Floating hydraulic structure
(57) Abstract:The use of the invention: hydraulic construction, in particular in buildings floating type installed on the bottom of the water area. The inventive floating hydraulic structure includes a closed perimeter of the housing 1, the supports 5 and pipes for concreting. Wall of the body is hollow, providing buoyancy, and are interconnected through a plate, made of metal, and the support 5 are installed in the walls of the housing with a possibility of vertical travel and ensure planting base in a horizontal position. 5 Il. The invention relates to hydraulic structures, primarily to floating structures installed on the bottom of the waters.Known floating structure containing with ballast tanks top and bottom anchor portion, which supports the upper part, the upper and lower parts have the support surface between which is deformable layer. The bottom of the upper part provided with a clamping layer and the base surface of the upper part and the lower anchor portion is made with exposed elements. (Ed. St. N 652880, class B the introduction of mobile work to prepare flat seats.It is also known floating hydraulic structure installed on unprepared bottom, and includes a base support and a pipe for concrete (ed. St. N 502084, CL E 02 B 17/02, 1974).This technical solution adopted for the prototype.A disadvantage of the known technical solution is that it is applicable only for installation on the soft ground.One of the main problems arising in the construction of hydraulic structures floating method is deciding on the pair of floating structures with any ground water area, guaranteeing its stability during operation.The proposed device provides the installation structure for an inexperienced bottom waters and his trusted pair with any soil.This technical result is achieved by the floating hydraulic structure that includes a base support and a pipe for the concrete base is made in the form of a closed perimeter of the body with hollow walls, providing buoyancy and interconnected end-to-end plate, made of metal, and a support mounted in the casing wall with the possibility verticalgradient construction longitudinal section; Fig. 2 the same in plan; Fig. 3 shows the structure to be transported on the pontoons; Fig. 4 the same in position afloat after ballasting pontoons; Fig. 5 installed on the site of the building in the process of concreting the bottom.The floating structure consists of a base, made in the form of a closed perimeter of the housing 1 with hollow walls 2 connected between a bottom 3. The bottom 3 are through, consisting of metal 4, which provides rigidity to the structure. Inside wall 2 has a support 5, which move in a vertical plane and fixed to the ground water. Each support 5 is a device with two pipes external and internal. The outer tube is rigidly attached to the hull structure, and internal moves freely in an external (not shown). Before assembling the inner tube is now external. After immersion of the building up to the design elevation of the inner pipe supports shall be exempt from the stoppers and each of them goes all the way to the bottom. Subsequent fastening of the inner pipe with the outside by using a special hydraulic clamp (not shown).For concreting the bottom and walls of olawski conveying structure to the installation site afloat with permissible draught.Work floating hydraulic structures is as follows.The floating structure is transported to the installation site using a transport ship (or something else). Own buoyancy of the facilities provided by the displacement of its hollow walls. The decrease in precipitation unit afloat, until permitted during transportation, is achieved through the installation of pontoons 7 under the bottom 3, which after ballasting on deep space appear from under the plant.After landing facilities in place by ballasting the hollow wall of water bearing down 5 all the way to the bottom and stopped. Thus, the design is fixed in the design position on the landing place. Then made underwater concreting of the bottom 3, which is equipped with the valves necessary for the operation of the bottom of the structure during operation, and the hollow wall 2. Effective interface design with soil unprepared bottom is achieved by coupling the concrete base at the bottom. After hardening of the concrete floating structure becomes dry for subsequent works on arrangement of the internal parts. Completion of the upper part of the structure can be carried out regardless of its drainage. Napewno the ground is made in the form of a closed perimeter of the body with hollow walls, providing buoyancy, and interconnected through a plate, made of steel, and the support mounted in the casing wall with the possibility of vertical movement and ensure planting base in a horizontal position.
SUBSTANCE: device for anchoring floating structures incorporates mooring bar with ends furnished with the appliance to turn the aforesaid rod about its axis of rotation. At that the rod free end is provided with a sleeve letting the chains or cable to pass there through. The anchor chain passed through one of the aforesaid sleeves is fastened at one end faces of the said floating structure. Besides that, to up the structure stability, the proposed device can be furnished with links connecting the free ends of both mooring rods to the structure in question.
