Pendulum-bladed unit that converts the energy of sea waves into electrical
(57) Abstract:Use: hydropower, in particular in installations for converting wave energy into electricity. The inventive pendulum blade unit that converts the energy of sea waves into electrical, comprises a support and receiver wave energy, made in the form of blades pivotally mounted in made of solid rubber bearings and kinematically associated with the pump, connected by pipeline to the set on the banks of hidroelectrostroy, with the blade installed on a support by means of struts and bushings with controlroom, bearings support fully immersed in the calm water level, and the blade sunk to one-third the height. The installation may contain additional receivers, the pumps are connected to the pipeline hidroelectrostroy. 2 C.p. f-crystals, 2 Il. The invention relates to hydropower and for pendulum-blade installation that converts the energy of sea waves. Prior art in contrast to analogue (ed. St. USSR N 1453076, CL P 03 B 13/12, 1989) does not require coastal constructions, is mounted on the shelf, where all mechanisms, except for the blades, nagtatrabaho supply pressure water hidroelectrostroy, set on the shore, and waves of great length, with many commuting-blade systems, feed water pressure through a common manifold piping located on the bottom shelf, in hidroelectrostroy appropriate power.The objective of the invention is to increase the efficiency of the wave energy and reliability.The technical result is achieved by the fact that offshore fixed bearing with ball bearings and the receiver of the waves, made in the form of blades pivotally mounted in bearing supports and kinematically associated with the pump, connected by pipeline to the set on the banks of hidroelectrostroy, with the blade installed through racks and sleeve and provided with controlroom, bearings are made of hard rubber and is completely immersed in the calm water level, and the blade sunk to one-third of its height, the pump is a plunger, two-cylinder, double-acting, with pipeline hidroelectrostroy can be connected to pump additional water intake blades.In Fig. 1 shows unit, front view; tonah 2, which form a monocoque construction with the sleeve 3, the racks congresa 4, controlroom 5 and the lever 7, swaying in the bearings 6. The lever 7 by means of a rod 8 pivotally connected with two-way two-cylinder plunger pump 9 having two pressure valve 14 connected by a common pipe, ending with a valve 16 pipe, welded into the pipeline 17. The suction valve 10 grid 11 through valve 12 is connected with a suction pipe connecting the two cylinders. Pressure nagnetanie water from each cylinder occurs depending on the direction of tilt of the blade 1 from the zero position, thus, the opposite cylinder is idle due to the switching of the spool 12 in the direction of the suction pipe of the corresponding cylinder bracket 13, the movable hinge rod 8.The entire setup is mounted on piles 15, a head part which is mounted in bearings 6, of which one is to join the subsequent sections. The pipeline 17 unites all sections into a single chain, supply hidroelectrostroy 18, 19.Pendulum-blade installation operates as follows.In the seas /osob seas and areas of the oceans, the so-called tidal, which is constantly, periodically during the day operating. In those areas of the seas and oceans, where there is no tidal become the pumps simultaneous action, as the waves go from the sea to the shore. And where there are tidal currents, become the pumps are double acting for the energy of the tide from the beach/ waves. The install action is that rolling on the pendulum blade 1 wave leads her in the rocking movement is transmitted to the pump 9, which pumps water into the pipeline 17 at the required pressure and delivers this water to hidroelectrostroy 18, 19. 1. Pendulum-bladed unit that converts the energy of sea waves into electrical containing support with bearings and receiver wave energy, made in the form of blades pivotally mounted in bearing supports and kinematically associated with the pump, connected by pipeline to the set on the banks of hidroelectrostroy, characterized in that the blade is installed through the racks and sleeve and provided with controlroom, bearings are made of hard rubber and is completely immersed in the calm water level, and the blade sunk to one-third dvukhstoronnego steps.3. Installation under item 1, characterized in that it is equipped with extra receivers wave energy connected to the pipeline hidroelectrostroy.
FIELD: power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention is designed for conversion of wave energy into electric energy. Proposed converter contains mechanically coupled fixed post, float chambers, frame, shaft, step-up gear and electric generator. Moreover, converter additionally contains relatively interacting second shaft, first and second gears and at least two motion converters. First and second gears are fixed on corresponding shafts and engage with each other. Each motion converter has vertical rod installed for vertical vibration on upper end of which first block is installed, and on lower end, third sprocket engaging with first and second float chambers. First and second overrunning clutches with sprockets are installed on shafts and they engage through first and second chains with third sprocket.
EFFECT: increased efficiency.
8 cl, 7 dwg
FIELD: power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: proposed plant is designed for converting energy of waves into electric energy. Proposed plant contains vertical support secured on bottom, rocking rod installed on support for rotation around axis of support, float secured on one of rod ends. Float is provided with intake bottom hole and outlet top hole, both provided with remote controlled valves, and electric generator. Upper end of support remains under water at any possible magnitudes of waves. Wave magnitude sensor is connected with remote controlled valves, float is connected to pneumatic line connected with pressure source, rocking rod is connected with pump which is connected by pipeline with accumulator of hydropotential energy on shore, electric generator is located on shore and is coupled with hydraulic turbine connected with accumulator of hydropotential energy. Plant changes to safe mode of operation owing to filling of float with water at excess of magnitudes waves determined by corresponding wave magnitude sensor.
