Device for growing plants in nutrient solution
(57) Abstract:The invention relates to agriculture and can be used for growing plants on an industrial scale, to eliminate waste and transport costs, to grow plants in places of their consumption. The purpose of the invention is to create a universal device for growing plants in nutrient solution on an industrial scale. This objective is achieved in that the device includes a bed for germination to put on it a hygroscopic material, the ends of which are omitted in the channels with a nutrient solution comprises at least one section having at least two layers, in which the channels have a constant level of the nutrient solution and serve as guides for the movement and extension tray with them hygroscopic material serving as a bed for seeds and roots of plants. In addition, some of the trays supplied with lids with holes. On each tier, except where the germination of seeds strung instruments of artificial lighting, is connected through a time relay to the source of energy. For transportation of the region's agriculture, in particular to a device for growing plants on an industrial scale, and can be used to eliminate waste and transport costs, for growing plants in their places of consumption: medicinal plants for the production of medicines; flowers, herbs, seedlings, vegetables at the enterprises of trade and public catering; green feed for livestock and poultry farms and cultivation of these plants in the home.A device for germination of the seeds containing a reservoir for fluid, a horizontal plate with channels forming the bed of seeds. On the couch, and the TV is placed permeable material, covered with filter paper, the bed is covered with a cap and the container lid. The temperature sensor turns on and off cooling unit with heat exchanger, to establish the desired temperature of the coolant (see and. C. the USSR N 214926, class A 01 G 31/06, 1968).A disadvantage of the known device is that it can only be used to check the quality of seeds.The purpose of the invention is to create a universal device for growing plants in nutrient solution on an industrial scale, the feature on it a hygroscopic material, the ends of which are omitted in the channels with a nutrient solution, in accordance with the invention, consists of at least one section having at least two layers, in which the channel is connected through a tank with float valve to the expenditure Baku, have a constant level of the nutrient solution and are rails on each tier can be moved freely in and out trays have in them a hygroscopic material, which serve as a bed for the roots of plants.In addition, some of the trays supplied with lids with holes; on each tier, except where the germination of seeds strung instruments of artificial lighting, is connected through a time relay to the source of energy. For transportation of the trays, the machine is equipped with a container on wheels.In Fig. 1 shows a front view of the device.In Fig. 2 and Fig. 3 shows, respectively, the horizontal by a section of the device and the host 1 device.In Fig. 4 shows a top view of the cover device.The device consists of at least one section having at least two layers, and the bone can be moved in and out trays 4 with a hygroscopic material 5, ends of which are omitted in the channels 3.Part tray 4 provided with a lid 6 with flanged holes 7.The channels 3 are connected to the expenditure Baku 8 through the riser 9, the tank with float valve 10 and the pipe 11.On each tier, except where the germination of seeds, suspended appliances artificial lighting, is connected through a time relay to a source of power.For transportation of the trays 4, the device is provided with a container on wheels, which, as section of the device contains the rack 1, interconnected by crosspieces 2 and TV-guides 3.Growing plants in the proposed device is as follows.Nutrient solution from a supply tank 8 through the riser 9, the tank with float valve 10, conduit 11 is fed into the channels of the guide 3, which is supported by its constant level and where he over the edge feature in the tray 4 hygroscopic material 5 is fed to the Packed germinating seeds or steljushchimsja it to the roots of plants.The trays 4 are laid on the absorbent material 5 seeds or inserted into the hole 7 of the cover 6 sprouts seedlings from VSP is designated them the tiers of the device. After a certain period of time, the trays 4 protestnymi seeds are swapped to other tiers, and in their place is dropping a new batch of trays with 4 stacked seeds. Upon completion of the plant growing trays 4 crop out of the device and the container are transported to the temporary location where they are released from harvest, washed, disinfected and re-filled with seeds or sprouts seedlings.In one 10-tier unit sections having a width of 0.5 m, a depth of 1.0 m, with a height of tiers: for germination 0.1 m and for growing greens or sprouts 0.3 m can be, for example, to get daily 5 kg green onions or 30 kg of green fodder for animals. In the three-meter-span greenhouse, you can install 2 rows of sections of the device with one Central meter pass and receive daily 7.5 kg of green onions or 45 kg of green fodder for animals with 1 square meters of greenhouses. 1. Device for growing plants in nutrient solution containing at least one section with at least two tiers that have trays with material for germination or the placement of the root system in this section has guides for extension and movement of the trays, and above tiers telego solution, as the material for growing seeds or the placement of the root system is made elastic and permeable at the ends it is omitted in the channels for the nutrient solution.2. The device under item 1, characterized in that the part of the tray is equipped with a lid with holes.3. The device under item 1, characterized in that it is provided with a time relay, through which the instruments of artificial lighting is connected to the energy source.
FIELD: agricultural engineering.
SUBSTANCE: platform for storage, watering and transportation of plants is made rectangular and has two fastening members provided on two parallel narrow sides and adapted for hanging on storage stands. Each fastening member has free end gripping portion extending along respective narrow side and terminating in direction of proximate longer side. Watering apparatus has at least two platforms positioned one above another, and four vertical storage stands. Stands are positioned in angular zones of platforms and are provided with hanging slots for hanging of platform fastening members. Hanging slots provided in storage stands facing toward respective narrow side are at least partly facing one another so as to insert and remove platform in transverse direction.
EFFECT: increased efficiency by providing maximum useful mounting surface, with distance between storage stands being unaltered.