EFFECT: anchoring system causing no floating structure trim difference and providing for stable positioning with minor drift, reduced distance between anchor and floating structure.
11 cl, 15 dwg
SUBSTANCE: system for stabilisation of sea platform mounted of gravitation foundation and anchored at sea bottom consists of multitude of sets of upper blocking elements installed on keel at lower part of platform, of great number of caissons installed at sea bottom, of great number of removable insertions each installed in each of caissons and of set of lower blocking elements in each insertion. Each set of the lower blocking elements is designed to engage with one of sets of the upper blocking elements by means of block system, when the keel is set above caissons. Insertions correspond to a tight attached to the keel cementing material pumped into insertions through the keel. The system stabilises the platform relative to forces of lateral shear and also facilitates easy removal of the platform off the caissons with insertions attached to the keel by applying upper lifting force. Further the platform can be transported and mounted of the second set of caissons arranged at the second site of sea bottom.
EFFECT: group of inventions facilitating mounting of platform ensuring good resistance to lateral shear forces and eliminating difficult and expensive operations for installation of shear skirts.
19 cl, 9 dwg
FIELD: construction industry.
SUBSTANCE: installation method of bottom complex for performing works on shelf involves assembly of tower erected on the ground and consisting of cone- and taper-shaped sections mounted in series on foundation base with sealing skirt embedded in bottom. Foundation base is installed with hoisting winches and ropes on water-borne vehicle and transported to installation site. Foundation is lowered with coordinated rope movement to bottom. Complex is built up with sections as to height which is more than depth of complex installed on bottom of water area. Vertical position of longitudinal axis of complex is ensured with simultaneous operation of jacks and vibrators arranged on external side along the perimetre of the base. Internal volume of tower is dried. Removal method of bottom complex involves filling of internal tower volume with water. Water-borne vehicle is submerged by means of method of ballast water into tanks. Sag of ropes is chosen with hoisting winches and they are fixed. Ballast water is pumped from tanks. Vibrators and jacks are activated simultaneously till skirt of foundation completely comes out of bottom ground. Complex is transported to new installation place. Complex of equipment includes tower to be installed on ground, and water-borne vehicle. Tower has foundation base with enlarged surface area and sealing skirt, hollow housing with cross section decreasing as to height so that upper section of housing installed on the ground is located above water level. Water-borne vehicle has two hinged housings equipped with tanks, and ballast water receiving and discharge systems.
EFFECT: providing reliable installation of complex on unprepared bottom ground, stability of complex at lateral loads with no anchors available.
10 cl, 3 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to sea oil extraction platforms. Proposed SPAR platform 200 comprises hull 2202 with central hast 204. Air- and watertight partition 210 runs across central shaft to make variable-buoyancy compartment 220 in central shaft. In compliance with some versions, central shaft bottom is exposed in sea, while in compliance with other versions, central shaft bottom is sealed. At least one pipe 224 to house riser 227 runs through partition and said variable-buoyancy compartment. Said pipe has exposed top face to allows drainage of water accumulated in central shaft to make air- and watertight seal in joint with bulkhead. In some versions, two or more air- and watertight partitions 206, 208, 210 are arranged across central shaft to form one or more air- and watertight ballast tanks 216, 218 arranged fixed between every adjacent pair of bulkheads.
EFFECT: increased platform buoyancy due to its adjustment by central shaft.
16 cl, 4 dwg
SUBSTANCE: ice-resistant support block of a marine engineering facility comprises a cylindrical shaft, a support unit and supporting braces. The shaft is made as hollow. The shaft is hingedly connected to supporting braces. The support unit comprises a support ring. The support ring is formed by at least three rectilinear pontoons. Pontoons are rigidly connected by their ends. The support ring is rigidly fixed to the cylindrical shaft by hollow radial spacers. Supporting braces are rigidly connected to the support ring by lower ends. Pontoons of the support ring, radial spacers, a cylindrical shaft and hollow supporting braces are made as capable of their floatability adjustment from positive to negative one.
EFFECT: invention provides for the possibility of serial construction, reduced labour intensiveness of installing a support block on site and its removal from soil, high repairability and capability of re-equipment in the dock.
