Device for fixing elements of the root system of plants
(57) Abstract:Usage: the invention relates to agriculture, in particular, to devices for exploring the roots of plants. The inventive device on the straight and sharp corners horizontal frame 1 fixed rack 2, 3, 4, respectively. At the front 2 are mounted with equal interval skew sleeve 5, 6 parallel to the legs of the frame 1. In the rack 3 with holes 7, parallel to the bushing 5, and the rack 4 holes 8, parallel to the bushing 6. Holes 7 with the sleeve 5 and the hole 8 with the sleeves 6 are arranged in a horizontal levels. The device comprises a flat plugs formed by the spokes 9, placed at a regular interval. With the hypotenuse of the frame 1 by a hinge 12 is connected strap 13. Hours 2, 3, 4 strengthened in dental l-shaped ditch. The stalk of the plant is fixed between the hypotenuse of the frame 1 and is drawn to it by the strap 13. Plugs are installed one at pin 9 in the sleeve 5 or 6, and the other in the hole penetrates the root system. Podkamennaya and washed root system is removed together with the device. 2 C.p. f-crystals, 2 Il. The invention relates to agriculture, in particular, to devices for the study of the roots of plants.Famous is growing, containing fixed on the stem Chuck for gripping and extracting samples 
The disadvantages of the known devices is the inability to select the root system for sampling and low accuracy of determination of its coordinates, due to the visual inaccessibility of position samples.A device for determining the coordinates of the elements of the root system of a plant that contains two legs, fastened by a horizontal crossbar, coupled with the latter by means of the slide horizontal rail and coupled with it the vertical rod can move along the rails and vertically. On the bar, rod and the rod caused the division to obtain the three coordinate elements of the root system 
A disadvantage of the known devices is the inability to determine the coordinates of the elements of the root system of plants in laboratory conditions, due to the absence of fixation elements of the root system of the device.Task claimed invention is the ability to determine the coordinates of the elements of the root system of plants under laboratory conditions.The problem is solved poluciaiutsea on the habitat of the spatial support system,
spatial support system divides the root system, the three-dimensional coordinates which are useful in the definition.These technical results are provided by the following set of essential features of the proposed device.The proposed device, as is known, contains two legs, fastened a horizontal base bar. In contrast to the known we provided third base, bonded with other racks horizontal slats, forming with the base crossbar frame in the shape of a rectangular triangle, and flat fork formed by the spokes are placed with equal spacing. While on the rack right angle frame fixed skew relative to each other of the sleeve parallel to the legs of the frame, placed along the rack with an equal interval, interacting with extreme spokes one hand Vilkov. And in each rack acute angle frame made holes with plugs in horizontal levels, interacting with the extreme spokes the other hand Vilkov. With the crossbar, forming the hypotenuse of the frame, pivotally connected with a possibility of rotation in which Isakov of the claimed invention is in the following causal relationship with these technical results:
the form of the device with skew sleeves and side holes in the racks that hold the spokes flat Vilkov, determine the ability to penetrate the root system of plants spokes in two different directions at several levels. And pivotally connected with the hypotenuse frame strap provides fixation of the stem of the plant between the hypotenuse and a rod pressed against the latter, for example, using bichebi or additional devices. Provide it support for the root system as a whole and spokes spatial support elements of the root system, fixes them in positions that are close to natural,
