Multilayer material for internal parts of footwear and apparel
(57) Abstract:Use: production of internal parts of footwear and garments. The inventive multilayer material includes a fibrous base and facial thermoplastic layer made of a composition based on a polymeric binder, plasticizer and pigment, taken at a ratio of 1:(0,05-0,30): (0,002-0,05) respectively. thermoplastic layer is made of a copolymer of ethylene with vinylacetate density of 0.95 0.005 g/cm3mass fraction of vinyl acetate 26-30% and a turnover of 15-40 g/10 min, as a plasticizer oil contains paraffin with MP. = 52-62oC, and as a pigment - granular pigment-based low-molecular-weight polyolefin. thermoplastic layer is formed at the 100oC-150oC with a gain of 10 to 300 g/m2. The material further comprises a filler, as well as the inside layer. The front and/or back layers made intermittent or monolithic. 4 C.p. f-crystals, 2 tab. The invention relates to the production of materials such as artificial leather, in particular to a multilayer material for internal parts of footwear and apparel.Known material (1), which is produced by anacarolina. After applying the adhesive composition material serves in the drying chamber and subjected to drying at a temperature of 100-110oC.The closest analogue to the invention is a multilayer material for internal parts of footwear and apparel products, consisting of a fibrous substrate and facial thermoplastic layer made of a composition based on a polymeric binder, plasticizer and pigment (2).These multilayer materials have high enough strength, thermocline, which leads to delamination of the internal parts in the manufacture of footwear; the temperature of the processing for bonding to the top of the Shoe is 80-90oC.The objective of the invention is to increase the strength of thermocline and reducing the temperature of the bonding material.The technical result is achieved in that in a multi-layer thermoplastic material layer is made of a copolymer of ethylene with vinyl acetate density 0,950 0.005 g/cm3; a melt flow index of 15-40 g/10 min, the mass fractions of vinyl acetate 26-30% plasticizer oil contains paraffin wax with a melting point 52-62oC, as pigment - granular pigment on�,05-0,30):(0,002-0,05) accordingly, when this thermoplastic layer formed at the 100oC 150oC with a gain of 10 to 300 g/m2. Also the fact that the plastic layer further comprises a filler in an amount of 3 to 30 to 100 wt.h. copolymer of ethylene with vinyl acetate, and as the Foundation it contains the fabric. In addition, the fact that it further comprises a back layer made from the composition of the surface layer, while the front and/or back layer is made intermittent or monolithic.In the manufacture of laminated material used
composition based on a polymeric binder made of a copolymer of ethylene with vinyl acetate density 0,930-0.005 g/cm3, a melt flow index of 15-40 g/10 min, the mass fractions of vinyl acetate 26-39% in THE 6-05-1636-78;
as the plasticizer oil contains paraffin wax with a melting point 52-62oC and mass fractions of oil of 0.2-2.2% GOST 23683-89,
the pigment granules on the basis of low-molecular-weight polyolefin for coloring polymers mark IV.The composition of the granular pigment.The pigment up to 50% of the rest of the polymer binder: low molecular weight polyethylene or a polyethylene wax.Color: silver grey. Temperature kamlapati the ity of thermocline on the sample of the finished material was determined according to GOST 27319.The temperature bonding was determined by measuring the surface temperature of the press plates, Feb mercury thermometer.The formation of thermoplastic layer at a ratio of polymeric binder, plasticizer and granular pigment 1:(0,05-0,30):(0,002-0,05) accordingly leads to a sharp increase in the strength of thermocline and reduce the temperature of the bonding Shoe blanks.Using the specified granular pigment in the system is a copolymer of ethylene with vinylacetate and paraffin oil is not only painting, but also to improve the adhesion properties of the composition and heat resistance, and impact ultimately on improving the performance of materials made according to the claimed technical solution.Example. To obtain a multilayer material pre-cooked perfect binding composition for forming a thermoplastic layer.The composition is prepared as follows.In the reactor, heated to 120-150oC, load consistently petroleum wax, a copolymer of ethylene with vinyl acetate and granular pigment-based low-molecular-weight polyolefin and stirred for 1-2 the layer roll method at 100-150oC with a gain of 10 to 300 g/m2. Then the material is cooled in the air.As the fibrous base material may contain fabric.In the manufacture of sandwich material thermoplastic layer is applied not only from the front, but the reverse side. This material can be obtained dealing consistently thermoplastic layer on each side of the base, pre-cooled coating, or by simultaneous application of each of the layers on the canvas. The front and/or back layers may be solid or broken.Examples 1-3. Used inorganic pigment is a silvery-gray color of the binder composition,
aluminum powder 25
titanium dioxide 25
the polyethylene wax 50
The sequence of preparation of the polymeric binder and the formation of the multilayer material complies with the above example, the material properties are presented in the table at the minimum, average and maximum values of the declared range.Examples 4 and 5 is similar to example 1. In table.2 presents the properties of the material in which the content of components beyond optimum limits, while the remaining indicators the VA material, in which the rate of weight gain beyond the boundary values (min and max), all other characteristics of the material are similar to the average declared values.Examples 8-9. Same as in example 1. The table presents the properties of the material in which the temperature of formation of the layer beyond the boundary values (min, max), all other characteristics of the material are similar to the average declared values.Examples 10, 11 and 12. Same as in example 1. The table shows the properties of the material, in which all quantitative indicators are similar to the average declared values when using different types of foundations.Examples 13 to 16. Same as in example 1. Composition of thermoplastic layer further comprises filler: chalk, titanium dioxide. Properties of the filler: natural chalk enriched by GOST 12085-73. The titanium dioxide according to GOST 9808-75.Example 17. Same as in example 1. The material is made of three-ply. Front and back layer are formed integrally.Example 18. Same as in example 17. The front layer and back performed intermittently.Example 19. Same as in example 17. The front layer is made solid, and the reverse is intermittent.
