Machine for converting the energy of water

 

(57) Abstract:

Use: hydropower, in particular in machines for converting energy of water. The inventive machine comprises a pair of cylinder-piston", one element of which is fixed on a support, and the other is located on the surface of the water through the associated float. The cylinder contains the input and output openings for connection with the container that hosts the device for further transmission. The piston is fixed on the support. The float is mounted on the outer surface of the cylinder. The tank is made in the form of a receiver associated with the inlet and outlet ports of the cylinder through the valves. The machine has a jumper for separating a volume of water into two parts with different level. From a higher level of water is placed in the cylinder, the piston and the channel. The channel contains the input and output of movable partitions. The output channel is made in the form of holes located at the bottom of the jumper. The entrance channel is located below the water level. The upper part of the channel is rigidly connected with the cylinder and connected with the ends of the inlet and outlet of the channel and its walls by elastic membranes. 5 C.p. f-crystals, 2 Il.

The device relates to machines for PR the tanks or reservoirs.

A known machine for converting the energy of water, including a pair of cylinder-piston, one element of which is fixed on a support, and the other is located on the surface of the water through the associated float, while the cylinder contains the input and output openings for connection with the container that hosts the device for further transmission. On a support fixed cylinder, and the piston is located on the surface of the water through the associated float. As a device for converting and further energy transfer machine includes a turbine. This machine can principally be used to convert the energy of water that exists due to the difference in levels in the two adjacent tanks (reservoirs).

A disadvantage of this device is the low coefficient of performance (no more than 50% due to the reduction in the effective compressive strength due to partial immersion of the piston in the water).

The task was to create such a device for converting energy of water, which would have increased efficiency.

This problem was solved by the present invention.

In a machine for converting the energy of water, on the water and through the associated float, this cylinder contains the input and output openings for connection with the container that hosts the device for further transmission of energy, according to the invention, the piston is fixed on a support, and a float mounted on the outer surface of a cylinder capacity made in the form of a receiver associated with the inlet and outlet ports of the cylinder through the valves, the machine contains a jumper to split water volume into two parts with different level and from a higher level of water is placed in the cylinder, the piston and the channel containing the input and output of the movable partition, and the output channel is made in the form of holes, located at the bottom of the bridge, the entrance is located below water level, and the upper part of the channel is rigidly connected with the cylinder and connected with the ends of the inlet and outlet of the channel and its walls by elastic membranes.

In a preferred embodiment of the machine the device for further transmission of energy is made in the form of series installed with the possibility of communication with the consumer bellows heat box and coil.

In a preferred embodiment of the machine cylinder and/or the receiver is at least partially filled with the working fluid (e.g. the ity of the cylinder.

In the upper part of the cylinder is preferably a material with high thermal conductivity with easy penetration of the working fluid in its volume.

As a material with high thermal conductivity of the machine may contain, for example, a crumpled metal wire.

The fastening of the piston on the support allows you to contact the upper part of the cylinder with air, which, in turn, allows to suck him into the cylinder and then compressed, feeding into the cylinder during operation of the machine.

Install float on the outer surface of the cylinder allows you to hold the cylinders in at least its upper part on the surface of the water and thereby allows air to pass through the valve into the cylinder during operation of the machine.

Execution capacity as receiver (tank for compressed air) allows you to feed compressed air to the consumer.

Communication receiver with an inlet and outlet of the cylinder allows the pumping of air and the flow of working fluid from the receiver to the cylinder and back.

The jumper allows you to divide the volume of water into two parts and keep them in different levels, then used the energy is iskusstvenny reservoir, and natural, for example, a river. In the latter case the role of the jumper can be performed, in particular, the dam.

Channel hosted by a higher water level, intended for communication between the separated jumper parts of water volume. This communication is done by opening (closing) of the movable partitions on the input and output channel. Covering one wall and opening another, you can change the pressure in the channel. The pressure change in the channel is necessary for the implementation of the work machine.

The location of the inlet and outlet of the channel in the lower part of the volume of water makes the most efficient use when the machine is in operation the pressure difference of the water in the two parts of its volume.

The upper part of the channel is made movable, as it is connected tightly with the ends of the inlet and outlet of the channel and its walls by elastic membranes. The upper part of the channel is the body of the machine, perceiving the difference between the pressure of water in the two parts of its volume at a certain position of the walls of the channel. Changing the position of the partitions can be changed acting on the upper part of the canal pressure and thereby cause its movement. As vergnani machine cycles.

The channel may be of any shape. In shown in Fig. 1 specific example, it is made with vertically mounted cylindrical side wall.

The working fluid allows you to send eye-catching in the process of gas compression heat in the receiver. The presence of the receiver bellows box allows changing the pressure in the receiver (ripple) to pump in the loop containing the bellows box and heat exchanger, coolant and thereby transfer heat to the consumer (no special pump for pumping coolant increases the efficiency of the machine).

If the float is set to facilitate the external lateral surface of the cylinder, it improves its thermal insulation, which ultimately increases the efficiency of the machine.

If in the upper part of the cylinder is a material with high thermal conductivity with easy penetration of the working fluid in its scope (for example, high porosity), in particular, crumpled metal wire, the compressed gas in the cylinder is almost izotermiczne, thereby increasing the efficiency of the machine.

The claimed machine differs from the known fact that the piston is fixed on a support, and a float of mouth is tertiary cylinder through the valve, the machine has a jumper for separating a volume of water into two parts with different level and from a higher level of water is placed in the cylinder, the piston and the channel containing the input and output of the movable partition, and the output channel is made in the form of holes located at the bottom of the bridge, the entrance is located below water level, and the upper part of the channel is rigidly connected with the cylinder and connected with the ends of the inlet and outlet of the channel and its walls by elastic membranes. Thus, the claimed device satisfies the condition of patentability "novelty."

