The way to obtain paper pulp
(57) Abstract:Use: for the production of laminated paper and cardboard. The inventive suspension of fibrous material with a content of water-soluble Candida 6-18 mg/l injected sequentially sizing agent, coagulant and an aqueous solution of polyethylene oxide concentration of 0.5-1.0 g/l at a flow rate of polyethylene oxide 0.01 to 0.04% by weight of the absolutely dry fibrous semi-finished product. 2 C.p. f-crystals, 1 table. The present invention relates to the field of pulp and paper industry and can be used in the production of laminated paper and paperboard, weighing 70-250 g/m2mainly packaging paper and cardboard, in particular cardboard for flat layers of containerboard and base paper for corrugation.One of the most common in the pulp and paper industry problems is the low retention components paper pulp on a grid-style paper and Board machine (BM and BM). Low retention of fibers and type of chemicals leads to an increase in the content of fine fibers, colloidal and dissolved solids in the circulating water and sewage, which, in turn, leads to p is looking to increase the degree of retention of its components and the improvement of dehydration being formed of a cloth on a grid-style paper - and cardboard equipment by introducing into the suspension of fibrous semi-finished product effective polymeric flocculants of polyethylenimine, polyamidoamine, polyacrylamide and polyethylene oxide 
However, currently, due to the necessary reduction of fresh water consumption to improve the overall environmental situation, there are significant qualitative and quantitative changes in the composition of soluble and colloidal substances contained in the resulting paper pulp. These changes adversely affect the flocculation ability of these effective supplements and require a significant increase in their costs, which in turn leads to environmental problems, as well as to the deterioration of the complex final properties of paper and paperboard produced from the obtained paper stuff.The closest analogue of the present invention to the technical essence and the achieved technical result is the way to obtain paper pulp, comprising introducing into the suspension of fibrous semi-finished product consistently aqueous solution of anionic polyelectrolyte condensation products of formaldehyde and naphthalene-sulfonic acids, a sizing agent, a coagulant and an aqueous solution of polyethylene oxide (PEO) with molecular weight (3,5-7,0)106when the flow PEO 0,01-0,07% of the mass of absolutely dry fibrous semi-finished product  the pulp (groundwood or tmp) and 25 wt. sulfite bleached or unbleached pulp.This method is effective only in the production of such securities, in particular newsprint that do not meet the strict requirements for the achievement of indicators such as high levels of sizing and physico-mechanical properties, and ineffective for use in the composition of paper of a wide range of fibrous semi-finished products on the basis of cellulose and hemicellulose.In addition, this method is technologically difficult because of the need for additional stages of the introduction of the anionic polyelectrolyte and keeping the masses at this stage, and not enough is eco-friendly due to the use of toxic chemicals, in particular formaldehydefree anionic polyelectrolyte.New technical result from the use of the present invention is the retention of components of paper pulp and the degree of dehydration while reducing consumption of PEO and the exclusion of additional polyelectrolyte, expanding the range of papers and cardboard produced from the obtained paper stuff, in particular packaging paper and cardboard, as well as simplifying the process and Ulu is the way to obtain paper pulp, includes introduction to the suspension of fibrous semi-finished product sizing agent, a coagulant and an aqueous solution of polyethylene oxide with a molecular mass (3,5-7,0)106according to the invention a sizing substance is injected directly into the raw suspension of fibrous material with a content of water-soluble Candida 6-18 mg/lAs the fibrous semi-finished product, preferably a mixture of 40-60 wt. unbleached sulphate pulp and 40-60 wt. neutral sulfite semichemical pulp.The polyethylene oxide is administered in an amount of 0.01 to 0.04% by weight of the absolutely dry fiber.with.in.) semi-finished products used for mass in the form of an aqueous solution concentration of 0.5-1.0 g/L.The content of water-soluble Candida suspension of fibrous semi-finished product within 6-18 mg/l govern when washing the fibrous semi-finished products in the production process and the preparation of suspensions of the desired concentration.It is preferable to use a fibrous composition containing in its composition water soluble tanney, i.e. unbleached sulfate pulp or pulp.However, depending on the presence or inorgani them tenido, in the fibrous suspension before receiving her paper pulp can be entered special extractive candidateradio additives, in particular the products of aqueous extraction of timber.Contained in the initial suspension of fibrous semi-finished water-soluble tannin within the specified limits, in combination with the specified polyethylene oxide of molecular weight, is injected into the slurry after the addition of aluminium-containing coagulant forms a more stable water-soluble polycomplex with high molecular weight and a more branched structure, allowing