A method of manufacturing the construction unit and construction of a cage adapted to be filled by the filler for obtaining a building block (options)

 

(57) Abstract:

The invention proposes to use a checkered design of wire mesh for making of building blocks used in construction, reinforcing works, walls, etc. Crate revet geotextile material that allows the passage of water through it, but not of such a material in the form of powder, such as cement, sand mixture, which is used as a material for filling the stands. The invention describes new forms of cellular structures, and that the finished blocks can be coated with the curable synthetic resin to hide the grid and receive a decorative surface treatment. 3 C. and 24 C.p. f-crystals, 16 ill.

The present invention relates to building and strengthening the structures in the form of blocks and, in particular, applies to the construction reinforcing blocks which contain metal wire cage filled with ballast material.

Some of these structures known as "gabion" and contain essentially the cage of wire mesh, forming a configuration in the form of building blocks that fill rocks, stone and cobblestone, etc. mate is th in this regard, the stone is usually processed and placed in the wall so that he had the appearance of higher quality, because often the stone surface is left exposed. Gabions are widely used to strengthen the embankment, for example, near the highway, or for the establishment of marine barrier or etc.

Although gabions are made of cages made of wire mesh filled with stones and other cobblestone, in fact, they become solid blocks that can be used for building, strengthening of the mountain slopes, embankments, walls or similar structures.

However, the way of filling the cages of wire mesh when using stone is expensive and in addition when filling the stands require a significant investment of time and effort. Apparently according to the usual method of construction required a rock and another rock, because otherwise the material could simply passes through the cell cage of wire mesh.

The closest technical solution of the invention is a method for manufacturing the building blocks, including transportation to the place of manufacture of the cage from realm (1).

The closest known design stand adapted for filling a filler for obtaining a building block that contains the inner side of the lining material mesh panel connected for folding to form the stand and place on a plane (1).

This method and structure inherent in all the above disadvantages are eliminated in the present invention.

In the present invention proposed a method of manufacturing the building blocks embodiments of the design of the cage, adapted for filling with a filler to obtain a building block that can be used as gabion and for other purposes, in accordance with which, as the ballast material can be used more loose powder flowable material such as sand, concrete, ash and mine waste rock and fine powder filler, either individually or in combination with other material, without the drawback inherent in the known gabion structures, and also give the ability to quickly move structure formed on the working platform, possessing the requisite strength and, in accordance a block, includes transportation to the place of manufacture crates of mesh panels, the fusion cage in the form of a block and filling the cage at least partially of particulate material, characterized in that the cage is transported to the place of manufacturing folded, and the fusion cage is carried out by expanding the opposite panels from each other.

In one variant embodiment design stand adapted for filling a filler for obtaining a building block that contains the inner side of the lining material mesh panel connected for folding to form the stand and place on a plane, and differs in that the panel is connected with the possibility of moving crates from stow position in the straightened when razdevanie opposite panels from each other. Flexible facing material may contain a flexible fabric, plastic film or metal foil, or a laminated material or combination of materials, but in any case it just forms a protective layer, in accordance with which the ballast is held inside mesh gabion even if the ballast material is somewhat loose and particle size matched with the m or construction rag cardboard or similar material, after installation in the crate becomes hard.

The cladding material may be attached on the inner side panels for folding for folding crates from stow position in straightened. The cage may have a base, side and end wall forming in the straightened position stand of rectangular configuration, with the approval of the cage one edge pivotally connected with the lower edge of one side wall, and side and end walls hinged vzaimosoedineniy at the corners of the crate. The cage can be provided with an intermediate dividing walls extending between the side walls.

The side walls of the cage may be formed of panels pivotally connected along the vertical edges with the possibility of inserting the cage accordion and melting with the formation of a number of cavities, covered inside the cladding material. The cladding material may be a geotextile felt.

Thanks to this technical solution, when using the invention for gabion cages flexibility used gabion structures is significantly improved by significantly increasing the range of ballast materials, kotoroe, for example, the processed stone.

