(57) Abstract:Use: for bonding packaging, newsprint, paper products, cardboard, gluing labels. The inventive contact adhesive contains an emulsion of a copolymer of methyl acrylate, butyl acrylate and methacrylic acid 22 - 50% /dry matter/, rosin, esterified with glycerol or pentaerythritol until an acid number of 100 to 120 mg KOH /g and saponified to pH 8 to 10, 2 to 9%, the stabilizer is polyvinyl alcohol of 0.3 - 10% /dry matter/ and water - the rest. Characteristics of adhesive: bonding of 1 - 4 minutes, the adhesive capacity of 20 kg/see table 2. The invention relates to materials used in industrial production for bonding packaging, newsprint, paper products, cardboard, labeling, etc.For gluing paper packaging is widely used starch adhesives, because of the cheapness compared with synthetic, such as, for example, emulsion PVA adhesives based on polyvinyl alcohol, latex, the best choice of rubber, urea and melamine-formaldehyde resins and other 1. Starch adhesives have a number of disadvantages, in particular, the setting time of adhesives based on starch is not enough to floor the gluing of paper, use as glues based on dextrins - the products of cleavage and hydrolysis of starches. For example, Japanese glue Kang (basic sample). They are distinguished by their high solubility, low viscosity, low drying time, which is very important, because the drying time is governed by the speed of the production line. But the production of dextrins limited to, adhesives based on them are expensive, and the retention of their limited, which is a disadvantage when implementing and using the product.Known 2, the adhesive composition capable of spraying. Composition (mass fraction of solids is 10 to 30%) contains 25 to 30% of an acrylic polymer obtained by the emulsion polymerization, 10 250 amp stickiness, volatile organic solvent and spraying agent and has good adhesive properties. As the amplifier of stickiness use terpenophenolic resin T-80 and terpene resin 1000 PX.The main drawback of this adhesive composition is used in the composition of the glue volatile organic solvent, which makes it almost impossible for him to use to open the premises.Closest to the claimed is a composition of the latex adhesive with improved adhesion and technological soapymassage with polychloroprene adhesion promoter (PRA) and 0.01 10 (0,03 7) water-soluble high-molecular compounds, for example, hydroxyethyl cellulose or PVA.GREAT rosin, gidrirovanny or esterified 3 (prototype).But the production of chloroprene latex limited, which complicates the organization of production of this glue, and the introduction as painfully products in the composition containing the aquatic environment, is difficult because of their poor solubility in water and poor ability to copolymerization.The aim of the invention is to improve the adhesion properties, the stability and improvement of manufacturability, application.This objective is achieved in that the water-soluble contact adhesive based on a polymer latex, resin adhesion promoter and polyvinyl alcohol as a stabilizer contains as latex acrylic copolymer emulsion, and as a promoter of adhesion esterified with glycerol or pentaerythritol until the acid number 100 120 rosin after saponification to pH 8 to 10 in the following ratio,
acrylate emulsion 60 90
esterified and saponified to pH 8 10 rosin 5 20
polyvinyl alcohol, 6% solution in water 5 12
water the rest
For contact adhesive proceed as obrazovky acid number of the product was 100 - 120. To do this, the reaction mass is injected 2,2 2,5% by weight of a polyhydric alcohol rosin. After cooling, the resulting product omelet in a known manner with caustic soda to pH 8 to 10. Simultaneously, in a mixer to prepare a 6% aqueous solution of polyvinyl alcohol according to GOST 10779-78. In the same reactor with constant stirring impose prepared solution of oxidized esterified rosin, and the calculated amount of acrylate emulsion on THE 6-01-186-89. After thorough mixing, the finished contact adhesive is poured into the transport container.To use the glue is applied in a known manner onto the bonding surface of the flywheel with a brush, by spraying through a nozzle, etc.Example. 