< is 21. Same as in example 1. Material properties are presented, with an average value of the declared characteristics. thermoplastic composition layer does not contain granular pigment.Example 22. Same as in example 1. Material properties are presented with the average of all the claimed features. The copolymer of ethylene and vinyl acetate used with other properties: density 0,945 0.005 g/m3, a melt flow index of 4.5, the mass fractions of vinyl acetate 21%
Example 23, 24. Same as in example 1. However, paraffin oil used with a melting point of 50 and 64oC, respectively.Analysis of the data presented in table.2, allows to conclude the following.Using granulirovannogo pigment-based low-molecular-weight polyolefin for forming a thermoplastic layer in combination with other claimed features allows you to reduce the temperature of the bonding, for example, the internal parts of footwear, and simultaneously to increase 6-8 times the strength of thermocline materials. This allows to obtain high-quality shoes with high performance properties at substantial cost savings in production. 1. Multilayer material to the layer, made of a composition based on a polymeric binder, plasticizer and pigment, wherein thermoplastic layer is made of a copolymer of ethylene with vinyl acetate density 0,950 0.005 g/cm3, a melt flow index of 15 to 40 g/ 10 min, the mass fractions of vinyl acetate 26 30% plasticizer oil contains paraffin wax with a melting point 52 62oWith as granular pigment pigment-based low-molecular-weight polyolefin with a ratio of polymeric binder, plasticizer and pigment 1 (0,05 0,3) (0,002 0,05) respectively, while thermoplastic layer is formed at a temperature of 100 150oWith a gain of 10 to 300 g/m2.2. The material under item 1, characterized in that thermoplastic layer further comprises a filler in an amount of 3 to 30 wt.h. on 100 wt.h. copolymer of ethylene with vinyl acetate.3. The material under item 1 or 2, characterized in that as the Foundation it contains the fabric.4. The material on PP. 1 to 3, characterized in that it further comprises a back layer made from the composition of the surface layer.5. The material on PP. 1 to 4, characterized in that the front and/or back layers made intermittent or Manali
FIELD: construction industry; domestic appliances; electrical engineering; motor-car industry; methods of production and application of the laminated composite materials with the different layers of a resin.
SUBSTANCE: the invention is pertaining to the method of production and application of the laminated composite material with the different layers of a resin and may used in construction industry, domestic appliances, electrical engineering, motor-car industry. The laminated composite material contains the carrier made out of the thermoplastic polymeric compound, the located on it intermediate layer also made out of the thermoplastic polymeric compound and the applied on the intermediate layer of the thermoreactive layer. Between the carrier and the intermediate layer there is a layer of the resin (a) with the rate of consolidation of at least 20 %. Between the intermediate layer and the thermoreactive layer there is the layer of the resin (c) with the rate of consolidation of at least 60 %. The materials of the layers are laid as the flat sheets and at the temperature of 150-300° C link to the carrier. The material possess the high degree of stiffness and impact toughness, the high quality of the surface, the fast and easy solidification.
EFFECT: the invention ensures the high degree of stiffness and impact toughness, the high quality of the surface, the fast and easy solidification.
13 cl, 1 ex
SUBSTANCE: material has external layer produced from non-woven material engageable with user body when using the article and internal layer. Both layers are connected to each other by means of the first fastening pattern composed of isolated fastening points. Holes penetrating at least the external layer are produced in correspondence with isolated holes arrangement pattern. The holes pattern is more compact and has greater number of holes per area unit than the number of fastening points per area unit in said first fastening pattern. Mass proportion of type II collagen filaments and porous bone mineral is at least equal to approximately 1:40.
