A device for watering plants
(57) Abstract:The invention relates to agriculture, in particular, to devices for watering houseplants. The invention solves the problem of watering one or more potted plants predetermined doses of a wide range of intervals of time in the simplicity of manufacture and operation of the device. The most effective device when watering one plant, requiring small doses of irrigation. The device comprises a tank 1 feed liquid with dropper 3 and the drive 12 doses with the discharge tube. In the tank 1 is set to the air chamber 2, the bottom of which is, in particular, part of the bottom of the tank 1. The chamber 2 is communicated with the tank 1 through the openings 4 located in the lower part of its side wall, and provided with a tube 5 made by the regulator entering atmospheric air, is made in the form of an air valve comprising a sealing strip 8 and screw 9. Drive 12 doses made in the form of capacity placed in her flexible siphon tube 13, one end of which is removed from the tank and is the discharge tube and its other end is located at the bottom of the tank, with the upper part of the siphon tube 13 podpruzhineny provisions of the said part of the tube 13. 2 C.p. f-crystals, 1 Il. The invention relates to agriculture, in particular, to devices for watering houseplants. A device for drip irrigation, containing tank, a dispenser, a discharge tube, pipe, and tank provided with an air tube and the outlet tube of the air layers, placed at the same level and facing the open part up to the dispenser, which is airtight (see USSR author's certificate N 1715257, A 01 G 27/00, publ. 29.02.92).A disadvantage of the known device is the lack of fine adjustment of the rate of fluid outflow. In this device it is impossible to get small doses for irrigation, which limits its use for watering plants that require small and infrequent doses of liquid.A device for watering indoor plants, containing an accumulation tank, the siphon tube, the fluid dispenser, made in the form of a conical vessel, a larger base of which is directed to the funnel, and the lower base to the inlet nozzle and the cavity of the dispenser and the storage tank communicated with each other through the siphon tube (see USSR author's certificate N 1701191, MKI A 01 G 27/00, publ. 30.12.91).However, de nozzles of different length. The device is difficult to provide watering plants in small and infrequent doses.Known installation for automatic watering of plants containing the reservoir of feed fluid with adjustable drip reservoir-dispenser, fixed under drip through horizontal axes of rotation, and the reservoir-dispenser system pipelines, and on the side walls of the reservoir-dispenser made of vertical guides, which are placed in the axis of rotation can be locked in different positions (see USSR author's certificate N 940708, A 01 G 27/00, publ. 07.07.82).The disadvantage of this setup is the instability of the expiration of the drops from the dropper. When full, the reservoir supplying fluid pressure fluid to drip more, when the flow rate drops higher than for minor filling of the vessel. Speed adjustment the expiration of the drops is made by a valve (change of a lumen of the tubule dropper). In this device for receiving low doses of irrigation fluid must have a sufficiently small size canaliculi, which quickly becomes clogged with salt deposits from the liquid fuel. In this case, the device becomes izvestnyh technical solutions is their inability to apply for watering one plant, which requires rare and small doses of irrigation due to the high flow rate drops, leading to waterlogging of the soil.The invention solves the problem of watering one or more potted plants predetermined doses of a wide range of intervals of time in the simplicity of manufacture and operation of the device. The most effective device when watering one plant, requiring small doses of irrigation.The problem is solved in that the device for watering plants containing the reservoir of feed fluid to drip and drive dose with the discharge tube, is placed under the drip in the tank feeding the liquid set air chamber, the bottom of which, in particular, is part of the bottom of the tank, and the air chamber communicates with the reservoir of feed fluid through the holes located in the lower part of its side wall, and provided with a tube (to message her with the atmosphere), performed with the regulator entering atmospheric air, moreover, the air supply regulator to the air chamber made in the form of an air valve, consisting of a sealing gasket and screws placed in the part of the tube communicating with toroi removed from the tank and is a discharge tube, and its other end is located at the bottom of the tank, with the upper part of the siphon tube is spring-loaded ring that is installed with the possibility of reciprocating vertical movement to change the position of the specified part of the tube.The analysis of the prior art, including searching by the patent and scientific and technical information sources and identify sources that contain information about the analogs of the invention, allows to establish that the applicant is not found technical solutions, characterized by signs, identical to all the essential features of the claimed invention. The definition from the list of identified unique prototype, revealed a set of essential (with respect to perceived by the applicant to the technical result) distinguishing features of the claimed object set forth in the claims.Therefore, the