EFFECT: provision of reliable and long operation.
9 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: engines and pumps.
SUBSTANCE: device exploiting the wave energy incorporates a support with openings for water overflowing and a frame furnished with storm pumps, the extreme of which, incorporating discharge valves, communicate via a pipe with a receiver and curvilinear deflector connected to the pumps rods, the deflector being made in the form of a float with its concave surface facing the incoming wave, a balancer arranged opposite to deflector on the frame mounted to rotate about a horizontal axis laying between the balancer and deflector and a working pump fitted on the support with its rod coupled via transfer mechanism with the frame. The support front incorporates a wave killer made in the form of a prism, its apex directed towards the wave, and arranged to vertically move on along the support. The wave killer height makes half the height of the support. The medium storm pump has a branch pipe communicating via the pipe with the receiver and used a the deflector pusher. Storm pumps incorporate openings allowing the piston back free stroke.
EFFECT: simpler design and higher reliability.
FIELD: engineering industry.
SUBSTANCE: device can be used in water power engineering. Closed floating casing is installed on supports so that it can rotate. To inner surface of the casing attached are solenoids wherein located are ferromagnetic pins. Rod is located inside the casing and is connected with ferromagnetic pins. Casing's rotation axis is located at an angle to rod axis. Rod is installed on rollers and spring-loaded on both ends. Casing is equipped with current-collecting elements and vane propeller.
EFFECT: providing the specified value of travel and uniform speed of movement of ferromagnetic pins in solenoids at various wave amplitudes using wave advance energy.
FIELD: engines and pumps.
SUBSTANCE: invention is related to hydraulic engineering. Wave power plant comprises body placed on supports, solenoids fixed inside body and ferromagnetic rods installed in solenoids. Body is installed on shaft with the possibility of rotation. External surface of body is arranged as circular-cylindrical with blades in the form of double-threaded Archimedean screw and is equipped with current-collecting elements. Solenoids are arranged as annular, are oriented and fixed in planes that are perpendicular to shaft longitudinal axis. Ferromagnetic rods are arranged in the form of tore and are equipped with rollers. Length of body is accepted as equal to at least half of wave length.
EFFECT: provision of electric power generation stability.
FIELD: engines and pumps.
SUBSTANCE: invention is related to float pump units in power systems based on float pumps, in which water motion is used for transportation of gas, liquid and their combinations from one place to another. Float pump comprises float having controlled volume, which is arranged with the possibility of return displacement under effect of waves, piston installed with the possibility of sliding inside piston cylinder and connected to float. Piston is arranged with the possibility of return displacement in the first direction and second direction under effect of float motion. Piston moves in the second direction for suction of working fluid medium into piston cylinder and moves in the first direction for removal of working medium from piston cylinder.
EFFECT: creation of environmentally safe, highly efficient, low cost devices for power generation.
27 cl, 30 dwg, 4 tbl
FIELD: power industry.
SUBSTANCE: wave electric power station intended for being installed on or in the sea or lake, for power generation includes floating construction and at least one floating body 1 which is moved vertically in relation to floating construction and is connected to the aforesaid construction through power transmission device. Floating construction includes a deck which is supported in fact with vertical supports. Supports have a pontoon functioning as damper and adapted for being arranged below water level. Deck, supports and pontoon comprise the space within which floating body 1 or bodies are located. In fact, pontoons have square section with oblique angles and with width which is more than height so that the floating construction is essentially fixed relative to still water level.
EFFECT: increasing output energy of wave electric power station.
17 cl, 17 dwg
FIELD: power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: wave power plant comprises vessel with electric generator installed in it, rotor connected to the latter with vertical axis of rotation, with horizontal blades. Between the latter vertical blades are installed with serial alternation of vertical and horizontal ones. Blades are installed in plane of undisturbed surface of water so that the latter is plane of symmetry for them.
EFFECT: increased efficiency of wave power plant operation by increase of share of wave kinetic energy transformed by plant into mechanical energy of rotary shaft.
SUBSTANCE: system includes a number of generator units (4a-6c) located in sea and a number of switchgear (1a-1c) located in sea. Each switchgear (1a-1c) is connected with a number of generator units (4a-6c). According to the invention, the system comprises a number of primary intermediate stations (17a-17c). It also includes at least one secondary intermediate station (19). Each primary intermediate station (17a-17c) is linked with a number of switchgears, and each secondary intermediate station (19) is connected with a number of primary intermediate stations (17a-17c). In addition, the secondary intermediate station is connected with on-land electrical network. The switching device (192) is available to ensure connection with different locations (193, 194, 195) of electrical network.
EFFECT: creation of system which is technically and economically compatible for supplying power to common electrical network.
28 cl, 6 dwg
SUBSTANCE: wave electric station contains operating sections each represented as hollow straight four-sided V blocks, in cross section and in the form of rectangular. It is open from the bottom and linked with water medium. The above sections are installed lengthwise closely to each other. There are two open-end longitudinal windows in the top part of V-block, which form intake and pressure main lines and rectangular windows. The sections are located between vertical boards hung butt-to-butt inside two parallel lines punched into pile bottom.
EFFECT: increased power output from plant and simplified design.
3 cl, 9 dwg