Device for classification of securities
(57) Abstract:The device relates to a means of control and classification of securities, in particular to determine the size and other parameters. The aim of the invention is to provide a simple and convenient device for the identification of securities, especially when used by persons with impaired vision. The device consists of two guide plates, which are fixed bill, bend it at the edge of the end surface and determine its worthiness depending on the item labeling, which will be the edge of the banknote. 15 C.p. f-crystals. 3 Il. The invention concerns a device for the classification of securities and other sheets made of paper, metal, plastic and similar materials, which moves between the guides bill and which has a sensor control edge of the securities and indicator.Banknotes of most monetary systems are slightly different in size depending on their value. This fact is used in order to provide an opportunity for the blind or persons with impaired vision to determine the banknotes through touch.From Astin, the emphasis for fixing the position sensors, the control edge of the securities and indicators
However, such devices can be used in a very limited and inconvenient for practical use, especially for the determination of banknotes through touch, which is important for people with low vision or blind.Therefore, the technical result of this invention is to provide a device of simple design, easy to use, especially for persons with visual disabilities.This technical result is achieved due to the fact that in the device according to the invention, the guide plate on the one end side kinematically connected and in place of their connection provides a stop for fixing the position, the second end face of one of the guide plates is made parallel to a stop for fixing the position and is an element for bending securities, the sensor of the control edge of the securities and indicators mounted on the guide plates.In addition, it is also envisaged that the guide plate is kinematically connected to each other via a hinge, which forms a stop for fixing the securities.Also predpochtite is one of the guide plates provides several elements for bending securities.In order to facilitate determination of the size of the banknotes on the upper surface of the guide plate element for bending securities on the end side of the installed elements labelling securities at a specified distance from the element for bending securities, with indicators and measuring elements are installed outside the zone of interaction with the hinge.According to another preferred exemplary embodiment, on the surface of the upper guide plate is made projections and recesses which are elements labelling securities.In addition, it is also preferred that each of the guide plates were provided additional elements for bending securities with additional elements labelling securities.In addition, it is also envisaged that these elements labelling securities made in the form of protrusions and recesses corresponding to the Braille alphabet, i.e., in the form presents a convex or depth of the characters and in printed form, and as marked field, and the marks can be made in various colors.Thus, a simple way to a touch which I hinge is made a recess for controlling the fixing position of the securities.In addition, it is also envisaged that one of the guide plates has a shape corresponding to the size of a cheque card.In addition, it is also preferred that the ratio of distances between stops to commit securities and each element for bending securities are maintained to size ratio securities.According to another preferred exemplary embodiment provides that the element marking securities was made in the form of sensor control edge of the securities and is connected through a decoder with audible alarm element.It may be provided that in the case of the sensor of the control edge of the securities we are talking about light-sensitive sensors, allowing a simple way to register the sizes of banknotes.In addition, can also be provided that in the case of sensors monitoring the edges of securities we are talking about the pressure sensors, which are preferably responsive to a higher pressure, located in the overlapped scanned banknotes or similar area.Also provided by the location of the light sensor in the recess for controlling the fixing securities is which indicates the correct position of the paper stop.In addition, according to the preferred exemplary embodiment may also be provided to the sensors of the control edge of the securities and indicators were established parallel to the element for bending securities.In the device according to the invention is provided the use of multiple joints, with the guide plate must be interconnected through a few of these hinges.In Fig. 1 shows a device, front view, Fig. 2 device, rear view, Fig. 3, a side view of some of the various examples of run-level measurement field zone indicator and measuring devices.The device consists of two guide plates 1,2 of synthetic material or of other materials. In a simple exemplary embodiment, the device consists of a single guide plate and extended examples, more than two plates. The device, consisting of located one above the other guides 1, 2 and the other has a generally rectangular shape with rounded or without rounded corners. Along one end side of the device both guide plates 1,2 are connected by a hinge 3, and it is necessary aredstrasse an element for bending securities 4, and the end face of the guide plate 2 "megibow edge of the 41". On the upper surface of the guide plate are zone 5 and fields marked (marks) 6, the device comprises a measuring elements 7, elements labelling 8 securities, the measuring elements 9, the recess 10, the push button 11, the sensing elements 12. Guide plates 1 and 2 can be connected to each other respectively on one of the longitudinal sides 13' and 13", and in this case, the corresponding angles not rounded to an educated edge bend the hinge 3, and have the corners 14' and 14". Guide plate 2 has a recess 10 for better control nested securities. If