In order to further improve the quality of the gabion in accordance with the present invention, when installed in its working position it can pollinate or cover curable synthetic composition, for example, the composition of the complex polyester or epoxy resin to completely cover the wire mesh to prevent corrosion from the polluted atmosphere, and this polymer composition can be provided with or not provided with a reinforcing fiber and/or dye to improve the overall result. Such polymeric material after curing can be used for energy fastening to checkered designs of wire mesh and a protective layer, in particular, when the protective layer is a prepreg, resulting in the fact gabion disappears from view and creates a accepted appearance. The application of synthetic resin can be produced by sputtering or a similar method, and the resin can be used in any desired quantity. The protective layer may be in nature absorbent so that he could penetrate at least part of resin.

Cage gabion technically possible instance, but it is preferable to fill the gabions in place and then cover them when you install.

The invention is also applicable to the receipt of concrete structures such as foundations, ring beams, columns, bases and, as a rule, any design or construction, including concrete or economically material, with steel rebar or without it, and when using the present invention in this respect, it is possible to exclude using commonly concrete formwork.

When casting concrete structures it is necessary to make the formwork, which can be made in the form of boards or plates forming configured to fill with concrete cavity in order to form the final design. The manufacture of such formwork requires time and is costly, and in case of use for formwork timber that is most accepted, for the erection of the formwork before pouring concrete requires continuous skilled personnel from among carpenters.

Concrete foundations are widely used in the construction of buildings, especially tall buildings, such as blocks of institutions, and these foundations must be installed in the ground, usually below Brooke extraction of soil for the construction of such foundations erection of formwork below ground level (ground) complicated.

In any way the construction of gabion structures from a number of panels at the site of erection or of blanks that need to be folded gabion construction has the disadvantage that the connection of the panels together at the site of erection is undesirable when it requires power supply at the site of erection and secondly, when the crate fill the filling material has an external pressure on the joints and side surfaces, which, if the connection formed inappropriately, causing the destruction of the stand and the unit can be folded.

In accordance with the first aspect of the invention provides a method of manufacturing a building block at the site of erection, which contains the transportation crate panels of wire mesh in place of erection, straightening of the cage to form a block and filling the cage at least partially crushed material, characterized in that the cage is transported to the place of erection of the folded and stand right by expanding the opposite panels from each other.

In one variant embodiment of the invention, the method includes additional steps of stacking an elastic sheet of sheathing material on the VNITI. The provision of the cladding material on the inner walls of the cage allows the use of the ground material which has a particle size smaller than the gap between the panels of wire mesh, while the cladding material prevents the passage of the crushed material through the gaps in the panels of wire mesh. Thus, the invention can be filled with powdered material, for example, building soil and concrete.

In one form of cladding material presents geo-textile felt material, or alternatively, used cladding material is a fibrous material impregnated with synthetic resin, which cures to a solid state after the sheet material placed on the inner surface of these panels stand.

In order to ensure that the loss of fill material from the construction of the cage is a minimum sheathing material is placed so as to cover each inner surface of the panel of wire mesh.

Preferably, one would not have used cladding material, the cladding material to the cage to attach with clamps that prematerial is placing it on the panels of the crate, when they are in or before placing them in the folded condition, and location of sheet materials regarding the design of the cage is such that straight from the crate, when it was transferred to the straightened state.

In one embodiment, the embodiments use the crate with in the straightened condition of rectangular configuration with side and end walls and base, the latter being pivotally connected at one edge to the lower edge of one of the side walls, and side walls and end walls hinged mutually connected at the corners of the crate. In addition, use the crate and provide intermediate walls of the panels of wire mesh, which provide between the panels which form the side walls of the cage, thus, stands to create an array of cavities to fill, when it is in a straightened condition.

In another variant embodiment, the cage includes a divider panel, the hinge vzaimodeistvie panels forming the side walls, and these panels forming the side walls of the cage, pivotally interconnected along the vertical edges for folding crate accordion and straightening to limit hexagonal p is part of the design of the cage would be pivotally connected with the opposite vertical edges of the side walls and flexible traction cable would pass through walls and connected with them, and stand upright least those that pull the rope to explode the walls and sequentially arrange the panel side walls. Providing a traction cable allows the cage to be transferred from a folded state to an upright state by the pulling action of the cable to expand and straighten all mutually connected panels.

Typically, panels of wire mesh cages are made of metal rods or wires, which are secured at their intersections, and panels of wire mesh is preferably made of parallel metal rods, placing them at right angles to each other.

