Orthodontic appliances to correct harmful habits in children

 

(57) Abstract:

The invention relates to medicine and can be used in dentistry. The purpose of the invention is to improve usability, the ability to simultaneously resolve anomalies of the dentition. The inventive apparatus consists of two orthodontic crowns 1 fixed on the teeth. The crowns are attached arc: 2 vestibular and lingual 3. Vestibular arc 2 is attached to the crowns with the possibility of compression with bending 4 at the ends. To the middle part of the lingual arc 3 is rigidly soldered flat metal tube 5. The tube 5 by compressing entered active element 6, which is a vertical loop, made of orthodontic wire. Curved ends 7 of the active element is withdrawn to the outside of the tube 5. The technical result of the removal of the active element, for example, during the food. 2 Il.

The invention relates to medicine, namely to the dentist, and can be used in the practice of orthodontics to correct bad habits in children and treatment of anomalies of the dentition.

Known apparatus for the removal of harmful habits (sucking fingers, tongue, lips, nipples, dysfunction of the tongue during speech and glotony the rotary in orthodontics. M. 1982, S. 368).

Cons: the device is easily removed, so young children are not always regularly wear such devices often take them off, especially at night, when there is a need in the sucking of the fingers, nipples, etc.

The closest analogue of the proposed device is an orthodontic apparatus R. H. of Tigranyan to correct bad habits in children.with. N 1743599, class. And 61 With 7/00). The apparatus consists of two crowns for the teeth on which are fixed two vestibular and two lingual beams, which are disconnected in the middle part. The ends of these beams freely slide inside the bushings located in the middle of the beams. To the horizontal beams and bushings rigidly attached vertical arcuate beams.

Disadvantages: creates discomfort during eating because there is rigidly attached a vertical arcuate beams; the inability to carry out the activation device for the treatment of protrusion of the dentition, which occurs in children when the presence of harmful habits; violated the aesthetic appearance of the patient due to protruding into the oral cavity of the vertical beams.

The invention is directed to solution of the problem: improving the usability of the apparatus due to the possibility of the second dentition.

This problem is solved due to the design of the device that contains the following essential features: two crowns on the teeth, vestibular and lingual arcs attached to them, and the active element. Vestibular arc attached to the crowns with the possibility of compression to the lingual arch rigidly attached metal tube, which is fixed removable active element. The element is designed as a vertical loops of the orthodontic wire.

In Fig. 1 shows an orthodontic device, top view; Fig. 2 front view.

Orthodontic apparatus consists of two orthodontic crowns 1 fixed on the teeth. The crowns 1 fixed arc: 2 vestibular and lingual 3. Vestibular arc 2 is attached to the crowns 1 with compression. For this purpose, the ends made the bends 4. To the middle part of the lingual arc 3 is rigidly soldered flat metal tube 5. The tube 5 with compression entered active element 6, which is a vertical loop, made of orthodontic wire. Curved ends 7 of the active element 6 is withdrawn to the outside of the tube 5. The active element 6 can be freely removed from the tube 5 through compression.

The device operates as follows.

On his second visit, spend the fit of crowns 1 and charge the full cast crowns on the teeth with the upper or lower jaw.

On their third visit, correction and delivery of orthodontic apparatus to the patient. The device is fixed in the mouth on the teeth using orthodontic crowns 1. Before that, you must remove the active element 6.

The teeth, which will be locked crown, lined with cotton swabs. Thoroughly dry the teeth and orthodontic crown. Crowns are fixed with phosphate cement for 10 minutes. Then remove the cotton swabs and the remains phosphate cement from the oral cavity of the patient. Using compression enter the active element 6 in a metal tube 5. The process of fixing the active element educate parents, they recommend that it be taken out during a meal. The patient see 1 every two weeks.

Regularly using compression curved ends 7 of the vestibular arc 2 conduct of its activation to the correct position of the teeth in the dental arch. After installation of the anterior teeth in the correct position activation of the vestibular arc 2 does not hold and use for fastening result is of the tongue during speech or swallowing between the tooth rows, sucking fingers, nipples and other).

After completion of the treatment apparatus is removed from the device for removing crowns.

Positive effect: in contrast to other devices when using the proposed device appears comfort during meals due to the removal of the active element; the device enables to resolve the anomaly of the dentition (usually the protrusion front part of the jaws caused by harmful habits) through activation of the vestibular arc; improving the aesthetic appearance of the patient, because the design of the device there are no vertical beams covering the vestibular surface of the teeth; children, especially younger children, are deprived of the opportunity to remove the device when falling asleep or during sleep. Removable active element can be used as an inclined plane in the treatment of distal occlusion, placing it in front, or the transverse anomalies, locking it in the lateral parts of the jaw (right or left).

Orthodontic appliances to correct harmful habits in children, consisting of two orthodontic crowns on teeth, attached to the vestibular and lingual arches, and the active element, characterized tataliska tube, in which is fixed with the possibility of removal of the active element made in the form of vertical loops of the orthodontic wire.

 

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