EFFECT: enhanced effectiveness in recovering combined injuries of cartilage and bone tissue in articulations having defects.
13 cl, 8 dwg
FIELD: processes for manufacturing composition materials having special heat properties with use of explosion matter energy, possibly manufacture of heat exchanging apparatuses, heat insulation complex-shape screens and so on.
SUBSTANCE: method comprises steps of forming three-layer pack of alternating plates of titanium and steel at predetermined relation of plate thickness values; performing explosion welding of prepared pack; hot rolling of welded three-layer pack; separating prepared pack by measured three-layer blanks from which laminate pack is formed again for explosion welding; performing explosion welding at predetermined relation of specific mass of explosion matter to summed specific mass of thrown layers of laminate pack; after hot rolling of welded laminate pack shaping prepared laminate blanks and annealing them for further cooling them in air.
EFFECT: increased thermal resistance of composition material in cross direction, improved heat conductance of material along metal layers, high strength against rupture at condition of bending loads.
3 ex, 1 tbl
FIELD: textile industry; chemical industry; methods of production of the composite fabrics with the reinforcing polymeric areas and the elastic polymeric areas.
SUBSTANCE: the invention presents the elastic product including the substrate with one or more reinforcing discrete polymeric areas, and also the composite fabric including the indicated substrate and the method of its production. The method provides, that they form on the substrate the set of the discrete polymeric areas of the elastomeric and non-elastomeric thermoplastic compounds. The composite fabric contains one or more dividing lines determining the boundaries of the set of the separate sections including at least one non-elastomeric discrete polymeric area and at least one elastomeric discrete polymeric area. The composite fabric contains the laminated substrate. The technical result of the invention is production of the discrete polymeric areas stretching along the whole length of the substrate, without their possible expansion together with the basic surface of the substrate.
EFFECT: the invention ensures production of the discrete polymeric areas stretching along the whole length of the substrate, without their possible expansion together with the basic surface of the substrate.
26 cl, 31 dwg
FIELD: manufacture of bimetallic blanks of different kind metals, mainly large-size steel-titanium blanks.
SUBSTANCE: method comprises steps of placing thrown plate with gap over fixed plate; initiating arranged over it charge of explosion matter. Surfaces of one or both plates are treated before joining them by means of cathode spots of vacuum arc excited between surfaces of plate used as cathode and anode. Prepared material is subjected to heat treatment at temperature 500 - 600°C.
EFFECT: stable level of strength along the whole area of joined surfaces due to preparing highly uniform surfaces before joining and creation of optimal combination of residual stresses after cohesion.
2 cl, 5 dwg
FIELD: metallurgy industry; other industries; methods of production of the composite metallic articles made out of different metals.
SUBSTANCE: the invention may be used at manufacture of the composite metallic articles made out of two different metals, in particular, the saw blades. The metal base has the opposite surfaces, on each of which there is at least one lengthwise located recess. The elongated metallic component manufactured out of the more hard metal is introduced into each recess of the metal base for formation of the composite assemblage. The composite assemblage is heated under pressure with the purpose to press the adjacent surfaces together to produce the bound article. At that they restrain the lateral spread of the composite assemblage at the expense of application of the lateral binding pressure. The horizontal and vertical rolls of the stand used for manufacture of the composite metal article are disposed with the capability of limitation of the lateral spread of the composite assemblage. The invention ensures production of the composite article with the high strength of the binding between the forming it metals with the minimal damage of the material in the field of the binding.
EFFECT: the invention ensures production of the composite article with the high strength of the binding between the forming it metals with the minimal damage of the material in the field of the binding.
82 cl, 14 dwg
SUBSTANCE: insert comprises two metallic members that have different coefficients of thermal expansion, are provided with projections, and are welded. The projections of one of the members are made of a continuous grid of intersecting strips. The projections of the other member are the cells of the grid. The section of the projections is shaped into a trapezium. A thin metallic layer can be mounted over the contact surface.
EFFECT: enhanced strength.
2 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: technological processes.
SUBSTANCE: proposal is given of a sheet with at least, two monolayers, each of which contains unidirectional oriented fibres, binding substance and parting film with porosity of 40-90% on both outer surfaces. The unidirectional oriented fibres in the monolayer have breaking stress of approximately 1.2GPa, and Young's modulus of at least 40 GPa. The direction of fibres in each monolayer is opposite the direction of fibres in the adjacent monolayer. The invention also pertains to assembling of at least, two such sheets and a flexible object, resistant to ballistic effects, with such a structure.