us to provide enhanced flocculation ability of polyethylene oxide, thereby increasing the retention of components of pulp and improving its dehydration. These properties have a better performance than in the preliminary introduction to the suspension of fibrous semi-finished product additional agent toxic anionic polyelectrolyte condensation products of formaldehyde with naphthalenesulfonate that took place in the manner of the prototype.As a sizing agent can be used widely used in paper manufacture various rosin adhesives (based on different species is E. in practice, paper and cardboard manufacturing aluminium sulphate (alumina), alumina-potassium or aluminum ammonium alum, sodium aluminate, alumaguard etc.Preparation of paper pulp is carried out by sequential introduction of the suspension of fibrous material with a content of water-soluble Candida 6-18 mg/l sizing agent, coagulant and polyethylene oxide with maintaining weight after each stage of introduction.If necessary, can be put special additives, such as dyes, bactericides, etc., in the quantities chosen depending on the desired specific properties of the finished product.The invention is illustrated by the following examples of its implementation.Example 1. In the milled suspension of fibrous material containing 50 wt. unbleached sulphate pulp and 50 wt. neutralino sulfite semichemical pulp, the content in 6-18 mg/l water-soluble Candida sequentially injected under stirring rosin size, in the amount of 1.5% in terms of dry substance by weight.with.in. an aqueous solution of the coagulant in the amount of 1.5% in terms of dry substance by weight.with.in. and an aqueous solution of polyethylene oxide in an amount of 0.01-0.04% in terms of dry substance by weight.with.in. After each hnologie base paper for corrugation weight of 125 g/m2.For comparison carried out two control experiment with the values of the content of water-soluble Candida in suspension beyond offer.Different values of all parameters of the method and time limit for dewatering of paper pulp and retain its components are given in the table.Example 2. Pulp is prepared analogously to example 1, but as a source of fibrous semi-finished product, a mixture of 75 wt. groundwood pulp and 25 wt. sulphite unbleached pulp. Using a suspension with a content of water-soluble Candida 12 mg/L. the Presence tanned create the introduction to the suspension an aqueous extract of the wood.Different values of parameters and indicators of the paper pulp are presented in the table.Example 3 (the prototype). Pulp prepared according to example 2, but before the introduction of the suspension sizing agent pre-enter anionic polyelectrolyte condensation product of formaldehyde and naphthalenesulfonate in the amount of 0,05-0,20% by weight.with.in. using the suspension containing no water-soluble Candida.Different values of parameters and indicators also received a paper weight with a significantly improved time dewatering of paper pulp and retention therein of its components, that improves the efficiency of the manufacturing process of paper and cardboard.Physico-mechanical properties of paper and paperboard correspond to GOST standards.In addition, the proposed method allows to simplify the technological process, to improve the ecological conditions of production by eliminating toxic formaldehydefree polyelectrolyte, as well as to reduce the consumption of polyethylene oxide and to expand the range of securities that are produced from the received on the proposed method of paper pulp. 1. The way to obtain paper pulp, comprising introducing into the suspension of fibrous semi-finished product sizing agent, a coagulant and an aqueous solution of polyethylene oxide, characterized in that the sizing substance is injected directly into the suspension of fibrous material with a content of water-soluble tanned 6 18 mg/l2. The method according to p. 1, characterized in that the fibrous semi-finished product, a mixture of 40 to 60 wt. unbleached sulphate pulp and 40 to 60 wt. neutral sulfite semichemical pulp.3. The method according to p. 1, characterized in that the aqueous solution of polyethylene oxide is administered in an amount of 0.01 to 0.04% in terms of dry substance from Mac
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to emulsion for paper gluing, which includes gluing agent based on maleated vegetable oil, representing maleated triglyceride, in which at least 50 wt % of the total content of fatty acids in triglycerides are monounsaturated. Invention also relates to paper-gluing agent, including maleated vegetable oil, in which at least 50 wt % of the total content of fatty acids in triglycerides are monounsaturated, and alkenyl succinic anhydride, and/or fatty acid anhydride, and/or anhydride of fatty acid and acetic acid, and/or anhydride of fatty acid and rosin acid. It also relates to method of obtaining paper-gluing emulsion, including emulsification of gluing agent based on maleated vegetable oil, which represents maleated triglyceride, in which at least 50 wt % of the total content of fatty acids in triglycerides are monounsaturated, in water phase by means of emulsifier and/or by means of intensive mixing; or mixing maleated vegetable oil, which represents maleated triglyceride, in which at least 50 wt % of the total content of fatty acids in triglycerides are monounsaturated, with alkenylsuccinic anhydride and/or fatty acid anhydride.