21 cl, 11 dwg
SUBSTANCE: method includes planting plants into trays, lighting plants with artificial light, supplying plants with cultural solution during relocation of the runs and harvesting. Plants are pulse lighted by optical diodes moving along conveyor tiers, with duration of dark period exceeding that of the light impulse. Spectral distribution contains mainly blue and red emission bands. Periodicity of light impulse and duration of dark periods are changed depending on plant species. Plants are supplied with cultural solution and plant hormones depending on plants development stage and position of trays on the conveyor. The water for solutions is preliminary treated with electro-magnetic irradiators. Movement speed of the light source is changed according to species of plants, movement of the conveyor being changed according to growth index.
EFFECT: increased plants productivity and ripening, higher efficiency of light source usage and reduced energy consumption.
4 cl, 9 dwg
SUBSTANCE: plant for germination of grain comprises a frame, a chassis, a bath. The chassis is installed on the frame to move a grain germination box to a conveyor. The box is installed in the body on the axes with the possibility of rotation, and nozzles are installed along its perimetre. The box body is equipped with a steering control, and the box bottom is made as perforated. The box for grain germination with the perforated bottom is installed on the chassis with the possibility of its lifting and lowering into a bath installed on the frame. Also a bubbler is installed on the frame for supply of air into water designed for seeds soaking.
EFFECT: invention makes it possible to increase efficiency of grain germination.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture, crop production and hydroponics. The method includes creation in greenhouses of greenhouse complex of lighting and climate regimes, planting the seeds of plants to the substrate, singling, culling of seedlings, care of plants, harvesting. At that during the entire process of cultivation the plants the substrate is moistened with hydroponic solution consisting of a mixture of 4-days suspension of green alga Chlorella vulgaris, a density of 60-70 million cells/ml, with a saturated solution of oxygen-containing gas of inorganic substances by spraying plants and direct supply to the zone of the root system. In addition, the ratio of the components in the hydroponic solution, and qualitative and/or quantitative composition of the solution of inorganic substances is adjusted throughout the growing season.
EFFECT: method enables to increase viability and energy of germinating ability of seeds, to raise the energy of growth, to form a strong root system, to strengthen the immune system of plants and to increase yield.
8 cl, 1 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of plant growing and hydroponics. The method includes development of light and climate modes in hothouses of a hothouse complex, preparation of cuttings or grafts prior to planting into a substrate, planting, rooting, handling of plants and harvesting. At the same time prior to rooting of plants the substrate is moistened with a hydroponic solution consisting of a mixture of a 4-day suspension of a green laver Chlorella vulgaris, with density of 60-70 mln. cells/ml, with water. In the phase of growth, blossoming, fruiting and during harvesting the substrate is moistened with a hydroponic solution consisting of a mixture of a 4-day suspension of a green laver Chlorella vulgaris, with density of 60-70 mln. cells/ml, with a solution of inorganic substances saturated with oxygen-containing gas by spraying plants and direct feed into the root system zone. Besides, the ratio of components in a hydroponic solution and quality and/or quantity composition of a solution of inorganic substances are adjusted during the entire vegetation of plants.
EFFECT: method makes it possible to reduce phases of rooting, to form a strong root system, to increase growth energy, to strengthen immunity of plants, to increase crop capacity and yield of planting material.
8 cl, 1 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of agriculture and forestry. In the method the containers are placed on the 15-centimetre drainage base in greenhouses. The mixture is prepared which consists of three parts: thin middle-humous clay loam leached chernozem, organic matter and sand. The river sand as the substrate is applied to the surface, the green cuttings are prepared and planted to a depth of 2.5 cm. Multiple atomised spraying with water is carried out, as well as three-times watering with the preparations: 1% working suspension "Planriz" with a titer 2×109 cells in 1 ml and 0.001% working fluid "Rostok" of a 1% solution of humic acids at the interval of 15 days and twice watering with 0.5% working suspension of the preparation "Trichodermin" with a titer 1-2×107 conidium in 1 ml at the interval of one month. At the same time, the containers of size from 5×5 to 6×6 cm or the diameter of 5 to 6 cm, and the volume of 90-110 ml are filled with the mixture, the layer of river sand is 1-2 cm. The containers are placed on the drainage base in greenhouses, planting scheme of green cuttings of softwood is 5.5×5.5 cm, the rate of working fluid and working suspensions is 1 litre/1 m2.
EFFECT: method enables to reduce the area for rooting green cuttings, rate of working fluid and suspensions of preparations, and to increase rooting of green cuttings of softwood.
SUBSTANCE: method comprises placement of seeds on trays located in multitiered racks, sprinkling the seeds with a nutrient solution, their germination under a cover material without supplementary lighting and light growing the green, before placement of the seeds on the trays the substrate is laid of shredded meadow hay weight of which makes 25÷30% of the weight of the seeds, on the top of the substrate the seeds are placed evenly based on 2÷2.5 kg of seeds per 1 m2, a disinfecting solution is poured for 15÷20 minutes with full coverage of the seeds, the disinfecting solution is discharged, the seeds are irrigated once with a nutritious vermi-solution, the seeds are covered on the surface with a polythene film and germinated for 24-36 hours without irrigation, and then an air layer of 15÷20 cm is created between the seeds and the polythene film for the next 48÷60 hours with irrigation twice a day with the vermi-solution, the film is removed, and the green is grown with lighting during 120÷144 hours. Biofungicide PLANRIZ is added to the vermi-solution, the disinfecting solution is used as 1% solution of potassium permanganate, irrigation is carried out by flooding.
EFFECT: improvement of seed germination, increase in the yield of biomass with an increased content of vitamins.
2 cl, 1 dwg, 1 ex, 1 tbl