claimed invention meets the requirement of "novelty" by applicable law.Information about the popularity of the distinctive features in the complex of symptoms known technical solutions to achieve the same as the claimed device, the positive effect is not there. On the basis of the level".In Fig. 1 shows a General view of a device for watering indoor plants.The device comprises a sealed tank 1 which is filled with irrigation fluid, in particular through the hole in it (figure not shown), which is then tightly closed. Inside the tank 1 is the air chamber 2. In their General day made (is) dropper 3 in the form of holes. In the side wall of the chamber 2 has an opening 4, which connects the volume of the chamber 2 with the tank 1. Inside the chamber 2 is an air tube 5 passing through the common wall of the chamber 2 and the tank 1. In part of the air tube 5, a member of the chamber 2 has an opening 6, and part of the tube 5 located outside the tank 1, there is an air valve 7 formed sealing gasket 8 and the clamping screw 9, which regulates the admission of atmospheric air through the opening 10. Below the hole 10 is located the sump 11 (for collecting accidentally caught in an air tube 5 of irrigation fluid and avoid clogging of the apertures 10). Under the dropper 3 posted by the drive 12, inside of which there are flexible siphon tube 13, the upper portion 14 which is spring-loaded ring 15 mounted with the possibility of reciprocating vertical is x2">The device operates as follows. Irrigation liquid from the reservoir 1, the filling volume of the chamber 2 through the opening 4 to the upper part of this hole goes through the dropper 5 in drive 12 doses. Filling the drive 12 doses dot the upper part 14 of the siphon tube 13, the portion of the liquid flows on the water surface through the opening 16. Serving pour the irrigation fluid is defined by vertical moving ring 15 of the drive 12 doses. This ring 15, clenching and unclenching flexible siphon tube 13, changes the height position of the upper part 14. The flow rate drops from the tank 1 via IV 3 is set by adjustment of the air valve 7, by moving the clamping screw 9. The opening 10 is covered by a sealing gasket 8, reducing or increasing the amount of air supplied to the chamber 2. The number of incoming air into the chamber 2 through the opening 6 determines the flow rate drops.The pressure of the liquid tank 1 to port dropper 3 is constrained by the forces of exhaustion. Until the liquid level in the chamber 2 will not decrease below the upper edge of the hole 4 and a part of air from the chamber 2 is transferred to the tank 1, the leakage of fluid from reservoirl pressure of the liquid column in the chamber 2. The lowering of the liquid level in the chamber 2 is compensated by the inflow of liquid from the tank 1 to the upper part of the hole 4.The input end of the siphon tube 13 located at the bottom of the drive 12 doses, preferably with an expanding part with the inlet of the cone-shaped (as shown in Fig.) or in the form of a hemisphere or a nozzle in the form of a tube of larger diameter to provide an uninterrupted cycle (tube 13) work by eliminating entrainment of air drops of water doses of irrigation fluid at the moment of its completion. This embodiment of the end of the tube 13 is most useful when a small diameter tube 13.In the proposed device, when performing the clamping screw 9 from a material with a small coefficient of linear expansion, for example, of steel, and the air valve from a material with a large coefficient of linear expansion (for example, polyethylene), depending on the ambient temperature, availability and whether the lack of sunlight pressure of the clamping screw 9 on the seal 8 will be adjusted automatically, and, therefore, will be automatically adjusted and the water supply (at elevated ambient temperature frequency of doses tion, convenient to use. Provides the choice of irrigation doses of fluids in a wide range, it is not affected by the presence of salts in the irrigation liquid (due to the possibility of using holes dropper larger than in known devices) under irrigation in small doses. Technologically, the device can be run from a removable drive dose that allows you to expand the technological capabilities of the device by using, where necessary, only the tank with liquid to a continuous drip irrigation. This technical solution prototype, the operation of which confirms the above-mentioned advantages of the proposed device. On this basis it is concluded that the technical solution meets the criterion of "industrial applicability". 1. A device for watering plants containing the reservoir of feed fluid to drip and drive dose with the discharge tube, is placed under the drip, characterized in that the reservoir of feed fluid installed air chamber and the air chamber is connected with the reservoir of feed fluid through the holes drilled in the lower part of its walls, and provided with a pipe for communication with the atmosphere the entry of air into the air chamber made in the form of an air valve.3. The device under item 1, characterized in that the drive of the dose is made in a container placed in her flexible sibonney tube, one end of which is removed from the tank and is the discharge tube and its other end is located at the bottom of the tank, with the upper part of the siphon tube is spring-loaded ring that is installed with the possibility of reciprocating vertical movement to change the position of the specified part of the tube.
