Unit for washing the wool

 

(57) Abstract:

Unit for washing the wool. The inventive device includes a delivery unit fiber with the feed roller, which is mounted for rotation, barcoo with a perforated false bottom, transporting the body in the form of an endless belt with a headset on its surface, covering the guides, means for supplying working agent on the treated fiber in the form of nozzles, the node fiber removal tool to remove Burr from the fibers, mounted below the mirror working agent with the ability to interact with the headset of an endless belt and a pair of rollers, one of which is working, and the second removable. Remove vegetable matter in the form of brushes. A pair of rollers mounted above the surface of an endless belt, which is located above the mirror working agent. Barca has a vertical partition wall for dividing the latter into two compartments. The delivery unit further comprises a hopper mounted on the output table and the cylinder. The feed roller has a gear headset. The teeth of the feed roller and the headset endless belts arranged in parallel. Guides an endless belt made in the form of the new line. Injector means to supply working agent and node removal are located above the outlet branch of an endless belt. 2 Il.

The invention relates to the field of textile production and can be used to create new equipment for the enterprises of primary processing of wool.

The prior art known to the invention for a similar purpose [1] contains the node feeder fiber, including the feed roller with a headset on its surface, mounted for rotation, barcoo for working agent with a perforated false bottom, transporting the working body which includes an endless tape with a headset on its surface, covering the guides, means for supplying working agent on the treated fiber, made in the form of nozzles, and the node of the output of the fiber.

The disadvantage of the prior art of the invention is the low efficiency of processing fiber. The technical problem to be solved by the claimed invention increase the efficiency of processing fibrous material, in particular wool.

The technical result of the invention containing the infeed of the fiber, including the feed roller with the headset on its surface, set with van, includes an endless tape with a headset on its surface, covering the guides, means for feeding a working agent on the treated fiber, made in the form of nozzles and the node of the output of the fiber, is due to the fact that it additionally has a tool to remove Burr and fibers, mounted below the mirror working agent with the ability to interact with the headset of an endless belt and is made in the form of brushes, and a pair of rollers, one of which is working, and the second removable, a pair of rollers mounted above the surface of an endless belt located above the mirror of the working agent, Barca has a vertical wall, to divide the latter into two compartments, one for the washing agent, and the second for propulsive, site submission fiber further comprises a hopper and mounted at its output a table with a cylinder communicating with the feed roller, the headset which is made gear, and the slope of her teeth coincides with the direction of rotation of the latter, and the teeth of the feed roller and the headset endless belts arranged in parallel, with guides an endless belt made in the form of pulleys, anchors and guides, the latter set the arch, when this nozzle, means to supply working agent and the node of the output of the fiber is located above the outlet branch of the endless tape.

In Fig. 1 shows a flowsheet unit for washing wool (side view) and Fig. 2 scheme of the same unit (front view).

The device includes a delivery unit fiber, including the feed roller 1 with the headset 2 on its surface, mounted for rotation, a hopper 3, the output of which are table 4 window 5 and the cylinder 6 communicates with the feed roller 1, the headset 2 is made gear, barcoo 7 for working agent with a perforated curved false bottom 8, transporting the working body, comprising an endless belt 9 with the headset 10 on its surface, covering the rails, made in the form of leading 11 and the guide pulleys 12, which is installed with education series the means for supplying working agent on the treated fiber, made in the form of nozzles 13, the node of the output of the fiber, including the bumper prism 14, a blade roller 15 and outlet conveyor 16, the tool to remove Burr from the fibers, mounted below the mirror working agent with the ability to interact with the headset 10 of the infinite is Jena above the surface of the endless belt 9, above the mirror working agent.

Barca 7 has a vertical partition 19 for dividing the latter into two compartments 20, 21, one of which is for the washing agent, and the other for propulsive, and the drain pipe 22. The inclination of the teeth of the headset 2, feed roller 1 coincides with the direction of rotation and the teeth are parallel to the headset 10 of an endless belt 9.

The endless belt 9 is placed on the guide pulleys along a helical line in the compartments 20, 21 Barki 7.

Nozzle means 13 of the supply of operating agent and the node of the output of the fiber is located above the outlet branch of the endless tape.

The agent runs as follows.

Untreated wool after the preliminary loosening, for example, scutching machine, is fed into the hopper 3, which is formed fibrous layer received in the clamp between the cylinder 6 and table 4. The front ends of the barbs intensively treated teeth, feed roller 1, resulting in fragmentation beams into smaller complexes fibers. Fibrous material is brought by the feed roller 1 to the window 5 through which using Solotvino prism 6 is removed vegetable and mineral impurities, razrehsennoe interaction in this area following the headset 10 of the tape 9 parallel headset feed roller 1, and the wiring is small (0.4 to 0.8 mm) and the speed of the feed roller 1 is greater than the speed of an endless belt 9 5-15 times. As a result of this interaction is further fragmentation of the complexes fibers, some fibers enters the headset feed roller 1. Loaded with fiber headset 10 of the tape 9 is immersed in a working substance compartment 20 Barki 7. Tape 9 passes through a couple of the leading pulley 11 mounted above the mirror of the working agent helix (Fig. 2), with at least 3 of the guide pulley 12 each branch of the tape 9 is installed above the mirror solution. This branch has a working pair of rollers 18, providing separation and mixing of the complexes fibers in their wet state by interacting pair of headsets and tape.

Washing wool in the compartment of the barge 11 is carried out by direct contact disjoint sets of fibers with a working agent. Highly developed surface of the fibrous mass greatly improves the contact of the side surface of the fiber with the scrubbing medium, and a continuous flow of fibers and their friction on the pile of brushes 17 promotes rapid removal of organic, vegetable and mineral impurities from the fibers. Multiple fragmentation of whom is the pressure of all of the impurities from the fibers in the washing compartment 21 Barki 7. The separated impurities are discharged through the perforated bottom 8 Barki 7 and removed from the barge 7 through pipe 22.

After repeated mechanical, physico-chemical and hydraulic handling fiber headset tapes are removed from the washing compartment of the barge and sent her the washing compartment (Fig.2).

The endless belt 9, loaded with fiber, making a few turns in a spiral in propulsive compartment of the barge, removes with fiber residues of the washing solution. The final destruction of the working agent is carried out by means of the torch of liquid from the nozzle 13.

The flow of treated fibers is removed from the headset 10 of the tape 9 by using a blade roller 15 mode timing belt speeds. The prism 14 separates the flow of fibers from the roller blades 15 and sends it to the output conveyor 16.

Unit for washing the wool, containing the infeed of the fiber, including the feed roller with a headset on its surface, mounted for rotation, barcoo for working agent with a perforated false bottom, transporting the working body which includes an endless tape with a headset on its surface, covering the guides, means for supplying R is m, he further comprises means to remove Burr from the fibers, mounted below the mirror working agent with the ability to interact with the headset of an endless belt and is made in the form of brushes, and a pair of rollers, one of which is working, and the second removable, a pair of rollers mounted above the surface of an endless belt located above the mirror of the working agent, Barca has a vertical partition wall for dividing the latter into two compartments, one for the washing agent, and the second for propulsive, site submission fiber further comprises a hopper and mounted at its output a table with a cylinder communicating with the feed roller, the headset is made gear, and the slope of her teeth coincides with the direction of rotation of the latter, and the teeth of the feed roller and the headset endless belts arranged in parallel, with guides an endless belt made in the form of pulleys leading and directing, the latter set with the formation of the series, and the endless belt placed on the guide pulleys along a helical line in the compartments of the barge, while the nozzle means to supply working agent and the node of the output of the fiber is located above the outlet branch of the non-contact design make

 

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