EFFECT: increased ballistic stability.
11 cl, 1 tbl, 3 ex
FIELD: technological processes; explosive works.
SUBSTANCE: plating sheet comprising explosive substance charge is installed above plated sheet with maintenance of preset overhang with welding clearance of preset value. Explosive substance charge is installed in container in the form of right prism with basis in the form of isosceles trapezoid with preset dimensions. Larger base of prism is located in the beginning of detonation front. Mentioned preset parameters are selected based on condition of deforming impulse ID constancy in collision zone on the whole surface of plated sheet in the process of explosive welding. Ratio of deforming impulses ID/ID crit values is selected within the range from 1.0 to 1.76, where ID crit - critical value of deforming impulse, when energy spent for deformation of near-contact metal volumes provides for required extent of contact surfaces activation for shaping of high-quality joint.
EFFECT: lowering of residual bend of bimetal sheet and stabilisation of welded joint wave profile parameters along detonation front on the whole surface of mating area.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to method of receiving of composite material and can be used in different industries. Receiving of composite material, containing bottom layer, the first layer and the second layer, includes several stages. In the first stage it is implemented sedimentation from the first phase, during which it is received the first compound which is metal or metal oxide and which is sedimented from the first phase on bottom layer, forming as a result the first layer. In the second stage of sedimentation I is implemented forming of the second layer from triazine, which is sedimented from the first phase on the first layer. Bottom layer and the first layer are subject to stage of mechanical load before or during the second stage of sedimentation from the first phase.
EFFECT: it is received composite material with improved protective properties.
20 cl, 5 ex
SUBSTANCE: said utility invention relates to floor coverings and may be used by individuals or in industry for floor covering in residential flats and industrial premises. The floor covering manufacture method involves operations of the application of PVC coatings using the air cushion for the preservation of the printed layer(s), levelling of the web edges, creation of stock of the floor covering rolled in the process of its coating, tensioning, drying, and cooling; along with a number of auxiliary operations related to the collection of excessive covering mass. The invention ensures cost effectiveness of the process, consisting in the selection of the most optimal operations of manufacture and inspection of the web proper, in the process of application of the coatings and the ultraviolet lacquer, the process of web tension synchronisation in various periods of its processing, the operations of linoleum web cooling, and other operations related to careful treatment of the covering, for example, during web rotation using the air cushion.
EFFECT: increased cost effectiveness of floor covering manufacture process.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to multilayer, tent covering material. The material contains a polyester base and a double-sided polyvinyl chloride coating. The polyester base is flat knitted linen, made from polyester thread of 100-111 tex, with 200-400 filaments in the thread and 85-400 windings per metre. Mass ratio of layers front : intermediate : back equals 1.1:1:1.6 respectively. Mass ratio of layers of polyester base and polymer coating is 1:2.7. The polymer coating is obtained, based on suspended polyvinyl chloride and additionally contains a mixture of dioctylphthalate and dioctyl sebacate plasticizers, Vitur T thermoplastic polyurethane, synthetic butadiene-acrylo-nitric rubber BNKS -28, copolymer of methyl methacrylate, butadiene and styrene KANE ACE B-28A. The stabilisers used are barium-, cadmium-, zinc-containing Vigostab BKT complex stabilisers. The antipyretic additive is antimony trioxide and chloroparaffin CP-1100. The coating also contains a fungicide - salicylic acid alinide, processing additive - stearic acid and pigments.
EFFECT: good fatigue properties in static and dynamic conditions, high frost resistance (up to -60 °C), fire-resistance and resistance to action of microorganisms.
1 cl, 6 tbl, 9 ex
SUBSTANCE: polyester fabric with thickness of 0.13-0.3 mm and surface density of 80-300 g/m2 is first saturated with silicone emulsion to post-drying weight increase of 3.0-8.5 wt %, and then with aqueous solution of a mixture of polyphosphoric acids and urea with ratio of nitrogen to phosphorus of 1.0:1.56-1.80 to post-drying weight increase of 12.0-21.5 wt %. The modified fabric is coated with a double-sided coating based on a polyvinyl chloride (PVC) composition which contains antipyrenes with the ratio of layers of the saturated fabric to the double-sided PVC coating of 1.0:1.14-2.28, with ratio of layers of the finished material by weight - saturated fabric: front coating: back coating of 1.0:0.595-1.7:0,27-0.886, respectively, and with ratio of layers by thickness of 1.0:0.39-2.1:0.3-1.17, respectively.
EFFECT: producing fire-resistant materials, having a given set of physical and mechanical properties according to functional purposes.