The energy converter of the waves
(57) Abstract:Usage: to hydro, in particular to a device for converting wave energy in the water. The inventive Converter energy of sea waves containing the buoy is connected to the plunger rod of the pump, the water pipe which is connected to the pool, communicated with the hydraulic unit, the Converter is equipped with three evenly spaced around the circumference of the piles interconnected surface and underwater part through the rungs, safety pipes and filter, the buoy is placed between the piles and beams, and a relief pipe attached to located in the underwater part of the game and cover the water pipe of the pump with the formation of the annular space in the upper part of which is a filter, and the lower part is connected to the input of the pump. 2 Il. The invention relates to energy-transducing technique and can be used for converting sea wave energy into mechanical or electrical energy in commercial scale.A known device for producing energy  a device for energy recovery  and project the mechanism, the supporting housing, a piston pump, the piston rod, two filter lines from the pump to the drive  articulated between the two hoses external filter for operation in air  piston pump and chain for attachment of the housing to the foundations, the float is held afloat only a rod bearing on the hinges 
Disadvantages installation  device  and project (scheme)  implement known methods, due to the low performance and (or) the apparent instability in the conditions of the sea.The objective of the invention is the increase of the converted energy of sea waves per structural unit (energy-transducing module), improving the sustainability and reliability in the open sea in all weather conditions.The result is achieved that the design of the energy Converter of the waves, containing three pile, safety and lifting pipe, filter, pump rod, hose, polished rod, rope suspension, rope, buoy, three bars, a limiter, flow tube, check valves, common collector, drainage installation, unit, at the bottom of the sea in the holes evenly around the circumference strengthen three pile in the centre of which in turning liquid, place the filter, which ensures the purification of sea water from the contained organic and inorganic solids in the course of its receipt in water pipes. During this reciprocating movement of the plunger pump, in the presence of turbulence on the surface of the sea, is passed directly to the buoy and flexible mode of pumping fluid is due to the fact that the length of stroke of the polished rod and the double stroke of the pump identifies the height and number of waves passing through the buoy per unit time.The plunger pump through a rod, polished rod, cable hangers directly suspended from the buoy, and safety and water pipes in a vertical position held three rungs, put together with stop on piles. From the damaging effects horizontal components of the efforts of sea waves energy-transducing module is protected by the fact that all its components, except buoy, located under water, and the buoy is held in the closed working space bounded laterally by the piles, and the top stop.In Fig.1 shows the arrangement and connection of nodes, cells, and parts upgrade installation of sea water (the energy is soThe energy Converter of the waves contains, for example, the buoy 14, the stopper 5, which is dressed on piles 3, surrounding each of the pumps. Thus to increase the overall transformative energy of sea waves energy-transducing modules are activated in parallel, for which the flow line 7 from the pump, provided with check valves 19, are fed to a common manifold 20, leading to the drainage installation, where the sea water enters the pool 21 mounted on the estimated height L, and the unit 24-25 rotated by water pressure in a reverse its flow from the basin 21 to a water manifold 23.The energy Converter of the waves operates as follows.Safety 2 and water 1 pipe in a vertical position are held spaced around the piles 3, what are the rungs 4 and the stopper 5. The height l of the stopper 5 from the upper surface of the buoy 14 is installed from the calculation that, in the absence of waves on the sea it should be no more than the maximum stroke of the pump 13.Pumped liquid through the tee 6 enters the discharge line 7. For the suspension of the water pipe 1 is used clutch 8, the faceplate 10 and to seal Starsky waves, passed buoy 14 through the polished rod 11 and the rod 15, which suspension 16 on the rope 17 is suspended from the buoy 14. The sea water intake pump 13 flows through the filter 18.Flow line 7 from similar pumps, provided with check valves 19, underwater articulated with a common manifold 20 going into the drainage basin 21 mounted on the estimated height L. In a reverse flow of water from the basin 21 to a water manifold 23 and she rotates the hydraulic unit (turbine 24 to the generator 25).The energy Converter of the waves, when the volume of the buoy 14 within a few units of M3provides rise of sea water larger Q and high L than in the known technical solutions [1, 2, 3] and thus bringing to an industrial significant level of electricity generated E QL.. in Addition, by adjusting the flow rate of the accumulated water in the pool 21 creates the opportunity to continue to produce electricity after the cessation of the disturbances in the sea. At the optimum density of many energy-transducing modules, specific converted energy per unit sea surface is significantly greater than in the known technical solutions [1, 2, 3,
