Floating hydraulic structure


(57) Abstract:

The use of the invention: hydraulic construction, in particular in buildings floating type installed on the bottom of the water area. The inventive floating hydraulic structure includes a closed perimeter of the housing 1, the supports 5 and pipes for concreting. Wall of the body is hollow, providing buoyancy, and are interconnected through a plate, made of metal, and the support 5 are installed in the walls of the housing with a possibility of vertical travel and ensure planting base in a horizontal position. 5 Il.

The invention relates to hydraulic structures, primarily to floating structures installed on the bottom of the waters.

Known floating structure containing with ballast tanks top and bottom anchor portion, which supports the upper part, the upper and lower parts have the support surface between which is deformable layer. The bottom of the upper part provided with a clamping layer and the base surface of the upper part and the lower anchor portion is made with exposed elements. (Ed. St. N 652880, class B the introduction of mobile work to prepare flat seats.

It is also known floating hydraulic structure installed on unprepared bottom, and includes a base support and a pipe for concrete (ed. St. N 502084, CL E 02 B 17/02, 1974).

This technical solution adopted for the prototype.

A disadvantage of the known technical solution is that it is applicable only for installation on the soft ground.

One of the main problems arising in the construction of hydraulic structures floating method is deciding on the pair of floating structures with any ground water area, guaranteeing its stability during operation.

The proposed device provides the installation structure for an inexperienced bottom waters and his trusted pair with any soil.

This technical result is achieved by the floating hydraulic structure that includes a base support and a pipe for the concrete base is made in the form of a closed perimeter of the body with hollow walls, providing buoyancy and interconnected end-to-end plate, made of metal, and a support mounted in the casing wall with the possibility verticalgradient construction longitudinal section; Fig. 2 the same in plan; Fig. 3 shows the structure to be transported on the pontoons; Fig. 4 the same in position afloat after ballasting pontoons; Fig. 5 installed on the site of the building in the process of concreting the bottom.

The floating structure consists of a base, made in the form of a closed perimeter of the housing 1 with hollow walls 2 connected between a bottom 3. The bottom 3 are through, consisting of metal 4, which provides rigidity to the structure. Inside wall 2 has a support 5, which move in a vertical plane and fixed to the ground water. Each support 5 is a device with two pipes external and internal. The outer tube is rigidly attached to the hull structure, and internal moves freely in an external (not shown). Before assembling the inner tube is now external. After immersion of the building up to the design elevation of the inner pipe supports shall be exempt from the stoppers and each of them goes all the way to the bottom. Subsequent fastening of the inner pipe with the outside by using a special hydraulic clamp (not shown).

For concreting the bottom and walls of olawski conveying structure to the installation site afloat with permissible draught.

Work floating hydraulic structures is as follows.

The floating structure is transported to the installation site using a transport ship (or something else). Own buoyancy of the facilities provided by the displacement of its hollow walls. The decrease in precipitation unit afloat, until permitted during transportation, is achieved through the installation of pontoons 7 under the bottom 3, which after ballasting on deep space appear from under the plant.

After landing facilities in place by ballasting the hollow wall of water bearing down 5 all the way to the bottom and stopped. Thus, the design is fixed in the design position on the landing place. Then made underwater concreting of the bottom 3, which is equipped with the valves necessary for the operation of the bottom of the structure during operation, and the hollow wall 2. Effective interface design with soil unprepared bottom is achieved by coupling the concrete base at the bottom. After hardening of the concrete floating structure becomes dry for subsequent works on arrangement of the internal parts. Completion of the upper part of the structure can be carried out regardless of its drainage.

Napewno the ground is made in the form of a closed perimeter of the body with hollow walls, providing buoyancy, and interconnected through a plate, made of steel, and the support mounted in the casing wall with the possibility of vertical movement and ensure planting base in a horizontal position.


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