20 wt. including esterified and saponified to pH 8 10 rosin loaded into the reactor. In this reactor with constant stirring enter 60 wt. including acrylic emulsion prepared in 6% aqueous solution of polyvinyl alcohol and 8 wt. including water. The contents are thoroughly mixed at a temperature of 25oC until a homogeneous mass, analyze and poured into the transport container. Other examples are given in table.1, and the physico-chemical and physico-mechanical properties are given in table.2. Here, prevea the best adhesive ability have samples of glue 1 3, having a composition included in the claimed range.As a comparison, the sample of the adhesive N 7. This polyvinyl acetate semi-universal glue (PVA) used for bonding of paper products, cardboard, wood, etc. Basic sample Japanese glue Kang, used for packing newsprint. As can be seen from the table. 2, the adhesive ability of their lower compared with the inventive examples of the adhesive.Designed adhesive has good adhesion properties, it forms a durable, flexible film that provides the strength of glued paper. Superior adhesion and technological properties of the adhesive are provided by the ingredients included in its composition. In particular, partially esterified saponified rosin provides adhesive properties of the adhesive, in addition the presence of alkali in the adhesive accelerates the setting, it improves the stability of the adhesive increases the penetration of the adhesive into the paper. Acrylic copolymer emulsion enhances "adhesive properties of the adhesive, facilitates the formation of the film. Polyvinyl alcohol provides the desired viscosity of the product and contributes to the stabilization of the emulsion. Contact adhesive comprising an emulsion of acrylic polymer, an adhesion promoter, Kanebo it contains an emulsion of a copolymer of methyl acrylate, of butyl acrylate and methacrylic acid, as well as rosin rosin, esterified with glycerol or pentaerythritol until an acid number of 100 to 120 mg KOH/g and saponified to pH 8 to 10 in the following ratio, wt. (on dry matter)
Emulsion of a copolymer of methyl acrylate, butyl acrylate and methacrylic acid
Rosin 2 9
Polyvinyl alcohol 0,3 1,0
SUBSTANCE: present invention relates to a re-emulsifiable powdered resin. Described is a re-emulsifiable powdered resin obtained from an aqueous emulsion of synthetic resin which contains a hydrophobic monomer as a copolymerising monomer, whose solubility in water at 20°C is 0.1% or less, in amount of 30 wt % or more in terms of the total number of all copolymerising monomers, dispersed and stabilised using a resin based on polyvinyl alcohol, modified with acetoacetic groups whose degree of saponification is equal to or greater than 90 mol %, degree of modification with acetoacetic groups lies between 0.01-10 mol %, and average degree of polymerisation lies between 50 and 2000. Described also is an aqueous emulsion obtained through re-emulsion of the said re-emulsifiable powdered resin. Described is an adhesive composition which contains the said re-emulsifiable powdered synthetic resin. The invention also describes an adhesive composition containing said aqueous emulsion.
EFFECT: obtaining re-emusifiable powdered resin for preparing an aqueous emulsion which forms a film with excellent water resistance, resistance to warm water and boiling.
13 cl, 1 tbl, 8 ex
SUBSTANCE: composition contains a polymer which contains hydroxyl groups, a polyfunctional cross-linking gent and, optionally, a catalyst. The polymer which contains hydroxyl groups is a polyvinyl alcohol or a mixture of starch and polyvinyl alcohol. The polyvinyl alcohol is hydrolysed. The polyfunctional cross-linking agent is substituted glycosal and is present in concentration of at least 25 wt %. The catalyst is selected from a group comprising ammonium chloride, ammonium sulphate, phosphoric acid, p-toluic acid and mixtures thereof. The composition is used as binder for producing a composite product. The composite product is obtained by depositing a curable aqueous composition onto lignocellulosic materials and then hardening the said composition. Lignocarbohydrate material is plywood, plywood, fibrous wood chipboard, medium-density fiberboard and a board with oriented fibres.
EFFECT: curable aqueous composition contains a large amount of non-volatile substances, is stable, hardens quickly and does not release any poisonous gases during solidification.
