The energy converter of the waves

 

(57) Abstract:

Usage: to hydro, in particular to a device for converting wave energy in the water. The inventive Converter energy of sea waves containing the buoy is connected to the plunger rod of the pump, the water pipe which is connected to the pool, communicated with the hydraulic unit, the Converter is equipped with three evenly spaced around the circumference of the piles interconnected surface and underwater part through the rungs, safety pipes and filter, the buoy is placed between the piles and beams, and a relief pipe attached to located in the underwater part of the game and cover the water pipe of the pump with the formation of the annular space in the upper part of which is a filter, and the lower part is connected to the input of the pump. 2 Il.

The invention relates to energy-transducing technique and can be used for converting sea wave energy into mechanical or electrical energy in commercial scale.

A known device for producing energy [1] a device for energy recovery [2] and project the mechanism, the supporting housing, a piston pump, the piston rod, two filter lines from the pump to the drive [1] articulated between the two hoses external filter for operation in air [2] piston pump and chain for attachment of the housing to the foundations, the float is held afloat only a rod bearing on the hinges [3]

Disadvantages installation [1] device [2] and project (scheme) [3] implement known methods, due to the low performance and (or) the apparent instability in the conditions of the sea.

The objective of the invention is the increase of the converted energy of sea waves per structural unit (energy-transducing module), improving the sustainability and reliability in the open sea in all weather conditions.

The result is achieved that the design of the energy Converter of the waves, containing three pile, safety and lifting pipe, filter, pump rod, hose, polished rod, rope suspension, rope, buoy, three bars, a limiter, flow tube, check valves, common collector, drainage installation, unit, at the bottom of the sea in the holes evenly around the circumference strengthen three pile in the centre of which in turning liquid, place the filter, which ensures the purification of sea water from the contained organic and inorganic solids in the course of its receipt in water pipes. During this reciprocating movement of the plunger pump, in the presence of turbulence on the surface of the sea, is passed directly to the buoy and flexible mode of pumping fluid is due to the fact that the length of stroke of the polished rod and the double stroke of the pump identifies the height and number of waves passing through the buoy per unit time.

The plunger pump through a rod, polished rod, cable hangers directly suspended from the buoy, and safety and water pipes in a vertical position held three rungs, put together with stop on piles. From the damaging effects horizontal components of the efforts of sea waves energy-transducing module is protected by the fact that all its components, except buoy, located under water, and the buoy is held in the closed working space bounded laterally by the piles, and the top stop.

In Fig.1 shows the arrangement and connection of nodes, cells, and parts upgrade installation of sea water (the energy is so

The energy Converter of the waves contains, for example, the buoy 14, the stopper 5, which is dressed on piles 3, surrounding each of the pumps. Thus to increase the overall transformative energy of sea waves energy-transducing modules are activated in parallel, for which the flow line 7 from the pump, provided with check valves 19, are fed to a common manifold 20, leading to the drainage installation, where the sea water enters the pool 21 mounted on the estimated height L, and the unit 24-25 rotated by water pressure in a reverse its flow from the basin 21 to a water manifold 23.

The energy Converter of the waves operates as follows.

Safety 2 and water 1 pipe in a vertical position are held spaced around the piles 3, what are the rungs 4 and the stopper 5. The height l of the stopper 5 from the upper surface of the buoy 14 is installed from the calculation that, in the absence of waves on the sea it should be no more than the maximum stroke of the pump 13.

Pumped liquid through the tee 6 enters the discharge line 7. For the suspension of the water pipe 1 is used clutch 8, the faceplate 10 and to seal Starsky waves, passed buoy 14 through the polished rod 11 and the rod 15, which suspension 16 on the rope 17 is suspended from the buoy 14. The sea water intake pump 13 flows through the filter 18.

Flow line 7 from similar pumps, provided with check valves 19, underwater articulated with a common manifold 20 going into the drainage basin 21 mounted on the estimated height L. In a reverse flow of water from the basin 21 to a water manifold 23 and she rotates the hydraulic unit (turbine 24 to the generator 25).

The energy Converter of the waves, when the volume of the buoy 14 within a few units of M3provides rise of sea water larger Q and high L than in the known technical solutions [1, 2, 3] and thus bringing to an industrial significant level of electricity generated E QL.. in Addition, by adjusting the flow rate of the accumulated water in the pool 21 creates the opportunity to continue to produce electricity after the cessation of the disturbances in the sea. At the optimum density of many energy-transducing modules, specific converted energy per unit sea surface is significantly greater than in the known technical solutions [1, 2, 3,

alausa efforts of the waves, which contributes, in particular, that the degree of freedom of the buoy 14 is the only component located under water is limited by the size of working space inside the energy-transducing module. Thus, any measurement of the direction or strength of waves in contrast to the known technical solutions [1, 2, 3] eliminates the risk of deviation of the components of the pump from the vertical and saved the ordinary conditions for the operation of the pump 13 within the nominal stroke of the plunger.

The reliability of the energy Converter of the waves is a consequence of the fact that energy-transducing module does not contain complex kinematics with rotating and swivelling nodes as in the known technical solutions [1, 2] the components of the energy-transducing module reciprocation make only within the nominal stroke of the plunger, and only in the ordinary conditions for the operation of the pump 13, regardless of the strength and direction of wind on the sea.

Maintainability of the energy Converter of the waves in contrast to the known technical solutions [1, 2, 3, contributes to the fact that all its components, including the filter 18, is placed in a single housing, and the output of the pump 13 to the discharge line 7 and precochran what about the dismantling operations, using existing in practice lifting equipment.

Sources

1. The application of Germany N 236519, CL F 03 B 13/12, 1975.

2. Application France N 2546238, CL F 03 B 13/12, 1983.

3. U.S. patent N 4249084, CL F 03 B 13/12, 1981.

The energy Converter of the waves, containing the buoy is connected to the plunger rod of the pump, the water pipe which is connected to the pool, communicated with the hydraulic unit, characterized in that it is equipped with three evenly spaced around the circumference of the piles interconnected surface and underwater parts by rungs, safety pipes and filter, while the buoy is placed between the piles and beams, and a relief pipe attached to located in the underwater part of the game and cover the water pipe of the pump with the formation of the annular space in the upper part of which is a filter, and the lower part is connected to the pump inlet.

 

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