Deep hanging megalocornea hpp


(57) Abstract:

The invention relates to hydropower and can be used to create powerful hydroelectric power plants, do not require the construction of dams. The essence of the invention: creating placed in the area of deep currents HPP, suspended on ropes and allowing periodic increase their turbines on the surface of the water. Below is installed on the floats platform placed four independent identical turbine disk rotors and additionally rotating around their own axes. The generators are housed in a sealed compartment. Rope guy connected below loops with hooks bottom ballast weights, and when diving or climbing HPP used extension cables. All four turbines are equipped with remotely operated breakers kinematic relations with the Central non-rotating axle to simultaneously turn them into "feathered" position. 4 C.p. f-crystals, 11 ill.

The invention relates to hydropower and can be used when creating a dam pendant, set on the deep currents, HES a great power.

Hydroelectric known [1] the device also tidal hydroelectric power station [4] contains two vertically arranged drum wheel opposite rotation, connected via a gearbox to a generator installed in the protective cap on the body, as well as the output delimiter water flow.

However, these designs are not suitable for creating powerful and effective submersible power converters water.

An object of the invention is the creation placed in the field of underwater currents suspension HPS high power, does not require sealing contact with the water shaft and providing a comfortable dive, consolidating at a fixed depth, and the ability to periodically rise to the surface of the water.

This object is achieved by the fact that under installed on floats platform placed symmetrically at the corners of four identical Autonomous turbines multipliers, generators and disc rotors, dual vertical blades which are further rotated (Cl= -0,5paround their own axes and perform in the water flow cycloidal trajectory, always keeping planes on the axis side of the blade deployed on stream.

Vertical tubular shafts of rotors accommodated in the hollow uprights, the lower bearing MSE of the dam and spillway cap.

Located in the elongated rack air prevents the ingress bottom water at the top of the generator compartment.

The bearings of the shafts of the blades are also made of water resistant and do not require sealing.

In order to reduce the resistance forces moving against the flow of the front outer and rear inner blades in front of them in the first case, set the side flaps, and in the second they are placed over the separator flow while coming to deployed downstream of the blade in the hydrodynamic relation to work in more output angles of attack relative to the flow of water.

The presence at the ends of the rope stretching hinges and brackets (or hooks) allows using an extension cable should be embedded effectively HPP on the desired depth, and detachable brackets mounted on the rear cable, and allow you to keep in several places down to the bottom of the power cable, protecting it from damage and tear under its own weight current-carrying conductors.

To stop the rotors (for example, when lowering, lifting, or the need to de-energize the power cable) turbine equipped with remote activation (from the shore or from a vessel) Electromechanical devices, sushestvo "directional" mode.

To create the initial excess (retaining) the air pressure inside the casing is placed inside a multiplier and a generator to compensate for the water pressure from below when submerged to a depth of turbines each housing is equipped with a nozzle with a spring-loaded ball valve, connect the hose to the gearbox with a can of compressed air. Thus, the balloon can be posted permanently on the ship or temporarily non-inverted platform before its immersion.

When placing HES very strong currents (e.g., more than 10 m/s) before it is installed above the platform level, additional float connected to the platform rope sling.

In Fig. 1 shows the side view of HPP in working position; Fig. 2 rear view of Fig. 3 bottom view of the hydroelectric power station of Fig. 4 and 5, the passage deployed downstream of the blades through the "dead zone" and the increased emphasis on adjacent blades; Fig. 6 way of deciding loop rope guy to hook the bottom of the cargo; Fig. 7 is a side view (in section) on one of the rotors of Fig. 8 "feathered" the location of flow planes kinematically open blades; Fig. 9 schematically shows the tilting platform rotors down; Fig. 10 preseeding ropes.

HPP has two drum rotor 1 and 2, a generator 3, a protective sealed top cover 4 and the Central divider of the water flow.

HPP further comprises two rotors 6 and 7, each of the four identical rotors is part of the Autonomous turbine (I-IV), made in the form of a disk 8 with dual vertical blades 9, bevel gears 10, 11 and 12 and a Central non-rotating bevel gear 13 and is connected via a flange 14 with a hollow vertical shaft 15 mounted in bearings 16 and 17 in a cone-shaped hollow rack 18, hermetically connected at the top with a casing 4 containing inside bevel gears 19 and 20, the multiplier (Overdrive gear) 21 and the generator 22, and outside the fitting 23 and connected to the platform 24 of the trunnion 25.

Inside the shaft 15 is waterproof koltseobraznaya retainer 26, and the outside (and inside of the column 18) is similar to the crosspiece 27 of larger diameter. The bearings 16, 28 and 29 are made not sealed and waterproof, and the conical gear 10-13, detachable coupling 30, the springs 31 and 32, the satellite shafts 33, a tapered sleeve 34 and the lower part of the Central non-rotating axis 35 are corrosion-resistant coating.

