution reflectors.

2. The greenhouse under item 1, of Otley, the s with a thrust, associated with the other end to the actuator.

 

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