Device for rigid connection of the housings multiple floating objects

 

(57) Abstract:

The invention relates to shipbuilding and is intended for use in the device rigid connection of various Multihull ships and boats, pontoon bridges, ferries and ferries, floating grounds vessels technical and rack fleet, Multihull floating vehicles and floating structures. The essence lies in the fact that the device for rigid connection of the housings multiple floating objects contains the hinges installed on the surface adjacent parts of connected buildings, and castles with the drives installed on these surface parts, the two pins of the hinges are removable and locks wedge, each of these castles made of symmetrical wedges I-beam connected to the actuator of the lock, and fixed V-guides, in pairs mounted on the underwater parts of the adjacent connected bodies. 6 Il.

The invention relates to shipbuilding and is intended for use in the device rigid connection of various Multihull ships and boats, pontoon bridges, ferries and ferries, floating grounds vessels technical and rack fleet, Multihull plavuchikh floating objects, contains two hinges mounted on the surface adjacent parts of connected buildings, and castles with the drives installed on these surface parts /and see.with. The USSR, N311810, class B 63 B 35/34, published. 1971/.

A disadvantage of the known device is the complexity of its operation.

The technical result of the introduction describes the invention consists in simplifying the operation of the described device.

This is achieved by a device for rigid connection of the housings multiple floating objects, contains two hinges mounted on the surface adjacent parts of connected buildings, and castles with the drives installed on these surface parts, the two pins of the hinges are removable and locks wedge, each of these castles made of symmetrical wedges I-beam connected to the actuator of the lock, and fixed V-guides, in pairs mounted on the underwater parts of the adjacent connected bodies.

In Fig. 1 shows a side view of the described device of Fig. 2 a top view of the device described in Fig. 3 node a in Fig. 2; Fig. 4 in cross-section B-B in Fig. 3; Fig. 5 is a view along arrow b of Fig. 3; Fig. 6 bit installed on surface parts vzaimosoedinenii buildings 1 two hinges 2 /Fig.3 and 5/. The brackets 3 of these hinges mounted on a swivel in the horizontal plane of the pivots 4 and are connected by removable pins 5, which in the brackets 3 are provided through holes 6. Each pin 5 for convenience, provided with a handle 7. From the spontaneous loss of the pin 5 is provided chalker 8 connected to the bracket 3 safety chain 9.

Underwater parts vzaimosoedinenii buildings 1 fixed wedge guides 10, which in the working position are connected in pairs between a two-sided symmetric wedges 11 I-beam /Fig. 4 and 6/. The wedges 11 with swivel 12 is connected with a stubborn screw 13. The latter is driven into rotation by means of the worm gear 14 and the actuator 15. The upper end of the stop screw 13 is made in the form of a square, on which the principal Electromechanical or hydraulic actuator handle emergency manual drive. The wedges 11 and guides form 10 locks.

The operation of the device is as follows.

Separate housing 1 Multihull floating object are summed together to match the brackets 3. To combine crossle alignment brackets 3 separate buildings connected to each other by setting in the through hole 6 of the cylindrical pins 5. The latest from spontaneous loss stopped by chokers 8, which, in turn, to exclude losses are attached by means of a protection circuit 9 to the brackets 3. In such transport /outside/ position when individual buildings are situated in the hinge /flexible/ communication with each other, can Multihull, usually large, floating object towed by a narrow and winding rivers. This two-tier hinges 2 provide separate housings 1 mutual offset relative to each other in two planes: in the horizontal plane due to the swivel pins 4 and in the vertical plane due to the cylindrical pins 5, freely installed in the through hole 6 of the brackets 3. In the transport position Multihull floating facility bilateral wedges 11 by a screw 13 and the actuator 15 is completely removed from the fixed wedge guides 10 in the upper source /off/ position. In this starting position, the wedges 11 do not prevent mutual displacement /in a certain range of/ separate housings relative to each other. Depending on the travel conditions of the housing 1 may be for the period of transportation are located relative to each other in one or n is clenenia separate buildings 1 multiple floating objects, for example, multiple floating grounds rack ships or large ships of the fleet technical, pontoon bridges and ferries, catamaran base or trimaran vessels and various craft actuate the actuator 15, which through a worm gear 14 transmit rotation resistant screws 13. Resistant screws being connected through a swivel with 12 double-sided wedges 11, translational move the last of the original upper position down in the wedge guides 10. Due to the fact that the wedges 11 are two-sided symmetric design of I-beam section, with progressively moving down their both working parties included in corresponding V-guides 10. Because the wedge guides 10 pairs and still installed on vzaimosoedinenii buildings, wedges 11 in the lower working position tightly without gaps connect these case among themselves, creating a rigid monolith /connected with no gaps/ floating Multihull system.

As noted above, this rigid monolithic multiple-floating design when the need arises can be easily and quickly again splitted to separate the floating body.

 

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