The design of the stand of the present invention can be filled with a variety of materials, preferably a material selected from the group consisting at least of: sand, gravel, aggregate, concrete, stones, slate.

In one variant embodiment, once the crate is filled with powdered material, the upper part of a wall unit filled with soil to plant him in plants.

If the crate is filled with concrete to reinforce the concrete block in it embed the reinforcing rods.

An additional step in the formation of the design, the AK only crate filled with powdered material, spraying synthetic resinous material.

In the second aspect of the present invention provides the design of a cage adapted to be filled with the filling material in order to provide a building block, and this design stand contains panels of wire mesh having on the inner side of the sheathing material, and adapted to be folded to form a stand and spread out on a plane, wherein the panel connecting to translate the cage from the folded state to an upright state when moving opposite panels in spaced position.

Cladding material is preferably attached to the inner side panels to fold when the crate is transferred from a folded condition into a straightened.

In one variant embodiment, the stand has a base, end and side walls that form a rectangular configuration in the straightened condition of the stand and with it the basis of a stand pivotally connected at one edge to the lower edge of one of the side walls, the side and end walls hinged mutually connected at the corners of the cage.

In the second variant embodiment crate predusted stand to be in the straightened condition, crate restricts many cavities for filling the filling material.

Typically, these side walls of the cage formed by the panels, the hinge mutually connected along vertical edges for folding crate accordion and straightening to limit the number of cavities, covered inside the cladding material, and in one variant embodiment of the sheathing material is essentially a geo-textile felt.

In the third aspect of the present invention the design of the cage to provide a building block adapted to be filled with the filling material, which contains panels of wire mesh, which form at least the side walls and the end wall and is connected to stack to form a stand for placing on a plane, characterized in that the panel is connected with the ability of the transfer cage from the deflated state to an upright state to limit at least one cavity for a placeholder, by pulling the opposite panels in spaced position.

In one variant embodiment design stands characterized in that the cage comprises a pair of side walls and a pair of end walls which ball edge to the lower edge of one of the side or end walls.

In alternative embodiments of the structures stand has a divider panel located between the side walls and pivotally connected with them.

The side walls of the cage is preferably formed with panels, hinged vzaimosoedinenii along the vertical edges for folding crate accordion, and, in addition, the cage provide transverse partitions, pivotally connected to opposite vertical edges of the panels and side walls, and a divider panel are mutually connected via a flexible traction cable in order to straighten the crate. The design of the stand can be moved into a flat state in which the unit can be folded accordion and include a flexible cable, which is connected to the dividing panel and which serves as a means for the erection of a structure stands by providing the pulling force applied to the specified cable for education form, limited multiple rows of podklady.

Using the preferred gabion cage structure proposed in accordance with the present invention, the sides of the gabion cage pivotally interconnected in Zavodski what I crate can be folded by relative rotation of the lateral sides, in the form of a parallelogram, and the base can be folded over the folded in the same plane as the sides.

If the cage has internal partitions, they can also be pivotally connected to opposite lateral sides when the crate is made in the factory. Due to the production stand in the factory it is easier to ensure that the imposed clamp will be used effectively in order to properly perform the function of holding the lateral side of the gabion cage together.

At the construction site of the crate simply assembled by folding the base and move the sides in the assembled state. The remaining lateral side of the base can be pressed against the other sides of the gabion cage structure, if necessary, but as will be clear from the nature of the filling of the crates, the connection between the edges of the base and the sides do not need to be as strong as the connection between adjacent lateral sides and panel partitions.

Gabion cage may also be provided with a top panel, the same size base, but pivotally connected at manufacturing factory in usaviagra version of this cage in cage designs many pivotally interconnected side panels form the side walls, and the side wall panel connected by partitions, which are connected with them articulated, and cage design can move in Spasenie a condition in which the side panels are folded similarly concentric, and for panel partitions attached flexible cord, which serves as a means of erecting a cage structure by pulling the cord in order to cause the transformation stands in configuration, formed by many under-stands that are installed in a row.

Gabion cage made in accordance with this side of the invention, in fact, do not require on-site installation of the power tool to overlay the connecting clamps as used clamps that connect the base and the sides and cover the sides, if available, may apply to the clamps (clips) of the type which impose manually.

Another advantage of the crate according to this aspect of the present invention is that the cage can be manufactured in the factory with a panel partitions. The usual construct gabion cage requires that there were panel partitions, United in place.