at the same time should also be carried out measurement of the width of the banknote, there may also be provided more open to the edge 13' and 13" recess (not shown), which facilitates smooth fit banknotes to the longitudinal edge 13', 13", and accordingly the other edge serves as an element for bending securities, and on the outer side of the corresponding guide plate are indicators and measuring elements for registration of the width of the Bank tickets, which go on), with indicators and measuring elements, which can also continue on the reverse side of the device. In the above example, the execution area 5 has elements labelling securities (marked fields) 6, which are parallel to the hinge 3 and the element for bending securities 4. The upper surface has a zone 5 or the same level 5.1, or a different level 5.2, 5.3, 5.4 or similar. Zone 5 or marking elements 6 have different level 5.2, 5.3, 5.4, marking elements are parallel to the hinge 3 and item 4. On the one passing along the longitudinal sides of the outer edge of zone 5 is the first measuring element 7, which are formed in various ways protrusions and recesses, and which may also extend beyond the respective outer edges of the second guide plate 2. In marked boxes 6 are marking elements 8, which may consist of presents convex Braille dots, raised or recessed symbols and characters (numbers or letters). For better visual distinction marked fields 6, presents the characters and printable characters in different colors. On the outer side of one or both of the guides place the which are also the projections and depressions. This measuring element 9 is an edge, in particular for measuring the width of the banknotes. Measure the width of the Bank of the ticket is, in principle, by analogy with the measurement of length. The distance between the marked fields 6, which are the marks 8 are determined from the length of Bank notes of a certain currency.The appropriate Bank ticket tightly applied edge to the inner side 3' of the hinge 3 and extends in the expanded state parallel to the longitudinal side of the device to the element for bending 4. On the edge of the element 4 Bank ticket bent and now extends along the front outer side of the device in zone 5 fields marked 6. The marked field and/or the marking element, which is no longer closed or just not yet closed edge attached Bank ticket, give the user a visual and/or tactile information about the size of a Bank card or tactile or visual, reported the cost of banking ticket to the user. If information fields marked 6 and labelling elements 8 is not enough to uniquely it was possible to determine the size of the banknote, to obtain the DOP is s and deepening in the area of the first measuring element 7 in the form of edges. Even if in this case there are doubts about the data size of the banknote, in addition may be the width measurement using the measuring element 9, in the shape of the edges.In the area of the recesses 10 of the same main part on the inner side of the other main part can be located light sensor 15, which controls the position of the attached Bank card or similar sheet from the point of view of the tight fit to the inside of the hinge 3 and connected with the scheme of interpretation (not shown) decoder, which manages also not shown in the drawing, a sound sensor.In addition, in marked fields 6 can be located more sensors of the control edges securities 12, of which Fig. 1 shows only one, with whom we can speak, for example, photosensitive sensors. These sensors allow you to recognize the dimensions of banknotes by simply bending around the bending element 4 edges, and by the resulting shadowing a certain number of sensors 12 can recognize the size of a Bank card.These sensors control 12 is also connected to not shown in the drawing is a schematic Desir the installation of push buttons 11 (pressure sensors), which may be, for example, in the form of film switches shown in the marked fields 6, which is also connected with a not shown in the drawing, diagram interpretation, control the sound sensor. Thus, the user can push the first push button 11, which remains free when bent around the bending element 4 edges Bank card.In principle, it is sufficient to provide for the marking fields or elements of marking, measuring elements in the form of edges or similar symbols, registered tactile, or have them only sensitive elements 12 or push buttons. 1. Device for classifying securities, comprising a housing made in the form of two guide plates, a stop for fixing the position, the element marking securities and indicators, characterized in that the guide plate on the one end side kinematically connected and in place of their connection provides a stop for fixing the position, the second end face of one of the guide plates is made parallel to a stop for fixing the position and is an element for bending securities item marking securities and indicia plate kinematically connected to each other via a hinge, which forms a stop for fixing the securities.3. The device according to PP. 1 and 2, characterized in that the device is equipped with several stops for fixing the position and on one of the guide plates provides several elements for bending securities.4. The device according to PP. 1 and 2, characterized in that on the upper surface of the guide plate element for bending securities on the end side of the installed elements labelling securities at a specified distance from the element for bending securities, indicators and measuring elements are installed outside the zone of interaction with the hinge.5. The device according to PP. 1, 2 and 4, characterized in that on the surface of the upper guide plate is made projections and recesses which are elements labelling securities.6. The device according to PP. 1 to 5, characterized in that each of the guide plates provided additional elements for bending securities with additional elements labelling securities.7. The device according to PP. 1 to 6, characterized in that the elements labelling of securities made in the form of protrusions and recesses corresponding to the Braille alphabet.
