Universal machine for processing fruits, vegetables and root crops

 

(57) Abstract:

Usage: processing of fruits, vegetables and root crops in the home or small canneries. The inventive universal machine for processing fruits, vegetables and root crops includes a housing with a feeding hopper, a rotor, grating disc, the collector and the base with the motor. In the cylindrical part of the funnel installed pressure plate and the cone. To ensure the removal of the pulp or chips in the collection posted truncated cone located a smaller base down. The machine is equipped with a set of grating disks. On the shaft of the motor has a drive to clear the ground product to the periphery of the housing. 1 C.p. f-crystals, 10 ill.

The invention relates to a device for processing fruits, vegetables and root crops and can be used in everyday life, gardening groups or small canning factories in order to obtain the juice, chips with root vegetables, porridge with fruit jams, jellies and potatoes for manufacture of starch, shredding cabbage.

The known device for the production of juices, comprising a housing, a conical rotor and the sieve grating disk and the actuator [1,2]

The prototype of this Declaration, the, grating disc, cover, complement and drive [3]

The disadvantage of this juicer is the low efficiency and narrow specificity.

The aim of the invention is to create a simple design universal high performance machines for processing of fruits, vegetables and root crops.

In Fig. 1 shows a machine, General view; Fig.2 is a view of the machine from above, and Fig. 3 is a view of the machine side in the mode of extracting the juice, cut, and Fig.4 kind of machine in receive mode chip, clover, shredding cabbage, cut, and Fig.5 grating disk to obtain the juice, porridge, top view; Fig.6 disc view from the side; Fig. 7 grating disc for receiving the chip, top view; Fig.8 is a view of the drive side of Fig. 9 disc for shredding cabbage, top view; Fig.10 setting the knife on the disk.

Universal machine for processing fruits, vegetables and root crops includes a housing 1 has a cylindrical shape, the upper part of which has the shape of a truncated cone 2, it is rigidly fixed to the hopper 3, consisting of a truncated cone 4 and the cylindrical part 5, in which the center has a cone 6, is rigidly fixed to the cylinder wall plates 7 so that the upper part of the plates coincide with the vertices of the conical rotor 8 and is simultaneously clamps product to the grating disk 9.

The rotor is mounted on the shaft of the electric motor 10 has holes along the generatrix of the cone and the flanged periphery to the edge, and placed inside a conical sieve 11 with small holes elongated, spaced tangentially. Grating disc, the sieve and the rotor is pressed against the installation disk 12 bolt. Under installation disk placed on racks removable compliemnt 13 has a cylindrical shape with a pipe to exit juice 14 and under zakopianka is the disk 15 for feeding chips to the periphery. The disks 12 and 15 is rigidly fixed to the hub 16, which is freely mounted on the motor shaft and fixed against radial displacement fixed key.

The body of the machine is removable and is connected with the base flanges 17, compressible lambs. Flange base flange 17, compressible lambs. Flange base rigidly attached to the posts 18, which are mounted on rubber shock absorbers 19. Rack rigidly interconnected plates 20, and the plates installed disk 21 for mounting the motor, which is protected from the product in a cylindrical casing 22. For the direction of fiber or product in a collection of 23 has secured to the base flange of the cone 24, and for juice - a collection of 25.

Grating disc for receiving the chip consists of a coupling, mounted on it crosses with the rim (or cast with aluminum alloy), which are fastened with screws grating disk of tin with holes of a specific configuration.

Grating disc for shredding cabbage has two knife arcuate shape, fastened with screws, and the holes on the profile of the knife to remove the crushed product.

The drive of the machine consists of a three-phase two-speed motor or single phase shifted relative to the center of rotation of the rotor, through a two-speed belt transmission and overload protected motor thermal relay.

The machine operates as follows. In the receive mode of the juice set of parts shown in Fig.3. In pre-enabled on the large turnover machine serves product in the hopper 3. When grating disc 9 and snuggling to him by the plates 7, the product is crushed and the centrifugal force is discarded on the sieve 11, where the juice is removed under the action of normal sostavlyayuthie the surface of the sieve to expanding the base of a truncated cone, hits at an angle on the conical part of the housing 1, changes direction and on the inner walls of the casing and the cone 24 is supplied to the collector 23. The juice enters compliemnt 13, and from it through pipe 14 to the collector 25.

To get the chip removed the disk 9, the sieve 11, the rotor 8, the installation disk 12 and onto the shaft grating disk chip after being committed bolt. Received chips through the holes in the disk enters the disk 15, with which the centrifugal force is thrown to the walls of the housing 1 and is sent to the collector 23.

To get clover potatoes or fruit, the ROM chip is replaced with a grating disk to obtain the juice, pre-dressed on the motor shaft bushing corresponding to the height position of the disk.

For shredding cabbage on the motor shaft onto the appropriate drive.

Students Cherkasy PTU-21 prototype machines tested. Performance machine from 160 to 300 kg/h depending on the type of transaction. Since June 1991, the machine is at ENEA, Kiev, was awarded the diploma of II degree.

1 1. Machine for processing fruits, vegetables and root crops, comprising a housing with a feeding hopper mounted in Lenno in the cylindrical part of the funnel the pressure plates and cone, a housing mounted on the base flanges and designed in a way that prevents the build-up of pulp, and to ensure the removal of the pulp or chips in the collection posted truncated cone located a smaller base down.2 2. Machine under item 1, characterized in that it contains a set of grating disks, and on the shaft of the motor has a drive to clear the ground product to the periphery of the housing.

 

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