In troliruemoj conditions, for example, in the factory, so that it is flattened or compressed minimal form, and then can be translated in an assembled state in place and be filled with the receipt of strengthening or building structure or similar structures, with gabion cage structure is characterized by the fact that in the folded or compressed its side walls are folded like a concertina.

Cage design can be used in combination with a flexible element, such as a rope or cable connected to respective panels of the structure in order to limit the extent to which it can be opened, so that, for example, open in the checkered design is to have a specific form.

Flexible element if there is preferably attached to the panel walls in order to limit the extent to which they can move separately when tapered design moves from a folded or compressed state in a fully open position.

The cellular structure is preferably associated with the lining membrane, and preferably the membrane is a lining material adjacent to the aqueous material, which is adjacent to the inner sides of the side panels and hold on the length of the structure. In this regard, the panel partitions must be paired with side panels with a tool that goes through the cushioning strip.

The panel is preferably made of open wire mesh. Such fastening means may, as described above, to enable the clamp or similar

Blocks provided by the present invention can be used for the purpose of strengthening the soil and the deposition of the polymeric composition will provide an attractive wall surfaces. Alternatively, the blocks can be used for the construction of barricades, temporary buildings, temporary camps for prisoners of war, shelters for protection from enemy attacks, naval fortification and any of a large number of building structures that can be created using building blocks.

Flexible protective layer when it is used to separate the filler from the cage structure can be any suitable material, but we have found that the most suitable non-woven felt material geotextile character. In Fig. 1 shows a vertical section view in axonometric ity in accordance with the idea of the present invention; in Fig. 3, 4 and 5 illustrate the method of manufacture of the gabion in accordance with the invention using pre-manufactured blanks; Fig. 6 illustrates how the gabion provided by the present invention, may be covered with decorative, protective apertures; Fig. 7 illustrates a spiral clamp used to connect panels, gabion cage, shown in Fig. 2; Fig. 8 is an axonometric image stand device according to another variant of the present invention; Fig. 9 illustrates the crate shown in Fig. 8 in perspective, with partial filling with concrete; Fig. 10 shows a concrete structure manufactured using the stand depicted in Fig. 8; Fig. 11 illustrates the crate, useful in the manufacture of concrete in the beam or block form in Fig. 12 demonstrates cage design, shown in Fig. 11, in an alternate position; Fig. 13 and 14 show how the crate shown in Fig. 11, can be folded in a flattened condition; Fig. 15 is a view in plan of the gabion cage structure according to another variant of the invention, which moves from splistitem design, is depicted in Fig. 1, in the assembled state.

According Fig. 1 known gabion 10 made in the form of solid blocks, limited stands 12 of metal wire mesh, which are stones 14 and the other ballast. The filling of the crates when the panels of wire mesh has such dimensions that it will not pass through the mesh of the cage. Wire cages can be coated or covered with protective plastic.

The use of gabions for wall structures, fortification walls, barricades, coastal bearings are well known. The use of gabions effectively suppresses erosion and they are particularly suitable for the stabilization and strengthening of embankments. Gabion cages filled on site with the use of relatively unskilled labor, but they still require filling stones are quite large in size. Gabions have the advantage that they do not have really no flexibility to allow some movement and change of shape should lead to local slow subsidence. Their strength and integrity of the saved. Gabion in addition are porous, and therefore, usually there is no need for the inclusion of drainage systems.

According to another feature of the present invention, when the gabion 20 is filled and closed with a lid, and is installed in the wall or firming design, open poverhnosti to get a relatively smooth textured surface on top of a metal stand, in order to give her the appearance of, for example, rough-cast walls. Resin, which is used, cures and forms an effective grip sheet material 24 and the metal cage 22. The sheet material is absorbent and impregnates the resin, forming in this way a good grip.