8 cl, 6 dwg
SUBSTANCE: method to install a platform support block provides for support block transportation, its submersion to the sea bottom and installation onto soil. Ballast reservoirs are used during transportation. Ballast reservoirs are inner cavities of structure elements. During installation the first installation unit is ballasted down. The shaft is put into vertical position. Its eyes are brought to the level above sea surface. Spacers are ballasted to ensure hinged connection of their eyes with eyes of the vertical shaft. The ballast is pumped from the support ring pontoons and/or radial spacers and/or vertical shaft. Spacer ends are put in contact with the support ring due to slight surfacing up of the first installation unit. Spacers are rigidly fixed. Assembly pontoons are ballasted. Its lowering to the prepared bottom section is provided.
EFFECT: simplicity of structure installation, possibility of serial construction, high repairability and possibility of re-equipment in the dock.
SUBSTANCE: superstructure is built on a building slip in a dock on a support deck installed on side walls of the dock. A transport barge that has taken the ballast is introduced into the dock under the superstructure, and the superstructure is installed by means of ballast pumping away from the barge on its deck with its subsequent transportation to a marine oil and gas field. A hydraulic engineering pocket is arranged in place of installation of a support part of a marine oil and gas production facility on the marine oil and gas field. Length, width and depth of the latter make it possible to lead the transport barge to the support part, to install the superstructure onto the support part after taking the ballast by the transport barge, and also to move the transport barge away from the marine oil and gas field after pumping of ballast from it.
EFFECT: invention makes it possible to eliminate using additional crane facilities for transportation and assembly of a superstructure of marine oil and gas production facilities onto a transport barge, and possibility to exclude construction of a marine channel for passage of a transport barge to an oil and gas field in shallow waters.
FIELD: machine building.
SUBSTANCE: proposed system comprises foundation 12, hydroelectric turbine 10 to rest on said foundation 12, and afloat sea ship 14 that allows detachment of said foundation. Ship 1 allows detachment of foundation 12 and its lowering, and/or lifting to position right under the ship, and its attachment to ship. Foundation 12 comprises support 32 to pass upward through ship 14 when foundation 14 is attached to ship from below. Ship 14 has opening 30 for foundation 32 to pass through when foundation 12 is mounted under ship 14 to allow turbine 10 mounted on support 32 to pass there through.
EFFECT: simplified mounting.
13 cl, 7 dwg
SUBSTANCE: shoe comprises a body and a unit of shoe attachment to a support pillar. It has zero or positive buoyancy and is arranged as capable of changing zero or positive buoyancy to buoyancy of a low negative value. The shoe body comprises a hole for stretching of a support pillar, besides, the specified hole is arranged in the centre of the shoe and comprises vertical guide slots for interaction with racks of the support pillar. The unit of shoe attachment to the support pillar comprises two stops, every of which is equipped with a guide sleeve placed in a body, a sliding block installed in the guide sleeve, and a manual drive to move the block in the guide sleeve.
EFFECT: simplified assembly of a shoe to a pillar.
11 cl, 5 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to hydraulic engineering construction of structures and may be used for year-round drilling under conditions of the Arctic shelf. The platform comprises a bottom ballasted plate with an inbuilt support unit and a superstructure. The bottom plate is made in the form of an upper part, a lower part and a sliding sectional support unit of telescopic type. The support unit comprises telescopic sections that are separated at the installation point with a sliding mechanism. Telescopic sections, the sliding mechanism and all required auxiliary devices are installed in sluice compartments. All telescopic sections are of identical height, cylindrical or prismatic shape, and comprise guide slots on the inner and outer surface. Inner and outer cuts of the sections are selected for each other so that arrangement of sections is provided within each other with a gap sufficient for sliding and sealing of sections along the section guides relative to each other, in accordance with the telescope principle. The lower section's cut is larger than the upper one's. Sections of the support unit are arranged in a reinforced ice version. The invention also discloses methods of transportation, assembly and disassembly of a self-lifting mobile ice-resistant drilling platform of telescopic type.
EFFECT: increased reliability of a platform, lower labour intensiveness of methods of its transportation, assembly and dismantling.
13 cl, 3 dwg