Unified rotor to float hpp


(57) Abstract:

Use: hydropower and can be used in the creation of Autonomous, environmentally friendly sources of energy that are installed in the shallow rivers and streams. The invention consists in the installation of generators of different capacity, stabilization of their momentum when changing the flow rate, as well as waterproofing kinematic nodes. The multiplier is located outside of the rotor body and has multiple outputs with different degrees of kinematic transmission, Central non-rotating axle associated with the external body areas, providing her turn at the desired angle within 90 and the inner volume of the underwater part of the sealed and filled with pure water or liquid waste oils. 3 C.p. f-crystals, 4 Il.

The invention relates to hydropower and can be used to create Autonomous environmental friendly sources of energy that are installed in the shallow rivers and streams. Known hydrogenerator placed on a floating platform in a single housing together with multiplier.

However, this design does not provide the ability to install .

The technical task of the present invention is to eliminate this drawback, as well as stabilization of revolutions of the generator when the change is within the acceptable flow rate.

This object is achieved as follows.

With the gear of the power take-off from the rotor carries the gear with output shaft horizontally placed, and the remainder of the multiplier is placed in the Autonomous attachable housing having output shafts from the consecutive transmission links for articulation with the generators.

With a seasonally adjusted rate of any currents within the vtthe power N of the installed generator should not exceed produced by the rotor (including losses) at Vt-vtand = 90< / BR>
Then if Vso AVGthe angle decreases from 90oto aArt.when the speed of the generator will decrease to nominal.

This is the most simple and effective by turning the Central non-rotating (slow) axis 90o-Art.which for various Vtwill be different. Adjustment (or stabilization) revolutions can osushestvleniya thus the angular velocity of the rotorpfromR. maxwhen = 90widely also allows you to stabilizep.at higher currents, up to Vsomaxsupplementary> Vso+ vt.

In the coaxial, counter-rotating rotors is provided by the mutual compensation of unwrapping the side of the effort and twice the power output.

This requires only one multiplier with matching link of 2 bevel gears and two rods with detachable couplings and one generator to twice the power.

To the output shaft of the first link multiplier (if necessary) is connected simultaneously with a working generator low speed water pump in order to select the generated electricity for irrigation and water supply, because the power of the rotor can be set redundant.

Protection in the underwater part of rolling bearings and steel gears against corrosion is performed by filling the internal space of the rotating rack with disc liquid waste petroleum products exceeding level above the surface of water, sufficient to align the internal and external pressures.

In cases of installation waterproof the fillable volume of the free space of the disk is handled by the pre-installed plug-in sections of foam or hollow from welded sheet material.

The author is not known sources of patent and scientific and technical information, containing information about the same technical solutions, which have characteristics similar to the characteristics that distinguish the proposed solution from the prototype, as well as properties that match the properties of the proposed solution, so we can assume that it has significant differences, allowing for practical implementation to create a new type of mobile energy Converter of the water flow into electrical or mechanical.

In Fig. 1 shows a rotor: a side view, a top view of the kinematic connection inside the underwater disc; Fig. 2 balanced installation on a single platform two identical rotors: (a) perpendicular to the flow, with the flow of Fig. 3 illustrates schematically the orientation of the planes of the blades of the rotor relative to the flow and mutual respect to each other: (a) in the stabilization mode turns) when the stopped rotor; Fig. 4 shows the kinematic connection between the two rotor to a generator.

Unified rotor to float HPP contains disk 1, the dual vertical blades 2, the rotary rack 3, the gear PTO 4, Central newradius which contains additional brackets 12, bevel gear 13 to the shaft 14, a removable lid 15, the handle (or another node of the rotation axis 5) 16, plug-in section 17. Dual installation further comprises a coupling 18 and 19, connected by rods 20, kinematic link 21 of two identical gears, the multiplier 22 with the output shaft 23, the low speed water pump 24 and the generator 25.

Unified rotor to float HPP operates as follows. Initially, during Assembly, the blade 2 is fixed with the orientation of their planes on the axis side and expanded on the ceiling of the blade (so a, A1, A2).

Each blade during one revolution of the rotor is rotated in the opposite direction around its axis in a half-circle p= -2,01moving relative to the surrounding flow cycloidal trajectory.

The rotor by means of brackets 12 mounted on the platform 26, is placed on the floats 27 held on for the cables 28.

Power output of the rotor has a cubic dependence on the flow velocity (vtN;2vt8N) and the angular velocity linear p= f(vt)..

For optimal operation of the rotor at a known value of Vso AVGthe capacity of the generator should not exceed the amount taken them power.

1. Unified rotor to float HPP containing a horizontal disc, dual vertical blades, rotary rack, gear PTO, Central non-rotating axle with the gear associated bevel gears and axes with blades, a carrier rack attached to the bottom base of the housing, characterized in that the gear PTO constantly articulated only one conical gear with output shaft horizontally placed, joined with the multiplier: a single execution directly, when coupled through a detachable coupling, rod and matching kinematic link of two identical bevel gears.

2. The rotor under item 1, characterized in that the output shaft of the first link multiplier additionally connected low-speed water pump.

3. The rotor under item 1, characterized in that the Central non-rotating axle can turn to any angle within 90oto zero to stop the rotor.

4. The rotor under item 1, characterized in that the internal volume surrounding the inner kinematic links, located in the underwater rotating parts, sealed and filled with pure water or exhaust Nefteprodukt, and in free space disk posted by displacing the volume of plug-lightweight solid or hollow sections.


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