In known gabion structures metal cage design in the procurement and placed in the assembled position, the adjacent edges of the panels are clamped together by means of clamps (clamp) stainless steel or ring fabricated from galvanized spring steel or spiral binding details. In the aspect of the invention, illustrated in Fig. 3, 4 and 5, panels of wire mesh 30, 32, 34, 36 and 38, of which produce a harvest crate, properly fastened together so that they were relatively articulated relative to each other, and the workpiece is covered with a sheet 40 of elastic material, attached to said panels. For the erection of stands and mounting sheet material 40 original panel 34 and 30 are folded into the position shown in Fig.4, after which excess portions of the material 40 at angles of bends inward, as indicated by the arrows 42, and then end pokazannye excess portions of the material 40 to form a flat edge 44. The cage is now ready for filling with the filler, which can be used flowing powdered material such as sand. In Fig. 7 shows how the spiral spring Pesochny clamp 46 can be used to connect the end of the respective panels, but can be used with any suitable connecting device.

Gabion, is shown in Fig. 5, after filling the ballast material can be closed via the top panel of wire mesh, as in the known device.

It should be noted from Fig. 3,4,5, what with the panels 30 and 34 are connected to the anchor hooks 51 and 52. These hooks are connected to each other, as shown in Fig. 4, when the panels 30 and 34 are mounted, in order to keep the United pane until the material 40 is bent in the corner, and then the panels 32 and 36 are folded into a vertical position. The use of fasteners to hold the panels 30-36 together at the corners ensures the completion of construction to completion.

Again, as in the gabion, is shown in Fig. 2, the outer surface of the gabion or that part of it that is visible, can be coated by spraying curable synthetic resin for the image is.

Where gabion cover, it may be desirable to ensure that the gabion remained permeable to water to ensure that water can escape through the gabion, as is the case in conventional gabion.

Sheet material is used to allow use as ballast material significantly smaller particles. Also as ballast material you can use soil and ashes, and these materials due to the high tendency to be considerably more affordable in comparison with conventional materials, such as brick, broken concrete, granite, limestone, Sandstone, pebbles and mud and stone used in conventional gabion.

Gabions can be filled in place by any suitable means, such as hand shovels, augers, pumps, excavators of various types, making filling up much faster than with the method used for ordinary spaces.

Gabion stipulated in this variant of the invention, have a number of advantages, including the following.

As for filling the gabion can be used wet sand and/or pebbles, injected with a suitable pump, in particular, when may cosmetically through the use of coatings.

The coating can be chosen so that neither were resistant to chemicals, salt water, minerals, wind, rain and sand.

Gabion stipulated in this variant of the invention, can effectively compete with the equivalent concrete.

In Fig. 8 crate contains a strip of steel wire or rod mesh, which is attached to the cylindrical configuration, as will be clear from Fig. 8. The grid 60 has its free ends 62,64, United annular clamps 66, which can be set in place.

Inside the cylindrical mesh cage is cushioning material 68, which rests on a stand and includes a felt material that is porous to water, but which still prevents the passage through it of solid concrete.

To obtain concrete structures, using the stand depicted in Fig. 8 is simply a matter of filling the internal cavity of the cage with concrete, as shown in Fig. 9. As shown in this drawing, the concrete is loaded into the cavity 70 in the layers 72,74,76 and so on up until, if necessary, the crate is full. When each layer of concrete is filled into the cavity, let him who are the concrete is poured inside the cage, the water percolates through the material 68 and through the mesh, as shown by arrows 78, so that in effect the drying of concrete is significantly faster than using conventional formwork only from the top surface 80. Using this method, therefore, the concrete set faster, and subsequent layers 74 and 76 can be applied so that the cavity is filled faster than when using conventional formwork. In addition, for conventional formwork cylindrical concrete structures should use special curved shape of the glass, and the inside of the molds in place requires time and the use of qualified personnel. Equipping a simple cylindrical cage covering 68 provides a much simpler way of obtaining formwork for concrete.

The cage 60 may, of course, be of any suitable length, for example, to obtain a cylindrical columns made of concrete, and the inside cylindrical mesh cage 60 may be installed if you need to strengthen, and to receive funds for supporting reinforcing steel rods in a way that will be described with reference to Fig. 11.

Cylindrical mesh 60 may be cut off etka 60 may be connected to the concrete or if necessary it can be removed, and to some extent this will depend on whether visible or not visible outer surface of the concrete in the finished building or other place where it is used. If it's invisible, there is no need to implement any additional processing with respect to the outer surface of the concrete structure, but if it is visible, it can be processed using shot blasting to remove material 68, followed by the application by means of spraying on the structure of the composition 82 of thermosetting resin, as shown in Fig. 10, since the composition of such a thermosetting resin will form a better bond with the concrete than it is in relation to material 68.