In the patent and scientific literature does not describe how to use for lowering the elevation of the working cylinder in the device for converting energy of water associated with the cylinder object, representing the upper part of the canal capacity with different water levels. Thus, the claimed device satisfies the condition of patentability "industrial applicability".

A specific example of implementation of the device shown in Fig. 1 and in Fig. 2.

In Fig. 1 shows the General scheme of the machine.

In Fig. 2 depicts the dependence of the pressure difference (P), apperanace-dam 1, disc 2, provided with a diaphragm 3, the float 4, mounted outer lateral surface of the cylinder of the compressor 5. Channel 6 located in the lower part of the reservoir from a higher water level has on the input and output of the movable walls 7 and 8. Jumper 8 serves for closing the holes located at the bottom of the dam 1 and jumper 7 for closing the entrance of the channel.

The compressor 5 contains the cylinder 9, is rigidly connected with the upper part of the channel, the function of which performs a conical disk 2. The cylinder contains the input 10 and output valves 11. The piston 12 is fixed, vmontirovana in the bottom of the channel 6, the rod 13. The function of the piston 12 can also perform aperture. In the upper part of the cylinder 9 is a gasket 14 crumpled metal wire.

On the fixed bearing fixed receiver 15. At the bottom of the receiver 15 posted by bellows box 16 with a check valve and a heat exchanger 17, associated with the external user 18 of heat through the hose 19.

The upper zone of the receiver 15 is connected through a hose 20 with the output valve 11 of the compressor 5. The lower part of the receiver through the valve 21 and the hose 22 is connected with the internal volume of the cylinder 9 of the compressor 5 in the AOR is lnen working fluid 23.

The device operates as follows.

In the initial position on the compact disc 2 is raised by the action of the float 2, the piston 12 is retracted. The cylinder 9 in the area of the gasket 14 is filled through the valve 10 by atmospheric air. The valve 8 is opened 7 is closed. Under the disk 2 is set to the pressure of the water downstream, above the disk 2 of the upstream P1and during the lowering of the disk 2, the pressure difference, and hence the strength of the movement is constant, as can be seen from the graph shown in Fig. 2 (P = const). On the other hand, the required clamping force increases with displacement of the piston 12. In the proposed device in the initial moment of time the work is distributed between the gas compression and acceleration of the water in the output of the channel 6. As the growth pressure in the cylinder 9 of the compressor 5, the resistance movement of the disk 2 increases and the speed of movement is reduced.

Due to the deceleration of the liquid column in the channel 6 (disk 2 by negative pressure that allows you to return to work previously spent on the acceleration of the water.

Using the kinetic energy of the fluid allows, on the one hand, to coordinate the efforts of the compression of gas and fluid pressure, and on the other hand, to reduce the transition time PR is rsen 12 retracts displacing the liquid 23 to the inside of the gasket 14; the air trapped in the gaps between the wire and shrink. The heat is transferred to the gasket 14, resulting in the compression is isothermal. As the filling volume of the packing 14, the liquid takes her accumulated heat.

When the air pressure receiver 15 opens the valve 11 and the compressed air flows through the hose 20 into the receiver 15, further lowering of the piston 12 after full replacement of the compressed air portion of the working fluid also flows into the receiver 15. From the receiver 15, the compressed air is continuously supplied to the consumer 18, the working fluid is cooled, transferring heat in the heat exchanger 17, and through the valve 21 and the hose 22 during the intake air is returned to the compressor cylinder 19.

Auxiliary coolant is pumped to the consumer 18 by compressing and expanding the bellows tube box 16 pulsations of the fluid and its heating in the heat exchanger 17.

The introduction of fluid in the piston compressor is possible to reduce the work of compression due to the implementation of isothermal process, to eliminate dead volumes, and consequently, to implement any compression to remove heat of compression to the consumer and to adapt Ave the s position of valves 7 and 8 is changed to the opposite. Disc 2 rises due to the action of the float 4, the volume of channel 6 (disk 2 is filled with water through its input (P2P1). The cycle is closed.

The claimed machine due to the above advantages has a higher coefficient of performance (40% more than famous).

1. Machine for converting the energy of water, including a pair of cylinder - piston, one element of which is fixed on a support, and the other is located on the surface of the water through the associated float, while the cylinder is filled with fluid and contains the input and output device for further transmission of energy, characterized in that the piston is fixed on a support, and a float mounted on the outer surface of a cylinder capacity made in the form of a receiver associated with the inlet and outlet ports of the cylinder through the valves, the machine contains a jumper to split water volume into two parts with different level moreover, from a higher level of water is placed in the cylinder, the piston and the channel containing the input and output of the movable partition, and the output channel is made in the form of holes located at the bottom of the bridge, the entrance is located below water level, and the upper part of the channel the gap.

2. Machine under item 1, characterized in that the device for further transmission of energy is made in the form of series installed with the possibility of communication with the consumer bellows heat box and coil.

3. Machine under item 1, characterized in that the cylinder and/or the receiver is partially filled with the working fluid.

4. Machine under item 1, characterized in that the float is installed to facilitate external lateral surface of the cylinder.

5. Machine for PP.1 to 4, characterized in that in the upper part of the cylinder is a material with high conductivity, with the possibility of penetration of the working fluid in its volume.

6. Machine under item 5, characterized in that the material with high thermal conductivity it contains a crumpled metal wire.

 

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