FIELD: sorting of bank notes.
SUBSTANCE: the disadvantage of the known devices of the similar type consists in inconvenience of their use, since the possibility of free and easy access to the path of motion of the bank notes is not provided for the user because of a complicated mechanical construction of the transportation system. Owing to it, it is complicatedly enough to extract the bank notes, which because of malfunctions in the process of their transportation may block the transportation system. The invention makes it possible to eliminate the mentioned disadvantage due to the fact that the device for sorting of bank notes consists at least of three component, and at least of two separated from the external components.
EFFECT: a free and easy access to the transportation system is provided.
17 cl, 4 dwg
FIELD: technologies for validating documents, etc.
SUBSTANCE: device has detector with electrodes, detector and signals processing device, during check an alternating electric field is formed, which excites electro-luminescent radiation. One detector detects electro-luminescent signal of validity mark and transforms it to electrical signal, one electrode is made flat or in form of electro-conductive covering of pressing roller, another - in form of electro-conductive film of pressing roller, or one electrode is made plated of transparent electro-conductive material or in form of round electrode in form of one or several wires, and other one - in form of electrode head.
EFFECT: higher efficiency.
3 cl, 12 dwg
FIELD: automated recognition of symbols.
SUBSTANCE: method includes following stages: tuning, forming symbols models, recognition, recording background model together with background of read image, separating model of registered background from elementary image of background, combining for each position of symbol of model of letters and/or digits with elementary displaying of appropriate background, forming of combined models, comparison of unknown symbols to combined models, recognition of each unknown symbol as appropriate symbol, combined model of which is combined with it best in accordance to "template comparison" technology.
EFFECT: higher efficiency.
10 cl, 10 dwg
FIELD: estimation of authenticity of documents, excise brands, bank-notes and securities.
SUBSTANCE: proposed compound is prepared by mixing gadolinium oxysulfide activated by terbium and yttrium oxysulfide activated by ytterbium and erbium. Size of crystal particles of said luminophores does not exceed 1.5 mcm. Compound thus prepared is introduced into printing ink and is applied on surface to be marked by letterpress printing method in form of mark which is invisible at common lighting. Mark is visualized by infra-red light source and/or ultraviolet radiation thus causing its green glow. Document is subjected to identification for estimation of its authenticity of falsification. Marking retains preset properties for extended period of time at high temperatures, bright light and high moisture content.
EFFECT: enhanced efficiency of protection against falsification.
4 cl, 3 ex
FIELD: securities protection.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to physicochemical protection of securities against falsifications. Coding composition contains one or several code-recognizing compounds, near IR region fluorescent agent, and IR-active compounds containing hydrogen-unbound or weakly bound X-H bonds (X = )-, N-, and ≡C-). Additionally included are IR-active compounds of general formula R1-C≡C-R2 (R1 and R2 are metal or halogen atoms). Method of invention resides in a single or multiple application(s) of one or several coding compositions onto object either avoiding spatial overlapping of compositions or in the form of compositions intersecting in different sequences of streaks, which sequences differ from each other in their code-recognizing components. Recognition of mutually masked code-recognizing and IR-active components is achieved either by way of varying wavelength in excitation spectra or varying intensity and shape of spectra in near IR fluorescence region. Sequence of applied streaks is determined from conformity of code-recognition spectra in higher monomolecular layer (or several monolayers) of composition in a streak intersection point to spectra of individual streaks.
EFFECT: increased information capacity of protection system due to increased diversity of differentiated components.
3 cl, 7 dwg, 6 ex
FIELD: protection coatings.