EFFECT: invention makes it possible to increase gluing efficiency.
26 cl, 17 ex, 7 tbl, 6 dwg
FIELD: mining industry and mechanical engineering.
SUBSTANCE: the invention is dealt with methods of production of a paper, in particular, with its smoothing. The water suspension containing cellulose fibers and optional fillers (i) add the sizing dispersion containing a sizing agent and a polymer including one or several aromatic groups and (ii) a sizing promoter containing a polymer intercalating one or several aromatic groups. Mould and dry the produced suspension. The sizing dispersion and sizing promoter are added to the water suspension separately. The invention ensures improvement of the process of sizing the cellulose fibers having a high conductivity.
EFFECT: the invention ensures improvement of the process of sizing the cellulose fibers having a high conductivity.
41 cl, 6 tbl, 6 ex
FIELD: stabilized dispersions.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to emulsification and colloidal stabilization of emulsions and dispersions of hydrophobic phases in aqueous phases using a coacervate. In particular, stable emulsified or dispersed composition of invention, including hydrophobic and aqueous phases, is stabilized by cationic colloidal coacervate stabilizer including anionic and cationic components in a proportion ensuring zeta potential of the composition to be at least 20 mV. Preferred hydrophobic phase is non-colophony reactive or non-reactive sizing substance, although employment of coacervate allows stable emulsions or dispersions of mixtures of colophony and non-colophony sizing substances to be obtained. Furthermore, methods of obtaining and using stable emulsions or dispersions as well as sized paper made using emulsified or dispersed coacervate-stabilized sizing substance are described.
EFFECT: enhanced stabilization of emulsions and dispersions.
139 cl, 1 dwg, 3 tbl, 16 ex
FIELD: gluing and sizing compositions.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the essentially anhydrous sizing composition and an aqueous sizing composition used in sizing paper and cardboard. Essentially anhydrous and an aqueous sizing compositions comprise gluing substance, non-ionogenic surface-active substance, an anionic surface-active substance and a monohydric alcohol. Method for preparing an aqueous composition involves homogenization of gluing substance in the presence of surface-active substances and monohydric alcohol. Invention provides preparing sizing compositions that can be homogenized easily, i. e. they represent dispersions or emulsions formed by application of insignificant shearing forces, for example, such as stirring and provides preparing sizing compositions that are stable in storage.
EFFECT: improved preparing method, improved and valuable properties of compositions.
15 cl, 6 tbl, 3 ex
FIELD: pulp-and-paper industry, in particular, sizing of paper with the use of aqueous composition.
SUBSTANCE: method involves producing aqueous composition of cellulose filaments and dehydrating paper web; adding aqueous composition to cellulose suspension, said aqueous composition comprising sizing substance aggregates; producing aqueous composition by mixing in any order before adding into aqueous suspension of aqueous solution containing at least one coagulant and aqueous dispersion containing sizing substance. Zeta-potential of composition is below 20 mV.
EFFECT: increased efficiency and simplified method.
26 cl, 5 tbl, 3 ex
FIELD: method for inner sizing of cardboard for packing of liquid products, water-repellent adhesive substance for inner sizing, cardboard for packing of liquid products, package for liquid products and use of adhesive substance for inner sizing.