In the variant shown in Fig. 8-10, the material 68 is adjacent only to the inner cylindrical section of the cage 60, but if necessary it can lizovyvatj and base. The cage 60 could be provided with a circular cover of mesh material, which is placed in its position after the cavity entered the top layer of concrete.

Net cage together with material 68 forms an effective formwork for concrete, which is much more easy to handle and manufacture, and it is easier to pribretenie should not be regarded as limited to any specific configuration of the cage, because the configuration of the cage will depend on the final configuration required concrete construction. In Fig. 11 shows the shape of the cage, which is suitable for receiving concrete structures in the form of blocks or beams. The cage is equipped with lateral sides 90 and 92, the ends 94 and 96, the panel walls of the cage 98 and 100, with each of these elements are made of wire mesh. The relevant parts pivotally interconnected by means of a connecting hinge rings 102, which enables the relevant sections to be hinged so that vzaimosoedinenie plots was relatively hinged to result in flattened condition, as shown in Fig. 14. Thus, the cover 104 can be pivoted about the hinge arrow 106 relative to the side 90, when the substrate 108 may be pivotally rotated as indicated by arrow 100, relative to the lateral side 92. The sides 90 and 92 can be shifted relative to one another, as shown by arrows 112 and 114 in Fig. 12, so that the sides 90 and 92, the end panels 94 and 96 and panel partitions 98 and 100 move in flattened condition, as shown in Fig. 6. When these panels and walls are thus moved in splashoutputdev site. This crate can readily be manufactured in the factory and transported to the destination where it is filled with concrete. Should have mentioned that the inner surface of the side walls 90 and 92 and the inner surface of the ends 94 and 96 will be lined with material 68 to fit within the concrete. If appropriate, the surface of the base and/or cover may also be lined with this material.

Concrete block or beam can be made simply by filling the cage depicted in Fig. 11, when, of course, the cover 90 is opened, and the cover is closed after the cage will be filled with concrete. The inner surface of the cover 90 can also be posted if necessary, the material 68, but it is felt that this will be unlikely.

The same advantages are achieved in relation to the concrete setting, and benefits related to the variant depicted in Fig. 8-10, and in Fig. 11 also shows how the reinforcing steel rods 116 will rely on the ends 94 and 96, as well as on the partitions 98,100 simply due to the fact that they pass through the grid holes in three components, and for reinforcing rods does not require any additional the ova, as in the variant shown in Fig. 8-10, the material 68 may be sandblasted to remove the same particles, and formed concrete structure may be covered with a thermosetting resin 82.

Concrete made in accordance with this variant of the invention, can be used in any suitable application, such as foundations, ring beams, foundations, columns, stairs, retaining walls, and any application where you would normally need the use of formwork.

Concrete blocks, the prisoners in the cage, can be used for breakwaters, or embankments walls, as described here.

A connecting ring 102 can be a simple folded into the shape of a spiral pieces of steel that can be easily put in the bars of the cage manually.

The invention also provides a folding stand design for use in connection with the method.

In yet another variant of the invention the wall is created on the surface by placing apart some distance mesh strips separated by the desired wall thickness. Spaced from one another mesh strip can be connect the one from the other bands after plating sealing material. This method can be used to form retaining walls circular configuration, and which cover the tanks, which are corrosive and hazardous chemicals, so that such retaining walls form a well around the tank to contain dangerous chemical substances in case it leaks.

Another advantage of the invention consists in that in the manufacturing process of concrete structures it is possible to use a relatively wet concrete due to the rapid release of water from the concrete when pouring in the crate. Since concrete is relatively wet, the contained air bubbles can easily escape, making the cured concrete is more uniform. This compares significantly with the known method, when for the formation of concrete structures using formwork, because in this case, for concrete, there is a requirement that the concrete was loaded in a relatively dry state, for example, 75 Slump". approx.TRANS./ More preferably, the concrete would be relatively wet, but the disadvantage of this is that relatively wet concrete is more difficult to work with when using formwork. No such difficulty is not in the, is the quiet demonstrate the most suitable shape of the cage corresponding to another side of the present invention.

