Greenhouse

 

(57) Abstract:

Usage: agriculture, crop production greenhouse. The inventive greenhouse contains frames, including the crossbars 4, mounted trays 5 for growing plants, the air supply system and lighting. The greenhouse contains interconnected with the formation of the common duct hollow girders 4 frames made with the possibility to connect to a source of compressed air. The crossbars 4 contain holes 8, through which they are connected with a fixed frame tubes 12 for plants 7, covered inside with a reflective material. The trays 5 for growing plants 7 are located under the pipe 12. Plants are exposed to light source 13: 19 direct and reflected 20 luminous flux. In pipe 12 to plants 7 through the holes 8 in the hollow girders 4 from a source of compressed air through the pipeline via the collector receives carbon dioxide, warm or moist air, or their mixture. 4 C.p. f-crystals, 4 Il.

The invention relates to agriculture, in particular, to structures, greenhouse, greenhouses for growing vegetables.

Known greenhouse for growing plants on a multi-level getopenfilenamea plants (greenhouse Project pl. 1190 m2with tiered narrowshelving hydroponic technology at the farm "Suburban", Syktyvkar, ,eagle, Giproniselprom", 1989).

The disadvantage of this greenhouse is the irregularity of the air in the zone of plants, and the low yield of crops.

Was tasked with creating a greenhouse, which increases the quality of air and gas regime in the zone of the plants, which will affect the yield.

The claimed invention solved the problem of improving the quality mode in rock plants, which will increase the pollination of plants, improve temperature and humidity and light conditions, stimulates plant growth, and therefore increases productivity.

In the greenhouse, containing skeletons, including the crossbars installed on trays for growing plants, the air supply system and lighting, according to the invention, are connected with the formation of the General air of hollow girders of the frame, configured to connect to a source of compressed air, and these bars contain holes through which they are connected with a fixed frame tubes for plants, covered inside with a reflective material, the hollow uprights L-shaped and situated at least at the ends of each frame installation.

In a preferred embodiment, the reception of each frame are located in one plane and is made with possibility of installation perpendicular to the horizontal plane and pipes for plants installed on both sides of the rack frame.

The invention achieves the following technical result.

The implementation of the spandrel frames hydroponic plants with hollow holes in the zone of plants and connecting them to the source of compressed air will allow them to serve in the crown of the plants carbon dioxide, warm air and moisture, which improves the temperature and humidity conditions, fertilizer plants carbon dioxide, stimulates plant growth, and therefore increases productivity.

Equipping a greenhouse tubes for plants, covered inside with a reflective material installed above the trays for growing plants and associated openings in the hollow girders can improve the irradiance plants, to increase uniformity, reduce power consumption by irradiation.

The claimed greenhouse, containing skeletons, including the crossbars installed on trays for growing plants, the air supply system and lighting differs from known who haunted the bars of the cages, configured to connect to a source of compressed air, and these bars contain holes through which they are connected with a fixed frame tubes for plants, covered inside with a reflective material, and a tray for growing plants are located under the said pipes.

Comparable analysis of the proposed solutions with known allows us to conclude that the proposed technical solution meets the criteria of the invention of "novelty."

Of patent and technical literature for the specialist is not known greenhouse, in which the bars of the cages hydroponic plants are hollow with connection to a source of compressed air having apertures associated with installed over the trays of tubes for plants that are internally coated with reflective material to achieve the above effect.

Thus, the proposed solution meets the requirement of the invention of "Inventive step".

The proposed solution can be used in agriculture, it can improve the temperature and humidity and light conditions in the canopy of a plant that stimulates plant growth and is subramania "industrial applicability".

The greenhouse is illustrated by drawings, where Fig. 1 shows a diagram of the greenhouse of Fig. 2 cut beams along a-a of Fig. 1, in Fig. 3 fragment hydroponic setup with established trays for growing plants; Fig. 4 is an embodiment of hollow beams in one plane.

The greenhouse contains roofing fencing 1, water treatment trays 2, roll-up reflective heat shield 3, the bars 4 of the frame hydroponic plant trays 5 for growing plants 7 have 6 pots with plants 7. The hollow bars have 4 holes 8. To supply air, carbon dioxide or mixture is piping 9, the collector 10 and the compressor 11. On frames fixed pipe 12 for plants 7 containing the filled extended light source 13, the holder 14 of the lamp 13, the stationary part 15 of the tube 12, the rotary part 16 of the pipe, the coating 17 of reflective material, lock 18, the pipe 12, a direct luminous flux 19, the reflected luminous flux 20, the holes 8 in the bolts 4 (Fig. 3).

Hollow beams 4 can only be at the ends of the frames hydroponic plants and the air will move through the pipes 12. There are two possible forms of hollow bolts: L-shape and the same plane with the possibility of installing perpendicularlyto works as follows. In pots planted 6 plants 7, are mounted on brackets hollow crossbars 4 and covered with a pipe 12, which through its rotary part 16 if necessary, you can close the pipe 12, or open, adjusting temperature and humidity conditions in it.

Plants are exposed to extended light source 13, for example, fluorescent lamp: direct 19 t 20 reflected light flux.

In pipe 12 to plants 7 through the holes 8 in the hollow girders from the compressed air source 11 to the pipe 9 through the collector 10 is supplied carbon dioxide, warm or moist air, or a mixture thereof.

The application of the proposed greenhouses with hollow bolts holes associated with the tubes for growing plants, placed in them by the radiation sources and the internal reflective surface will increase the yield of crops by 9 to 12% by improving temperature and humidity and light conditions in the canopy of plants, reduce the cost of electricity.

1. Greenhouse, containing skeletons, including the crossbars installed on trays for growing plants, the air supply system and lighting, characterized in that it contains interconnected with obrazovaniia, moreover, these bars contain holes through which they are connected with a fixed frame tubes for plants, covered inside with a reflective material, and a tray for growing plants are located under the said pipes.

2. The greenhouse under item 1, characterized in that the hollow beams are located at least at the ends of each frame.

3. The greenhouse under item 2, characterized in that the hollow rack is made L-shaped.

4. The greenhouse under item 2, characterized in that the uprights of each frame are located in one plane and is made with possibility of installation perpendicular to the horizontal plane.

5. The greenhouse under item 4, characterized in that the pipes for plants installed on both sides of the rack frame.

 

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FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, soil-free growing of plants in special devices for exposing plant roots to nutritive aerosol.

SUBSTANCE: apparatus has vertical pipe used as carrier member for bed and equipped with plant receiving openings arranged in any order. Plants are supported by means of holders resting with their lower edges upon lower edge of opening. Upper part of holder is tightly fixed in, for example, rings of fastening band. Nozzle fixed in upper (narrow) end of pipe is adapted for spraying of nutritive solution aerosol containing gas mixtures. High conical towers-ridges provide for ecologically clean management, since outbursts of liquid nutritive solutions may be utilized by other plants, for example, fruit trees growing beyond greenhouse or nearby, in open ground. Apparatus may be used for decorative purposes on grounds not suitable for plant growing and for agricultural purposes.

EFFECT: increased efficiency and minimal usage of areas of open ground, as well as of greenhouse.

2 cl, 4 dwg

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