Device for growing plants in nutrient solution

 

(57) Abstract:

The invention relates to agriculture and can be used for growing plants on an industrial scale, to eliminate waste and transport costs, to grow plants in places of their consumption. The purpose of the invention is to create a universal device for growing plants in nutrient solution on an industrial scale. This objective is achieved in that the device includes a bed for germination to put on it a hygroscopic material, the ends of which are omitted in the channels with a nutrient solution comprises at least one section having at least two layers, in which the channels have a constant level of the nutrient solution and serve as guides for the movement and extension tray with them hygroscopic material serving as a bed for seeds and roots of plants. In addition, some of the trays supplied with lids with holes. On each tier, except where the germination of seeds strung instruments of artificial lighting, is connected through a time relay to the source of energy. For transportation of the region's agriculture, in particular to a device for growing plants on an industrial scale, and can be used to eliminate waste and transport costs, for growing plants in their places of consumption: medicinal plants for the production of medicines; flowers, herbs, seedlings, vegetables at the enterprises of trade and public catering; green feed for livestock and poultry farms and cultivation of these plants in the home.

A device for germination of the seeds containing a reservoir for fluid, a horizontal plate with channels forming the bed of seeds. On the couch, and the TV is placed permeable material, covered with filter paper, the bed is covered with a cap and the container lid. The temperature sensor turns on and off cooling unit with heat exchanger, to establish the desired temperature of the coolant (see and. C. the USSR N 214926, class A 01 G 31/06, 1968).

A disadvantage of the known device is that it can only be used to check the quality of seeds.

The purpose of the invention is to create a universal device for growing plants in nutrient solution on an industrial scale, the feature on it a hygroscopic material, the ends of which are omitted in the channels with a nutrient solution, in accordance with the invention, consists of at least one section having at least two layers, in which the channel is connected through a tank with float valve to the expenditure Baku, have a constant level of the nutrient solution and are rails on each tier can be moved freely in and out trays have in them a hygroscopic material, which serve as a bed for the roots of plants.

In addition, some of the trays supplied with lids with holes; on each tier, except where the germination of seeds strung instruments of artificial lighting, is connected through a time relay to the source of energy. For transportation of the trays, the machine is equipped with a container on wheels.

In Fig. 1 shows a front view of the device.

In Fig. 2 and Fig. 3 shows, respectively, the horizontal by a section of the device and the host 1 device.

In Fig. 4 shows a top view of the cover device.

The device consists of at least one section having at least two layers, and the bone can be moved in and out trays 4 with a hygroscopic material 5, ends of which are omitted in the channels 3.

Part tray 4 provided with a lid 6 with flanged holes 7.

The channels 3 are connected to the expenditure Baku 8 through the riser 9, the tank with float valve 10 and the pipe 11.

On each tier, except where the germination of seeds, suspended appliances artificial lighting, is connected through a time relay to a source of power.

For transportation of the trays 4, the device is provided with a container on wheels, which, as section of the device contains the rack 1, interconnected by crosspieces 2 and TV-guides 3.

Growing plants in the proposed device is as follows.

Nutrient solution from a supply tank 8 through the riser 9, the tank with float valve 10, conduit 11 is fed into the channels of the guide 3, which is supported by its constant level and where he over the edge feature in the tray 4 hygroscopic material 5 is fed to the Packed germinating seeds or steljushchimsja it to the roots of plants.

The trays 4 are laid on the absorbent material 5 seeds or inserted into the hole 7 of the cover 6 sprouts seedlings from VSP is designated them the tiers of the device. After a certain period of time, the trays 4 protestnymi seeds are swapped to other tiers, and in their place is dropping a new batch of trays with 4 stacked seeds. Upon completion of the plant growing trays 4 crop out of the device and the container are transported to the temporary location where they are released from harvest, washed, disinfected and re-filled with seeds or sprouts seedlings.

In one 10-tier unit sections having a width of 0.5 m, a depth of 1.0 m, with a height of tiers: for germination 0.1 m and for growing greens or sprouts 0.3 m can be, for example, to get daily 5 kg green onions or 30 kg of green fodder for animals. In the three-meter-span greenhouse, you can install 2 rows of sections of the device with one Central meter pass and receive daily 7.5 kg of green onions or 45 kg of green fodder for animals with 1 square meters of greenhouses.

1. Device for growing plants in nutrient solution containing at least one section with at least two tiers that have trays with material for germination or the placement of the root system in this section has guides for extension and movement of the trays, and above tiers telego solution, as the material for growing seeds or the placement of the root system is made elastic and permeable at the ends it is omitted in the channels for the nutrient solution.

2. The device under item 1, characterized in that the part of the tray is equipped with a lid with holes.

3. The device under item 1, characterized in that it is provided with a time relay, through which the instruments of artificial lighting is connected to the energy source.

 

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