According Fig. 15 and 16, stand structure 120 shown in Fig. 15, is adapted to bring in flattened condition, indicated by the position 122, in which it occupies a minimum amount, but can be deduced from the assembled state to an elongated shape, as indicated by the digital symbol 124 in Fig. 15. The elongated form, as shown, is made of polygonal, in this case hexagonal, cavities 126, each of which is made of the front side panels 128, the back side panels 130 and barrier or diaphragm panels 132. Panel 128-132 have the same width, but the need for this is not important. In the assembled state, as indicated by the digital designation 120, panels 128, 130 and 132 each cavity are located end to end. As can be seen from Fig. 15, each of the dividing panel 132 is common to each pair of adjacent cavities 126.

The elastic element in the form of a rope or cable 134 is connected to the center of each of the dividing panels (panelized walls approx.TRANS./, 132, so that the cable limits the extent to which built design, or the Orme, is depicted in Fig. 15.

Lining the inner sides of the panels 128 and 130 is a flexible membrane sheets 136-138, which form the retaining means for the conclusion of a material that is eventually loaded into the cavity 126 to fill it, with the aim of obtaining the result of the strengthening or building structure.

In relation to Fig. 16, the drawing illustrates the erected open design, and the cavity 126 can simply fill the ballast material and/or concrete. In the absence of casings 136 and 138 of the ballast material in this case should be of such size that it cannot pass through the cell panels 128 and 130.

In the presence of membranes 136 and 138 you can use any suitable filler.

Gabion construction provided in accordance with this side of the present invention may take other forms, the contrast and it can be used for any of the variants of the inventions described in the description. In particular, the respective panels 128, 130 and 132 can be mutually connected by means of a clamp or other means described herein. It will be recognized that such clamps may require passage through the membrane 136 and oitelnye or fastening design, made using gabion, as shown in Fig. 1 and 2, can be used separately or stacked on top of one another or combined, or in any other appropriate combination depending on the requirements of the finished design.

Illustrated gabion construction can be of any size. For example, each hexagonal cavity may be about 3 meters wide by 3 meters high. The Assembly is provided at the site of erection quite simply by drawing the design in a vertical position.

Any sign of any part of the invention described herein may be used with any one or more features of any or more of the other parties of the invention described herein.

The elastic material used in connection with the present invention, may include or contain a layer of metallic foil provided with holes for passing fluid for the purpose of its descent. When using foil with its own holes, their size must be such as to permit passage of fluid through them, but must keep the filler, which should be properly selected.

Also as the outer layer outie in the form of a spiral plastic fibers, who can hold the soil to cover the block of soil, allowing for the cultivation of it covering his grass.

1. A method of manufacturing the building blocks, including transportation to the place of manufacture crates of mesh panels, smoothing stand in the form of a block and filling the cage at least partially of particulate material, characterized in that the cage is transported to the place of manufacturing folded, and unfolding the stand is carried out by expanding the opposite panels from each other.

2. The method according to p. 1, characterized in that on the inner surface of the panels stack of flexible sheet cladding material during or after the mounting of the cage.

3. The method according to p. 2, characterized in that as a cladding material using geotextile felt material.

4. The method according to p. 2, characterized in that as a sheathing material used fibrous material impregnated with synthetic resin, after curing material on the inner surface of the panels of the crate.

5. The method according to p. 2, characterized in that the laying of the cladding material covering the inner surface it is attached to the cage by means of clamps, above sheathing material and part of the cage.

7. The method according to PP.2-5, characterized in that the cladding material is placed on the inner surface of the panels with the possibility of unfolding when smoothing the cage.

8. The method according to p. 7, characterized in that use the crate with in the straightened position rectangular configuration with side and end walls and base, and the base of one edge pivotally connected with the lower edge of one side wall, and side and end walls hinged vzaimosoedinenii at the corners of the crate.

9. The method according to p. 8, characterized in that use the crate with the intermediate dividing walls of wire mesh, positioned between the panels forming the side walls of the crate.

10. The method according to PP.1-7, characterized in that the panels forming the side walls of the cage, pivotally interconnected by vertical edges for folding crate bellows and extending with the formation of hexagonal cavities for a placeholder.

11. The method according to p. 10, characterized in that the transverse dividing wall pivotally connected to opposite vertical edges of the side walls are flexible on the fly made of a bonded at their crossing metal bars or wires.

