Greenhouse

 

(57) Abstract:

Usage: agriculture, field crop in terms of structures protected ground. The inventive greenhouse contains translucent external-enclosure 1, the system of cultivation, including installed parallel to each other vegetation units 2, consisting of a triangular frame, on the side surfaces of which the tiered fixed tray 3 for plants. Control system light and thermal regimes in the habitat of plants contains blocks heating greenhouses and irradiation plants. The heating unit 5 greenhouses made in the form of heating elements attached to the brackets under the appropriate tray 3 for growing plants and along it. The unit irradiation plants includes sources of artificial radiation 6, equipped with reflectors 7 and located in rows in between the vegetation units 2, in space, the heat-reflective screen 8, is installed under the roofing fencing, greenhouses, and teleconnection translucent screen 9, is placed parallel to the lateral surfaces facing each other of the triangular frames adjacent vegetations growing plants 4. 2 Il.

The invention relates to agriculture, particularly to constructions greenhouse, greenhouses, hydroponic plants.

Known greenhouse, containing an outer translucent insulation fence system of cultivation, including installed parallel to the vegetation units, consisting of fixed tiered on the side surfaces of the triangular frames trays for growing plants, and the system of regulation of light and thermal regimes in the habitat of plants, including unit heating greenhouses installed under roofing fencing heat louvered screen, the surface of the blinds of which, facing the trays for growing plants, is made reflective, and sources of optical radiation having reflectors and located in rows between the vegetation units on trays for growing plants under heat louvered screen.with.USSR N 1814498, CL OI A G 9/00, 1/04, 1991).

A disadvantage of the known greenhouse is an inefficient use of light and heat energy for irradiation and heating plants.

Was tasked with creating a greenhouse, which saves both light and warm the information blocks with plants from the rest of the volume of the greenhouse.

In the greenhouse, containing an outer translucent insulation fence system of cultivation, including installed parallel to the vegetation units, consisting of fixed tiered on the side surfaces of the triangular frames trays for growing plants, and the system of regulation of light and thermal regimes in the habitat of plants, including unit heating greenhouses installed under roofing fencing heat louvered screen, the surface of the blinds of which, facing the trays for growing plants, is made reflective and the sources of optical radiation having reflectors and located in rows between the vegetation units on trays for growing plants under heat louvered screen, according to the invention the block heating greenhouses made in the form of heating elements, each of which is placed under the appropriate tray for growing plants and along it, and the system of regulation of light and thermal regimes in the habitat of plants supplied teleconnectivity black louvered screens, installed parallel to the lateral surfaces of the triangular frames over fixed on posletretichnyh blocks nodes heating plants allows to provide uniform heating of the habitats of plants.

In the greenhouse, equipped with installed under the roof heat reflective louvered screen teleconnectivity translucent louvered screens, installed parallel to the lateral surfaces of the vegetation units, it is possible to create a closed volume in the habitat of the plants, to create and save a rational light and thermal regimes, to reduce energy loss.

In Fig.1 shows a diagram of the greenhouse of Fig.2 a fragment of the vegetation block node heating tray (blinds conventionally not shown).

The greenhouse contains an outer translucent heat-insulating enclosure 1, the system of cultivation, including vegetation units 2 installed parallel to each other. Vegetation blocks 2 is made in the form of a triangular frame, on the side surfaces of which the tiered fixed tray 3 for growing plants 4. Control system light and thermal regimes in the habitat of plants includes blocks heat 5 made in the form of heating elements attached to the brackets. Each heating element positioned below the tray 3 for growing plants 4 and along it.

In the regulatory system of the light and thermal regimes also vey exposure 6 are arranged in series between the vegetation units over 2 trays 3 for growing plants under heat louvered screen 8, installed under roofing fence greenhouse. The surface of the blinds, turned to the tray 3 for growing plants, covered with a reflective layer.

Control system light and thermal regimes in the habitat of plants has also teleconnection translucent screens 9, which are mounted parallel to the side surfaces of the triangular frames vegetation units over 2 attached to frames trays 3 for growing plants 4 and below the location of the source of artificial radiation 6. Heat shields 8 and 9 limit the habitats of plants from the rest of the volume of the greenhouse. Position 10 shows the natural light source is the Sun.

The greenhouse is maintained as follows. Luminous flux from the natural light of the Sun 10 is directed into the greenhouse through the open blinds of the heat shield 8.

At the closed blinds screen 8 becomes heat, and reflective coating blinds directs the reflected light back into the greenhouse.

Light from the Sun 10 and an artificial light source 6 through teleconnection louvered screens 9 comes to plants 4 in a confined space, confined from the rest of Teply the ptx2">

Temperature in the habitat of plants is regulated by on - off electric heating elements block heating greenhouses and change the position of the blinds thermal shields 9: at the closed blinds temperature is maintained or increased, with open blinds lowered, because the warm air circulates inside the volume of the greenhouse, removing plants overheating.

The application of the proposed greenhouse, equipped with heating blocks and thermal protective screens, saves heat energy for heating plants.

Greenhouse, containing an outer translucent insulation fence system of cultivation, including installed parallel to the vegetation units, consisting of fixed tiered on the side surfaces of the triangular frames trays for growing plants and control system light and thermal regimes in the habitat of plants, including unit heating greenhouses installed under roofing fencing heat louvered screen, the surface of the blinds of which, facing the trays for growing plants, is made reflective, and sources of optical radiation having reflectors located Redmine-screen TV, characterized in that the unit is heating greenhouses made in the form of heating elements, each of which is placed under the appropriate tray for growing plants and along it, and the system of regulation of light and thermal regimes in the habitat of plants supplied teleconnectivity translucent louver screens installed in parallel to the side surfaces of the triangular frames over fixed on the last tray for growing plants and below the location of the sources of optical radiation.

 

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