FIELD: irrigation systems used for automatic watering of plants on restricted area plots.
SUBSTANCE: apparatus has accumulating vessel with bottom opening closed with valve, auxiliary vessel, two float valves, one of float valves being adapted for supplying of water into accumulating vessel and other float valve being adapted for cutting-off water supply. Valve floats are arranged in auxiliary vessel disposed below accumulating vessel bottom and connected by means of flexible pipes with hermetically sealed vessels provided with porous bottoms deepened into soil. When water is sucked through porous bottoms into soil, water level in auxiliary vessel is lowered and float valves are opened, with water being delivered into accumulating vessel through one of float valves. When predetermined water level is reached, valve for discharge opening is opened, water is supplied into low-pressure irrigation system and is further delivered through second float valve into auxiliary vessel. As a result, water level in auxiliary vessel is increased to cut-off water supply into accumulating vessel.
EFFECT: increased efficiency and simplified construction.
FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, equipment used for prolonged automatic irrigation of house plants in pots through drain openings in case of prolonged absence of hosts, for example, during vacation.
SUBSTANCE: apparatus has individual tray for receiving pot with flower and independent water supplying source provided with level regulator and positioned in consumer vessel thereof. Tray and consumer vessel are connected through flexible siphon having inlet arranged below water level set in consumer vessel and outlet whose end is provided with tongue to be attached in tray under pan bottom. Flexible siphon is made transparent and equipped with catch. Distance from site of attachment of catch to consumer vessel exceeds liquid level height therein. In order to water several plants, several flexible siphons may be used. Apparatus allows several plants to be simultaneously watered and/or volume of independent water supplying source to be increased.
EFFECT: reduced area of free water surface, reduced volume of water for providing desired water level in trays under pans.
4 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: irrigation equipment used for automatic watering of home plants with predetermined doses.
SUBSTANCE: apparatus has hermetically sealed reservoir with feeding liquid, outlet pipe disposed in lower part of reservoir and equipped with hydraulic gate, and air admission pipe disposed in upper part of reservoir. One end of air admission pipe is dipped into hermetically sealed reservoir and other end is equipped with sensor-moisture regulator. Lower end of pipe of sensor-regulator is filled with thin-filament material and is lowered into ground of container with plant. Overturning dosing ladle with magnetic retainer is positioned under outlet pipe on horizontal rotating shaft. Watering is performed when air penetrates through thin-filament material of sensor-regulator and air admission pipe into hermetically sealed reservoir. Liquid is discharged through outlet pipe into dosing ladle, which is automatically overturned upon filling thereof. Watering is interrupted when ground is impregnated with moisture and air is not delivered anymore into hermetically sealed reservoir.
EFFECT: increased efficiency by providing plant watering as it is requested by plant itself depending upon concrete conditions.
2 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, automatic plant watering equipment.
SUBSTANCE: automatic plant waterer has water vessel connected through pipeline to control well equipped with control thread connected to block system provided with valve having two seats and mounted on two-position retainer. Pipes are adapted for dosed feeding of water into water dispensing vessels and further to plants. Drop irrigation rods made, for example, from copper are located in central openings provided in water dispensing vessel bottom parts. Water dispensing vessels are connected to each other through overflow pipes, which eliminate irregular and non-standardized water feeding directly to plants.
EFFECT: increased efficiency owing to automatic unmanned watering process.
2 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, irrigation equipment.
SUBSTANCE: apparatus has coupling made in the form of part produced by die casting from plastic and adapted for coupling of water reservoir 1 to hollow cone 9 manufactured from porous ceramics so as to define apparatus for individual feeding of predetermined amounts of water to roots of plants, in particular, pot plants. Coupling has three axially aligned portions, intermediate portion 4 formed as disk with central aperture 5, portion A consisting of one or two cylinders, disposed at one side of disk 4 and rigidly attached to cone 2, and portion B consisting, similar to portion A, of one or two cylinders equipped on their internal surfaces with thread. Said cylinders are arranged at other side of disk 4. Bottle 1 may be detachably threaded into said cylinders.
EFFECT: reduced manufacture cost, decreased area occupied by apparatus, enhanced reliability in operation, and provision for functioning without special adjustments.
11 cl, 4 dwg
FIELD: agriculture; drop irrigation.