11 cl, 2 tbl, 13 ex
SUBSTANCE: adhesive system contains an adhesive composition which contains from approximately 5 to approximately 50 wt % albumen and one or more polymers containing acetoacetylated alcohol. The adhesive system further contains one or more polymers which contain polyvinyl amine, polyvinyl formamide, poly (copolymer of vinyl alcohol and vinyl amine), poly(copolymer of vinyl alcohol and vinyl formamide), polyallyl amine, polyethylene imine or polyamidoamine. To obtain a wood-based product, the adhesive system is applied onto one or more fragments of wood-based material, and the fragments are joined with the next one or more fragments of the material. The fragments are wood chips or wood particles. The wood-based product is laminated material, flooring plywood, furniture plywood, multilayer plywood, wall board, roofing panel or glued plank girder or wood, woodchip or fibre board, or oriented strand board.
EFFECT: use of the adhesive system to obtain a wood-based product provides excellent adhesion strength and water-resistance.
17 cl, 3 tbl, 3 ex
SUBSTANCE: invention also relates to obtaining the aqueous binding composition, which contains lupine protein; to the binding system, which contains the aqueous binding composition and a curing agent; to a method for manufacturing wood-based products; to the product, manufactured by the said method and to the application of the binding composition for a binding system for the connection of one or several wooden material components with one or several additional components from the said material.
EFFECT: invention provides the high strength of compounds, possesses favourable rheological properties even at high protein content.
15 cl, 6 tbl, 3 ex
FIELD: adhesive compositions for polyvinyl chloride-based adhesive tapes.
SUBSTANCE: claimed adhesive contains perchlorvinyl resin, plasticizer, pine-wood rosin, and filler. Mixture of dioctylphthalate and chlorinated alpha-olefins, obtained from waste of ethylene oligomerization, is used as plasticizer, and activated mixture of natural zeolite and calcium oxide is used as filler. Adhesive tapes of present invention are useful as sealing and protective coatings for gas and oil line coil.
EFFECT: polyvinyl chloride-based adhesive tapes with improved adhesive quality and reduced plasticizer migration from tape into adhesive tape.
3 ex, 1 tbl
FIELD: gluing and sizing compositions.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the essentially anhydrous sizing composition and an aqueous sizing composition used in sizing paper and cardboard. Essentially anhydrous and an aqueous sizing compositions comprise gluing substance, non-ionogenic surface-active substance, an anionic surface-active substance and a monohydric alcohol. Method for preparing an aqueous composition involves homogenization of gluing substance in the presence of surface-active substances and monohydric alcohol. Invention provides preparing sizing compositions that can be homogenized easily, i. e. they represent dispersions or emulsions formed by application of insignificant shearing forces, for example, such as stirring and provides preparing sizing compositions that are stable in storage.
EFFECT: improved preparing method, improved and valuable properties of compositions.
15 cl, 6 tbl, 3 ex
FIELD: soft wares, paper.
SUBSTANCE: compound is intended for pulp materials hydrophobisation and can be used in pulp and paper industry and at paper and board manufacturing. Compound contains modified thallous galipot, paraffin, thallous fatty acids and balancer at defined components ratio. In the capacity of balancer sodium lauryl sulfate, sodium laureth sulfate, cocoamidopropylbetain or cocoamidopropylaminochloride is used.
EFFECT: compound refinement for hydrophobisation of pulp materials, supplying of its hydrophobization efficiency and storage life duration.
5 cl, 1 tbl
SUBSTANCE: adhesive composition contains a combination of butadiene-styrene thermoplastic elastomers with a linear or radial structure, glycerine rosin ester, petroleum resin, dibutylphthalate, quinol ether and an organic solvent.
EFFECT: composition increases adhesion strength of different flexible substrates, for example rubber, leather, textile materials, artificial leather and other materials.