alausa efforts of the waves, which contributes, in particular, that the degree of freedom of the buoy 14 is the only component located under water is limited by the size of working space inside the energy-transducing module. Thus, any measurement of the direction or strength of waves in contrast to the known technical solutions [1, 2, 3] eliminates the risk of deviation of the components of the pump from the vertical and saved the ordinary conditions for the operation of the pump 13 within the nominal stroke of the plunger.The reliability of the energy Converter of the waves is a consequence of the fact that energy-transducing module does not contain complex kinematics with rotating and swivelling nodes as in the known technical solutions [1, 2] the components of the energy-transducing module reciprocation make only within the nominal stroke of the plunger, and only in the ordinary conditions for the operation of the pump 13, regardless of the strength and direction of wind on the sea.Maintainability of the energy Converter of the waves in contrast to the known technical solutions [1, 2, 3, contributes to the fact that all its components, including the filter 18, is placed in a single housing, and the output of the pump 13 to the discharge line 7 and precochran what about the dismantling operations, using existing in practice lifting equipment.Sources
1. The application of Germany N 236519, CL F 03 B 13/12, 1975.2. Application France N 2546238, CL F 03 B 13/12, 1983.3. U.S. patent N 4249084, CL F 03 B 13/12, 1981. The energy Converter of the waves, containing the buoy is connected to the plunger rod of the pump, the water pipe which is connected to the pool, communicated with the hydraulic unit, characterized in that it is equipped with three evenly spaced around the circumference of the piles interconnected surface and underwater parts by rungs, safety pipes and filter, while the buoy is placed between the piles and beams, and a relief pipe attached to located in the underwater part of the game and cover the water pipe of the pump with the formation of the annular space in the upper part of which is a filter, and the lower part is connected to the pump inlet.
FIELD: power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention is designed for conversion of wave energy into electric energy. Proposed converter contains mechanically coupled fixed post, float chambers, frame, shaft, step-up gear and electric generator. Moreover, converter additionally contains relatively interacting second shaft, first and second gears and at least two motion converters. First and second gears are fixed on corresponding shafts and engage with each other. Each motion converter has vertical rod installed for vertical vibration on upper end of which first block is installed, and on lower end, third sprocket engaging with first and second float chambers. First and second overrunning clutches with sprockets are installed on shafts and they engage through first and second chains with third sprocket.
EFFECT: increased efficiency.
8 cl, 7 dwg
FIELD: power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: proposed plant is designed for converting energy of waves into electric energy. Proposed plant contains vertical support secured on bottom, rocking rod installed on support for rotation around axis of support, float secured on one of rod ends. Float is provided with intake bottom hole and outlet top hole, both provided with remote controlled valves, and electric generator. Upper end of support remains under water at any possible magnitudes of waves. Wave magnitude sensor is connected with remote controlled valves, float is connected to pneumatic line connected with pressure source, rocking rod is connected with pump which is connected by pipeline with accumulator of hydropotential energy on shore, electric generator is located on shore and is coupled with hydraulic turbine connected with accumulator of hydropotential energy. Plant changes to safe mode of operation owing to filling of float with water at excess of magnitudes waves determined by corresponding wave magnitude sensor.
EFFECT: provision of reliable and long operation.
9 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: engines and pumps.
SUBSTANCE: device exploiting the wave energy incorporates a support with openings for water overflowing and a frame furnished with storm pumps, the extreme of which, incorporating discharge valves, communicate via a pipe with a receiver and curvilinear deflector connected to the pumps rods, the deflector being made in the form of a float with its concave surface facing the incoming wave, a balancer arranged opposite to deflector on the frame mounted to rotate about a horizontal axis laying between the balancer and deflector and a working pump fitted on the support with its rod coupled via transfer mechanism with the frame. The support front incorporates a wave killer made in the form of a prism, its apex directed towards the wave, and arranged to vertically move on along the support. The wave killer height makes half the height of the support. The medium storm pump has a branch pipe communicating via the pipe with the receiver and used a the deflector pusher. Storm pumps incorporate openings allowing the piston back free stroke.
EFFECT: simpler design and higher reliability.
