The port complex of hydraulic structures

 

(57) Abstract:

The use of the invention: hydraulic engineering in the design and development of port hydraulic structures located in a natural Bay with distinct ecological structure. The inventive protective structure 3 in the form of a continuous dam connects the opposite shore of the Bay 2 and separates her from the water area of the port 4, while the water area of the port must be no more than (0,2 - 0,4) from the Bay area, but not less than (3 - 5) settlement areas enter into the waters of port 4 turning circle for vessels with a maximum for a given area dimensions. 1 C. p. F.-ly, 1 Il.

The invention relates to hydraulic construction and can be used in the design and development of port hydraulic structures located in a natural Bay with distinct ecological structure.

Known complexes port hydraulic structures located in a natural Cove and including the containment, and the containment facing the sea and is separated from the sea water area of the Bay (Ports and port aarskog complex is the lack of environmental protection of the Bay: the contamination of the outer Harbor, inevitably arising in the area of the port, freely distributed to the entire Bay.

The aim of the invention is the environmental protection of the Bay.

This is achieved by protecting structure made in the form of a continuous dam connecting the opposite shore of the Bay and separates her from the water area of the port, the area of Swateris selected in accordance with the expressions:

Swater(0,2 0,4)SB< / BR>
Swater(3 5)SRK,

where

SBthe Bay area;

SRKarea type in the port waters turning circle for vessels with a maximum for a given area dimensions.

Protecting structure of the proposed hydraulic complex, separating from the Bay harbour area may be equipped with a one-sided culvert with a device to allow ingress of water from the Bay into the port waters.

The invention is illustrated in the drawing, which shows: 1 sea 2 - Bay, 3 protective structure in the form of a continuous dam connecting the opposite shore of the Bay and separates from the Bay 2 harbour area 4 and 5 - sided culvert unit to ensure the delivery of water from the Bay into the waters 3 unilateral topropose 5, the output of which facing the port, ensures the supply of water from environmentally friendly Bay 2 zone of the port, which improves the ecology of the waters of port 4, but does not allow contaminated water from the zone of the port to get to the Bay 2.

We offer hydraulic complex to be implemented during construction of a new commercial port, Baltiysk, Kaliningrad region.

1. The port complex of hydraulic structures, located in a natural Bay and includes a protective structure, wherein the protecting structure is made of solid dam connecting the opposite shore of the Bay and separates her from the water area of the port, the area which satisfies the following relationships:

Sandtoin(0,2 0,4) Sb,

Satoin(3 5) Spto,

where Satointhe water area of the port;

Sbthe Bay area;

Sptoarea type in the port waters turning circle for vessels with a maximum for a given area dimensions.

2. Complex p. 1, wherein the dam is equipped with one-way discharge device,

 

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