13. The method according to p. 12, wherein the mesh panel is made of parallel metal rods, placing them at right angles to each other.

14. The method according to PP.1 and 2, characterized in that the filling of the crates provide material for at least one of the groups: sand, gravel, concrete, stone, slate.

15. The method according to p. 3, characterized in that after filling crates bulk material of the outer surface of a wall unit filled with soil for planting.

16. The method according to p. 14, characterized in that when filling the stand with concrete immersed in it rebars.

17. The method according to PP.1-16, characterized in that the outer surface of the mesh panels of the cage cover by spraying synthetic resinous material.

18. The design of the cage adapted to be filled by the filler for obtaining a building block containing with the inner side of the facing material, mesh panels, coupled with the possibility of folding to form the stand and place on a plane, characterized in that the panel is connected with the possibility of moving crates from stow position in the straightened when razdevanie opposite PA the inner side panels for folding for folding crates from stow position in straightened.

20. Design by p. 18, characterized in that the cage has a base, side and end wall forming in the straightened position stand of rectangular configuration, with the base stand one edge pivotally connected with the lower edge of one side wall, and side and end walls hinged vzaimosoedineniy at the corners of the crate.

21. Design by p. 19, characterized in that it is provided intermediate dividing walls extending between the side walls.

22. Design for PP.18 and 19, characterized in that the side walls of the cage formed by the panels pivotally connected along vertical edges for folding crate bellows and extending with the formation of a number of cavities, covered inside the cladding material.

23. Design for PP.19-22, characterized in that the cladding material is made of geotextile felt.

24. Design, adapted for filling with a filler to obtain a building block containing a mesh panel forming at least the side and end walls connected with the possibility of folding to form the stand and place on a plane, characterized in that the panel is least one cavity under the filler in razdevanie opposite panels from each other.

25. Design by p. 24, wherein the cage comprises a pair of side panels and a pair of end walls, a hinged vzaimosoedinenii on the vertical edges, and a base pivotally connected to the longitudinal edge with the bottom edge of one of the side walls.

26. Design by p. 24, characterized in that the cage is equipped with a dividing panels mounted between the side walls and pivotally connected with them.

27. Design by p. 24, characterized in that the side walls of the cage formed by the panels pivotally connected along vertical edges for folding crate accordion, and a cage provided with a transverse dividing walls, pivotally attached to opposite vertical edges of the panels of the side walls and connected with the dividing walls of a flexible stretch cord for extending the cage.

 

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SUBSTANCE: method is performed in two-stages. The first stage involves forming vertical elongated flat ground massifs secured by hardening material. Massifs are created in crest embankment area and in upper area of embankment slope so that massifs are spaced minimal available distance from crest and pass through embankment body, including land-sliding upper embankment slope area. Massifs are anchored in mineral bottom by lower edges thereof and are arranged at least in three rows and there are at least three massifs in each row. Method for massifs forming involves driving double-slotted injectors directly in embankment ground or in wells formed in embankment and having plugged wellhead; orienting injector slots perpendicular to hydraulic pressure head vector direction in embankment area to be reinforced; injecting hardening material under increased pressure across horizons from top to bottom or in reverse direction, wherein injection is initially performed under 5-15 atm pressure and at minimal rate in each second injector of one outermost row beginning from extreme ones; feeding hardening material in previously missed injectors in this row; supplying injectors of another extreme row with hardening material in the same way; feeding hardening material to ejectors of medium rows under 10-20 atm pressure; performing the second reinforcement stage as material hardens to obtain 70% strength. The second reinforcement stage involves forming vertical elongated flat massifs of secured ground anchored in mineral bottom by lower edges thereof and arranged at least in three rows, wherein each one includes at least three massifs. Massifs extend at the angle exceeding embankment slope angle to horizontal line. Massifs are formed with the use of double-slotted injectors in remainder embankment area. Injector slots are directed perpendicular to hydraulic pressure head vector direction in embankment area to be reinforced. Hardening material is ejected in above succession, wherein hardening material pressure is equal to design process pressure enough for direction of feeding hardening material through injector slots and lesser than hardening material injection pressure of the first reinforcement stage.

EFFECT: increased reliability of structure reinforcement; prevention of land-slide on structure slopes.

3 cl, 3 dwg

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