SUBSTANCE: the adhesive substance for inner sizing includes the derivative of oxytanon of formula (1), typically 2-oxytanon of formula (II). Formulae (I), (II) are given in the invention description. In the derivative of oxytanon of formula (I) n has the value from 0 to 6. In formulas (I) and (II) R represents hydrogen or linear hydrocarbon chain, and R`, R``, R``` represent hydrocarbon chains: R` and R`` are mainly obtained from non-branched linear fatty acids, R```-linear or branched alcyl chain or acyclic alcyl chain.
EFFECT: provided improved method for inner sizing of cardboard for packing of liquid products, improved cardboard for packing of liquid products, package for liquid products manufactured from such a cardboard.
21 cl, 3 tbl
FIELD: manufacture of a tub-sized paper or board sheet, applicable in wood-pulp and paper industry.
SUBSTANCE: the method consists in application at least on one side of the sheet of an aqueous compound of adhesive substance in amounts not exceeding 5 g/cu.m. The content of the solid substance in the applied adhesive compound makes up at least 15%. The aqueous compound is applied on one side of the sheet after its drying in a drying section of the machine for manufacture of paper or board. After that the adhesive compound is embedded in the sheet surface.
EFFECT: reduced power of the drying section of the machine for manufacture of paper or board and provided reduction of investments and reduction of the length of the paper-making line.
FIELD: pulp-and-paper industry, in particular paper or board production.
SUBSTANCE: claimed method includes providing of slurry containing cellulose fiber and at least sizing agent interacting with cellulose. Sizing agent is selected from group containing ketene dimmers and acid anhydrides. Cationic vinyl polymer obtained by additional polymerization, containing aromatic units and anionic vinyl polymer obtained by additional polymerization and having molecular mass from 6000-100000 are introduced into slurry. Then obtained slurry is dehydrated and paper leaf is formed.
EFFECT: increased effectiveness of sizing, dehydration and retention.
11 cl, 3 tbl, 2 ex
FIELD: food industry; packing.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to packing material containing base paper or cardboard layer for packing container formed by bending and welding the sheet, or flat blank of packing material. Laminated packing material has base paper or cardboard layer and outer coatings from both sides of base layer made of thermoweldable polymer impermeable to liquids. Said paper or cardboard base layer is made water-repelling by sizing the mass by water dispersoid solution or emulsion of alkylketene dimer or mixture of alkylketene dimers so that content of alkylketene dimer (dimers)in base layer is from 0.25 to 0.4 by dry weight, weight %. Invention contains description of method of manufacture of laminated material and packing container to be sterilized.
EFFECT: provision of laminated packing material protected from penetration of hot steam or liquid designed for packing food products and capable of withstanding heat treatment in autoclave at high humidity and temperature without separation of packing material into layers.
6 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: paper-and-pulp industry.
SUBSTANCE: cellulose product contains clay having stacking of atomic planes 2R2. Product represents paper of fibrous pulp, while clay has cationic nature. Preparation of product comprises: providing aqueous suspension containing cellulose fibers and optionally filler; adding clay having stacking of atomic planes 2R2.to suspension; and dehydrating thus prepared suspension. Another method of preparing cellulose product comprises: providing aqueous suspension containing cellulose fibers and optionally filler; adding cationic clay to suspension; adding one or several draining auxiliary substances enhancing retention of filler and containing at least one cationic polymer; and dehydrating thus prepared suspension.
EFFECT: reduced interfering and harmful substance in cellulose suspension and enhanced retention of filler, dehydrating agents, and sizing agents.
27 cl, 14 tbl, 13 ex
FIELD: polymer materials in paper-and-pulp industry.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to manufacturing cellulose-polymer composites that can be, in particular, used in production paper or cardboard. Method according to invention providing a composition and manufacturing sheet therefrom followed by drying. In the method of invention, aqueous nanodispersion of polyorganosiloxanes is utilized, which can be introduced into composition or can be deposited onto sheet before drying on size press or after drying of sheet to moisture content not less than 12°.
EFFECT: improved waterproofness, increased inflammation temperature, and improved physicochemical characteristics of material.