SUBSTANCE: proposed dripper has housing with inlet and outlet. Spherical protection chamber is made on inner surface of inlet, outlet hole arranged coaxially relative to chamber, and channels. Channels are made in form of de Laval nozzles cut along axis whose diverging parts pint to spherical protection chamber. Diaphragm provided with holes is installed for displacement over spherical protection chamber, outlet hole and channels. Dripper has upper threaded cover, float, circular chamber, additional diaphragm and lower threaded cover. Upper threaded cover is provided with inlet hole. Inner space of upper threaded cover is made conical float in form of hollow ball is freely fitted over diaphragm. Circular chamber is made concentrically to outlet hole and spherical protection chamber on bottom part of housing inlet. Circular chamber communicates with spherical protection chamber by converging parts of channels made in form of de Laval nozzles cut along axis. Main and additional diaphragms are of equal size and identical design. Holes in each diaphragm are made with displacement towards circular periphery edge. Inlet hole in upper threaded cover, outlet hole of housing and drain hole in lower threaded cover are coaxial. Replaceable diffuser is fitted in drain hole of lower threaded cover. Widened part diffuser is pointed towards additional diaphragm. Said widened part of diffuser has ring edge interrupted by radially orientated cuts. Depth of cuts and height of diffuser are at ratio of 1:(3-8). Lower cover is furnished with litter trap under additional diaphragm. It is arranged at housing outlet and is installed for displacement. Ring edge of diffuser is mated with additional diaphragm from rear side.
EFFECT: provision of uniform rate of watering and reliability of drop irrigation.
7 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, equipment for watering of plants in containers.
SUBSTANCE: apparatus has distributing head to be connected to water-supply pipe, and feeding pipes spreading from distributing head and having unattached ends. At least one feeding pipe and/or distributing head has attachment device joined thereto. Said attachment device is used for hanging of apparatus to edge of one or more containers with plants.
EFFECT: reduced labor intensity during watering of plants in containers.
FIELD: agricultural engineering.
SUBSTANCE: drop watering rod is fitted in central hole of bottom of water reservoir. Said rod is anode and is connected to current source through diode. Cathode is installed of float in device reservoir provided with polyethyleneterephthalate partition and branch pipe for watering plants of northern latitudes with alkaline water. Branch pipe for watering plants of southern latitudes is arranged in area of anode for delivering acid water. Float is provided with maintenance handle. Drop watering rod is made of copper.
EFFECT: simplified layout, provision of possibility of soil acidity adjustment.
2 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: irrigation systems for automatic irrigation of plants on restricted areas.
SUBSTANCE: apparatus has accumulation reservoir with bottom opening closed with valve, auxiliary reservoir, two float valves, one of said valves being designed for feeding water to accumulation reservoir and other valve serving for cutting-off said feeding process. Valve floats are positioned within auxiliary reservoir positioned lower than bottom of accumulating reservoir and connected through flexible pipelines to hermetically sealed reservoirs having porous bottoms and embedded in soil. Drawing of water by soil through said bottoms results in reduction of water level within auxiliary reservoir. Float valves are opened and water is delivered through one of said valves into accumulating reservoir. On reaching of predetermined water filling level, discharge opening valve is opened and water is delivered into low-pressure irrigation system and through other float valve into auxiliary reservoir. Increase in water level within accumulation reservoir cuts-off feeding of water into this reservoir. During operation of high-pressure irrigation system, functioning of apparatus is regulated by filling of accumulation reservoir to certain small volume and stabilized by means of detachable reservoir adapted to be mounted on accumulation reservoir and having horizontal partition walls.
EFFECT: increased efficiency and enhanced reliability in operation of apparatus.
2 cl, 3 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention refers to automatic watering systems. The watering system consists of the water receiver tank, supply pipe, siphon with the start-up mechanism, suction knee and measuring tube connected with the atmosphere, hydraulic channel open to the siphon and distribution pipeline for plant watering. The supply pipe is equipped with the measuring valve with locking device. The siphon is made in the form of T-shape bend with two inlet fittings and one or two outlet fittings. One inlet fitting is connected with the start-up mechanism using hose, the other one - with the measuring tube, and the outlet fitting - with the hydraulic channel; thereby the outlet fitting is connected with the distribution pipeline via splitter. Distribution pipeline's end leads are equipped with tricklers. The strart-up mechanism of the siphon contains a hydraulic pump installed on the bottom of the receiver tanks and equipped with the electric starting arrangement with programmer and photoelectric sensor. The electric starting arrangement can automatically control the plant watering process using preset program.
EFFECT: automation of pinpoint plant watering process.
6 cl, 2 dwg, 4 tbl