System for transferring images on the surface of the stone and graphic mosaic device to perform image
(57) Abstract:The invention relates to a device for producing images and can be used when retrieving an image on a smooth surface, natural and artificial stone, metal and other materials. The device comprises a system for transferring the image on the stone surface and includes a reading device of the graphical information, the computer graphic display, the graphics and interface of mosaic printer device to perform the image on the stone, made in the form of a graphical mosaic device that is connected to the interface of mosaic printer, the input parameters of the electronic part of the graphical mosaic devices that control the mechanical part of the device correspond to the output parameters of the interface tile printer, or mechanical part of the graphic mosaic of the device connected to the electronic parts of the printer. 2 C., 5 C.p., f-crystals, 4 Il. The invention relates to a device for producing images and can be used when retrieving an image on a smooth surface, natural and artificial stone, metal and other materialities image on the surface of the stone; in Fig. 2 graphical mosaic device for performing image; Fig. 3 top view graphic mosaic of the device of Fig. 2; Fig. 4 - shock element.In the system to transfer the image on the surface of the stone is a unit of graphic information 1, for example a scanner, videodigital or other input device of the graphical information on the base 2 which is set photo 3, a computer with graphic display 4, graphics card, processor 5, a keyboard 6 and a keyboard interface 7, the interface of mosaic printer 8, a mosaic printer 9 and the device to perform the image on the stone 10, made in the form of a tablet graphic mosaic of the device that is connected to the interface of mosaic printer 8, the input parameters of the electronic part of the tablet graphic mosaic of the device, control of the mechanical part of the device correspond to the output parameters of the interface mosaic printer 8, or mechanical part of the graphics tablet mosaic device connected to the electronic part of the mosaic printer 9.Graphic mosaic device 10 to perform the image on the stone is s 13 along the guide rails 12. Transect 13 the carriage is equipped with a mosaic cylinder 16 with a shock elements 17, which are made in the form of needles, which at the working end 18 is made of tapering. The unit is equipped with two stepper motors, one is driven to move the carriage mosaic cylinder 16, and the other kinematically connected with the mechanism 15 to move the head plate 13 along the guide rails 12 in mutually perpendicular directions with respect to the moving mosaic of the head. The head 16 mounted on the carriage with the possibility to adjust its position in the direction perpendicular to the plane of movement of the mosaic head in two mutually perpendicular directions (not shown) for compensating from re-working ends 18 of the percussion elements 17, and the adjustment mechanism installation plane surface 19 of the workpiece 20 to which is applied the image relative to the plane of movement of the mosaic head in two mutually perpendicular directions. This mechanism is in the form of the frame 21 with the plane 22 for mounting the mechanism on a plane surface 23 of the base 11 and the base plane 24 in contact with the plane 19 of the workpiece 20, which are made a pair of the framework 21 of the workpiece 20 to the base plane 24 of the frame 21.The plane surface 23 of the base 11 on which is mounted a frame 21 with a fixed workpiece 20 is made parallel to the plane of the guides 12, which moves the yoke 13 with the precision necessary to provide moving mosaic of the head 16 in a plane parallel to the plane of the surface 19 of the workpiece 20.The stop 28 is designed to secure the frame 21 on the base 11, and the lock nuts 29 for fixing lugs 25 and 28.The system operates as follows.On the basis of 2 reader graphic information 1 set photo 3 and converts the image into electrical impulses that are recorded by the processor and transmitted to the graphics display 4 with the graphics adapter, or Vice versa move on graphic display and record using the keyboard 6, which is connected to the processor through the keyboard interface 6, which is connected to the processor through the keyboard interface 7. The image recorded on the display screen 4, visually inspected and if necessary edit (retouch), choose the appropriate colors and shades to be reproduced images.the base plane 24 inverted 180othe frame 21 of the adjustment mechanism installation plane of the workpiece and fixed by means of adjustable stops 25 and strips 26, rests on the flange 27 of the frame 21. The plate can also be mounted using clamps installed on the base 11.Frame 21 with a fixed plate 20 set plane 22 on a plane surface 23 of the base 11, is fixed by stops 28 and fixed lugs nuts 29. In the frame 21 of the plane 22 and 24 are made parallel to each other, and in the base 11 plane 23 and the plane of the guides 12 are also made parallel to each other. But as machined polished surface 19 is pressed against the base surface 24 and the surface 22 of the frame associated with the surface 23 of the base 11, the surface will be installed parallel to the plane of the guides 12, which is moved by a mechanism 15 yoke 13 with the guides 14 to move the carriage mosaic cylinder 16. Thus ensure the mounting plane of the treated surface parallel to the plane of movement of the mosaic of the head.Graphic mosaic device 10 can be made with their own electronic part for controlling ispolnitelny 8, and respectively connected to the interface of mosaic printer 8. Or graphic mosaic device 10 may consist of a mechanical part and an electronic part for controlling actuators of the device 10 can be used from the printer 9. For this purpose it is necessary to modernize commercially available printer and output control signals for connecting the device 10.The received control signals to the computer through the printer interface 8 receives actuators tablet graphic mosaic device that includes two stepper motors, one of which serves to move the mosaic of the head 16 along the guides 14 on the cross beam 13, and the second to move the head plate 13 along the guide rails 12 in the direction perpendicular to the direction of movement of the mosaic of the head 16 along the guides 14. Signals retouched images come to the actuator, which is a percussion instrument processing stone in a mosaic of head 16 with a shock elements 17, made in the form of needles on the working ends 18 with sharpening. These impact elements is applied to the image on the surface 19 of the workpiece 20. Percussion elements 17 is A. 1. System to transfer the image on the surface of stone, containing a reader of graphic information and the device to perform the image on the stone, characterized in that it is equipped with a computer with a graphical display of a mosaic printer and interface, and the device for performing the image