3 tbl, 5 ex
SUBSTANCE: glue composition includes perchlorovinyl resin, plasticiser and adhesion-increasing additive. Composition additionally contains hydroxylated 1,2-polybutadiene or hydroxylated syndiotactic 1,2-polybutadiene in quantity from 1 to 15 wt.p.; hydroxylated 1,2-polybutadiene with average weight molecular weight from 8000 to 12000 being applied. Degree of hydroxylation in hydroxylated 1,2-polybutadiene consistitutes from 2 to 27%.
EFFECT: increased adhesion of sticky PVC-tape to metal surface.
3 cl, 11 ex, 1 tbl
SUBSTANCE: adhesive composition includes perchlorovinyl resin, plasticiser and adhesiveness-increasing additive. Composition additionally contains epoxidated 1,2-polybutadiene or epoxidated syndiotactic 1,2-polybutadiene in quantity from 1 to 15 wt.p.; epoxidated 1,2-polybutadiene with average weight molecular weight from 8000 to 12000 being applied. Degree of epoxidation in epoxidated 1,2-polybutadiene consistitutes from 4 to 33%.
EFFECT: increased adhesion of sticky PVC-tape to metal surface.
3 cl, 11 ex, 1 tbl
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of obtaining glue compositions, used in the production of adhesive polyvinylchloride (PVC) tapes, intended for wrapping gas- and oil-pipelines as an insulating and protective coating, as well as for carrying out repair works. The glue composition includes a perchlorovinyl resin, a plasticiser and an adhesion-improving additive. The composition additionally contains dichlorocyclopropanated 1,2-polybutadiene or dichlorocyclopropanated syndiotactic 1,2-polybutadiene in an amount from 1 to 15 wt.p. Dichlorocyclopropanated 1,2-polybutadiene with the weight average molecular weight from 8000 to 120000 is used. A degree of dichlorocyclopropanation in dichlorocyclopropanated 1,2-polybutadiene constitutes from 2.5 to 35.9%.
EFFECT: increased adhesion of an adhesive PVC tape to a metal surface.
3 cl, 1 tbl, 12 ex
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to obtaining resin for increasing adhesiveness of rubber mixtures and can be used in tyre and rubber industry. Resin contains, wt %: rosin - 55-70, eutectic melt of ε-caprolactam - 5-8 with N-isopropyl-N′-phenyl-n-phenylenediamine - 15-25 and zinc oxide - 7-15.
EFFECT: invention makes it possible to increase adhesiveness of rubber mixtures in duplicating and adhesion of rubber to metal, with resin-containing vulcanisates containing high protective action against thermooxidising and ozone ageing.
3 tbl, 7 ex
SUBSTANCE: glue composition by invention contains indene-coumarone resin, rosin, bitumen, pine pitch, talc and graphite with the following component ratio, wt %: indene-coumarone resin 24.0; rosin 21.0; bitumen 6.5; pine pitch 2.0; talc 40.5; graphite 6.0. Thereof application makes it possible to produce lenses with diameter to 150 mm with thin edge and thin centre. Ratio of lens curvature radius to diameter R/D≥0.5 with accuracy N=2, ΔN=0.2.
EFFECT: creation of plastic glue composition with small shrinkage at heating with the following cooling.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to colophony ethers that feature appropriate colour, stable colour and/or flavour to be used in nonwoven materials, nonwoven products made of colophony ethers and/or containing the latter and to production and application of that ethers and products, for example, adhesives. Production of colophony ether comprises colophony disproportionation in contact between colophony and disproportionation agent. Disproportionated colophony with PAN smaller than 45 is brought in contact with attachment agent. Colophony adduct is brought about with additionally decreased PAN number. Colophony adduct is brought in contact with polyatomic alcohol containing approximately 20 wt % or less of pentaerythrol to get the colophony ether. Colophony ether features the flavour intensity smaller than 80% relative to colophony ether obtained with the help of 100% pentaerythrol. Adhesive contains said colophony ether. Nonwoven product contains said adhesive.
EFFECT: better characteristics, appropriate colour, stable colour, faint flavour to be used in nonwoven materials as an adhesive.
23 cl, 6 tbl, 6 ex