SUBSTANCE: invention aims at protecting bank notes and security papers against counterfeiting. Optically changing pigment contains interferential multilayer structure including light-transmitting dielectric layer having at least one luminescent material. Dielectric layer is selected from of rare-earth metal, bismuth, and principal group III element trifluorides; of principal group II element difluorides; mixtures thereof; organic or organometallic compounds. Luminescent material should be selected from organic or organometallic compounds containing transition or rare-earth metal ions. Above-defined structure may contain one or more semitransparent, partly reflecting layers, one or more nontransparent, fully reflecting layers, and one or more conducting layers. Pigment is prepared by a method including physical or chemical precipitation of the dielectric layer.
EFFECT: preserved proper properties of color shift, increased reliability of protection, and ensured identification simplicity at relatively low cost.
30 cl, 1 tbl, 9 ex
FIELD: magnetic thread recognition means.
SUBSTANCE: method provides for relative movement between thread and matrix of magnetic heads; each head generates a signal in case of detection of a portion of thread. Approach of thread to one of heads is detected, while this head is marked as main head, and heads on each side of the latter - as secondary heads. Output signals from main and secondary heads are controlled for forming of an image of thread signals amplitudes from main and secondary heads are compared, so that if amplitude of output signal from secondary head exceeds amplitude of signal from main head, then secondary and primary heads are appropriately reassigned.
EFFECT: higher speed of operation, higher efficiency.
6 cl, 17 dwg
FIELD: product authentication.
SUBSTANCE: system has at least one material, providing transformation with frequency increase, as protective marking and one authenticating apparatus, which has one source of electromagnetic radiation with one previously selected wave length and one second electromagnetic radiation source with one second previously selected wave length, which are different from each other and are selected in such a way, that they cause emission by material, providing for transformation with frequency increase, of electromagnetic radiation after combined irradiation by emission with first and second wave lengths, and emitted electromagnetic radiation has radiation with one additional third wave length, specific for return of one electron from activation ion energy level to level, at which electron is excited by combined emission with first and second wave lengths.
EFFECT: higher efficiency.
6 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: sorting and/or destroying of sheet material, primarily banknotes.
SUBSTANCE: device has processing means, including means for gathering information during processing of separate sheets of sheet material and means for registering data, identifying separate sheets of sheet material, and connected to processing device via galvanically unlocked connection line of control devices with memorizing device for storing information about processing of separate sheets, while memorizing device is made with possible storing of information in it concerning processing of separate sheets of sheet material together with data, identifying separate sheets of sheet material.
EFFECT: higher efficiency, higher reliability.
2 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: forgery protection and authenticity control of documents.
SUBSTANCE: method includes using an indicator in form of two open spirals in form of an evolvent. Also transformation is performed using sensor of generator electromagnetic emission to electric voltage, in the sensor frequency is altered with following comparison to measurement results standing for authentic funds and/or documents.
EFFECT: higher protection level.
7 cl, 2 dwg
SUBSTANCE: method involves increasing intracranial pressure by exhaling air from lungs through standard mouthpiece into vacuummetric device. The vacuummetric device has ejection union having rarefaction chamber, nozzle and pipe connected via three-way cock to water manometer usable for recording air pressure value in lungs. Then, central hearing organ possessing neurosensory disorders is treated with sounds produced by trumpet and written to tape cartridge corresponding to measured pressure. The sounds are sent to headphones with certain acoustic power when exhaling air from lungs.
EFFECT: enhanced effectiveness of treatment.
FIELD: recognition of speech by deaf and dumb people.
SUBSTANCE: for each elementary speech sound on colored liquid-crystalline display an image of color-graphic symbol corresponding to given sound is formed, including spacer line, precisely repeating contour line of sound signal, and local display zone of individual color, positioned between spacer line of sound signal and abscissa of rectangular system of coordinates. Microphones for perceiving speech are mounted on ear holders of glasses. Color displays for forming image are positioned in upper zones of oculars of glasses. Left and right image generation channels have two functional branches for processing sound signal, by means of one of which on colored screen of display possibility of creation of spacer line of sound signal is ensured, and by means of another one - identification of sound signal and generation of signal, setting color of display field, positioned between sound signal line and abscissa.
EFFECT: expanded capabilities for recognition of speech sounds with consideration of individual features of voice of speaker.
2 cl, 5 dwg