on the stone in the form of a graphic mosaic of the device while the device is reading graphic information associated with the computer, which is connected with a graphical mosaic device via the interface of the mosaic printer or through consistently enabled interface mosaic printer and a mosaic printer by connecting the control means of the printer with the Executive via the graphical mosaic.2. The system under item 1, wherein the computer is configured to graphic adaptation.3. Graphic mosaic device for performing image containing base with posted traverse guides, mosaic head with the hammer elements mounted on the guides, and at least two drives, one of which is kinematically connected with the mosaic head of vozmozhnosti beam in the direction perpendicular to the direction of movement of the mosaic of the head, the impactor which is made with particular reference to the working end, the second actuator is kinematically connected to the head plate can move along the guide rails.4. The device according to p. 3, characterized in that it has a mechanism of regulation of the installation surface of the workpiece to be printed on it the image relative to the plane of movement of the mosaic head in two mutually perpendicular directions.5. The device according to p. 4, characterized in that the mechanism of regulation of the installation surface of the workpiece with the damage to her image made in the form of a frame with parallel between a surface for mounting on a substrate and the surface in contact with a processed surface of the workpiece, and includes adjustable stops or clamps for clamping the workpiece to a surface of the frame.6. The device according to p. 3, characterized in that the base surface is made parallel to the guide rails to move the beam with the precision necessary to provide moving mosaic of the head in a plane parallel to the surface of the workpiece.7. The device according to p. 3 different is the situation, perpendicular to the plane of movement of the mosaic head in two mutually perpendicular directions to compensate for possible deviations along the length of the working ends of the percussion elements.
FIELD: metal working in number program controlled machines.
SUBSTANCE: cutter includes active portion and stem. Cutter apex is arranged in its axis belonging to front surface. Main and trailing back faces are equally inclined relative to cutter axis and they cross front surface by positive back angles relative to main and trailing cutting edges having their own angles in plan view. Trailing back surfaces form second pair of surfaces inclined by the same angles relative to cutter axis. Inclination angles of main and trailing back surfaces relative to cutter axis is determined by value of back angle of main cutting edge. Trailing back surfaces are inclined by less angles relative to cutter axis. Active portion of cutter has at least with two chamfers equally inclined relative to cutter axis.
EFFECT: enhanced strength of cutter, improved stability of manufacturing process.
5 cl, 19 dwg
FIELD: micro- and(or) nano-technology.
SUBSTANCE: method comprises steps of removing allowance in central zone of working during rough pass and then finishing surfaces of lateral faces of shaped fragments of pattern along the whole depth of rough working pass. It is realized at using only one lateral edge of cutter to be rotated around its lengthwise axis in curvilinear and broken portions of its cutting path while providing optimal three-dimension position of front surface of cutter relative to cutting surface. Rough passes are performed by means of cutter while using in first pass simultaneously two lateral cutting edges and then using only one of said cutting edges turned to formed lateral face of shaped fragment of pattern. In order to enhance accuracy and quality of working by providing possibility of removing allowance in zones of pattern with broken cutting path during process of removing allowance remained after rough working at finishing, in zones of internal angles of broken portion of cutting path and in zone of portions with small joining radius cutter is lifted for providing outlet of its working part onto upper plane of functional layer of article. Then cutter is turned by angle normalized by cutting path going-on line and it is again fed-in to allowance portion remained after lifting cutter by initial depth. Cutter is lifted and descended while simultaneously imparting to it main cutting motion into zone of removed allowance. Planing cutter includes stem and working part restricted by flat front surface with lateral cutting edges and profiled back surface with lead angle equal to zero for forming end portion of working part. Cross section of working portion is in the form of axially symmetrical figure. Generatrices of back surface are inclined by the same angles relative to axis of cutter stem. End portion of working part is flat one and it is the form of oval-half whose plane is spatially inclined by acute angle relative to front surface. Rib formed by crossing of end portion and front surface serves functionally as third cutting edge; it is oriented by angle 90° relative to lengthwise axis of cutter.
EFFECT: improved accuracy and quality of planing by such cutter.
7 cl, 20 dwg
FIELD: working materials by cutting, engraving relief structures.
SUBSTANCE: cutter includes stem and cutting part in the form of trihedral truncated pyramid having lateral faces inclined by acute angle relative to lengthwise symmetry axis of stem; small base of said pyramid is apex of cutter. In order to improve efficiency, said truncated pyramid is regular one. Each lateral face of such pyramid is designed for using as front surface depending upon its spatial position relative to cutting direction. Symmetry axis of cutting portion may be matched with lengthwise symmetry axis of stem.
EFFECT: improved design of cutter.
2 cl, 12 dwg
FIELD: printing industry.
SUBSTANCE: data medium comprises printed fragments of section of a certain tone, besides at least three printed fragments of section have various tones. At the same time one or more of various tones is formed by printed fragments of section visible with naked eye as fully printed, but having a certain share of non-printed white sections.
EFFECT: development of data medium having high extent of counterfeit protection.
29 cl, 8 dwg
FIELD: process engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to production of scratch-off printing dies. Proposed device comprises the following elements: cylindrical element for article to be processed to be secured thereat, at least, one drive module to make cylindrical element reciprocate about its rotational axis, and, at least, one processing module to remove material from the article at, at least, definite sections thereof. Note here that processing module is equipped with, at least, one processing tool including milling module for mechanical engraving, laser module for laser engraving and turning module.
EFFECT: compact design, complex-shape patterns.
29 cl, 1 dwg