anchoring stands perpendicular to the plane of the frame, skew sleeves parallel to the legs of the frame, and the location of the holes in the racks acute angle, and a pair of bushings in the horizontal levels determines the position of the racks and spokes along the axes of a three-dimensional rectangular coordinates. The space in which is fixed the root system, is broken into sections, in which the three-dimensional coordinates of the elements are easy to identify.In the specific form of the device strap is made of elastic, which leads to more ROI the form of the fastening end of the strap tension spring, on which is mounted a hook, and the crossbar, forming the leg of the frame, performing a hole that communicates with the hook causes the convenience of the clamp bar to the hypotenuse of the frame.In Fig.1 shows the device installed on it with a pitchfork and pressed to the hypotenuse of the frame bar, front projection, Fig.2 is a view As in Fig.1.The device consists of a frame 1, forming a right-angled triangle, on the right corner which is fixed the column 2, and the sharp corners of the rack 3 and 4. Hours 2, 3, 4 perpendicular to the plane of the frame 1. The rack 2 is fixed skew sleeve 5 and 6 also supported by the uprights 4 and 3, respectively. To do this in struts 2, 3, 4 holes, covering sleeves 5, 6. In columns 3, 4 holes 7, 8, parallel to the sleeves 5, 6 and placed them in layers, parallel to the plane of the frame 1. Spokes 9 of the device attached to the tool holders 10, forming a flat plugs, interacting one extreme needle with the sleeve 5 or 6, and the other with a hole 7 or 8 of the same level. With the crossbar 11 of the frame 1 by means of hinge 12 articulated elastic and rotatable in the plane of the frame strap 13. At the free end of the strap 13 is installed tension spring 14 with a hook 15. In Catete frame 1 is in operates as follows. Ditch the plant G-shaped ditch and set it vertically in columns 2, 3, 4. The base of the stalk is pressed against the crossbar 11 of the frame 1 plate 13. For this purpose, the hook 15, stretching the spring 14, is slid into the opening 16 of the leg frame 1. Alternately set the fork on the device. Promote an extreme spokes 9 plugs into the sleeve 5 or 6, and the other into the hole 7 or 8. Free bushings 5, 6 knitting needles through the soil and root system of the plant. Items at the last meeting with spokes 9 several rejected or puncture. Around the other sides of the root system and break it. From a water supply source such as a tank on a mobile vehicle, washed root system and remove the device. With a hanging device, alternately removing the bottom plug, cut samples with elements of the root system. When determining the spatial coordinates of the samples use the spacing of the spokes 9 in plugs and sockets 5, 6 on the rack 2.The device provides the fixing elements of the root system at the positions close to the natural, easy to use.Sources.1. N. Z Machines. The root system of field crops, M. Publishing house "spike", 1964, S. 229.230, Fig.20.2. N. Z Machines. To which I commit elements of the root system of plants, with two legs connected by a horizontal crossbar, characterized in that it is provided with an additional counter and horizontal slats, through which additional hour connected with the main racks with education framework in the form of a rectangular triangle and flat plugs, made in the form of spaced parallel to each other with an equal interval spokes, available in a right angle frame fixed at its height equal intervals in parallel horizontal beams to the legs of the sleeve, through which are passed at the spokes on one side of the forks, and in each rack in the area of the acute angle of the holes, located at the same height with the bushings, with the horizontal bar is the hypotenuse of the hinge strap connected.2. The device according to p. 1, wherein the strap is made of elastic in the plane of the frame.3. The device under item 1, characterized in that at the free end of the strap is fixed to the spring tension on the free end of which has a hook, and in a horizontal crossbar-Catete made a hole to accommodate the hook.
FIELD: agriculture, in particular, plant growing and feed production, may be used for growing of spring rape in fodder crop as postcut forage crop.
SUBSTANCE: method involves preparing soil and seeds; sowing; providing care for young crops; harvesting. Seed sowing is carried out during period of mass development of cruciferous weeds and die-off of first generation of wintered cruciferous fleas Phyllotreta spp. Spring rape is grown in postcut forage crop. Before seed sowing, soil is cultivated by rotavation or two-three-staged disking by means of harrows to 8-10 cm depth immediately after harvesting of preceding crop. Seed sowing is performed during 2-3 days after harvesting of said crop. Spring rape is cultivated in single-course complete fodder crop rotation mode. Winter wheat is used as preceding crop. Early ripening rape seeds with growing period of up to 100 days are commonly used. In the Middle Urals zone, rape seeds are sown in June, 15 to 30.
EFFECT: increased yield of spring rape grown for forage in risky agriculture regions at intensive utilization of plowed field in fodder crop rotation mode without use of pesticides.
4 cl, 6 tbl