Device for purification of water from sediment

 

(57) Abstract:

Usage: in hydraulic engineering for purification of water from sediment and floating debris. The inventive improvement of the quality of the filtrate and the energy savings is achieved in that the device for purification of water from sediments, including Tranzitny 10 and discharge 6 channels, axis 11 with the drive that hosts the filter element 3, provided with a shut-off elements 4, flooded into the wells. On the sides transistor channel 10 remotely, can be rotated installed bearing hollow axle 11, the retaining angle filter elements 3 placed on them from the front vibrating screens 1 on the hinges 2, and at the end - radial gates 4 to overlap their release channels 6. In discharge channels 6 is also placed on the hollow axis 11 at an angle similar to the filter elements 3 having a vibrating grid 1 on the hinges 2 and radial gates 4, overlying the drain trays, communicating with the settling chambers are hydraulically connected with the collector 15 clean water. In addition, at the free end of hollow bearing axis 11 is rigidly fixed timer actuators mounted in the wells located on the outer sides of the Board implemented the si 11 of transistor 10 and discharge channels 6, and emptying the timer drives in wells that are hydraulically connected through the drain tray settling chambers 16 and hydraulically connected with the reservoir of clean water. 1 C.p. f-crystals, 6 ill.

The invention relates to hydraulic engineering and can be used for purification of water from sediment and debris at the intake.

Known closest to the proposed device for containment of contaminants in the discharge, (A. C. the USSR 1677163, M CL5E 02 In 5/08 from 07.09.89) containing the inlet channel connected discharge channel and the discharge pipe, and the filter shield is installed at the outlet of the inlet channel with the drive mechanism, which is to improve the efficiency provided by the well and stop the drive with the window, the disk shutter, arcuate mesh and a receiving cell of clean water while the well is completed at the end of the inlet channel by lowering its bottom, opposite side walls of the well holes, through which the discharge pipe and discharge channel connected to the inlet channel, the locking disk with box and disk shutter are located in two parallel planes and configured to rotate the actuator is in its bottom, moreover, the disk shutter is installed with the possibility of overlapping of the inlet of the discharge channel in the side wall of the well, has a semicircular shape and is located opposite the Windows of the locking disk and the locking disc is installed with the possibility of overlap of the inlet and the outlet pipe in the opposite shutter wall of the well, in addition, the filter shield is located in the plane of the horizontal axis, and the receiving chamber clean water filter formed by the shield and curved mesh envelope of the disk shutter and stop the disk from the window.

The disadvantages of the known device, the following:

the cost of electricity electric 3 to rotate the filter shield 4 with stop disk 5, the disk shutter 8 and the arcuate mesh 10 180oand back with additional structural complication of the device (the presence of a float level sensor 15 with the system auxiliary elements), see A. C. 1677163, Fig. 1-7;

the accumulation during long-term operation of the load in the space between the filter shield 4 and the curved grid 10, which reduces the permeability of water through the filter surface and its quality, see ibid., Fig.4, POS.4 and 10.

The purpose of the invention increase the image quality is key water from the sediment, including transit and discharge channels, driven axle, on which is placed a filter element provided with locking elements, flooded into the wells, the reservoir of clean water and settling chamber, on the sides of the transit channel remotely, can be rotated installed bearing hollow axle, the retaining angle filter elements placed on them from the front vibrating grids on hinges, and at the end - radial gates for blocking their release channels, drainage channels also placed on the hollow axes at an angle similar to the filter elements having a vibrating grid on the hinges and radial gates, overlying the drain trays, communicating with the settling chambers are hydraulically connected with the collector of clean water;

at the free end of the supporting hollow axles rigidly fixed timer actuators mounted in the wells located on the outer sides of the side transit channel and sides of discharge channels, with the possibility of filling with water timer drives through the hollow axis of the transit and release channels, as well as the possibility of emptying the timer drives in wells, hydraulically connected through drain l is s device for purification of water from sediment allows comparison with the prototype due to mutually agreed interactions transit channel reservoir of clean water and settling chambers through the discharge channel sequential multi-stage water purification leading to the degree of clarification to the desired values, when depending on the degree of contamination of water in the work connected with the following filters or disables the previous, and also by using timer devices for reduction in cycle filters automatic functioning of the device without the cost of electricity that can be used in energozabezpechennya environmentally stressed areas.

Such performance device according to the authors, was previously unknown and meets the criterion of "significant differences".

In Fig.1 shows the device in plan; Fig.2 a longitudinal section through a-a in Fig.1; Fig.3 settling chamber; Fig.4 timer after the left turn, and Fig. 5 timer after a right turn; Fig.6 a section along b-B in Fig.5 is a longitudinal section of the hollow axis on the rotary sleeve with ball valve.