FIELD: engineering industry.
SUBSTANCE: device can be used in water power engineering. Closed floating casing is installed on supports so that it can rotate. To inner surface of the casing attached are solenoids wherein located are ferromagnetic pins. Rod is located inside the casing and is connected with ferromagnetic pins. Casing's rotation axis is located at an angle to rod axis. Rod is installed on rollers and spring-loaded on both ends. Casing is equipped with current-collecting elements and vane propeller.
EFFECT: providing the specified value of travel and uniform speed of movement of ferromagnetic pins in solenoids at various wave amplitudes using wave advance energy.
FIELD: engines and pumps.
SUBSTANCE: invention is related to hydraulic engineering. Wave power plant comprises body placed on supports, solenoids fixed inside body and ferromagnetic rods installed in solenoids. Body is installed on shaft with the possibility of rotation. External surface of body is arranged as circular-cylindrical with blades in the form of double-threaded Archimedean screw and is equipped with current-collecting elements. Solenoids are arranged as annular, are oriented and fixed in planes that are perpendicular to shaft longitudinal axis. Ferromagnetic rods are arranged in the form of tore and are equipped with rollers. Length of body is accepted as equal to at least half of wave length.
EFFECT: provision of electric power generation stability.
FIELD: engines and pumps.
SUBSTANCE: invention is related to float pump units in power systems based on float pumps, in which water motion is used for transportation of gas, liquid and their combinations from one place to another. Float pump comprises float having controlled volume, which is arranged with the possibility of return displacement under effect of waves, piston installed with the possibility of sliding inside piston cylinder and connected to float. Piston is arranged with the possibility of return displacement in the first direction and second direction under effect of float motion. Piston moves in the second direction for suction of working fluid medium into piston cylinder and moves in the first direction for removal of working medium from piston cylinder.
EFFECT: creation of environmentally safe, highly efficient, low cost devices for power generation.
27 cl, 30 dwg, 4 tbl
FIELD: power industry.
SUBSTANCE: wave electric power station intended for being installed on or in the sea or lake, for power generation includes floating construction and at least one floating body 1 which is moved vertically in relation to floating construction and is connected to the aforesaid construction through power transmission device. Floating construction includes a deck which is supported in fact with vertical supports. Supports have a pontoon functioning as damper and adapted for being arranged below water level. Deck, supports and pontoon comprise the space within which floating body 1 or bodies are located. In fact, pontoons have square section with oblique angles and with width which is more than height so that the floating construction is essentially fixed relative to still water level.
EFFECT: increasing output energy of wave electric power station.
17 cl, 17 dwg
FIELD: power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: wave power plant comprises vessel with electric generator installed in it, rotor connected to the latter with vertical axis of rotation, with horizontal blades. Between the latter vertical blades are installed with serial alternation of vertical and horizontal ones. Blades are installed in plane of undisturbed surface of water so that the latter is plane of symmetry for them.
EFFECT: increased efficiency of wave power plant operation by increase of share of wave kinetic energy transformed by plant into mechanical energy of rotary shaft.
SUBSTANCE: system includes a number of generator units (4a-6c) located in sea and a number of switchgear (1a-1c) located in sea. Each switchgear (1a-1c) is connected with a number of generator units (4a-6c). According to the invention, the system comprises a number of primary intermediate stations (17a-17c). It also includes at least one secondary intermediate station (19). Each primary intermediate station (17a-17c) is linked with a number of switchgears, and each secondary intermediate station (19) is connected with a number of primary intermediate stations (17a-17c). In addition, the secondary intermediate station is connected with on-land electrical network. The switching device (192) is available to ensure connection with different locations (193, 194, 195) of electrical network.
EFFECT: creation of system which is technically and economically compatible for supplying power to common electrical network.
28 cl, 6 dwg
SUBSTANCE: wave electric station contains operating sections each represented as hollow straight four-sided V blocks, in cross section and in the form of rectangular. It is open from the bottom and linked with water medium. The above sections are installed lengthwise closely to each other. There are two open-end longitudinal windows in the top part of V-block, which form intake and pressure main lines and rectangular windows. The sections are located between vertical boards hung butt-to-butt inside two parallel lines punched into pile bottom.
EFFECT: increased power output from plant and simplified design.
3 cl, 9 dwg