Power plant

 

(57) Abstract:

The inventive mast fixed platform, on which the turbine is made in the form of a "squirrel cage" with folding blades, placed on the axis of the latter, while the sickle blades are made in the plan, and the energy Converter in the form of an electric generator, which is located under the platform. The turbine blades in the folded state are located on the spiral of Archimedes and provided with perforations, made of sheet material hollow closed and a removable bottom ends and excess relative to the axis, and the perforation holes on the back side are shifted relative to the holes of the other party, and the total area of the holes of the perforation side of crowding flow larger than the total area of the holes from the back side. 1 S. and 2 C. p. F.-ly, 2 Il.

The invention relates to hydro - and wind energy, in particular, relates to the conversion of hydraulic and wind energy, namely, devices use the natural flow of air and water in rivers, lakes, seas and oceans.

The technical result of the invention increase the area of the turbine blades when they are relieved by the perforation, is to enter the construction of a dam, exceptions cavitation due to the presence of perforations in the blades, as well as dependencies of rotation of the turbine from the direction of the medium, there is no need for a vane and a drop of water.

The power plant includes a mast 1 at the end of which is horizontally platform 2. Turbine wheel 3 mounted on a vertical shaft 4, which is kinematically connected to the energy Converter - generator 5. The impeller 3 is made in the form of a "squirrel cage" with folding blades 6 are placed (see Fig. 1 and 2) on the peripheral axes 7 of the latter. The blades 6 are Crescent shaped in plan and hollow out two pieces of sheet material 8 and 9 closed and removable ends 10, and the openings of the perforations 11 and 12 on opposite surfaces of them are shifted relative to each other, with holes 12 from the crowding of water or air by the total area greater than the total area of the holes 11 with the other hand. The blade 6 is in the folded state are located on the spiral of Archimedes. To convert the energy of moving water flow to the turbine wheel 3 relative to the platform 2 is mounted vertically down into the water, and the generator 5 on the platform 2.

This embodiment ptx2">

The power plant operates as follows.

In the normal position in the absence of wind or water flow - Crescent-shape in plan and perforated at the height of the blade 6 (see Fig. 1 and 2) turbine folded around a "squirrel cage" on the spiral of Archimedes. If the wind or current of water against the blades 6 of the turbine 3 are disclosed, rotating with respect to the peripheral axes 7 "squirrel cage" or in conjunction with, and under the pressure of the flow of air or water rotate through the shaft 4 is kinematically associated with the generator 5, mounted on the opposite surface of the pad 2. As rotation of the turbine 3 is not aimed against the wind or water flow part of its blades 6 are formed under the same pressure flow of air or water.

1. Power plant, comprising a platform, a mast, a turbine mounted on the shaft and made in the form of a "squirrel cage" with folding blades, placed on the axis of the latter, and the power Converter, kinematically connected with the shaft of the turbine, wherein the turbine is installed on the platform, placed on the end of the mast, the turbine blades are made Crescent shaped in plan, and the energy Converter in the form of a generator, which reperforating.

2. The plant p. 1, characterized in that the blades are made from sheet material hollow closed and removable ends of the top and bottom with respect to the axes.

3. The plant PP. 1 and 2, characterized in that the turbine blades are perforated on both sides, and the perforation holes on the back side are shifted relative to the holes of the other party, and the total area of the holes of the perforation side of crowding of air or water is greater than the total area of the holes from the back side.

 

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FIELD: power engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to non-conventional power sources, and it can be used in plants using energy of wind, river, deep sea and other currents. Proposed plant contains one or several vertical shafts and horizontal rods with blades. Said hollow rods are installed on shafts for limited turning relative to their axes. Opposite blades of each rod are rigidly secured on rod square to each other and eccentrically relative to axis of rod. Shafts adjacent in horizontal direction are made for rotation in opposite directions.

EFFECT: provision of simple ecologically safe device operating at any direction of current in liquid and gaseous medium and at medium interface.

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