Method of cooking food

 

(57) Abstract:

Purpose: the invention relates to agriculture and can be used on cattle-breeding complexes and farms in feed during preparation and storage of food from waste plant material. The inventive plant material is crushed and subjected to stepwise chemical-mechanical processing. The first two stages raw materials are treated 1-10% sodium hydroxide solution, the third 1-10% solution of hydrochloric acid, the fourth - 1-10% solution of ammonium sulfate. After each stage chemical treatment of the raw material is subjected to mechanical processing by the stack. 8 C.p. f-crystals, 3 tables.

The invention relates to agriculture and can be used on cattle-breeding complexes and farms in feed during preparation and storage of food from waste plant material.

Straw cereals and other waste plant materials have low nutritional value and consist mainly of cellulose, which is a complex polymer, which is difficult to digest. The problem is that this fiber to prediabetes to bring in adobepremiere ODI roughage by hydrolysis of straw in the acidic environment after enzymatic enrichment mass of fodder yeast [1]

There is a method of cooking food, providing grinding plant, introduction of feed additives, bringing mixture to 39-41oC and maintaining at this temperature for 3 hours Then spend the developments deal with the subsequent steaming at 90-100oC for 20-30 min [2]

The disadvantages of these methods are their complexity, high cost received food, due to the use of expensive components, which themselves are nutritional supplements, in addition, energy-intensive methods.

The closest analogy is the way of cooking food, including ammonization plant materials anhydrous ammonia at simultaneous thermal effects in the hermetic chamber with subsequent removal of excess ammonia [3]

The disadvantages of this method are its harmfulness, since they use ammonia. The method is environmentally dirty and, in addition, energy-intensive, since they use steam.

The objective of the invention is to develop a generic cheap environmentally friendly way of recycling waste vegetable raw materials with the aim of obtaining nutritious food.

To solve the problem shredded waste R is abotu are 1-10% sodium hydroxide solution. At the third stage, the raw material is treated with 1-10% solution of hydrochloric acid, on the fourth 1-10% solution of ammonium sulfate. After each stage chemical treatment of the raw material is subjected to mechanical processing by the stack. Then the raw material is dried, and then milled to produce powder or granules.

Possible fifth stage of chemical processing of raw materials. For this purpose it is dipped in a solution of 0.5-1% hydrochloric acid at a temperature of 30-35oWith dynamics. After the stack received food goes to feeding beef cattle, and drying is not carried out.

At the first stage of chemical treatment during the hydrolysis by sodium hydroxide is the swelling of the fiber and the destruction of the lignin, as, being in the shell militarnych gaps, it is not included with fiber in a physical relationship. After the stack raw again immersed in a solution of sodium hydroxide. The concentration of the solution may be less than in the first stage, as is more complete destruction with subsequent leaching of lignin from the substrate. After the stack of fluid at the third stage, the raw material is dipped in a solution of hydrochloric acid for neutralization and hydrolysis of cellulose and hemicellulose with saturation of mineral salts. In the fourth stage after with what salivarium proteins in acid environment. All stages of a chemical-mechanical processing is carried out in natural conditions at zero temperature. At the fifth stage is the acidification of the received feed (pH 2-3), and slightly elevated temperature gives it a taste.

For the preparation of feed use containers, covered with a material resistant to acid solutions, such as vats, covered with vinylplasts.

Example 1. 200 kg of straw barley ground in CLAIM 3 to particles 10-15 mm in length, placed in a wire mesh container of stainless steel grid with cells of 2-3 mm and placed in a VAT of 4% sodium hydroxide solution to complete immersion of the container with the raw materials. Using the crane of 5 tons capacity container with the raw material is removed, the stand 10 minutes After the stack of the liquid container with the raw material is placed into the second VAT, the same as the first, but with 1% sodium hydroxide solution, filling the container with the raw materials to complete immersion, and incubated for 10 min. raise the Container crane beam, provide raw materials to drain and plunge again into the tub, getting to the third stage. The hydrolysis is carried out 6% hydrochloric acid 10 min. Lift container crane beam, raw flows, and to absorb nitrogen and vysalivaniya proteins proceed to the fourth step. In che raise the crane beam, raw material flows.

If you are fodder, after the fourth stage the feed is maintained through the AVM is 1.5, the temperature of which is not more than +60oWith the output feed. Then granularit, receiving granules humidity of 12% with a pH of 2.

If after the fourth stage feed is for direct feeding beef cattle, the container with food, you can survive even in the fifth tank with 1% hydrochloric acid solution for 10 min at 35oAnd the bubbling of the solution by the air pumped by the compressor VK-6. Rich in mineral salts food after the stack is fed to animals and has a pH of 2.5.

Similarly was treated barley straw at different concentrations on each of the four stages.

The data of examples 1-3 are given in table.1.

As shown in our experiments, starting with a one percent solution concentrations at all stages, the feedstock improves its taste and nutritional indicators (see example 2). If the solution concentration reached 10% of that received less nutritious food (see example 3 and the note to the table.1). The most favourable conditions are solution concentration at all stages from 1 to 10% of this raw material.

Example 4. 200 kg of sunflower husks are placed in a mesh container of stainless steel grid with cells of 2-3 mm and begin a four-step chemical-mechanical processing of raw materials as described in example 1, changing only the concentration of the solutions. In the first stage, the concentration of sodium hydroxide solution of 5% on the second stage of 2% on the third concentration of the hydrochloric acid solution is equal to 7% in the fourth stage process raw materials 9% solution of ammonium sulfate. The results of chemical studies obtained after drying of the feed are given in table.2.

Analogously to example 1 was conducted experiments with other waste plant materials. The results of the chemical analysis of the obtained feed on usvaemogo nitrogen and crude protein are given in table.3 after drying.

As can be seen from the data (table.3) the proposed method is more versatile because you can use a variety of inexpensive waste plant materials, while receiving nutritious food, rich in protein, nitrogen and mineral salts. The concentrations of chemical substances safe and easily neutralized, which ensures the safety of the method and its ecological purity.

1. The method is, drying, characterized in that the chemical treatment of the crushed raw materials are in four stages, the first two stages it is treated with 1 to 10% sodium hydroxide solution, and then 1 to 10% hydrochloric acid solution and complete chemical treatment 1 10% solution of ammonium sulfate, after each treatment include mechanical stack of the corresponding solution.

2. The method according to p. 1, characterized in that after the mechanical stack ammonium sulphate raw material is additionally treated with 0.5 to 1.0% solution of hydrochloric acid at 30 35oWith the finished product.

3. The method according to each of paragraphs.1 and 2, characterized in that as a waste plant materials used rice straw.

4. The method according to each of paragraphs.1 and 2, characterized in that as a waste plant materials use straw wheat.

5. The method according to each of paragraphs.1 and 2, characterized in that as a waste plant materials using barley straw.

6. The method according to each of paragraphs.1 and 2, characterized in that as a waste plant materials used hay.

7. The method according to p. 1, characterized in that as a waste plant materials used beet goodalricke.

9. The method according to p. 1, characterized in that obtained after drying food is crushed or granularit.

 

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