Pout plugs 38 for draining the water from the rotor after the rotor lifting HPP above the water level.

Each rotor is provided with a mechanical device disconnection mutual kinematic connection of the blades 9, consisting of a solenoid coil 39, the lever 40, the conical sleeve 34 with the spring 31, pushers 41 and coupling 30 with coil springs 32. On the platform 24 posted by pontoon floats 42.

Power cables 37 are connected through a sealed junction box 43 with the General (main) power cable 44, is suspended by means of detachable brackets 45 on the back of the cable 46.

On the platform 24 before deployed downstream outer blades of the front rotors 1 and 11 attached flaps 47 and deployed before the internal thread of the blades 9 of the rear rotors III and IV installed the separator water flow 48.

The front cables 49 and 50, and a rear cable 46, provided at the ends of the loops 51 and the mounting bracket (or hooks) 52, joined when diving or lifting platform 24 with extension cables 53, fixed to the reel surface winches 55.

Bottom cargo 56 fitted with hooks blocks 57 and 58.

When placing HES in the zone of very strong currents (e.g., more than 10 m/s) before it is installed above the level of the platform 24 additional float 59 held by the cable 60 and coupled with platformlist HPP is transported by water to the place of installation by using one or two (preferably) towing boats 1 and 11, equipped posted on the stern winches 55, through which the pre-fall to the bottom on the previously marked by divers or divers) ballast sediment loads 56.

Through the blocks 58 cargo 56 skipped extension cables 49 and 50, which are connected with the platform 24.

Before the dive (before rollover) HPP sealed to the connector 43 is attached power cable 44. Then, the control voltage on the coil 39 of the turbines, the blades 9 kinematically open and subsequent immersion in water using wing flaps 62 are deployed on the thread, not providing the resistance required in the immersion process, installation and lifting HPP.

After tipping platform 24 rotors down HPP forcibly immersed to the depth of the loop extension cables 49 and 50 is wound over the hooks 57, then the cables 49 and 50 are attenuated and cleaned up.

In the immersion process HPP rear cable 46 in several places connected by means of detachable brackets 45 with power cable 44 is wound in advance in the form of a Bay on the coil 62 mounted on brackets on the deck of the tug 11.

After connecting the loops 51 of the rear cable 46 and detach tro output it to the shore and connected with a distribution substation. Then de-energises the control cable (or individual conductor wires of the power cable 44), blades of all rotors kinematically connected to the Central non-rotating axes 35 and HPS during rotation of the rotors start to function.

Disabling and the rise of HPP on the surface is carried out in reverse order.

To increase buoyancy and hydropower sustainability during its transportation to the platform 24 blocks with optional attached floats 63, which may additionally perform the function of a reference pontoons boats I and II when diving or climbing HPP.

1. Deep hanging megalocornea HPP, containing two working rotor opposite rotation, the Central divider of the water flow, gearbox and generator, characterized in that under installed on floats platform symmetrically placed four independent identical turbines, the rotors are made in the form of disks with a vertically mounted dual rotary blades, plane, each of which is oriented on the axis deployed downstream of the blade.

2. HPP under item 1, characterized in that the vertical tubular shafts of rotors accommodated in a hollow columns, n is the wife of a solid jumper and downstream plugs, the bearings on vertical shafts of the blades is made of waterproof and do not contain sealing flanges.

3. HPP under item 1, characterized in that before deployed on the flow of external blades of the front rotors are mounted flaps, and front inner rear Central separator water flow.

4. HPP under item 1, characterized in that attached to the platform rope stretch marks provided on opposite ends of the loops connected in operating position with the bottom hooks of the cargo, and brackets connected through the unit and extension cable with the drum surface of the winch of the ship and down to the bottom of the power cable is maintained connected to the rear vertical cable detachable straps.

5. HPP under item 1, characterized in that all turbines are equipped with remotely controlled from outside Electromechanical devices open kinematic relations of the blades with a Central non-rotating gear to turn their water flow in the "feathered" position when lifting, lowering or emergency stop rotors.


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FIELD: power engineering.

SUBSTANCE: method is designed for generating electric energy using natural energy enclosed in high pressure formation. Proposed method includes placing of turbine in well to which high-pressure agent is delivered, and electric generator with cable. Turbine is installed in encased well between showing high-pressure formation and intake low-pressure formation. Turbine is connected by pipes with electric energy generator. Flow of agent from high-pressure formation into low-pressure formation and to surface is provided. Regulation of agent flow into annulus and tube space is provided by distributing valve arranged in lower part of assembly of turbogenerator and hole between housing of turbine and pipe connecting tube space with annulus.

EFFECT: provision of effective generation of electric energy using energy contained in high-pressure formations.

2 cl, 1 dwg