The method of operation of greenhouses

 

(57) Abstract:

Usage: agriculture, in particular, to methods of production of vegetables in greenhouses, greenhouses, hydroponic technology. The inventive method of operating a greenhouse set contains rows of cages placed them in a growth chamber for growing cucumbers. Over germinators installed light sources. Light sources periodically turns on and off at a specific time. Each light source assigns a number, numbering them from the beginning of the series to its end. Then include on 10-14 hours light sources with even and odd numbers, then these lights will switch off and include for 10-14 hours light sources with odd or even numbers and techniques on and off the light sources are cyclically repeated. 3 Il.

The invention relates to agriculture, in particular, to the production of vegetables in greenhouses, greenhouses, hydroponic technology.

There is a method of production of vegetables in greenhouses, hydroponic plants, set containing rows of cages placed them in a growth chamber for growing vegetables, and installed over germinators sources is natural", Syktyvkar", , eagle, Giproniselprom, 1989.)

The disadvantage of this method of operation is that it provides low crop yields and high consumption of electricity.

In the proposed invention the task is solved more efficient use of light energy for irradiation of plants, and therefore, reduction of energy consumption and increasing the yield of crops.

In the method of operation of greenhouses, set containing rows of cages placed them in a growth chamber for growing cucumbers and installed over germinators electric light sources, and light sources periodically turns on and off at a certain time, assign to each light source of the room, numbering them from the beginning of each row to the end, then turn on 10-14 h light sources above the growth chamber with even or odd numbers, and the lights turn off, and include at 10-14 h light sources above the growth chamber with odd or even numbers and techniques on and off the light sources are cyclically repeated.

The location of the frames with germinators in a certain order, numbering them from the beginning of each row to it is of Olite to carry out the irradiation of the plant around the clock, without changing the installation power irradiators, which will lead to increase yields and reduce energy consumption.

Changing modes of irradiation plants, it is possible to find a rational mode in the greenhouse, which also increases crop yields.

The method of operation of greenhouses is illustrated by drawings.

In Fig.1 shows the greenhouse, General view; Fig.2 is an electric wiring diagram of the light sources of Fig.3 is a graph of irradiation plants during the day.

The greenhouse 14 equip narrowshelving stacked hydroponic units 15, spaced rows across the greenhouse 14. Between the frames of the units 15 on racks 17, United group suspension 18, hung the light sources 16. The light sources 16 a cable connected to the panel 19. Each light source 16 assigns a number, numbering them from the beginning of each row to the end of it. In the example implementation of the method in the drawing they are numbered from 1 to 12.

The method of operation of greenhouses as follows.

Plants irradiated by the light sources 16 and defined for each phase of their development sequence. First include the light sources and include at 10-14 h light sources with odd numbers 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 11. Techniques on and off the light sources are cyclically repeated. If necessary, the radiation mode change.

Application of the method of operation of greenhouses will provide non-irradiated plants, without changing power irradiators, to increase the yield of crops by 12-15% and reduce energy consumption.

The method of operation of greenhouses, set containing rows of cages placed them in a growth chamber for growing cucumbers and installed over germinators electric light sources, and light sources periodically turns on and off at a specific time, wherein assigning each light source of the room, numbering them from the beginning of each row to the end, then include 10 14 h light sources with even and odd numbers, and the lights turn off and include 10 14 h light sources with odd or even numbers and techniques on and off the light sources are cyclically repeated.

 

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SUBSTANCE: apparatus has vertical pipe used as carrier member for bed and equipped with plant receiving openings arranged in any order. Plants are supported by means of holders resting with their lower edges upon lower edge of opening. Upper part of holder is tightly fixed in, for example, rings of fastening band. Nozzle fixed in upper (narrow) end of pipe is adapted for spraying of nutritive solution aerosol containing gas mixtures. High conical towers-ridges provide for ecologically clean management, since outbursts of liquid nutritive solutions may be utilized by other plants, for example, fruit trees growing beyond greenhouse or nearby, in open ground. Apparatus may be used for decorative purposes on grounds not suitable for plant growing and for agricultural purposes.

EFFECT: increased efficiency and minimal usage of areas of open ground, as well as of greenhouse.

2 cl, 4 dwg

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