Device for purification of water from the sediment contains a spring-loaded vibrating grid with 1 hinge 2, mounted on the front end of the filter element 3, the other end of which is provided with a radial gate 4, with the possibility in the process of overlapping the upper end of the flushing box 5 discharge channel 6 with the drain tray 7. The lower end of the shutter 4 when washing sediment closes washing is remotely can be rotated installed bearing hollow axle 11, the retaining filter elements 3 and timer actuators 12, installed in wells 13 trays with drain 14. Timer actuator 12, is placed in the wells 13 along the side of the transit channel 10, have the option of filling with water through the hollow axis 11 of the transit channel 10 and the possibility of voiding the 13 wells that are hydraulically connected through the discharge trays 14 with settling chambers 16, hydraulically connected in turn with the collector 15 clean water, regulation of this connection through the exhaust valves 17.

For cleaning vent mass of water in drainage channels 6 on the hollow bearing axis 11 has a similar filter elements 3 with vibrating screens 1 on the hinges 2 and radial gates 4, with the possibility of overlap of their discharge tray 7, communicating with the settling chambers 16 installed in the zones between the drainage channels 6 concluded with two opposite sides between the sides of the transit channel 10 and the collector 15 clean water. At the free end of hollow bearing axis 11 is rigidly fixed a similar timer actuator 12 mounted in wells 13 are located on the outer sides of the sides of the discharge channel 6, with Forex is onania these timing actuators 12 in wells 13 along the sides of discharge channels 6, hydraulically connected through the discharge trays 14 13 wells with settling chambers 16, hydraulically connected in turn with the collector 15 clean water regulation this regard through the intake valves 17.

Device for purification of water from sediment operates as follows. Water, sediment, arriving by transit channel 10, passes through the filter element 3 mounted on the hollow axis 11 at an angle a equal to approximately 15-20o. The sediment trapped in the area between the filter element 3 and the bottom 9 of the transit channel 10. Washing the window 5 is closed radial bolt 4 (Fig.2, part I). Clean water flows in the transit channel 10 in the zone the next filter element 3 finer (Fig.2, part II), and so forth to achieve the fullest possible clarification of water. As the clogging of the filter element 3 and the accumulation of sediment on the bottom 9 of the transit channel 10 in the area of detention (a corner solution (a) water through the hollow shaft 11 fill one of the containers of the timer actuator 12, which is under the influence of the mass of water will be rotated at a given angle, turning at the same time and the filter element 3 with vibrating mesh 1 and radial bolt 4 (Fig.2, part III) against h is plane, scraping the bottom plane of the filter element 3 and washing sediment from zone a through the window 5 in the discharge channel 6. In discharge channels 6, equipped with a drain trays 7, installed the same filter elements 3 and timer actuator 12 in 13 wells (Fig.1) having a drain trays 14, through which the water sediment is discharged into a settling chamber 16. After clarification of the water from the chambers 16 through the gates 17 is produced in the collector 15 clean water.

In the presence of sediment in the settling chambers 16 a large number of different kinds of inclusions of biological origin (e.g., liquefied manure), these deposits before transportation can be subjected to dehydration by thermoperiod. Sediment deposition and Sora are transported together with the removable settling chambers 16 (Fig. 3).

Discharge channels 6 are arranged and operate as similar segments of the transit channel 10, which includes filter elements 3. The clarified water in the transit channel 10 and the collector 15 clean water enters the biological (chemical) cleaning. Settling chamber 16 in the form of interchangeable containers, which is the process of dehydration of sediments.

When Paulino, under the influence of the weight of the water will be deflected to the left (counterclockwise) and then rinsed with reverse current clean water, temporarily vibration coming through the grid 1. After the emptying of the tank timer actuator 12 water from them drained through the drain trays 14 in the settling chamber 16. Drain trays 7 and 14 are removable and discardable, for example, during replacement of settling chambers 16.

The economic efficiency of the device for purification of water from sediment is

from the cost savings due to the operation of the device with the use of natural hydraulic energy;

bring the degree of possible clarification of water to the desired values due to multi-stage, sequential purification with her arrest and subsequent transportation to the refuge chamber coarse and fine fractions of sediments and hold Sora;

improve the efficiency and reliability of the entire system due to the self-cleaning filter elements and vibrating grids, leaching transit and release channels, and possible utilization of inclusions of biological origin.

Device for purification of water from sediments, including transit and discharge channels, driven axle, xtoi water and settling chamber, characterized in that on the sides of the transit channel remotely can be rotated installed bearing hollow axle, the retaining angle filter elements placed on them from the front vibrating grids on hinges, and at the end - radial gates for blocking their release channels, drainage channels are also available on the hollow axis at an angle a similar filter elements having a vibrating grid on the hinges and radial gates overlying communicated with settling chambers drain trays, besides settling chamber hydraulically connected to the reservoir of clean water.

2. The device under item 1, characterized in that at the free end of the supporting hollow axles rigidly fixed timer actuators mounted in the wells, located on the outer sides of the side transit channel and sides of the release channels with the possibility of filling with water timer drives through the hollow axis of the transit and release channels, as well as the possibility of emptying the timer drives in wells that are hydraulically connected through the drain tray settling chambers and hydraulically connected with the reservoir of clean water.

 

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